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obscure retirement, relief from the con- / of scandalous ministers, and transmitflict which then existed in his mind; 1 ted by the hands of a special messenbut, under the unerring and mysterious ger." In this new situation the labours guidance of the divine providence, to be of Owen were very successful; “ many prepared for, and called forth to fill the resorted to him from other parishes, and highest station he could occupy under not a few, through the blessing of God, the learler of the Commonwealih. were led to the knowledge of the truth."

Whether Owen commenced his la. Here also he married his first wife, bours as a minister of the gospel in by whom he had eleven children, all of London is uncertain; but, it was while whom died young, except one daughter, residing in obscure lodgings in Charter- who marricd a Welsh gentleman; but, house-yard, that he produced his first the match proving uptavourable, she performance as an author, which was returned to her father's house, where entitled, “ A Display of Arininianisn." she died of a consumption. At this This work laid the foundation of his time the Doctor stood connected with future reputation. It was about this the Presbyterians, whose intolerant time that the deep depression of mind, principles are represented by Mr. Orme under which he had laboured for some in a very just light, although we believe years, was happily removed. Happen. his statement on this head, has called ing to accompany his cousin one day forth no small share of animadversion to hear the celebrated Calamy, by some from the abettors of that system. We unknown circumstance, Mr. Calamy do not deem it necessary to enter on was prevented from preaching that day, the point at issue belween them; Mr. and Owen being unwilling to walk Orme is as well qualified to reply to farther, refused to comply with his their charges, as he is to judge whether cousin's proposal to go to hear Mr. such a reply be at all necessary. But, Jackson, of St. Michael's, Wood Street, although connected with the PresbyCalamy's place was supplied by a counterians, Owen appears to have been try minister, whose name still remains rapidly hastening towards Independen. unknown; but, his discourse seems to cy. His mind was formed for enquiry; have been rendered effectual in en- bis conscience habituated to the alllightening the mind of Owen. The thority of God; and, whatever impersermon was a very plain one; the preacher fections on the score of religious liberty was never known; but the effect was mighty may occasionally appear in his writings, through the blessing of God.

his actions always evinced that his Here a series of important events in heart inclined to Christian liberty; and, the life of Owen might with propriety his biographer has not exceeded the be introduced, did our limits permit; truth, in declaring, that the Governbut, we are compelled to pass them ment of Great Britain has not yet granted with a mere enumeration. The Ar- all that the enlarged mind of Owen grasped.mivian heresy was a subject which Thus disposed, we need not wonder at could hardly fail to bring Owen into finding him in a few years separated notice. It had raged upon the Con from the Presbyterians, and connected tinent-had cost the States of Holland with the Independents. Deprived of ten tons of gold, for the ineffectual aid his living at Fordham, he removed, at of the far-famed Synod of Dort-had the earnest request of the people, to been imported into England--and, in Coggeshall, in Essex. To this living the reign of Charles I. was the religion he was presented by the Earl of of the Court, and the road to royal Warwick; and, it was whilst discharge favour. Whether the Doctor foresaw ing the duties of it, and with an ardent the probable effects of his treatise on that desire to be led simply by the word of subject, we do not undertake to vouch; God, that his investigations terminated but, we find it was dedicated to the in his embracing the principles of InCommittee of Religion, and appointed dependency. We should do injustice to be published by a Committee of the to the work before us, if we did not House of Commons, appointed for the here request the reader to pay parregulating of printing, and the publi- ticular attention to the admirable sketch cation of books. “The first effect of Mr. Orme has introduced into his this publication was his presentation to work, of the origin and progress of the living of Fordham, in Essex, by Independency, chap. iii. He will there the Committee for purging the church find also the progressive movements of


Owen's mind, on the subject of religious | very justly remarks, that these disliberty, fairly stated; and, unless his courses contain some expressions which prejudices be immoveable, will, we are are unjustifiable on Christian principles. persuaded, readily acknowledge, that, One of the most objectionable of these on this subject, Owen was the foremost passages is the following. After noman in his day.

| ticing that former mercies and deliverWhether Locke's celebrated treatise ances, when thankfully remembered, on Toleration, originated in the de strengthen faith, and prevent desponvelopment of Owen's sentiments, can- dency, he exclaims :-" Where is the not now be ascertained; but, his suic- god of Marstone moor, and the God of cessful interference on behalf of the Naseby! is an acceptable expostulation celebrated Dr. Pococke, Professor of in a gloomy day. Oh! what a caArabic, in the University of Oxford, talogue of mercies hath this nation to who was about to be ejected by the plead in a time of trouble! God came commissioners of the ejecting com- from Naseby, and the Holy One from Caittee, for insufficiency, has immortal- the West! His glory covered the heaized his name. But, Owen was not a ven, and the earth was full of his mere divine; he was a scholar; and, praise. He went forth in the North, what is still more, an oriental scholar. and in the East he did not withhold

We must here quarrel a little with his hand. The poor town wherein I Mr. Orme, respecting the history of the live, is much more enriched with a rise and progress of Independency in store of mercies in a few months, than Britain, with which he has enriched with a full trade in many years." Page these Memoirs. He has introduced the 87. L' Estrange, and Grey also, in his opinions of Hume, and Adam Smith, on comment on Hudibras, both infer from the subject; with these he has blended this passage, that Owen was one of much valuable information from other those fanatics, who believed that success was sources; and, for rendering his readers an evidence of the goodness of a cause." this signal service, he twice expresses a This charge, however, Mr. Orine effecthope that he shall be excused! We ually refutes, by quoting the words of notice this circumstance chiefly with a Owen in reply to it. The reply is view to correct, if possible, a fault certainly, very satisfactory; at the same which we have often observed in pul- time, it must be acknowledged, that pit compositions. When the speaker the passage is sadly extravagant. But, has had some remark to make, that Owen must have been more than was particularly worthy of notice, it has human, if the nature of his situation, generally been introduced with some and the peculiar state of public affairs at such apology as, “ if I may be allowed that time, had not had their effect on the expression," or, “if my hearers will him. excuse what I am going to say.” Now, we would here remark, that, with regard

(To be continued.) to what Mr. Orme has done, we see nothing in it that requires apology ; and, as to the practice of which we complain, we hesitate not to say, that

REVIEW OF PAMPHLETS ON IN. no teacher of Christianity ought to ad

FANT BAPTISM. vance any thing that requires apology. These things always remind 'usof Art. I. The Right of Infunts to BapApologies for the Bible. But, to pro

tism. A Sermon delivered at Haberceed,

dasher's Hall, Dec. 9th, at a Monthly Owen's reputation was becoming Association of Ministers and Churches. daily more general; and, while re

By H. F. Burder, M.A. London, siding at Coggeshall, he became ac Black, Kingsbury, and Co. quainted with Lord Fairfax, general of the Parliamentary army. Through this Art. II. The Privileges and Obligations acquaintance, he was employed to of Christian Parents, and their Children, preach two Sermons; one before the adduced from a view of the Abrahamic army, on a day of thanksgiving for the Covenant. By John BRUCE, (of Newsurrender of Colchester; the other be port, Isle of Wight.) London, Westfore the Parliament's Committee, on ley, Stationers’-court, 1821, pp. 120, their release from prison. Mr. Orme bds. pr. 2s.6d.

ART. III. Adult Baptism, and the Salva- | Pædobaptist brethren so freely inviting

tion of all who die in Infuncy, muin- it. Their opponents, we are sure, can tained; in Strictures on a Sermon, en- | have no objection to it-they will always titled, The Right of Infants to Bap- be ready to meet them in the fair field tism, by the Red. H. F. Burder, M.A.of argument; for, what have they to By ISAIAH Birt. London, Holds-apprehend from the consequence. There worth ; and Waugh and Innes, Edin- is not an instance upon record in which burgh, 1821, pp. 36, pr. 1s.

a controversy upon this subject has not

terminated in the increase of Baptists. A FEW years ago, a friend of ours, In fact, the older and more reflecting who fills the office of Deacon in a part of the Pædobaptists have long been Baptist church in this country, was well aware of this; and, therefore, we called by matters of business to visit rarely meet with any minister of that America; and, having to stop some time description engaging in the disputein New York, he was led by curiosity, they are actuated by a wiser policy, or the popularity of the preacher, to which is, as much as possible, to avoid attend the worship of one of the Pres- all discussion. The subject, when byterian churches in that city. The mooted at all, is now generally found congregation was numerous, and of the in the hands of some youngster, fresh most respectable classes of society. from the academic bowers; a class of The devotions of the people were led disputants to whom the venerable Booth by a celebrated Doctor in Divinity, well gave a very salutary piece of advice, known to us on this side the Atlantic. when he applied to them the ancient After an excellent Sermon, the ordi- maxim, " Tarry at Jericho, till your nance of Baptism was to be admi- | beards be grown!" We know an Evannistered, in the presence of the whole gelical minister, of some little celebrity, congregation; administered to -- an who has found out a singular method infunt, whose parents were of the class of hushing all discussions on the article of communicants at the Lord's table. of Baptism. When any of his congreHaving finished his sermon, the preach- gation came to him with their scruples er descended from the pulpit, and tak of conscience, respecting the will of ing the babe into his arms, thus com- Christ, as it relates to this ordinance, menced the solemn ceremony; “ Come, he cuts the matter short by telling holy seed-come, holy seed"—then raising them, “it is a temptation of the devil!" his right hand, and turning it upon the This is a fact which we should not have crowd of spectators in the gallery, with presumed to mention, had we not a stern and frowning countenance, apos- received it from his own lips, and trophized, “ This is not for dogs !" avowed, too, with great seriousness, in

We mention this anecdote chiefly the presence of a dozen people. What with the view of shewing, that the sort of conscience this reverend Divine grounds of infant baptism do not appear possesses, it may stagger many of our to be precisely the same in Anierica readers to make out; for, certainly, any as they are in this country. The elothing more presumptuous or profane, quent divine, in the case just men | does not often occur, even among those tioned, seems to have had his eye upon who have cast off the fear of God, and 1 Cor. vii. 14.-6 Else were your chil-trainpled his laws under their feet. It dren unclean, but now are they holy.” | far outstrips the conduct of Rowland About half a century ago, this text was Hill, in the Preface to his Village often made the foundation of the in- Dialogues, where he stigmatizes as fant's rite to baptism among us; but, bigotry, a conscientious obedience to it has long been found so untenable, the will of Christ, and brands with the that it is a very rare thing to meet with imputation of " sectarian principles," a Podobaptist now urging it. The all regard to “order, regularity, con, covenant made with Abraham has sistency, principle, discipline, steadicompletely supplanted all the former ness," &c. This poor fan, in his zeal pleas; but, we are greatly mistaken, if for Catholicism, and liberality of sentieven this strong hold, be found tenable ment, is so blinded with rage against for any length of time. Nothing more the Baptists, that he cannot perceive is wanting to shew the fallacy of this a very obvious fact, viz. that whatever plea, than a little free discussion on the there be which is culpable in the point; and, we are glad to perceive our “schisms and disunion," unhappily pre

vailing among professing Christians, of the subject, equally with the Lords attaches, not to those whom he con- supper; and, as the apostle declares, demns, but to himself and others who that the latter ordinance is not partaken have forsaken the law of the Lord, and of, when the Lord's body is not diswho are mingling with his sacred in- cerned, so we may, with equal constitutions, the trumpery traditions of fidence aver, that Christ's institution of men. But, to return to the Abrahamic baptism is not alministered, when the covenant.

subject is incapable of discerning the The conduct of the Pædobaptists, in thing signified in it. But, now mark reference to the subject before us, very the conduct of the Pædobaptists! Findmuch resembles that of the Socinians, ing nothing in all the New Testament respecting the doctrine of Atonement to warrant the practice of extending and Sacrifice. These last mentioned the rite to infants, they beg leave to gentlemen cannot deny, that the apos- | imitate the example of the Socinians, tolic writers do speak largely upon these by leading you back to Moses, and important points, when they treat of getting him to help out the deficiency the death of Christ, but then, to render of the New Testament writers on this the doctrine of no effect, as it regards subject-thus making the law of Christ the hope of the guilty, or the remission of none effect through the traditions of of sins through his hlood, they saga- men. ciously take us back to the book of But then, the enquiry naturally arises, Leviticus, and so beg leave to explain is there any thing in the covenant which what the apostles teach, by what Moses God made with Abraham, that lays a wrote or dictated concerning these foundation for the sprinkling of infants? mattersthey invert the scriptural order This is the subject which has employed of things, and explain the substance by the the pens of Messrs. Burder and Bruce, shadow.—They would make uis believe on the affirmative side of the question, that Paul meant no more when he and of the judicious Birt on the opposite. spoke of Christ by himself purging our | And here we cannot forbear to comsins-making reconciliation for the sins mend the temper and spirit which apof the people-by his own blood having pears in all these writers--not an angry obtained eternal redemption for us-offer- word escapes any one of them. Of the ing himself without spot to God-putting principles and reasonings, however, we away sin by the sacrifice of himself- cannot speak so respectfully; those, we with many other similar forms of mean, of the two young men who apspeech-than what Moses meant when pear as advocates for the practice of inhe instituted the legal sacrifices and fant baptism. It is really grievous to offerings under the law, viz. that they see how bewildered they both are resserved to the purifying of the flesh, or pecting the Abrahamic covenant. They cleansed from ceremonial pollution! Now agree in maintaining, that “the covethis, or something very much akin to nant with Abraham was the covenant this, is the conduct of Pædobaptists in of grace—the covenant of redemptionrelation to the New Testament insti- | the everlasting covenant-the covenant tute. The Son of God, in setting up under which we live; embracing all his kingdom in the world, commanded that man can desire, and all that Jehis gospel to be preached to every hovah can impart.” Burder's Sermon, p.7. creature, and that all who through Now, here, a difficulty very naturally grace are brought to understand and arises-"if the new and everlasting cobelieve it, should be baptized in his venant was made with Abraham, and name. This is his royal will and plea- then ratified by sacrifice, how is it possure, as it respects the way of entering sible that this same covenant could be his visible kingdom—or, putting on the subject of promise in the days of the the Christian profession. But, then, prophet Jeremiah, as we are certain it here is not a word or a hint about the was; (see Jer. xxxi. 31–34.) in that case administration of this, ordinance to the new coyenant must have been in infants-it presents itself to our view force before the old, for the latter did as a solemn act of worship in which not exist till 400 years after Abraham's the person baptized, professes his faith time, Acts vii. 6—7. Again, if this coin all the grand essential doctrines of venant which God entered into with the gospel of our salvation; it requires Abraham, was indeed, "the same under understanding and faith on the part which we now live," then, both the old and new covenants must have been in between the two dispensations, these force at the same time; and in that case, writers are labouring to destroy; and in how could the former give place to the order to make out the infant's right to latter, as the Apostle reasons in lleb. baptism, they are contending for the viii.- in fact, there could be neither same kind of connexion between a benew nor old in the case of either cove- liever and his infant seed under the nant-orif there were, the Apostle must gospel, as that which subsisted between have committed a gross error, and his Abraham and his natural posterity unlanguage ought to be reversed for, in der the former dispensation. point of fact, upon the principle of these They have found an able opponent authors, the new should be old, and the in Mr. Birt, than whom few men of the old new! We merely throw out these age better understand the subject under hints for the purpose of shewing how discussion. In the compass of a shilling deplorably mystified the minds of these pamphlet, he has analyzed the princigentlemen are, on the subject of the ples of Mr. Burder's Sermon, and evincovenants; and how much that system ced their contrariety to the doctrine of needs rectifying, which leads to such divine grace, to the spiritual and heaconclusions as those they have avowed. venly nature of Christ's kingdom, and Could they only once take in the Apos- to the concurrent tenour of the whole tle's simple unperplex'd doctrine of the New Testament. We sincerely hope two covenants," "Gal. iv. 24, it would it will be deliberately read and carefully serve as a clue to lead them into the examined, particularly by Messrs. Burnature of Christ's kingdom, as distin- der and Bruce. Of the latter, we cannot guished from the former dispensation - help saying, that he is an exceedingly but then, were this the case, away goes pleasing writer in respect of stylemand their favourite point at once the sprink-were the principles of his little volume ling of infants. The truth is, that “the consonant to the doctrine of our Lord promise which God made to Abraham," and his Apostles, we should have been (we quote the Apostle's express words, delighted with his production; but THEY Heb. vi. 13.) may be said to have ARE NOT-his premises are unfounded, respected or included “THE TWO Cove- and the conclusions built upon them, NANTS;" the old covenant made at Si. are rash and unwarranted. They are nai, with all his natural descendants, calculated to perplex and distress the and the new covenant which was ratified | mind of the parent, while they tend to by the sacrifice of Christ, with his spi- foster that of his offspring in presumpritual seer of all nations. Now the rite tion, and build them up in the conceit of circumcision was appropriated to the that because their parents, or at least first of these covenants, which was only one of them makes a profession of retypical and temporary, and accordingly ligion, they have a peculiar interest in was set aside when that old covenant the redemption which is by Christ Jesus, vanished away. But the argument, than which we can conceive of nothing which these writers found upon the more calculated to inflate them with subject, viz. that as the male infants of pharisaical pride, and lull them in the Abraham's natural posterity were cir- lap of fatal security. And then what a cumcised, so all the infants of believing strange unscriptural jargon has he inparents should be baptized, is a most dulged himself in, in chap. v. respectlamc and impotentconclusion. Baptism ing “the means of bringing children indeed pertains to the new covenant, | into the covenant,”—a covenant which, even as circumcision did to the old according to his doctrine, they are albut it belongs only to such as appear to ready in by virtue of their fleshly birth! he the spiritual seed of Abraham by Alas, what a falling off is here. But we faith in Christ Jesus--to such as are trust, from what we know of his canborn, not of blood, nor of the will of the dour, and of his readiness to receive flesh, nor of the will of man, but of | evidence wherever it offers itself to him, God,” Joh. i. 19. Hence we find John that the day is not far remote, when he the Baptist setting aside the Jewish will be content to take the New Testaclaim, founded upon their descent from ment alone as his guide in all the affairs Abraham, Matt. iij. 9. for though this of Christ's kingilom, and for ever wash was a valid plea for circumcision, it his hands of the idle ceremony of could not avail, for baptism, which be- , sprinkling infants, the defence of which longs only to such as appear to be born involves him in continual absurdities again. Now this important distinction and contradictions,

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