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animal is struck with terror; even the dogs

Pausanias Ghost-haunted. of the hunters are seized with such dread, that they will fall on the ground and be

" PAUSANIAS, in the heat of his lust, sent come immoveable till the cause is over."—

for Cleonice, a free-born virgin of ByzanIbid.

tium, with an intention to have enjoyed her ; but when she came, out of a strange

sort of jealousy and provocation, for which AU Souls' Day.

he could give no reason, stabbed her. This “It is a custom at Naples on All Souls'

murder was attended with frightful visions, Day, to throw open the charnel houses,

insomuch that his repose in the night was lighted up with torches, and decked out not only interrupted with the appearance of with all the flowery pageantry of May-day;

her shape, but still he thought he heard crowds follow crowds through these vaults her uttering these lines : to behold the coffins, nay, the bodies of their • To execution go, the gods are just, friends and relations. The floors are di- And rarely pardon murder join'd with vided into beds like a garden, and under lust.' these heaps of earth the corpses are laid in After this, the apparition still haunting regular succession. The place is perfectly him, he sailed to Psycopompeion, in Heredry, for the soil is rather a pounded stone clea, and by propitiations, charms, and than earth, and parches up the flesh com- dirges, called up the ghost of the damsel ; pletely in a twelvemonth; when that period which, appearing before him, told him in is elapsed the body is taken up, dressed in few words that he should be free from all a religious habit and fixed like a statue in his affrights and molestations upon his rea niche: many retain a horrid resemblance turn to Lacedæmon; where he was no to what they were when animated, and sooner arrived but he died."-PLUTARCH. some shew strong marks of agony in their Concerning such whom God is slow to punish. distorted features."-SWINBURNE.

Pausanias says, he went to Phigalea, to

the Arcadian avocators of souls. " It was customary at Salerno, till a provincial synod held in the 15th Century condemned and abolished the practice, on the eve of All Souls to provide a sumptuous

Effects of a Demigod's death. entertainment and beds in every house, “ DEMETRIUS related that about Britain that the souls from purgatory might come, there were many small and desolate islands, make merry, and afterwards take a nap. some of which were called the Isles of During the whole night, the house was dæmons and demy gods; and that he himabandoned by its inhabitants, and that fa- self, at the command of the emperor, sailed mily was looked upon as accursed by Hea- to the nearest of those places for curiosity ven, on whose table the smallest remnant sake, where he found few inhabitants, but of victuals was to be seen the next morn- that they were all esteemed by the Britons ing when the proprietor returned. This as sacred and divine. Not long after he dreaded event seldom, if ever befell them, was arrived there, he said, the air and the for the expected feast drew together all the weather were very foul and tempestuous, thieves in the country, who went from and there followed a terrible storm of wind house to house, revelling without control, and thunder; which at length ceasing, he and carrying off what they had not time to says, the inhabitants told him that one of consume, while the master of the house was the demons or demy-gods was deceased. on his knees in the cold church."-Ibid. For as a lamp, says he, while 'tis lighted,

offends nobody with its scent, but when 'tis

extinguished it sends out such a scent as is

Charles of Burgundy. nauseous to everybody; so these great souls, whilst they shine, are mild and gra- “ Credulity proceeds from a man's own cious, without being troublesome to any integrity; a vice more honest than safe, body; but when they draw to an end, they the overthrow and death of the great Duke cause great storms and tempests, and not of Burgundy, who committed a maine part seldom infect the air with contagious dis- of his army to an earle whom he had fortempers. They say, farther, that Saturn is merly strucken.”—Sandy's Ovid. detained prisoner in one of those islands, where he keeps fast asleep in chains, and that he has several of those dæmons for his

Gualbertus' Beech. valets and attendants.”—PLUTARCH. Why

" MABILLON tells us in his Itinerary, of the Oracles cease.

the old Beech at Villambrosa, to be still flourishing, and greener than any of the

rest, under whose umbrage the famous War-engine.

Eremit Gualbertus had his cell."-EVELYN's “ When Archidamus the son of Agesi- Silva. laus, beheld a dart to be shot from an engine, newly brought out of Sicily, he cried “ WHILE we condemn the beech timber, out, O Hercules! the valour of man is at we must not omit to praise the mast, which an end.-Ibid.

fats our swine and deer, and hath in some families even supported men with bread.' Chios endured a memorable siege by the

benefit of this mast; and in some part of Sleeping Naked. “ In 1387, William of Wykeham visited it affords a sweet oil which the poor people

France they now grind the Buck’ in mills ; the priory of Selborne. Among other com

eat most willingly. But there is yet anoplaints, he says, “it has been evidently ther benefit which this tree presents us— proved to him that some of the canons, that its very leaves, being gathered about living dissolutely after the flesh, and not

the fall, and somewhat before they are frostafter the spirit, sleep naked in their beds bitten, afford the best and easiest matwithout their breeches and shirts,' absque tresses in the world to lay under our quilts femoralibus et camisiis,' he enjoins that instead of straw; because, besides their tenthese culprits shall be punished by severe derness and loose lying together, they confasting, especially if they shall be found to tinue sweet for seven or eight years long, be faulty a third time; and threatens the before which time straw becomes musty and prior and sub-prior with suspension if they hard. They are thus used by divers perdo not correct this enormity.

sons of quality in Dauphiné ; and in Swit“ The rule of not sleeping naked was en

zerland I have sometimes lain on them to joined the Knights Templars, who also were subject to the rules of St. Augustine." my great refreshment. So as of this tree

it may properly be said, -GURTLERI, Hist. Templariorum. “ He also forbids them foppish ornaments,

The wood's an house; the leaves a bed;" and the affectation of appearing like beaux

Silva domus, cubilia frondes."-Juvenal.

Ibid. with garments edged with costly furs, with fringed gloves, and silken girdles trimmed with gold and silver."—White's Antiqui

1 Φαγός και φαγείν.

? That is, the “mast." Camden derives ties of Selborne.

Buckinghamshire from the Bóc, i. e. the Beech

It is pure Anglo-Saxon.-J. W. W.

tree.

Jefr we Jame.

are free, it is necessary to increase them, as “The most celebrated work of Ali is inti- they have in general even by industry little tuled Jefr we Jame; it is written upon

enough to support themselves.”—Ibid. parchment in mysterious characters intermixed with figures, wherein are couched

Seasons altered. all the grand events that are to happen from the beginning of Muslemanism to the

“ It is long since many, of whom I am end of the world. This parchment is de

one, have maintained, that the seasons are posited in the hands of those of his family, altered; that it is not so hot now in sumand even to this time nobody has decy.

mer as when we were boys. Others laugh phered it in any sort of manner but Jaafer

at this, and say that the supposed alteraSadek, for, as for the entire explication of

tion proceeds from an alteration in ourit, that is reserved for the twelfth Imam, selves, from our having become older and who is surnamed by way of excellence the consequently colder. Mohdi, or grand director.”—OCKLEY, H. of versation I had with my brewer, who is very

“In 1783 or 1784, in the course of a conthe Saracens."

intelligent and eminent in his way, he main

tained that an alteration had taken place. Egyptian Almanack.

This observation he made from a variety “THE Abbé Pluche, in his History of the of circumstances ; the diminution of the Heavens, maintains, and I believe with rea

number of swallows, the coldness that atson, that the Egyptian grotesque figures, tends rain, the alteration in the hours of for example, a man with a dog's head, &c. labour at the time of sowing barley, which were a sort of almanacks indicating the a great many years ago was a work pertime of the increase of the Nile, &c. As formed very early in the morning, on acthe French have now in their almanack, count of the intenseness of the heat after opposite to every day in the year, a plant, the sun had been up for some time. He an animal, or an instrument of husbandry, added that for many years past he had it would if engraved resemble not a little found that the barley did not malt as foran Egyptian almanack. It is curious to merly, and the period he fixed on was the observe how very ancient fashions and

year in which the earthquake at Lisbon practices are revived.”—Mac Laurin. Lord happened. Dreghorn.

"I was much surprised at this last obser

vation, and did not pay much attention to Holidays originally humane.

it till last summer, when I happened to read “Linget in his Annales Politiques, vol. 2, Les Annales Politiques of Linguet, a very p. 180, after approving very much of the scarce book, which I was sure my brewer abolition of several holidays which had re- had never read ; for there to my astonishcently taken place (in 1770), maintains that ment I found the very same opinion, with no blame can attach to those who introduced this additional fact, that in Champagne, a great number of holidays; their motive, where he was born, they have not been able he says, was humanity, not superstition ; since that earthquake to make the same for at that time, the common people were wine. He says too that he has seen the serfs, 'adscripti glebæ,' whose labour was title-deeds of several estates in Picardy, entirely for the benefit of the master, who which proved that at that time they had a gave them little more than bare mainte- number of excellent vineyards, but that now nance. It certainly was, therefore, humane no such crop can be reared there. He also to diminish the number of working days at attempts to account philosophically for that that time; but now that the common people earthquake baving such effects.”—Ibid.

CIIANAN.

Murder of Fergus.'

since her elopement, it appeared that she

had been near seven months without seeing “ FERGUSIUS III. periit veneno ab uxore

a human face; during all which time she dato. Alii scribunt, cum uxor sæpe expro- had supported herself very well by snaring brasset ei matrimonii contemptum, et pelli- partridges, rabbits, and squirrels; she had cum greges, neque quicquam profecisset, also killed two or three beavers, and some tandem noctu dormientem ab eâ strangula- porcupines. That she did not seem to have tum. Quæstione de morte ejus habitâ cum been in want is evident, as she had a small amicorum plurimi insimularentur, nec quis- stock of provisions by her when she was quam ne in gravissimis quidem tormentis discovered, and was in good health and conquicquam fateretur, mulier alioqui ferox tot dition; and I think one of the finest women, innoxiorum capitum miserta in medium pro- of a real Indian, that I have seen in any cessit; ac è superiore loco cædem à se fac

part of North America. tam confessa, ne ad ludibrium superesset, “ The methods practised by this poor pectus cultro transfodit : quod ejus factum creature to procure a livelihood were truly variè pro cujusque ingenio est acceptum, admirable, and are great proofs that necesac perinde sermonibus celebratum.”—Bu-sity is the real mother of invention. When

the few deer sinews that she had an oppor

tunity of taking with her were all expended Dog-ribbed Indian Woman. in making snares and sewing her clothing, “ On the 11th January (1772) as some

she had nothing to supply their place but of my companions were hunting, they saw

the sinews of the rabbits' legs and feet;

these she twisted together for that purpose the track of a strange snow-shoe, which they followed ; and at a considerable dis

with great dexterity and success. The rabtance came to a little hut, where they dis- bits, &c. which she caught in those snares со

ed a young woman sitting alone. As not only furnished her with a comfortable they found that she understood their lan- subsistence, but of the skins she made a suit guage, they brought her with them to the of neat and warm clothing for the winter. tents. On examination, she proved to be

It is scarcely possible to conceive that a one of the Western Dog-ribbed Indians, person in her forlorn situation could be so who had been taken prisoner by the Atha- composed as to be capable of contriving or puscow Indians, in the summer of 1770; executing any thing that was not absolutely and in the following summer, when the In

necessary to her existence; but there were dians that took her prisoner were near this sufficient proofs that she had extended her part, she had eloped from them, with an in

care much farther, as all her clothing, betent to return to her own country; but the

side being calculated for real service, shewed distance being so great, and having after great taste, and exhibited no little variety she was taken prisoner been carried in a

of ornament. The materials, though rude, canoe the whole way, the turnings and wind

were very curiously wrought, and so judiings of the rivers and lakes were so nume

ciously placed as to make the whole of her rous that she forgot the track ; so she built garb have a very pleasing, though rather the hut in which we found her, to protect

romantic appearance. her from the weather during the winter, and

" Her leisure hours from hunting had here she had resided from the first setting been employed in twisting the inner rind in of the fall.

or bark of willows into small lines, like net“ From her account of the moons past twine, of which she had some hundred fa

thoms by her; with this she intended to "See the “Wife of Fergus,” a Mono-drama.

nzake a fishing.net as soon as the spring adPoems, p. 111.-J. W. W.

vanced. It is of the inner bark of willows

a

twisted in this manner that the Dog-ribbed “ The singularity of the circumstance, Indians make their fishing nets.

the comeliness of her person and her ap“Five or six inches of an iron hoop made proved accomplishments, occasioned into a knife, and the shank of an arrow-head strong contest between several of the Inof iron, which served her as an awl, were dians of my party who should have her for all the metals this poor woman had with a wife; and the poor girl was actually won her when she eloped ; and with these imple- and lost at wrestling by near half a score ments she had made herself complete snow- different men the same evening. My guide, shoes, and several other useful articles. Matonabbee, who at that time had no less

“ Her method of making a fire was than seven wives, all women grown, besides equally singular and curious, having no a young girl of eleven or twelve years old, other materials for that purpose than two would have put in for the prize also, had hard sulphurous stones. These, by long not one of his wives made him ashamed of friction and hard knocking produced a few it, by telling him that he had already more sparks, which at length communicated to wives than he could properly attend. This some touchwood; but as this method was piece of satire, however true, proved fatal attended with great trouble, and not always to the poor girl who dared to make so open with success, she did not suffer her fire to a declaration ; for the great man, Matonabgo out all the winter.

bee, who would willingly have been thought “ When the Athapuscow Indians took equal to eight or ten men in every respect, this woman prisoner, they, according to the took it as such an affront that he fell on her universal custom of those savages, surprised with both hands and feet, and bruised her her and her party in the night, and killed to such a degree, that, after lingering some every soul in the tent except herself and time she died.”—HEARNE's Journey to the three other young women. Among those Northern Ocean. whom they killed were her father, mother, and husband; her young child, four or five months old, she concealed in a bundle of

Trees, 8c. clothing, and took with her undiscovered in “The trees are pine, larch, juniper, popthe night; but when she arrived at the place lar, birch, and bush-willow, growing very where the Athapuscow Indians had left their high, and alder. wives, which was not far distant, they began “ Gooseberries spread along the ground to examine her bundle, and finding the like vines, the fruit most plentiful and best child, one of the women took it from her, on the under branches, owing to the reand killed it on the spot.

flected heat from below, and the shelter. “ This last piece of barbarity gave her They thrive in stony and rocky ground, such a disgust to those Indians, that not- exposed to the sun. Cranberries. Heathwithstanding the man who took care of her berries grow close to the ground, a favourtreated her in every respect as his wife, and site food of many birds that migrate there was, she said, remarkably kind to and even in summer, particularly the grey goose. fond of her; so far was she from being able “Dewater-berries best in swampy ground to reconcile herself to any of the tribe that covered with moss. The plant is not very she rather chose to expose herself to misery unlike the strawberry, but the leaves larger. and want than live in ease and affluence Out of the centre of the plant shoots a single among persons who had so cruelly murdered stalk, sometimes seven or eight inches high, her infant. The poor woman's relation of and each plant only produces one berry, this shocking story, which she delivered in which at some distance resembles a straw. a very affecting manner, only excited laugh- berry; but not so conical. Some have three ter among the savages of my party. or four lobes, some nearly twenty. Currans

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