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An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations: In ..., Том 2
Повний перегляд - 1784
according advantageous afford almoſt America annual produce bank BOOK bounty Britain Britiſh called capital carried caſe cent coin colonies commerce commodities conſequence conſiderable conſumption continue corn cultivation demand duties effect employed employment encourage England equal eſtabliſhed Europe exchange expence exportation farmer firſt five foreign foreign trade France frequently give gold and ſilver greater hands hundred importation improvement increaſe induſtry inhabitants intereſt Italy kind labour land leſs maintain manner manufactures means merchant monopoly moſt muſt naturally neceſſarily neceſſary never occaſion ordinary otherwiſe paid particular perhaps perſon Portugal pounds preſent probably produce profit prohibition proportion purchaſe quantity raiſe regulations render returns ſame ſeems ſell ſhillings ſhould ſmall ſome ſometimes ſort ſtate ſtill ſtock ſubject ſuch ſupply ſupport ſuppoſed ſurplus themſelves theſe thing thoſe tion town trade uſe wealth whole
Сторінка 181 - ... intends only his own security ; and by directing that industry in such a manner as its produce may be of the greatest value, he intends only his own gain, and he is in this, as in many other cases, led by an invisible hand to promote an end which was no part of his intention. Nor is it always the worse for the society that it was no part of it. By pursuing his own interest he frequently promotes that of the society more effectually than when he really intends to promote it.
Сторінка 182 - ... would not only load himself with a most unnecessary attention, but assume an authority which could safely be trusted, not only to no single person, but to no council or senate whatever, and which would nowhere be so dangerous as in the hands of a man who had folly and presumption enough to fancy himself fit to exercise it.
Сторінка 16 - It tends therefore to increase the exchangeable value of the annual produce of the land and labour of the country. It puts into motion an additional quantity of industry, which gives an additional value to the annual produce.
Сторінка 182 - It is the maxim of every prudent master of a family never to attempt to make at home what it will cost him more to make than to buy.
Сторінка 183 - What is prudence in the conduct of every private family, can scarce be folly in that of a great kingdom. If a foreign country can supply us with a commodity cheaper than we ourselves can make it, better buy it of them with some part of the produce of our own industry, employed in a way in which we have some advantage.
Сторінка 22 - The uniform, constant, and uninterrupted effort of every man to better his condition, the principle from which public and national, as well as private opulence is originally derived...
Сторінка 183 - ... make it, better buy it of them with some part of the produce of our own industry employed in a way in which we have some advantage. The general industry of the country, being always in proportion to the capital which employs it, will not thereby be diminished, no more than that of the abovementioned artificers; but only left to find out the way in which it can be employed with the greatest advantage.
Сторінка 52 - The capital employed in agriculture, therefore, not only puts into motion a greater quantity of productive labour than any equal capital employed in manufactures, but, in proportion too to the quantity of productive labour which it employs, it adds a much greater value to the annual produce of the land and labour of the country, to the real wealth and revenue of its inhabitants. Of all the ways in which a capital can be employed, it is by far the most advantageous to the society.
Сторінка 185 - By means of glasses, hotbeds, and hotwalls, very good grapes can be raised in Scotland, and very good wine too can be made of them at about thirty times the expense for which at least equally good can be brought from foreign countries. Would it be a reasonable law to prohibit the importation of all foreign wines, merely to encourage the making of claret and burgundy in Scotland?