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177. Rough and smooth poets, the scab- , wished to compose, and in which the imperous and silky style.

rial commands frequently interrupted him. 180. Of his own style.

He had plainly no sinecure as Poeta Ce183. Lord Bacon. 184-5.

sareo! 18+. Prose writers, Bishop Gardiner called admirable as such—“now things daily fall, wits grown downward, and eloquence grows

LORD STERLINE. backward ; so that he (Bacon) inay be DRUMMOND says,

** This much I will say, named and stand as the mark and å kjen of and perchance not without reason dare say, our language.”

if the heavens prolong his days to end bis “ If there was any fault in his language,” | day, he hath done more in one day than says Dryden,

" it was that he weaved it too | Tasso did all his life, and Bartas in his two closely and laboriously, in his comedies weeks, though both the one and other be especially.”Essay on Dramatic Poesy, p.

most praiseworthy." Extracts from the lxxv. See there for Dryden's opinion of Hawthorden MSS. p. 28. Ben Jonson.

Ibid. p. 31. Drummond's notes for an See Censura Literaria, vol. 1, p.


elegy upon him. Here it appears that the Monthly Review, vol. 15, p. 198, Month. supplement to the Arcadia is by him. Cat. for Aug. 1756, Whalley's Ben Jonson, " To say that we

“ Factions breaking loose this as the best edition of Ben Jonson's works, will be say. Their bounds once pass'd, which do all

Like waters, for a time by art restrain'd, ing enough for an article of this kind."

bounds disdain."

Alexandræan Tragedy, p. 128.

look upon


DRYDEN. ONE great absurdity the dramatists of

Congreve (Dedication to bis Plays) says, this school proceed upon as a postulate, that

“ I have frequently heard him own with as the same passions exist in all times and

pleasure, that if he had any talent for Engplaces, the same situations are possible in all. lish prose, it was owing to his having often Vol. 5.

read the writings of the great Archbishop

Tillotson." P. 395. A VERY beautiful sonnet.

An atrocious assertion in some Remarks There is the same set of characters in all

on Johnson's Life of Milton, extracted from his dramas; he always represents intricate the Memoir of T. Hollis, that Dryden “was situations, contending duties, and heroic reprehensible even to infamy for his own virtue.

vices, and the licentious encouragement he No Cæsarerian poet could have presented gave in his writings to those of others.”better examples or loftier morality to an

Monthly Review, vol. 62, p. 483. imperial audience.

Essay of Dramatic Poesy.


in this Essay, “it concerned Vol. 10.

the peace and quiet of all honest people, P. 340-1. INJURY done to the drama when that ill poets should be as well silenced as the music is made the principal part, and seditious preachers. xxxi. the poetry must subserve it.

P. xxxii-i. Contemporaries whom he cen341. Ilis censure of bravuras.

374. Ilis office left him no leisure for a xlix. Cleveland. He seems greatly to prose work upon his own art, which he have disliked himn.


liji. “If the question had been stated who 60. “ Ilow my heart quops4 now, as they had writ best, the French or English, forty say." years ago, I should have adjudged the ho- 83. Epilogue. “To make regalios out of nour to our own nation; but since that common meat." time we have been so long together bad Dedication to the Rival Ladies. Englishmen, that we had no leisure to be His own stile. good poets."

Desires an academy to fix the language. This is said with relation to the drama. Blank verse, leading to foolish inver

lix. “A poet in the description of a beau- sions. tiful garden, or a meadow, will please our Waller, Denham, Davenant praised for imagination more than the place itself can rhyme. please our sight.”

Prologue on Prologues. lxvi. “ As we, who are a more sullen 115. “ Cowards have courage when they people, come to be diverted at our plays, so

see not death, they (the French), who are of an airy and And feeble hares that sculk in forms all day, gay temper, come hither to make them

Yet fight their feeble quarrels by the moonselves more serious. And this I conceive

light." to be one reason why comedies are more pleasing to us and tragedies to them.”

This is a false application : those quarrels

are not feeble to them. lxxi. Attempt to show that rhymed plays are an English fashion.

151. “I'm too unlucky to converse with lxxvi-vii. His definition of humour.

men, lxxx. Effect of the Rebellion on poetry, I'll pack together all my


up, and of the Restoration.

Gather with care each little remnant of 'em, Ixxxix. Well said and shown that Shake That none of 'em be left behind; thus speare, &c. if born now would not equal

loaded, themselves.

Fly to some desert, and there let them loose, xci. Blank verse is acknowledged to be Where they may never prey upon mankind." too low for a poem, nay more, for a paper 187. “ 'Tis the greatest bliss of verses ; but if too low for an ordinary For man to grant himself all he dares wish ; sonnet, how much more for tragedy ! For he that to himself, himself denies, 26. “ The woots? his customers."

Proves meanly wretched, to be counted 32. “A raw miching boy."?

wise." 43. “As invincibly ignorant as a town

197. “ Why should we in your mercies sop judging a new play.”

still believe, 44. “He stands in ambush, like a Jesuit

When you can never pity though we grieve! behind a Quaker, to see how his design will

For take."

you have bound yourselves by harsh 48. “With a wannion to you."

decrees, And those, not you, are now the deities.”

Dedication to Indian Emperors. "This, I suspect, is a slang term, i. e. his his known customers; to wit, zu wissen.

“ The favour which heroic plays have

J. W. W. lately found upon our theatres, have been ? Topp in Johnson says that micher is used in the Western Counties for a truant boy. The words of Hamlet naturally occur,

Marry this

It is needless to add another guess amongst is miching malicho; it means mischief.” Act many.-J. W. W. iii. sc. 2.-J. W. W.

** And lord so that his herte 'gan to quappe 3 To this day this word used by Latimer, Hearing her come, and shorte for to sike.” Fox, Shakspeare, Ben Jonson, &c. &c. remains CHAUCER, Troilus and Creseide, iii. ad init. unexplained. See Richardson and Nares in

J. W. W.


will you's,



262. 6

264. “

wholly derived to them from the counte- 276. Enter Cortes alone, in a night gown. nance and approbation they have received

“ All things are hush'd, as Nature's self lay at court."

dead, See what he says of beauty here! and The mountains seem to nod their drowsy his vile adulation !

head, See too his Defence of his Essay on Dra- The little birds in dreams their songs rematic Poesy, prefixed to this play.

peat, 249. “As if our old world modestly with. And sleeping flowers beneath the night dew

sweat ;
And bere in private had brought forth a

Even Lust and Envy sleep; yet Love denies
Rest to my soul, and slumber to my eyes."

All is in keeping here, the costume, the de-
And ye small stars, the scattered

scription, and the character! seeds of light."

287.“ As callow birds, Arise, ye subtle spirits that can

Whose mothers killed in seeking of the prey, spy;

Cry in their nest, and think her long away, When love is entered in a female's eye; You that can read it in the midst of doubt, And at each leaf that stirs, each breath of

wind, And in the midst of frowns can find it out; Gape for the food which they must never You that can search those many corner'd

find." minds Where women's crooked fancy turns and 302. Montezuma. winds;

“ whensoever I die, You that can love explore and truth im- The Sun, my father, bears my soul on high ; part,

Ile lets me down a beam, and mounted Where both lie deepest hidin woman's heart." there, Cortes says,

He draws it back, and pulls me through the

air." 269. “If for myself to conquer here I came,

The absurdity of making the Peruvians You might perhaps my actions justly blame: and Mexicans at war scarcely seems absurd Now I am sent, and am not to dispute in this most preposterous plan ; so utterly My Prince's orders, but to execute." has all truth and character, feeling, time, 266. “Cydippe. What is this honour which

and place been disregarded. does love controul ?

Vol. 2. Cortes. A raging fit of virtue in the soul,

SECRET Love, or the Maiden Queen. A painful burden which great minds must

“Owned in so particular a manner by his bear,

Majesty, that he has graced it with the title Obtain'd with danger, and possest with fear."

of his play; and thereby rescued it from the

severity (not to say malice) of its enemies." 269. Montezuma to his gods :

In this play there are eight female charac- Ill fate for me unjustly you provide ; ters and only three male. Great souls are sparks of your own heavenly P. 19. “I am more and more in love with pride,

you! A full nether lip, an out-mouth, that That lust of power we from your godhead's makes mine water at it. The bottom of have,

your cheeks a little blub, and two dimples You're bound to please those appetites you when you smile." gave."

Dryilen had no reverence for his great predecessors ; if he had, he would not have “CRITICAL Reflections on the Old English taken the name of Florimel for one of the Dramatic Writers, intended as a Preface to women in this play.

the Works of Massinger, addressed to Gar

rick. 6d. Davies." Epilogue by a Person of Quality. “ The men of business must in policy Cherish a little harmless poetry,

“ We doubt, however, that Massinger, All wit would else grow up to knavery.

together with many others of the once Wit is a bird of music, or of prey ;

famed English poets, have already pro

ceeded too far on the road to oblivion ever Mounting, she strikes at all things in her way; But if this birdlime once but touch her wings,

to be brought back, whatever may be the On the next bush she sits her down and sings." endeavours of their few remaining friends

for that purpose. Spenser, Jonson, BeauSir Martin Mar-all. 115-6. Phrases of re

mont, Fletcher, Massinger, Randolph, and cent introduction, vertuoso, you have reason, others who figured in the days of Elizabeth, in fine.

James, and Charles I. are now almost as Tempest. 209.

little known or read as Chaucer, Lydgate, “ Two winds rise ; ten more enter and Gower, and that pithie Poete Maister Thodance. At the end of the dance, three winds mas Skeltone. Notwithstanding which it sink; the rest drive Alon. Anto. Gonz. off." must be acknowledged, there are great 251-3. The weapon salve used.

beauties and excellencies in the ingenious 260. Tritons-sound a calm !

cotemporaries above mentioned ; particularly in Spenser, whom we are truly sorry to put into the list. His genius was perhaps equal to any that ever appeared in

this or any other country; but that kind of MASSINGER.

allegory and stanza in which he unhappily LLOYD in a note in the St. James's wrote, are now totally out of fashion, and Magazine, vol. 2, p. 38, says of Massinger,

probably will never be revived." (!!!)(then recently published by T. Davies), Ibid. vol. xxiv., p. 200.—See Ibid. vol. lx., that “he is a poet who wants only to be p. 480. read that he may be admired!" Contrast this with Goldsmith's contemptuous review

“ Skilful Massinger, of the same edition !

Thou known, all the Castilians must confess

Vego de Carpio thy foil, and bless of our readers are ignorant

His language can translate thee, and the fine who, or what, this Massinger was, is a cir- Italian wits yield to this work of thine.”

SIR Aston COCKAINE. cuinstance which we may safely take for granted; and which, too, supersedes the necessity of our saying much more concerning

“COMMENDATORY Verses to the Emperor either the poet or his works. Had he pose of the East.”—MASSINGER, 1, clxi. sessed more merit he had been better known. Suffice it therefore, if we only add, that he Vol. 1. was contemporary with, or rather somewhat P.7. GIFFORD shews a want of ear here. later than Shakespear; that he wrote many The word may just as well be pronounced plays, long since forgotten; and that this persevēre as persẽver. edition of his works is even unworthy the 15. Mason an imitator often of Massinlittle repute in which Massinger may be still ger. Gifford says, “ he may be right, but held by some readers."(!!)—Monthly Re- in this instance Mason remembered Tacitus, view, vol. xxi. p. 176.-Coxeter's edition. not Massinger."

“That many

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66. “ This tottered world.” Is this the | do not enable them to outgo that of its same word as tattered, or may it not mean

manners." shaken, crazed ?


“ If thou wouldst work 71. “Peevish." Does it not rather mean

Upon my weak credulity, tell me rather weak and fretful than foolish ?

That the earth moves, the sun and stars

stand still." DEDICATIO i to the “Unnatural Combat."

274. Aviary for aerie, which Gifford To his “ much. honoured friend, An- charges upon poor M. Mason was, I dare thony Sutleges, of Oakham, in Kent, Esq.” say, a printer's blunder. “ Your noble father, Sir Warham S.

Vol. 2. (whose remarkable virtues must be ever remembered) being, while he lived, a mas- P.7. INDICATION of ill-will towards Buckter, for his pleasure, in poetry, feared not ingham. 119. to hold converse with divers whose neces- 8. A captious note of Gifford, as if he sitous fortunes made it their profession, did not know what is meant by distant among which, by the clemency of his judge-manners. ment, I was not in the last place admitted. 6. Specimens of the old editions. "I present you with this old tragedy,

11. “Oshame! that we that are a populous without prologue or epilogue; it being com

nation, posed in a time (and that, too, peradven

Engaged to liberal nature for all blessings ture, as knowing as this,) when such by

An island can bring forth; we that have ornaments were not advanced above the

limbs fabric of the whole work."

And able bodies ; shipping arms and treaVol. 1.


The sinews of the war, now we are callid Massinger often weakens his verse by

To stand upon our guard, cannot produce attenuating words which it is the character

One fit to be our General." of our speech to compress.

Was Buckingham meant here also ? 160.

let me glory in 86, n. Remember is colloquially used in Your action, as if it were my own."

this sense.

123. Dedication. Renegado to Lord Ber163.

keley, the great patron it here appears, of “ To thy perfections, but that they are,” &c. dramatic literature. See the passage.

“ Duke of Milan.” Dedication to the 429. Dedication to the Great Duke of Lady Katharine Stanhope.

Florence. See. there is no other means left me (my misfortunes having cast me on this course) | Vol. 3. to publish to the world, (if it hold the least DEDICATION to Maid of Honour. good opinion of me), that I am your Lady- To Sir Fr. Foljambe, and Sir Th. Bland, ship's creature."

" I had not to this time subsisted, but that 259. “ In the management of preparatory I was supported by your frequent courtehints, Massinger surpasses all his contem- sies and favours." poraries. He seems to have minutely ar

11. Not clear that M. Mason is not right. ranged all the component parts of his plots] 130. “ You are a king, and that before a line of the dialogue was written." Concludes

you wise ; your will, a powerful 266. Gifford well observes,

" that those vigorous powers of genius which carry men Which we, that are foolish subjects, must far beyond the literary state of their age,

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not argue.

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