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articul - p ar variety. * Points which are so pecu

liarly , . o: to all Gardeners, such as the kind of than o o: * given variety will Succeed better *fruit, — the ©r, - the *Parative value of each kind names und operts that " *quires, –the different "er which it is known in England or else* - the books in which a faithful figure may be o "Poses for which it is . adapted,—the "en it is in the *est perfection,-and topics

o care. This there are few men more compe: o do well than Mr. Lindley, whose long practical ope"ience, and *Ple opportunities of investigating such Subjects Personally during a series of many years, have *en such as have rarely fallen to the lot of any one.

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The forcing department has been considered foreign to the purpose of this work, and is therefore entirely omitted. In recommending particular modes of cultivation, it has been wished to present the reader with one or two methods of operation, that experience has shown to be simple and effectual, rather than to introduce a great number of different plans, among which the unskilful reader can never know which to select in preference, and where the chances are, perhaps, in favour of his making choice of that which is least adapted to practice.

While thus much may be said of the Author and his work, it is at the same time necessary to explain why no mention is made of some sorts which are common in particular districts. In such cases it is to be understood, that the variety omitted is considered either so like some kind already described as to be undeserving of particular notice, or so little valuable as to be unworthy of cultivation.

In all other respects the work speaks for itself. Under that impression, the Editor would only add, that nothing in the following pages is to be ascribed to himself, except the introductory matter, and such typographical errors as may have remained uncorrected during the progress of the work through the press.

London, July 1, 1831.

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INTRODUCTION.

In all books upon Gardening a great Variety of modes of operating are $omprehended, each of which has, it may be supposed, its own Peculiar merit under particular circumstances. In several the very same mode is rePeatedly recommended, with slight variations of phraseology, in *Peaking of many different subjects; and it has * last become a common *Plaint, among those who *ek for information from books upon horticultural

*bjects, that they can find Plenty of rules of action, but very few reasons.

why in one case one mode of procedure is advisable, and another in another. But *re are few persons who *Petent to undertake this task; it requires a combination of great physiological knowledge, with a per*t acquaintance with the common manipulation of the gardener's art, and much *Perience in all the little accidents which are scarcely appreciable by the most observing “ultivator, with which the mere man of science * necessarily have no *quaintance, but upon which the success of a gardener's operations often mainly depends; which are to the cultivator signs as certain of the issue of his *Periments, as to the mariner are the almost invisible changes in the appearance of the heavens ") which the weath. prognosticated.

Peeply impressed with. persuasion of the justice of .

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the foregoing observations, and sincerely regretting that there should be no present expectation of such a task being undertaken by any one fully competent to it, the Editor of this work ventures to throw himself upon the indulgence of the public in attempting, not to carry into effect such a plan himself, but to sketch out, in regard to the Fruit Garden, what he thinks the method should be upon which a more competent person would do well to proceed. All our fruits, without exception, have been so much ameliorated by one circumstance or another, that they no longer bear any resemblance in respect of quality to their original. Who, for instance, would recognise the wild parent of the Coe's or Green Gage Plum in the savage Sloe, or that of the Ribston and Golden Pippin Apples in the worthless acid Crab? Or what resemblance can now be traced between the delicious Beurré Pears, whose flesh is so succulent, rich, and melting, and that hard, stony, astringent fruit, which even birds and animals refuse to eat? Yet these are undoubted cases of improvement resulting from time and skill patiently and constantly in action. The constant dropping of water will not more surely wear away the hardest stone, than will the reason of man in time compel all nature to become subservient to his wants or wishes. But it would be of little service to mankind that the quality of any fruit should be improved, unless we found some efficient and certain mode of multiplying the individuals when obtained. Hence there are two great considerations to which it is, above all things, necessary that the attention of the cultivator should be directed, viz. AMELIoIRATION and PROPAGATION. Amelioration consists either in acquiring mew and improved varieties of fruit, or in increasing their good qualities when acquired. It will be as well to consider these two subjects separately.

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