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with grass; but in what manner formed he dale home, we up beside the Tarn, and over could not possibly tell, though they were, the bawse to Grasmere. as he thought, manifestly works of nature; I noticed a gate of wise construction; for and that part of its beach consists of fine want of hinges, an upright pole passed sand. Down the gill to Heartshope ; a through a hole in a projecting stone at top, – lovely gill, where there are as fine baths and it was at Heartshope,-and it fastened by shoots of water from the rock, or rather of running a wooden spiggot into a hole in rock which throw off the water, as can any a rock, or great stone. where be seen. At Heartshope, some of the Saturday 22nd. Through Langdale, and finest cottages in this country, with their over the Stake. Slate quarry. The dripold balconies, perfect posadas in appear- pings of the rock have formed a black and

Danvers better when we returned ; sunless pool. Long-dale it is indeed! on indeed, quite recovered. We drank tea in the summit we lost the path, and did not reLuff's garden; a fine yew which he found cover it till we were nearly down. They lay lying on the ground, where it had remained ropes under the bay, and bear it off in that twelvemonths, he hoisted up, and it re- manner ; or on a horse, as much as he can covered, and is now flourishing. Clarkson bear, and the ropes hold. and Tilbrook arrived after tea.

July 21st. An old man above eighty was Saturday, August 19th. WALKED home our guide up Helvellin ; his hands shook, from Lowther; breakfast with Thomas his voice faltered, but his feet were firm, Wilkinson. He showed me Yanwith Hall. and he walked up better than I could fol- Its smaller tower inclined so far from the low him. Up Glenriddel, to Capel Cove perpendicular, that it must soon have fallen. Tarn, which lies under Catchedicam; we The present Lord Lonsdale was very deascended to the right of the Tarn, a steep sirous of preserving it; a huge machine for ascent, but the easiest, then walked along pulling it back from its inclination was made the summit, and then ascended the ridge of ready, and the side opposite was undermined. another eminence, which seemed a fearful The workmen now began to be alarmed, and road till we got at it, when it was perfectly were afraid to use the powers which had safe. Got up Helvellin, the point so called, been prepared, when somebody cried out then upon Brown Cove Head. Catchedi

that the wall was moving, though with a cam, which is next in order, we left to the motion almost imperceptible; it was soon, left, Red Tarn below, and Stridingedge on however, ascertained that this was the case, its right, a fearful place. We looked down and in the course of the night it settled on the spot were the bones of poor Gough? completely upright, in such a manner that were found. Saw a little Tarn above the

it may now last for ages. upper end of Thirlmere. On, till Grisdale Crossed the Emont by a foot-bridge, from Tarn appears

below us, the largest of all on whence there is a sweet view of Yaworth. Helvellin ; a very slippery descent to it, and We took shelter from the rain with one here we left our guide, he going down Gris- Dawson, who owns that little white very

neat house with the clipt yew tree before it, " The history of his loss the reader will find

two miles on this side Penrith. He supin WORDSWORTH's Fidelity

plies his house with water from a rising A barking sound the Shepherd hears, ground about 100 yards off. A plumber, A cry as of a Dog or Fox,” &c.

thirty years since, laid him a small leaden And in those other well-known lines “ We climbed the dark brow of the mighty

The same as hals, i.e. a neck. A very comHelvellyn,” &c.

mon name in Cumberland and Westmoreland. J. W. W.

J. W. W.

pipe for five groats a yard, exclusive of sol- waters. We staid half an hour listening to dering, which cost about sixteen shillings it. The children were very much impressed. more, and this has lasted excellently well. It was the more extraordinary, as there had The water is conveyed into a large stone been no thaw, and the night had been secistern, or small tank, in the dairy,-fine, vere. It was between eight and nine o'clock. soft, beautiful water, and from there it flows through an old gun-barrel pipe into a trough

At Nottingham, the streets are paved of stone, likewise on the outside, for out of with Bödern stones, which the higher classes

A boy who takes up a door purposes; close to the inner cistern, is pronounce Bolder. a sink, so that the dairy is thus kept always large stone says, I'll throw a Bõder at you. cool and clean. What is remarkable, (be

St. John's Church. Joseph Dixon's sides this excellent contrivance, which was projected by the owner himself

, a plain Cum- Windsor Castle, with Patent Windsor Soap

book of psalm tunes had a picture on it of berland peasant), is, that this never-failing

written below. stream seems to indicate changes of weather, for before all changes, either for fine weather

Joseph Glover was born at Watenlath, or rain, instead of flowing freely, it comes and from the age of eight till twelve, when drop by drop

he left it, used every day to go to the church

in Borrowdale to school, three miles distant Black lead has been found in the Colonel's Island, and it had been buried there some who had then the living and the school, was

over the mountain, in all weather. Harrison, thirty or forty years ago, when a regular

a very old man.

Glover was the only boy trade in stealing it was carried on.

from Watenlath, and could have had no In one place, by the Emont, there is the schooling unless he went there. The master black currant growing wild.

used to let him go away earlier than the rest

of the boys. The house in which he was A woman, at the foot of Crossfels, said, born is now fallen entirely to ruins. I make when I enquired the road for some distance this memorial of Glover with some interest. forward, “ 'Twould be mystical for me to The man is a carpenter and joiner here in tell you the way," meaning that it was too Keswick, and I should say, very much out intricate for me to comprehend her. of his proper place, if such a man could be

out of place any where. But a more inge1st Feb. 1814. I HEARD the ice thunders' nious or a more inquiring man I have selthis morning. Edith and Herbert com- dom seen, nor one more ready and alert pared it to the howling of wild beasts. It upon all occasions with his best services; was neither like thunder nor the sound of

nor with whom, had his situation in life the wind, but a long, moaning, melancholy permitted, I should have been upon more sound, rising and dying away, beyond mea- familiar terms. sure mournful; and to any one crossing the ice, inexpressibly awful and appalling. Every In the reign of King John, Richard Gil. now and then came a crash, and a splash of pin "was enfeoffed in the lordship of Kent

mere Hall, by the Baron of Kendal, for his WORDSWORTH alludes to the same sound singular deserts both in peace and war. in the Prelude

This is that R. G. who slew the wild boar " From under Esthwaite's splitting fields of ice that, raging in the mountains adjoining, as The pent up air, struggling to free itself, sometimes did that of Erimanthus, had much Gave out to meadow.grounds and hills a loud Protracted yelling, like the noise of wolves

endammaged the country people; whence Howling in troops along the Bothnic main.”

it is that the Gilpins in their coat arms, B. i. p. 25.-J. W. W. give the boar.”—Life of BERNARD G.

Feb. 10, 1819. Tuis morning a cock- | always much disturbed and provoked at roach was found in the mouse-trap, where paying the income tax. it had picked the bones of the tail, and eaten out both the eyes of a mouse, which had

When Wordsworth was a boy, a saying been taken in the night. This reminds me was remembered among the people, that of what happened in the West Indies, in time was when a squirrel could have gone the ship with my brother. A boy who slept from Crow Park to Wytheburn Chapel, withon deck barefooted, had the callus eaten off out touching the ground.” both his heels by the cockroaches, so that for some time he was not able to walk,

“ Whilst the villains of Low Furness

were employed in all the useful arts of agriMarch 21, 1819. A RAT-CATCHER tells me

culture, the woodlanders of High Furness that the white rat from Greenland has found

were charged with the care of the flocks and its way into this country. He caught twelve herds, which pastured the verdant side of at Edinburgh, (I think). They are larger the fells, to guard them from the wolves than the Norway rat,-measuring eighteen which lurked in the thickets below; and in inches from the nose to the extremity of the

winter to browse them with the tender tail, but they are not so fierce.

sprouts and sprigs of the hollies and ash. A.D. 1819. MANY hundred sycamore

This custom has never been discontinued seeds are now shooting up upon the green in High Furness, and the holly trees are before the parlour window, the winter hav- carefully preserved for that purpose, where ing been so uncommonly mild that it has all other wood is cleared off; and large killed nothing. I never before remember tracts of common pasture are so covered to have seen any of these seeds growing with these trees as to have the appearance there, though they must have been scatter- of a forest of hollies. At the shepherd's ed there equally every autumn. If the place call the flock surround the holly bush, and were deserted here, there would be a self- receive the croppings at his hand, which sown grove. And how many such must be they greedily nibble up, and bleat for more. produced in a winter like this.

A stranger unacquainted with this practice

would imagine the holly bush to have been A.D. 1815. By Mr. Leathes's I heard a

sacred among the fellanders of Furness. stuttering cuckoo, -- whose note was cuc

The mutton so fed has a remarkable fine cuckoo-cuccuckoo; after three or four of

flavour." — West's Antiquities of Furness, which he brought out the word rightly."

A.D. 1774. A man who worked for us was nettleproof. He would apply them to his face,

“In former times, when salt was procured and put them into his bosom, without feel- from sea sand, by pouring water on it, and ing the sting.

then boiling down the water to a salt, grants

of sand from the lord of the manor were Miss Geisdale knows a single woman in

common on the sea coast."-Ibid. p. 191. this country who succeeded unexpectedly to £70,000. The only change she made in “The place near Ulverston where Martin her mode of life was, to use lump sugar in Swart encamped, when he landed with Mac her tea, and to drink it out of a china cup Lambert, Simnel, and the Flemish troops, instead of a crockery one.

But she was

is called Swartmoor to this day. There is

a tradition that Sir Thomas Broughton did | The old child's rhyme says“ In the month of June,

? WORDSWORTH, I think, has mentioned the He alters his tune,”

fact in his Poems, and SOUTHEY in his Colloand it is quite true.-J. W.W.

quies.-J. W. W.

P. xlv.

not fall in the battle as is recorded, but that be to bave printed delineations of the ani-
he escaped, lived many years among his mals on which the respective marks might
tenants in Witherslack, in Westinoreland, be laid down, and to which the printed de-
and was interred in the chapel there."— scription preceding would serve as an index.


“Accordingly, the book consists of four

teen chapters of prints, filling eighty-four
The woollen yarn spun by the country pages, with three couple of sheep in each,
people in Broughton for sale used to pro- each couple numbered.
duce more than £4000 a-year. Circiter


“Matterdale. Chap. 12.
Tea with itself has introduced wheaten "No. 12. William Calvert, Esq., Wall-
bread.-Ibid. p. 213.


“ Ritted far ear ; old sheep, M on the Iz. Walton, p. 195, says of Winander

near side; hogs, full cripping across each Mere, that it is “ some say, as smooth in the buttock, and no letter. bottom as if it were paved with polished “ No. 17. John Sutton. marble."

Cropped, and muck-forked on the far “ The Shepherd's Guide, or a Delineation ear; under fold bitted on the near; a red

stroke over the fillets of the near side, the of the Wool and Ear Marks on the differ

form of a grindstone handle. ent Stocks of Sheep in Patterdale, Grassmere, Hawkeshead, Langdale, Loughrigg,

“ No. 23. John Brownrigg, Matterdale

End. Wythburn, Legberthwaite, St. Johns, Wanthwaite and Burns, Borrowdale, New

Cropped far ear, bitted near; a red lands, Threlkeld, Matterdale, Watermil

pop on the top of the shoulder ; J. B. on

the near side. lock, Eskdale, and Wastdalehead. “ To which is prefixed an Index, shewing pended on, because they cannot be so easily

The ear marks are what are most dethe proprietors' names and places of abode,

got rid of. with a description of the marks, &c. By William Mounsey and William Kirkpatrick,

The ear is either cropt, under or upper on the plan originally devised by Joseph muck-forked, or clicking-forked, marked

halved, under key-bitted or upper, holed, Walker. “ Penrith : Printed by W. Stephen."

with a three square hole, &c.; and these No date.

marks are varied, by being either on the 8vo.

cropt or otherwise entire ear. The original preface says

" the success

The other marks have all their technithis work has met with is sufficient to show cal names. the extensive benefit which is likely to re- The copy before me is one which my sult from it. It has not been presented to brother T. has borrowed from a neighbour. any sheep-breeder who has not considered It is neatly bound in red sheep; and has it of the greatest importance.

pasted in it a printed paper with these My object is to lay down a plan by words, " Newlands' Public Book." which every man may have it in his power The sheep are coloured according to the to know the owner of a strayed sheep, and description, and a blank in the engraving to restore it to him ; and, at the same time, left for the ears of one in each couple. that it may act as an antidote against the fraudulent practice too often followed, -in “ Tue Wells of rocky Cumberland a word, to restore to every man his own.

Have each a Saint or Patron, “I considered that the best mode of re- Who holds an annual festival presenting the wool and ear marks would The joy of maid and matron.

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" And to this day as erst they wont, Ibid. p. 115, No. 61. 69. LETTER de

The youths and maids repair scribing something of the country and peoTo certain wells on certain days ple near Kendal, to Lord Burghley. And hold a Revel there.

Cotton MSS. Titus B. iii. 7. KESWICK "Of sugar-sweet and liquorice,

mines. With water from the spring, They mix a pleasant beverage,

The parsonage house in Langdale was And May-Day carols sing."

licensed as an alehouse, because it was so Mr. John Hutchinson's

poor a living, that the Curate could not June Days' Jingle.

otherwise have supported himself. By the public house in Newlands, there

Owen Lloyd who now holds the curacy is a green cock-pit.

told me this. LOOKING down from Hindscarth upon Cares and sorrows cast away, Buttermere, the light fell so upon the lake This is the old wives' holyday.” that one part, which was in shade, appeared

BEAUMONT and FLETCHER, Women like a hole in it, or pit.

pleased, act v. sc. iii. WHERE the hill has been burnt, the cran

A LARGE leaved sort of clover, with a berry leaves are red.

purple spot in the centre of the leaves, The wooden railroad is said to have been grows as a weed in this nursery garden,first invented by Mr. Carlisle Spedding at

the seed having been accidentally imported Whitehaven. – Dr. Dixon's Life of Dr. in some package from America. Brownrigg, p. 108.

John EARSDEN and George Mason comIn Mrs. Wilson's youth it would have posed the music in a work entitled, “ The been thought a sin for any one to have sold Ayres that were sung and played at Broughhoney in this place. It was given freely to am Castle in Westmoreland, in the King's any who happened to want it.

entertainment, given by the Right Hon. the Among the Lansdowne MSS. (No. 17.7.) Earl of Cumberland, and his right noble is a letter from Augsburg, written in Latin

son the Lord Clifford. Fol. London, 1618." to the Lords Leicester and Burghley, by

-Hawkins, vol. 4, p. 25. David Hang and John Languaver, co-part

Possibly here might be words by Daniel. ners with their Lordships in the mines at Keswick, concerning those mines. A.D. 1573.

Tuesday, 19 Jan. 1836. I went out at -Catal. p. 33.

one o'clock to shake hands with my old

friend G. Peachy before his departure. It Ibid. p. 37, No. 18. 51. ARTICLES pro- was a bright frosty day, and my Scotch posed to the Lord Treasurer to be entered bonnet afforded no shelter to my eyes, which into with the Queen, by the Company of the are however now so used to it as not to mines at Keswick. A.D. 1574.

be inconvenienced by the light. I was

reading as usual, Clarke's Christiad' was the Ibid. p. 48, No. 24. 1. EDWARD BRADDYL to the Lord Treasurer, wanting to know

"I had the Christiad in hand at this time, and what must be done with the Queen's cop

had written to Southey on the subject. This

induced him to turn to it. The underwritten is per in her store-house at Keswick. A.D. 1576.

from the fly-leaf of his copy transcribed into my

own :-“ Robert Clarke, educated at the EngMORE papers concerning these mines.

lish College at Douay, where, as I am informed, P. 56, No. 28. 4-11.

he was Professor of the Classics, He after:

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