Зображення сторінки
PDF
ePub

which gives the tree an awkward and vacant appearance. The other method is to train a perpendicular shoot from the centre, and furnish the sides with branches at right angles from the main stem: this last appears to me the most simple, and the best; because it leaves no blank in the tree, and is the most easy to be accomplished. In proceeding to form a tree of this description, select a plant of one year old from the graft, with three even shoots if possible: when planted, place five short stakes in the line the espalier is intended to be trained,— one in the centre, and two on each side, – at a foot distance from each other; training the centre shoot perpendicularly to the centre stake, and the two side shoots horizontally to the four others: these must be kept at their full length till the plant has been established a year. If then it appears to be in a state of vigour, cut back the three branches; the two side ones to six inches, and the centre one to nine or ten. When the young shoots are produced from these, train the extreme or strongest one from each of the side branches horizontally. The centre shoot will have produced three shoots at least; the uppermost of which must be continued perpendicularly, and the two next beneath trained horizontally, one on each side. This will then form the espalier. This process must be continued from year to year till the tree has arrived at its intended height, which is generally about five feet. If the centre shoot produces three others annually when cut down to nine inches, it will require seven years to complete the seven series of horizontal branches: but sometimes it happens that the centre shoot possesses sufficient vigour to produce two series, or five branches, by shortening it to eighteen inches instead of nine; if so, this advantage may be seized. Should the tree, after having been planted a year, not possess sufficient vigour to throw out three shoots

from the centre branch, all the three branches must be cut back to two or three eyes, and a single shoot trained from each: the year following proceed as directed at first: this will cause a delay in forming the tree. After this, the horizontal shoots must be trained at length, shortening the supernumerary ones so as to form natural spurs, as directed for the open dwarfs: the Spurs, also, must be treated in the same manner. In training the espalier, it will of course have been found necessary, after the second year, to increase the number, as well as the size, of the stakes: they should be clean and straight, regularly placed, and supplied to the extent required by the tree. If the large-fruited kitchen apples, upon crabstocks, are intended to be grown as espaliers, the branches should be trained at twelve inches distance from each other, instead of nine.

INDEX TO APPLES.

Acklam's Russet - - 163 Belle Bonne - - 121 Adams's Pearmain - - 115 Belledge - - 68 *sopus Spitzemberg - - 116 Belle Grideline - - 69 Alexander - - 22 - Belle Grisdeline - - 69 Alfriston - - - 46 Bell's Scarlet - - 62 American Newtown Pippin 103 Belvoir Pippin - - 69* Anis - - - 169 Bennett Apple - - 193 Aporta - - - 22 Benwell's Pearmain - - 122 Arbroath Pippin - - 6 Bere Court Pippin - 17 Aromatic Russet - - 164 Best Bache - - 194 Ashmead's Kernel - - 165 Biggs's Nonesuch - - 70 Aurore - - - 93 Birmingham Pippin - 71 Bache's Kernel . - 194 Blenheim Orange - - 72 Baltimore - - 117 Blenheim Pippin - - 72 Barcelona Pearmain - 1 18 Bonnet Carré - - 1 13 Bardin - - 88 Borovitsky - - 1 Baxter's Pearmain - - 119 Borsdorff - - 73 Beachamwell Seedling - 67 Borsdörffer - - 73 Beauty of Kent - - 47 Bossom - - 123

Bedfordshire Foundling - 120 Bowyer's Russet - - 166

Braddick's Nonpareil -
Brandy Apple - -
Breedon Pippin - -
Brickley Seedling -
Bringewood Seedling -
Broad-end - -

Brown Apple of Burnt Island 169

Brummage Pippin - -
Bursdoff - -
Calville Blanche d'Hiver -
Calville d'Angleterre -
Calville d'Eté - -
Calville Rouge - -
Calville Rouge d’Eté -
Calville Rouge d'Hiver -

Calville Rouge de Micoud
Cambridge Pippin - -
Canadian Reinette -
Capendu - -
Caraway Russet - --

Carrel's Seedling -

Caroline Apple - Catshead - Cat's-Head - Charles Apple - Chester Pearmain

Christ's Golden Reinette Christie's Pippin - Claremont Pippin - Claygate Pearmain Cobbett's Fall Pippin

Cobham Apple - Coccagee - Cockagee - Cockle Pippin - Codling - - Cole Apple - Col. Harbord's Pippin Concombre ancien - Contin Reinette -

Cornish Aromatic - Cornish Gilliflower - Cornish July Flower Costard -

167 Coul Blush - - 130° 91 Court de Wick - - 79 124 Court of Wick Pippin - 79 74 Courtpendu - - 80 75 Courtpendu de la Quintinye 88 109 Courtpendu plat - - 80 Coustard - • 125 71 Cowarne Red - - 196 73 Cray Pippin - - 48 113 Dainty - - 28 130 Darling Pippin - - 131 14 D'Espagne - - 159 162 De Ratteau - - 159 14 Devonshire Quarendon - 8 162 Ditchingham Pippin - 35 18 Dr. Ashmead's Kernel - 165 120 Dr. Harvey's Apple - 140 76 Dr. Helsham's Pippin - 12 80 Dolgoi Squosnoi - - 16 169 Dowell's Pippin - - 49 154 Downton Pippin - - 50 77 Drap d'Or - - 84. 125 Duke of Beaufort's Pippin 51 125 Dumelow’s Crab - - 81 99 Dumelow's Seedling - 81 126 Dutch Codlin - - 52 82 Dutch Mignonne - - 82 19 Earl of Yarmouth's Pear83 main - - - 152 127 Early Crofton - - 3 159 Early Julian - - 2 20 Early Nonpareil - - 168 195 Early Red Juneating - 13 195 Early Red Margaret - 13 128 Early Striped Juneating - 13 53 Easter Pippin - - 83 21 Elton Golden Pippin - 50 129 Elton Pippin - - 50 159 Embroidered Pippin - 84. 77* Emperor Alexander - 22 78 Engelsche Konings of 130 Kings-Pepping - - 156 130 English Codlin - - 53 125 English Pippin - - 93

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Franklin's Golden Pippin
Frank Rambour
French Codlin

Frith Pitcher

Garnon's Apple
Glace de Zálande

Glory of the West
Glory of York
Gogar Pippin
Golden Drop
Golden Harvey -
Golden Lustre
Golden Noble
Golden Pearmain
Golden Pippin
Golden Reinette

- 13
- 85
- 86
- 159
- 159
- 24
- 36
- 132
- 132
- 87
- 169
- 84.
- 88
- 97
- 23
- 197
- 133
- 155
- 134
- 198
- 199
- 24
- 25
- 52
- 83
- 59
- 200
- 79
- 89
- 135
- 80
- 201
- 1 1
- 118
- 52
- 155
- 90
- 79
- 91
- 136
- 92
- 137
- 26
- 93

Golden Russet - - 170 Golden Wining - - 142 Grange Apple - - 202 Gravenstein - - 138 Grey Leadington * - 54. Green Newtown Pippin - 94. Grüne Reinette - - 175 Grummage Pippin - - 71 Grosse Reinette d'Angleterre 76 Hagloe Crab - - 203 Hampshire Yellow - - 57 Hanwell Souring - - 139 Hardingham's Russet - 18O Harvey Apple - - 140 Hawthornden - - 27 Hertfordshire Pearmain - 156 Hicks's Fancy - - 168 Hoary Morning - - 28 Holland Pippin - - 95 Hollow-crowned Pippin - 141

Horrer's Pearmain - 134

Horsham Russet - - 171

[ocr errors]

Hunt's Nonpareil - - 172 Irish Peach Apple - 3 Irish Pitcher - - 59 Irish Russet - - 186 Iron-stone Pippin - - 83 Isle of Wight Orange - 206 Isle of Wight Pippin - 206 Janurea - - 76 Jubilee Pippin - - 55 July Flower - - - 130 Juneating - - - 4. Kentish Pippin * - 143 Kerry Pippin - - 30 Keswick Codlin - - 56

Kinellan Apple - -144%
King of the Pippins 57
Kirke's Golden Pippin - 31
Kirke's Lord Nelson - 96

Kleiner Casseler Reinette

Knight's Codlin

Knight's Golden Pippin

Rnight's Pippin

Knightwick Pippin

Knobby Russet

Lamb Abbey Pearmain

Langton Nonesuch Large Fall Pippin

Lemon Pippin Loan Pearmain London Pippin

Longville's Kernel Lucombe's Seedling

Magdalene Malcarle Mank's Codlin Margaret Margaret

Margaretha Apfel

Margil

Martin Nonpareil

Marygold -
Matchless
Mela Carla
Mela Janurea

Mineer's Dumpling

Minchall Crab Minshul Crab

Motteux's Seedling Nelson's Codling

161 1.56 156

156 185 177

82 207 178

26

Never-fail

New Rock Pippin
Newtown Pippin

Newtown Spitzemberg
New York Pippin

Nom-pareil
Nonesuch
Nonsuch
Nonpareil
Non-pareille
Norfolk Beaufin
Norfolk Beesin
Norfolk Colman

118 Norfolk Paradise -
43 Norfolk Pippin - -
50 Norfolk Storing - -
50 Northern Greening -
79 Nutmeg Cockle Pippin -
173 Nutmeg Pippin - -
144 Oake's Apple - -
32 Old Nonpareil - -
159 Old Pearmain - -
145 Old Quining -
204 Old Royal Russet -
97 Orange Pippin - -
58 Ord's Apple • -
98 Orgeline - - -
5 Orjeline - -
99 Ortley Apple - -
59 Oslin Apple - -
13 Oslin Pippin - -
5 Oxnead Pearmain -
13 Padley's Pippin - -
100 Parmain d'Eté - -
174, Parmain d'Hiver -
206 Parmain Double - -
104 Parmain Royal - -
99 Parmain Royal de long
76 durée - -
102 Passe Pomme de Canada -
101 Patch's Russet - -
101 Paternoster Appel
67 Pawsan - -
60 Pennington's Seedling -
86 Pépin d'Or - -
146 Pépin Parmain d’Angle-
1 O3 terre - -
104 Petit Jean - -
147 Philadelphia Pippin -
175 Phillip's Reinette -
32 Pile's Russet - -
32 Pine Apple Russet -
175 Pinner Seedling - -
175 Pitmaston Nonpareil -
105 Pitmaston Russet Nonpareil
105 Pomme de Caractère -
110 Pomme de Laak -

16I 153 35 79 179 18O 154 181 181 84. 82

« НазадПродовжити »