Principles of Political Economy: With Some of Their Applications to Social Philosophy, Том 1

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Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer, 1871 - 1228 стор.

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or implements
22
in the protection of labour
23
in the transport and distribution of the produce
24
Labour which relates to human beings
25
Labour of invention and discovery
26
Labour agricultural manufacturing and commercial
27
Labour does not produce objects but utilities
28
which are of three kinds
29
Productive labour is that which produces utilities fixed and em bodied in material objects
30
All other labour however useful is classed as unproductive
31
Productive and Unproductive Consumption
32
Labour for the supply of Productive Consumption and labour for the supply of Unproductive Consumption
33
Of Capital 1 Capital is wealth appropriated to reproductive employment
34
More capital devoted to production than actually employed in it
36
Examination of some cases illustrative of the idea of capital
37
fundamental Propositions respecting Capital pao 1 Industry is limited by Capital
39
a 2
41
Capital is the result of saving
43
All capital is consumed
44
Capital is kept up not by preservation but by perpetual repro duction
46
Why countries recover rapidly from a state of devastation
47
Demand for commodities is not demand for labour
49
Fallacy respecting Taxation
55
Fixed and Circulating Capital what
57
Increase of fixed capital when at the expense of circulating might be detrimental to the labourers
58
but this seldom if ever occurs
61
Land labour and capital are of different productiveness at diffe rent times and places
63
greater energy of labour
65
superior skill and knowledge
66
superiority of intelligence and trustworthiness in the commu nity generally
67
superior security
70
Combination of Labour a principal cause of superior productiveness
71
Effects of separation of employments analysed
73
Combination of labour between town and country
74
The higher degrees of the division of labour
75
Analysis of its advantages
77
Limitations of the division of labour
80
Of Production on a Large and Production on a Small Scale J 1 Advantages of the large system of production in manufactures
81
Advantages and disadvantages of the jointstock principle
84
Conditions necessary for the large system of production
87
Large and small farming compared
89
The aw of the increase of production depends on those of three elements Labour Capital and Land
96
The Law of Population
97
Of the Lata of the Increase of Production
108
Consequences of the foregoing Laws
117
BOOK II
123
The institution of property implies freedom of acquisition by con
133
The produce sometimes shared among three classes
145
Slavery considered in relation to the slaves
151
Continuation of the same subject
171
Of Metayers
183
Of Cottiers
193
BOOK III
264
Commodities which are susceptible of indefinite multiplication
274
1 Value of Money an ambiguous expression
297
Of the Value of Money as dependent
303
Credit not a creation but a transfer of the means of production 808
310
The value of an inconvertible paper depending on its quantity
328
Can there be an overaupply of commodities generally?
336
Of a Measure of Value
342
1 Cost of production not the regulator of international values
347
Of Money considered as an Imported
366
metals as a commodity
370
Of the Distribution of the Precious Metals
374
Influence of Currency on the Exchanges
381
Of the Regulation of a Convertible
394
Of the Competition of different Countries
410
Exchange and Money make no difference in the law of wages
416
Tendency to a decline of the value and cost of production of
424
First case population increasing capital stationary
430
Of the Tendency of Profits to a Minimum
439
Abstraction of capital not necessarily a national loss
448
The theory of dependence and protection no longer applicable
455
BOOK V
479
Direct taxes either on income or on expenditure
495
A Tax on all Commodities would fall on profits
504
Taxes on contracts
517
Is it desirable to defray extraordinary public expenses by loans?
526
The same subject continued
536
Law of compulsory equal division of inheritances
540
Laws of Partnership
541
Partnerships with limited liability Chartered Companies
542
Partnerships in commandite
545
Laws relating to insolvency
548
Of Interferences of Government grounded on Erroneous Theories 1 Doctrine of Protection to Native Industry
552
Usury Laws
559
Attempts to regulate the prices of commodities
561
Monopolies
562
Laws against Combination of Workmen
563
Restraints on opinion or on its publication
566
Of the Grounds and Limits of the Laisserfaire or Noninterference Principle 1 Governmental intervention distinguished into authoritative and unauth...
567
Objections to government interventionthe compulsory character of the intervention itself or of the levy of funds to support it
568
increase of the power and influence of government
570
superior efficiency of private agency owing to stronger interest in the work
571
importance of cultivating habits of collective action in the people
572
Laisserfaire the general rule
573
but liable to large exceptions Cases in which the consumer is an incompetent judge of the commodity Education
575
Case of persons exercising power over others Protection of chil dren and young persons of the lower animals Case of women not analogous
577
Case of contracts in perpetuity
579
hours of labour disposal of colonial lands
581
Case of acts done for the benefit of others than the persons con cerned Poor Laws
584
Colonization
585
other miscellaneous examples
589
Government intervention may be necessary in default of private agency in cases where private agency would be more suitable
590

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