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two make four. However barbarous may punishments the faithful to denounce each be the Establishment of the Holy Office other, even sons their fathers, and wives however terrible its evils to humanity, we their husbands, to establish trials; to form ought never to revolt against the individuals regulations in opposition to the laws; to whom circumstances brought into that situ- despoil the bishops of their alienable right ation of life-a situation authorised by a to be judges in matters of faith, depositJaw-a law which till now was as much aries of all spiritual jurisdiction, bearers respected among us, as any that legislate of the plenitude of the power of the keys, on the most sacred things, for it had been and stewards of the mysteries of God: established by the only supreme authority after all the preparations, I say, to comacknowledged by the Portuguese. I vote mence by casting into dark and close dunthat the Inquisition be abolished that the geons thousands of citizens, without differmemory of such an establishment be even ence of rank, sex, or age; subjected withheld in execration ---but I cannot forbear | out defence, to horrible tortures, to the claiming the attention of this congress for strapado, to sharp instruments, burning in individuals of thirty or forty years' service, the feet, tight bandages, to the rack, and on whicb their subsiitence has been made to the horse by which the limbs are torn to depend, and which must for the future asunder; to conduct them, infine, to the depend on the resources granted them by Autos de fe, an horrid spectacle to which, this congress.
and a splendid banquet prepared for the “In what I have said, I have fulfilled occasion, the foreign ministers, courtiers, two duties which were incumbent upon me. and high clergy were invited, gratifying As a Representative of the nation, I have themselves with the view of human misery voted for the extinction of a tribunal which and ferocity; ending finally by buroing is barbarous, which cannot exist in accord alive those unhappy victims, or at least ance with the present laws, null as it may | forcing them to appear on the scaffolds in be, and which is repugnant to the liberal vestments of infamy, with figures of devils ideas which must constitute my happiness, painted on their backs in order to be forthand the happiness of my nation. As a with conducted to perpetual imprisonment, member of a corporate body, I have put and this to such an extent that the Inquisithis assembly in mind of what belongs to torial lists present us in the short space of my decorum, and of what I deemed just 79 years, with 1454 Portuguese cast into in respect of itself. I now beg permission the flames, and 23068 degraded and imto withdraw.”
prisoned for life; the fierceness of these
priestly tigers not yet satisfied, causing SPEECH OF MANVER BORGES
e the said vestments to be hung up in the CARNEIRO, (another Deputy).
Churches, contaminating the sacred Tem
ples with these permanent evidences of such “ After what has been said by the first execrable actions, not even sparing the speaker, I should be fastidious, and only dead, many times tried, disinterred, and breaking down a door already open, if I cast into the sea.- And all this for what? dwelt long on the birth, life, and works of for mere errors of the understanding, which the Saint whose festival we are this day it was alone proper to pity, and make the celebrating. Referring merely to the idea subject of instruction--for suspicion merely held out by another speaker, who has been of these errors, established by secret dedesirous of letting the odium of the Inqui nunciations-by torture-by defective witsition fall rather upon the natural pro nesses-for opinions different from those pensity of men to intolerance, than upon which the Inquisitors either had, or feigned that Establishment itself, I shall confine to have. And all this for what? for faatasmyself to a simple statement, that for a tical crimes, as witchcraft, magic, enchantcollege of priests, whose character is gen- ments, contracts with the devil, and other tleness, whose kingdom is not of this world, such fables and fictions, invented to deceive whose office consists in speaking, persuad- the simple, to rule over them and enslave ing, arguing in all patience and doctrine, them: and, (what is yet more revolting), to erect themselves by Apostolical authority all this practised under the title of the Holy (they would more properly call it Papal or Office, the Holy Inquisition, in the name of Jesuitical), into a supreme Tribunal snpe Jesus Christ, by his ministers adorned with rior to the king and the nation; to occupy the ensign of the cross, and with the sacred the best palaces in the kingdom; to con vestments, talking to the unhappy victims struct dungeons; to create ministers, of of the bowels of Jesus Christ, and the ficers, and executioners; to establish pu Divine Mercy as we read in every page of nishments under the name of visits; to those infamous records, fabricated by those spread on all sides an infinite crowd of ungatural Inquisitors, Don Pedro de Cascommissioners and familiars, to become so tilho, and D. Francisco de Castro, accordmany spies and informers; to compel by | ing to whom the said victims were much inexcommunications and terrible temporal debted to them, as they had saved their
* This deputy is considered in Lisbon as the Sir Francis Burdelt of Portugal. Edit.
souls in exchange for draining their wealth, for public inspection, the people had be. and burning their bodies: all this, I say, haved in a very disorderly manner, breakpractised constantly in Portugal, from the ing open doors, and carrying away papers, year 1538 to 1774, when the illustrious &c.;-and, that several persons had acPombol curbed a little this fiery monster of tually cried out, that the building should be the Inquisition, is the greatest pitch to burned, whilst they held lighted candles in which madness and folly on one side, and | their hands, as if about to put their threats imposture, hypocrisy, and barbarous fury | into execution ; which he stated they would of the Ecclesiastics on the other, could | have done, but for the interposition of the possibly reach-it is what alone might be guards. The keeper therefore prayed that thought capable of being performed, I do measures should be taken to prevent the not say, in the, bosom of the most wild recurrence of such scenes. Sephor Bastos Paganism, or in the country of the Druids, said, that if any such disorders as had been governed by Priests of which Julius Cæsar described, had occurred, it was owing to the informs us; but in the House of Smoke refusal of the keepers to show the instrodescribed in the Alcoran of Mahomet; in ments of torture, and the lower cells of the the cave of the robber Cacus, mentioned prison to the visitants. In his opinion, these by Virgil; or in the horrid Tartarus, the gentlemen, the keepers, cherished a reabode of the Spirits of darkness.
ligious respect for the Tribunal, of which “ Let us hasten then to wash from such a they spoke with apparent veneration. As stain our beloved Portugal. Let that be it was apprehended the people might set fulfilled, which is written," the plant fire to the place, it would be better to shall be rooted out wbich was not planted suspend lamps in various parts, and not by our heavenly Father,”-and let this allow the visitants to carry ligbts.--Senbor wicked Establishment be driven out to up Fernando Thomas proposed, that an inper Egypt, that place where the Angel of scription, of which the following is a transthe youth Tobias bound the demon who lation, should be fixed on every place had killed the seven husbands of Rachel. This is my yote,” ed the seven husbauds of Rachel.- | oecupied by the Inquisition in Portugal:
“ May eternal malediction follow every
" Portuguese, who does not hold for The following account of the opening
- ever in abhorrence an Invention som of the doors of the Inquisition, has already appeared in some of the daily Journals; but, we subjoin it, as afford
On the 8th of October, the Inquisition at ing a very proper supplement to the
Lisbon was thrown open for public in
spection; and, for the first four days, the foregoing speeches.
concourse of people of all descriptions that
crowded to view it, was so great, that the INQUISITION AT LISBON. pressure at the entrance rendered it an
enterprise of some risk. The building is a Letter from an Englishman at Lisbon, Llare
wao at Lisbon, | large oblong, with a garden in the centre; describing the throwing open of the dun- | there are three floors, with a number of geons of the Inquisition. There are many
vaulted passages, along the sides of which particulars in this letter which make it
are cells, of different sizes; from six by worthy of attention. It seems clear from
seven feet, to eight by pine feet. Each cell it, that even in very recent times, the In
has two doors; the inner one of iron, the quisition has been in horrid efficiency, and
outer of oak, very strong. As there are no that one Englishman at least has been
windows in the cells on the ground and among the sufferers :
middle floors, no light is admitted when the
Lisbon, Oct. 20, 1821. I doors are shut. The cells on the upper I send you a description of the Inqui- floor are larger than the others, and each sition at this place, which I have been to has an aperture like a cbinney, through yisit. --The Cortes are proceeding steadily which the syk is visible. These were apwith the great work they have undertaken; propriated to the use of those whom it was and, I have no doubt, that they will form a supposed might be liberated. In the roof Constitutional System of Government equal of each cell (for they are all vaulted) is a to any in the world. They appear to have small aperture, of about an inch in diathe Spanish Constitution, and that of the meter, and a private passage runs over United States of America chiefly in their each range ; so that the persons employed view.-At the Sitting of the Cortes, on the by the Holy Office could at any time 10th instant, Senhor Figueras presented a observe the conduct of the prisoners unletter from the keeper of the Inquisition, seen; and, if two persons were confined in stating that on the building being opened one cell, hear their conversation,* Fre
* There are seats in these private passages, so contrived, that a person sitting might inspect two of the cells at the same time, as by a turn of the head he could fix bis eye upon the hole over either cell at pleasure ; or he could hear what was said in either. The persons appointed to listen to the discourse of Llie prisoners wore cloth shoes, so that their footsteps could not be beard,
quently a familiar of the Holy Office was | EXTRACT OF A PRIVATE LETTER put into the cell of a prisoner, as a person FROM ONE OF THE MISSION arrested, in order to entrap the unfortunate ARIES, AT ASTRACHAN. inmate of this horrible place into admissions that might afterwards be used against him.
We are now about to commence the I saw in several of the cells human skulle | printing of the Bible in the Turkish, or and bones; most of them to have lain tliere | rather, as we call it, the Tartar Turkish, for many years, as I broke some of them
as I broke some of them because it is designed chiefly for the use of easily wiih my fingers: others were hard | the Tartars in the South of Russia. The and fresh. In a number of the cells the
| edition is to consist of 2000 copies, large names of the unbappy inmates were written quarto; one column, with the verses nonon the walls; some had strokes, apparently bered in the margin, and marked in the marking the number of days or weeks the text with an asterisk. We have commenced victims of this horrid tyraony had been preparations for this important work, and, confined. On the wall of one cell, II trust, in a few weeks we shall be actually counted upwards of 500 of these marks. / employed on it. The edition is small, but. On the wall of another of the cells was for a first edition, perhaps large enough. written, “Francisco Joze Carvalho, en-1
I think I once mentioned to you that a tered here the last day of March, 1809, and Missionary froin the London Society, is remained as many days as there are strokes labouring among the Kalmucks in our in the wall."-On the wall of another cell neighbourhood : as I have never said much was written, “ John Laycock;" the name respecting that people before, perhaps a had been covered with white-wash, which short extract of a letter which this Mission. had scaled off. There were a pomber of ary sent me, and in which he describes one strokes under the name, and the figures 18 of their religious festivals, may be acceptwere easily made out, the others were able to you. “I have lately,” says he, obliterated. Some of the cells which had been a spectator of a heathen feast, celenot been used for several years, were locked brated in honour of Sunchava, one of the up; but the visitants soon broke them open. principal of the Kalmuck Gods. In an Human bones were found in many of these. open field a wooden frame was erected, In one was found part of a friar's habit, and covered with mats; before this frame with a waist girdle of rope and some bones. an altar was placed. A procession took The apertures like chimneys in some of the place, consisting of a vast multitude of peocells were closed; and, I have been in-ple, followed by one hundred and fifty formed, that it was a common mode oft Gallongs, or Priests, with fans, musical inpotting prisoners to death, to place them in instruments, &c. approaching the altar. these apertures which were then walled up. Some carried images on their heads, and and quick lime being poured in from the placed them on the altar. A large picture top, a speedy end was put to their suffer- of Sunchava was fixed on the frame, but ings. The furniture is very old : the chairs remained covered for some time. While in the halls are covered with leather studded it was being uncovered, the music was conall round with very large brass nails :-1 tinued without interruption, but the mosend you a piece of leather with one of ment it was fully exposed to view, the these pails, taken from one of the best whole multitude fell prostrate on the chairs. The large tables in the halls had | ground, and worshipped the idol god.” drawers for papers: these the visitants This Missionary is a native of Sweden, broke open, every one being desirous of and was a Minister of the Swedish church, obtaining some relic of the once terrible | He speaks and writes the English language Inquisition. In several of the cells there well. He has been labouring principally were mattrasses, some of them old, others in collecting materials for a grammar and nearly new, which prove that the Inqui. dictionary of the Kalmuck language; both sition was do bugbear up to a very recent which works are nearly completed, and date. Besides the three floors which I will prove of great utility to other Missionhave described, there are a number of aries, as no works of the kind have, hitherto cells under ground, which have not yet been written, He labours most assiduously. been opened.
travelling about through the large Steppe, These, it is supposed, contain the ap- among those wanderers, in a cart, on which paratus for inflicting the torture, &c.-It is is placed a tent, after the manner of the understood that these will be shortly thrown Kalmucks. His family residence is at open to the public ;-when they are, [Sarepta, where, in the winter, he intends shall not fail to visit them, and shall send to open a school for the instruction of you a description. The spot on which the Kalmuck children. Inquisition stands, was covered with houses The following will, I have no doubt, in 1755, when the great earthquake hap- appear interesting to you. Our brethren, pened, by which they were laid in ruins; of whom I wrote you in my last letter, 80 that the present building has not been embarked early in the summer for Vladierected more than sixty years; and all the kafkas, a Russian fortress in the neigbbourvictims that were immolated in it, must hood of the Ossatinians. When they are have been sacrificed within that period, Trived, they found that all the Ossatinians
bad embraced the doctrines of the Greek / till they reached the dreary spot where the church, and had been baptised by Russian foul deed was done. They were joined Priests. This circumstance at once put a by others, who had been there before them, stop, to their efforts here, as no permission is and they continued in this exercise during ever granted to intermeddle with the mem- the morning, beating their breasts, and by bers of the established church. After seri- other violent actions, expressing their sorous deliberation, they resolved to make an row. At a little distance from the women, attempt among a heathen tribe, about 25 appeared a number of men moving hurried. versts below Vladikafkas, whose chief resi- 1 ly towards another place, where they were dence is a place called Nazran. The peo- soon joined by the women. Several of the ple are called Inguish, and are a most men were instantly engaged in close comferocious and bloody tribe. Our friends bat with their swords, making desperate reached this place on the 21st June, and thrusts at each other; this affray, however, took up their residence in a small fortress was soon ended, probably by the interfer. in the vicinity. On the 24th, (Sabbath-ence of the females, whom it is accounted day), a little after noon, an occurrence bighly dishonourable to strike; and who, took place which fully justifies the account on this account are often successful in seI have given of the sanguinary disposition parating combatants. The friends of the of these people, and which filled the minds woman who had been murdered, went out of our brethren with horror. A number of the viliage and sat down on the grass; of Inguish villages are situated on a rising they were all armed, and continued sitting ground opposite the fort. About 2 o'clock, on the grass for three days. They demandtheir attention was attracted towards one ed that the three brothers of the murderer of these villages, by an unusual barking of should each pay ten cows, and that in addogs. Presently they observed the people dition to this, his friends should make up flocking together in great numbers from sixty more, otherwise one of the brothers every quarter. On the spot where the must be slain, Ninety cows were paid as crowd was collecting, they beheld a pum- la ransom for the life of the murderer's ber of females, whose screams and doleful brother; his own life cannot be redeemed. cries they could distinctly hear at the distance of half a mile. On the summit of an adjoining bill, appeared two men; one of
HOME MISSIONARY SOCIETY. them discharged a gun, while the other was making his approach towards him with all The Home MISSIONARY SOCIETY now empossible speed. When he approached near ploy about five and twenty Missionaries, to him, the former, for some time, defended besides other agents, who receive aid from himself with his sword, striking several their funds. The expences which they times at his pursuer, and then, making his annually incur, are much beyond their retreat, disappeared from their view. They stated income, arising from annual subsoon learned that the man who had thus scriptions. For the rest they must look to disappeared, was the cause of the tumult; | new subscriptions, donations, and colhe had murdered, at once, his wife and her lections, and, especially, Auxiliary Soson. It is customary among the lnguish cieties. At the commencement of another for those women whose husbands have died, year, they earnestly invoke attention to to become wives to the brothers of their this statement, and call upon all liberal former husbands, from whom they may de Christians to afford them their aid. It is part if they have borne them no children, with pain that they have come to a point, when the children of their former husband at which they fear, that, notwithstanding are grown up. This murderer had receive the number of pressing claims upon their ed to wife the widow of his brother; she funds, they must, for the present, stop, had brought with her a son, who was now unless they are speedily encouraged by about 12 years of age:-that very day, she large augmentations of their list of subhad told him, her son was now grown up, scribers. This alone is wanted to enable and that she wished to depart. To this he them usefully to employ a hundred Misreplied: Do you not love me? “ No,” | sionaries. But, the countenance which said she, " I do not.” Immediately he they have hitherto received from a generous stabbed both her and her son to the heart, Christian public, and the success which has and thed. His firing the gun from the top attended the labours of their Missionaries, of the hill, was done as a challenge for any | encourage them to hope, that they will not of her relatives to come out and avenge ber make this appeal in vain. The object at death. On the day following, the women which they aim is noble, and deserves the collected in great numbers from the other support of every Philanthropist and true villages, to make lamentations for the de Patriot. The salvation of the souls of their ceased persons. They began to cry as soon countrymen, who are yet in darkness, is as they entered the village where the un one of the first and most interesting duties. happy woman had resided, and continued | And, while the most dreadful profligacy their wailings, which were truly dismal, finds its way among the poorer orders
the community, the efforts employed by / Mr. Coombs, one of the Secretaries, then the Home MISSIONARY Society will, asa | read the Annual Report of the proceedings suredly, under the Divine blessing, prove of this Society. In moving and seconding tbe best means of stemming the torrent of the various Resolutions, a number of exinfidelity, which is still running through our cellent addresses were delivered ; particountry, and of effectually crowding all cularly by Mr. J. A. James, of Birmingthe other exertions which are used for ham ; Dr. Thorpe, of the Lock Hospital; ameliorating the condition of the lower | Dr. Wardlaw, of Glasgow, and several classes. Subscriptions will be thankfully other gentlemen, for which we shall enreceived, every Wednesday, at the Rooms, | deavour to find room in our next month's 18, Aldermanbury, by the Treasurer, T. | Magazine. Thompson, Esq. Brixton Hill, Surrey-Mr. Dawson, Sen Collector, Camberwell; or,
ORDINATIONS, &c. by either of the Secretaries-Mr. Ingram Cobbin, 9, Mansfield Place, Kentish Town | Complaints having been made by some of -Mr. E, A, Dunn, Upper Belgrave Place, the friends of this Journal, and, as we Pimlico-Mr. Francis Moore, Vauxhall ; 1 think, not unjustly, that too much of our and Mr. G. G. Stibbs, Camberwell,
columns is occupied by a detail of the Signed in behalf of the Committee,
rontine of the numerous Ordination serI, COBBIN,
vices, which are transmitted us for inE. A. DUNN,
sertion; we have thought it expedient to F. MOORE,
alter our plan of announcing these things. G. G. STIBBS.
We must, in future, decline stating, who Dec. 18, 1921.
asked the questions--who offered up the ordination prayer-who addressed the minister-and who the people. Though
we shall not object to announce the orCITY OF LONDON AUXILIARY
dination itself, when we can make room BIBLE SOCIETY.
for it, we inust be allowed to do it in
general terms, and as concisely as possible. On Wednesday, October 31st, the ninth
Edit, Auniversary of this Society was celebrated in the Egyptian Hall, at the Mansion
October 2, 1821, Mr. David Nunnick, who hail House. A platform had been elevated at studied for two years with Mr. Gray, of Chipping one extremity of this spacious chamber, Norton, under the patronage of the Stepney Instiand was destined for the Members of the tution, was ordained pastor of the Particular Bap
tist Church, at Bloxham, Oxon. The Ministers Committee, and such gentlemen as should
engaged were -- Mr. Bottomley, of Middleton feel desirous of addressing the Meeting. | Cheney- Mr. Clark, of Weston-Mr. Taylor, of Every arrangement had been made for the Shipston on Stour-Mr. Gray-Mr. L. Butterworth, accommodation of the very numerous as
of Evesham, Worcestershire-Mr. Nunnick-Mr.
Wright, of Blockley-Mr. Wheeler, of Ensham, semblage which, by eleven o'clock, had
near Oxford -Mr. Bentham, late of Hook Nortoncollected together; and, as usual, we re Mr. Stiles--Mr. Phillips, Baptist Missionary Stumarked a very large proportion of ladies dent at Chipping Norton. among the friends and patrons of this extensive Society. Among the company, we noticed, the Earl of Rocksavage, Sir C. S.
October 23, 1821, was ordained over the Baptist
church at Middleton Cheney, Northamptonsbire, Hunter, Bart. Mr. Sheriff Venables, Mr.
Mr. W. Bottomly, (late Student at Bristol AcaAlderman Brown, Mr. Favell, &c.
demy.) The Ministers engaged in conducting the The LORD MAYOR being called to the Ordination service were, Mr. Searl, of Banbury, chair, addressed the Meeting in the follow
(Independent)--Mr. Dobney, of Ensham - Mr.
Wheeler, of Bugbrook-Mr. Franklin, of Covening words :
try-and Mr. Gray, of Chipping Norton. “ I certainly, ladies and gentlemen, feel Those friends of Christ who are acquainted with sensibly gratified and honoured by being the circumstances of a peculiar and trying nature,
relative to this church, cannot but feel highly gracalled to take the chair at a meeting like
tified, that peace is again restored. “Oh Lord, we this, so beneficial and so fortunate for beseech thee, send now prosperity.” mankind. At the same time, I cannot help observing, that I see around me many in
October 24, 1921, Mr. F. A. Waldron was dividuals who would undoubtedly in this
ordained over the Baptist church at Bishops capacity have done much more justice to Stortford, Herts. The Ministers engaged were, such a cause--individuals who have fre- | Mr. Brown, of Loughcon-Mr. Baine, of Potter quently, on similar occasions, distinguished
Street-Mr. Ragsdell, of Thrapstone--and Mr.
Wm. Shenstone, of London. themselves by a display of zeal and abilities that would have done this Society much more essential service than I can pos We learn that Mr. Hargra yes, late of Ogden, in sibly hope to effect. Having, however, been Lancashire, has accepted the invitation of the
church, in little Wild Street, Lincoln's-Ion-fields, called to the chair, I shall only add, that I
London, to settle amongst them; and, that he is will not fail to endeavour to discharge its
expected to commence bis labours in that part duties to the best of my ability.” ,
of the Lord's vineyard, the first week in January