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Other dogs were set upon him without ef- | evening, in order to choose stewards, to refect; and he was at last killed by a sword. vive our ancient and annual feast."
1800. The present mail- man between In the Gazette, of August 7, 1762, Dr. Shaston and Sarum has travelled, since his Pierce, Dean of Sarum, offered £40 reward employ in the post-office, on that and the for the discovery of the person who sent a Sherborne road, upwards of 326,200 miles, dead female infant (apparently about a fortmore than twelve times the circumference night old), to the King's Arms, Holborn of the earth.
Bridge, directed to him, in a fir box. Upon
opening it, he discovered a leaden coffin 1800. Aug. 1. Died at Goodleigh, near wrapped in a silk rug; the body was emBarnstaple, in his eightieth year, Mr. Henry balmed, and rolled in leather. This letter Stribling, farmer. He was one of the great- was found :-"Normanday, May 12. Good est fox-hunters in Devonshire, and had col- Mr. Dean, Think me not confident in giving lected such a number of foxes' pads, all of you this trouble, without which I am incawhich he had himself cut off when in at the pable of performing the will of the dead, death, that they entirely covered his stable whose last request it was to have this indoor and door-posts. At his own particular fant (if it should do otherwise than well), request, a pad was placed in each of his to be laid in the parish church you now live hands in his coffin, and he was attended to in, and you being his very good friend in the grave by the huntsmen and whippers his life, makes me hope you will see this in of the packs with which he had hunted. charitable act performed for him; and ha
ving no friend left me in the world I can At Belvoir Castle, the Duke of Rutland's, beg the favour of, and I being left so low there is a silver cistern, sixteen feet in cir- | that I am not able to perform his desire no cumference, and holding sixty gallons. It other way but this; but if ever I am in a was filled with cordial when the father of capacity, I will repay you, with a million of the present duke was born, and with punch thanks. In the mean time, I hope God will at the christening of the Marquis of Gran- reward you ; and I shall continually pray by, when the Prince Regent stood sponsor, for you and your good lady and son, so long January 1814.
as ever I shall live, who is your poor, mise
rable, and unfortunate servant, Ro. NorMR. Malcolm, in his Anecdotes of the manveilder.” Manners and Customs of London, from the Roman Conquest to 1700, gravely says, The first dish which used to be brought · Infidelity in the marriage state was known to table on Easter Day was a red herring in the reign of Henry IV."
on horseback, set in a corn-sallad.
This is from a MS. of AUBREY's, 1678. Domestic Intelligence, 1681. “Whereas He says that before the Reformation ordithe yearly meeting of the name of Adam nary men's houses had no chimneys, but hath of late, through the deficiency of the flues, like louver-holes ; some were in being last stewards, been neglected; these are to when he was a boy. “ At the parish-priests' give notice to all gentlemen and others, that houses in France, especially in Languedoc, are of that name, that at William Adam's, commonly called the Northern Alehouse, in Simply the French L'ouvert. Todd gives St. Paul's Alley, in St. Paul's Churchyard, the following illustration, “ The ancient manner there will be a weekly meeting every Mon
of building in Cornwall was, to set hearths in
the midst of rooms for chimneys, which vented day night, of our name-sakes, between the
the smoke at a louver in the top.” Carew, hours of six and eight of the clock in the Surv. of Cornwall.-J. W. W.
the table-cloths were on the board all the established religion, and partly to represent day long, ready for strangers, travellers, the Government of the country as oppresfriars, pilgrims; so it was I have heard my sive and tyrannical; and did with this view grandfather say, in his grandfather's time." oblige those who were admitted to take and Jacks are but of late invention : the poor did administer to them an oath, binding boys did turn the spits, and licked the drip- them, among other things, “ to conceal the ping for their pains.
secrets of the Order of Knights Templars,
murder and treason not excepted,”— “Good Mr. Rogers, a Welsh Boanerges, oath of such import and tendency. preaching in the mountains, said,— Christ William Hamilton, mason, said he was a is heaven, if I worship God here, and do all member of the Lodge at Maybole—Royal to God and for God, without any hopes of Arch, No. 264. When he was admitted a reward upon the earth! - My dear breth- member, a pistol was fired, and some person ren, the devil would never be troubled with called out - Put him to death. such a wretch in hell; he would set all hell blindfolded at first, when brought into the in an uproar. If a true Methodist was to room; and the covering being afterwards go to hell, the devil would say, Turn that taken from his eyes, he was shown a stone Methodist out, he is come to torment us.'" jug in the corner of the room, and a bush
in the jug, and a candle burning in it. He GROANING boards were the wonder in was told by the panel, Andrew, that it was London in 1682. An elm plank was exbi. the representation of God Almighty in the bited to the king, which, being touched by midst of the Burning Bush. Andrew was a hot iron, invariably produced a sound re- Master of the Lodge, and was reading the sembling deep groans. At the Bowman third chapter of Exodus. The witness was Tavern, in Drury Lane, the mantle-tree did desired to put off his shoes, as it was holy the same so well that it was supposed to be ground he trod on: the covering was put part of the same elm-tree; and the dresser down again on his face, and he was led unat the Queen's Arms Tavern, St. Martin der an arch; and after passing under the le Grand, was found to possess the same arch, he was desired to find the Book of the quality,—which, therefore, cannot be very Law: it was taken up by some other person
See R. Burton's Surprising in the Lodge who was called High Priest, Miracles, p. 186.
and who said he would explain it. The
witness was desired to put money on the John Andrew, shoemaker in Maybole, book, to pay for explaining it to him; the sometime teacher of a private school there, book he was told was the Bible. The passand Robert Ramsay, cartwright, were tried port for a Royal Arch Mason was, -I am at Ayr Circuit Court, upon this curious in
that I am. After the above ceremonies, dictment:- That they did under the shew the witness being taken out of the room, and pretence of a meeting for Masonry, some had his coat taken off, and tied on his shoultime in the year 1796, at Maybole, along ders in a bundle, and was then brought in. with others, their associates, most of them A carpet with a rent in it was called the from Ireland, form themselves into an ille- | Veil of the Temple. He was led through gal club or association, styling itself the it, and round the room. A sword was put Grand Assembly of Knights Templars ;- into his hand; and he was ordered to use which club, under the pretence of initiating it against all who opposed him as a Knight into the ceremonies of Masonry, did admit Templar. John Andrew read the fourth various persons as members, and did at said chapter of Exodus. The witness was deadmission perform various ceremonies, part- sired to throw down the sword, and was ly with a view to vilify and undermine the told it was become a serpent; after which
he was desired to take it up again, and told | pany offered to wager any sum that he did it was again a rod. Andrew poured ale and not go there, and he took bets to the amount porter on the floor, and called it blood. He of £15,000. was shown thirteen burning candles ; one
In North Wales, when a person supposes in the middle, he was told, represented Jesus Christ, the other the Twelve Apostles for him to go to some church dedicated to a
himself highly inj ed, it is not uncommon Andrew blew out one of the candles, which he called Judas, who betrayed his Master.
celebrated saint, as Llan Elian in Anglesea, One of them was dim, and was called Peter, and Clynog in Caernarvonshire, and there who denied his Master. Something on a
to offer his enemy. He kneels down on his table, under a white cloth, being uncovered, bare knees in the church, and offering a was perceived to be a human skull, which piece of money to the saint, calls down curses the witness was desired to take up, and view
and misfortunes upon the offender and his it, and was told it was a real skull of a bro family for generations to come; in the most ther called Simon Magus. Porter was pour
firm belief that the imprecations will be fuled into the skull, which the witness was de
filled. Sometimes they repair to a sacred
well instead of a church. sired to drink; he did so, and it was handed round to the whole Knights. Andrew put Is it true that there was till within the the point of the sword into it, and then last century, retained within the precincts touched the witness's head with it, saying, - of the royal palace of Westminster a solemn I dub thee in the name of the Father, Son, officer, called the King's Cock-crower, whose and Holy Ghost. He took an oath to keep duty during the whole season of Lent, was the secrets of the Knights Templars, mur- to crow the hour, instead of crying it, in der and treason not excepted. The pen- order to remind sinners of the crowing of alty for revealing was, that his body would
the cock, and its effect on St. Peter ? be rented up like a fir-deal.
Quintin Stewart, taylor. He saw a thorn Courier, January 12, 1814. “The largest bush in a corner of the room, and a candle twelfth cake in London, part of which will in the heart of it burning. Andrew said, be presented gratis to every purchaser of a “Go and deliver the children of Israel from ticket or share at Martin's Fortunate office, their bondage, and the burden of their task No. 8, Cornbill.” masters." He was taken round their royal
Martin distributed 1,879 pounds of rich encampment in the middle of the room, and cake gratis, likewise saved the public £29,000 was then put into what they called a dark by his mode of doing business. vault, in search of the Book of the Law;
If a native of the Maldives die at sea, and a book was thrown down on the floor, they wash the body with the usual cereand afterwards put into his hand. When they prepared him to be a Knight Templar, fin upon three or four planks of Candon, a
monies, put it in a coffin, and float the cofhis coat was tied in a bundle on his back, remarkably light and buoyant wood, and and a staff put in his hand to travel through then send it adrift. Money is put in the the sandy deserts. He past through the first coffin, and a writing declaring who and what and second veils of the temple. The skull, the deceased had been, and requesting those he was told, was the head of a brother who
among whom it may be thrown up, to inter once tasted, heard, and smelled as we do now.
it decently, and take the money to defray The verdict was not guilty.
the cost.– Fran. Pyrard, p. 120.1 JERUSALEM Whalley, made his journey
1 I have not the volume before me, for a bet. Being asked where he was going, doubt the Discours du Voyage des François aur he answered in jest to Jerusalem; the com- Indes Orientales is the authority.-J. W. W.
but no two years.
“ En France en général, le peuple est faces, and the straight and truly proportioned plus liseur. Le plus simple bourgeois y veut limbs that distinguish vast numbers of all sa bibliothèque. Aussi dans Paris seule- ranks of people of both sexes. We find ment tout libraire étoit-il sûr de vendre au- thousands of males and females who appear tant d'exemplaires de l'ouvrage le plus pitoy- to have been nursed by the graces, and as able, que l'on en vend à Londres pour toute far surpass the celebrated statues of the l'Angleterre des ouvrages d'une bonté com- Venus de Medicis and the Apollo Belvidere, mune."-L'ABBE BARRUEL.
as the works of the Creator ever will those of man.
Those favoured with an opportuMR. Malcolm commences his anecdotes nity of seeing the 30,000 volunteers assemof the manners and customs of London dur- bled at Hyde Park in 1804, determined to ing the eighteenth century with a politico- fight for their homes, must agree with me physical, or physico-political history of Eng. that no nation ever produced an equal numlish beauty! " There is something,” he ber together so finely proportioned and begins," in the composition of the British handsome.” atmosphere highly congenial to human and animal life: the clouded air and frequent LONDON workhouses, &c. Of children humidity, and consequent coolness, prevent born or received there under twelve months the violent perspirations the nations of finer in 1763, only seven in the hundred lived climates experience; hence the fluids remain in full effect, and expand every part of the frame to its full proportion!” In GEORGE I. had a Turk called M. Mahotheir struggles against the Saxons and Danes, met for his valet-de-chambre. “ the whole race of Englishmen became either hardened into almost supernatural Weekly Journal, March 30, 1717. exertion and strength, or were victims to “The thieves have got such a villainous those chronic diseases, which deform the way now of robbing gentlemen, that they body, and destroy the regularity of features: cut holes through the backs of hackneythen the youth of each sex experienced pri- coaches, and take away their wigs, or fine vations incident to war, and the whole head-dresses of gentlewomen. population must have suffered in the grace- tleman was served last Sunday in Tooley fulness of their persons." We want a beau- | Street, and another but last Tuesday in tifying, he supposes, till Edward III.'s time. Fenchurch Street; wherefore this may serve “After that reign I should imagine,” says for a caution to gentlemen or gentlewomen he, “their stature diminished, and their that ride single in the night time, to sit on countenances assumed a less pleasing form." | the fore seat, which will prevent that way Under Henry VII. and VIII., uglier still; of robbing." and under Mary, it is to be presumed ugliest of all. Then came Elizabeth, who The Society for the Reformation of Man“raised the people nearer to manhood." ners in the year ending 1725, had instituted Under her auspicious reign," the person 91,899 prosecutions. was enlarged, and became more graceful ; discontent fled from the features, and the 1729. STREET robbing so common, that Londoners, still nearer perfection, at last “ people, especially in an evening, choose accomplished those two revolutions which rather to walk than ride in a coach, on achave for ever banished despotism. See the count that they are in a readier posture to consequences in the myriads of beautiful defend themselves, or call out for help if infants that smile on every side of him, with attacked. The backney coachmen were so the regular and placid lines that mark their much injured by this, that 'whereas a figure
So a gen
for driving of an hackney coach used lately | by the articles of accidents in the newsto be sold for about £60, besides paying papers : the miserable shrieks of women and the usual duties to the commissioners for children not being sufficient to deter the licensing; they are at his time, for the rea- villains from doing what they call their duty sons aforesaid, sold for £3 per figure, good to their masters; for besides their daily or will.'"
weekly wages, they have an extraordinary
stated allowance for every chaise they can A FEMALE impostress used to live by reverse, ditch, or bring by the road, as the hanging herself, and telling a pitiful story term or phrase is.”- Weekly Register, Dec.8. when cut down, which there was always an accomplice at hand to do.
Ar the peace of 1713, the master of the
Spread Eagle Inn, in Gracechurch Street, During the first thirty years of the eigh- advertized shilling tickets for a peace pudteenth century, the numbers of deaths in ding, nine feet in length, twenty inches London from small-pox, was thirty-four out broad, and six inches deep. of 1000. During the last thirty of the same century, they were ninety-five out of 1000, About 1716, “Sion Chapel at Hampstead nearly a tenth of the whole mortality. In- being a private and pleasant place, many oculation had thus greatly increased the persons of the best fashion have been lately disease.
married there. Now, as a minister is obliged A certain physician who had seen more constantly to attend, this is to give notice, than 40,000 cases of small-pox, said, he never that all persons upon bringing a license, and met with a confluent case in a person of red who shall have their wedding dinners at the or light flaxen hair.
house in the gardens, may be married in
the said chapel without giving any fee or “Les régistres de l'affinage de Paris at- reward; and such as do not keep their wedtestent qu'on employoit, ou plutôt qu'on ding at the gardens, only five shillings will perdoit tous les ans la somme énorme de be demanded of them for all fees.” huit cent mille livres en or fin, à dorer des meubles, des voitures, du carton, des por- In George I.'s reign, a florist's feast at celaines, des clous, des éventails, des bou- Bethnal Green, a carnation named after him tons, des livres, et à brocher des étoffes ou was the king of the year. The stewards were à masquer de l'argenterie.” 1790.-BAR- drest with laurel and flowers, and carried RUEL, vol. ii. p. 72.
gilded staves; and ninety cultivators fol
lowed in procession to the sound of music, Avignon, Barruel says, was the chief seat each bearing his flowers. of the Martinists.
1720. Clubs of Bold Bucks and Hell Fires. 1733. The stages and hackney coaches These latter used to call for a Holy Ghost made war upon private chaises. The drivers pie at the tavern. How came the Abbé Bar“are commissioned by their masters to an- ruel to overlook them ? noy, sink, and destroy all the single and double horse-chaises they can conveniently 1717-18. James Austin, inventor of the meet with, or overtake in their way, with- Persian ink powder, invited his customers out regard to the lives or limbs of the per- to a feast. There was a pudding promised, sons who travel in them. What havoc these which was to be boiled fourteen days, inindustrious sons of blood and wounds have stead of seven hours, and for which he almade within twenty miles of London in the lowed a chaldron of coals. It weighed 900 compass of a summer's season, is best known pounds. The copper for boiling it was