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in a remarkable manner, respecting the of him, in whom we are commanded to subject before us. We are assured in trust for salvation ; with what propriety the New Testament, that there is none is he denominated, “ mighty to save.* other name under heaven, given among | Yes, this is he who hath the keys of men, by which we can be saved. And, the invisible world; who lifts up his justification before God, is expressly hand unto heaven, and, because he can said to be through faith in the divine swear by no greater, swears by himself, testimony respecting him. “By him, that he liveth for ever, able to save to all that believe ure justified from all the uttermost, those who have fled to things, from which they could not be him for refuge. Here, then, we at justified by the law of Moses.” More- once perceive, how men are justified by over, we are told, that God has chosen faith in Christ. The unspeakable gift this mode of justifying the ungodly, in of God to mankind, is eternal life; this order that it may appear to be of grace. life is in bis Son Jesus Christ; this is And, as a proof that there never was the record, or testimony, which God any other ground of acceptance before commands men to believe; and, with God, Abraham is said to have been jus- the belief of this, he has connected saltified through faith in the testimony of vation. God, as the pattern, or example, to all It is thus, that the testimony of God who should, like him, believe on him withdraws our attention from every who raised up Jesus from the dead; other object in the whole range of the whence also he is represented as the universe, as a proper foundation for Father of the faithful, or the believing. I trust in the prospect of eternity, and His faith was counted to him for fixes it on the boundless worth, the righteousness; and, this was recorded, matchless grace of HIM, who is the not for his sake alone, but for ours also very image of the Deity; in whom to whom righteousness shall be im- dwells the fulness of the Godhead boputed, if we possess like precious faith dily; in whom are hid all the treasures with him.
of wisdom and knowledge; IN WHOM 4. Let us now compare what has God is WELL PLEASED: in whom alone been said, with the language of our we can stand complete, and have boldLord, when stating the medium through ness before God at his coming; in which the salvation of God is bestowed whom all the families of the earth shall on men. He illustrates it by the way be blessed ; in whom all the seed of in which the Israelites of old were | Israel shall be justified, and shall glory; liealed when bitten by the serpents; and, to whom be glory for ever and and, that was simply by looking at the ever. serpent of brass which was erected in 5. Remark the character by which the midst of the camp. “As Moses the justified are designated in the text. lifted up the serpent in the wilderness; | They are denominated, “the seed of Iseven so must the Son of Man be lifted Trael." up; that, whosoever believeth in him, Here it may be proper to notice, that should not perish, but have eternal all the proper names which we meet life." So far, then, the matter is plain; with in Scripture, are significant terms, but, we must not stop here; we must and were conferred chiefly for the pur. compare this with the words of the pose of recording some remarkable cirprophet Isaiah, and, also, with the lan. cumstance that occurred in the divine guage of the context. “ In the Lord providence to those who bore them. shall all the seed of Israel be justified." The origin of the name Israel is, in
And here, be it observed, that it is no general, so well known, that a slight reforced or far-fetched criticism which we ference to it, on the present occasion, offer, when we state, that the original will be sufficient. word, here used, is Jehovah: the same. We are informed, that the Patriarch word is used in the preceding verse; Jacob, when on his way from Mizpah, “ Surely, shall one say, in Jehovah have to meet his brother Esau, had a remarkI righteousness and strength;" and, this able vision at Mahanaim; there wresis the language of him who, in the 21st tled a man with him until the breaking verse, calls himself God, beside whom, of the day. When this supernatural there is none else; “a just God, and a being was about to retire from Jacob, he Saviour." What a glorious and exalted said unto him-What is thy name? view does this afford us of the character and he answered, Jacob. And he said, " thy name shall be called no more Christ; while “ beholding with open Jacob, but Israel; for, as a prince, hast face, as in a glass, the glory of the Lord, thou power with God and with men, they are changed into the same image, and hast prevailed.”
from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit This new name, which was given to of the Lord." Jacob, although consisting of but one And, as there is nothing that affords word, is of astonishingly extensive sig- so complete a view of the character of nification; at present, we can only God, as the death of his Son, the sole suggest a few general hints, which may foundation of hope for the guilty, so serve as a specimen, and operate as an neither, is there any object, the conincentive to further research on the templation of which will so powerfully subject. Be it observed, then, that the constrain men to cultivate purity of name “ Israel” implies, purity of heart. heart. Is it possible to contemplate It is an old objection, which the that awful scene, without shrinking into enemies of the doctrine we have been nothing in our own esteem, and feeling attempting to establish, are fond of the love of Christ constraining us to urging, that justification, through the judge, that he died for us, that we should free grace of God, is inimical to live to him; that he gave himself for us the interests of morality. But, let that he might purify us unto himself, a us not be carried away by appa- peculiar people,-a people who should rently good words, and fair speeches; shew forth his praises ; that he should those who would thus persuade us, from constitute us an Israel which should be, whatever source they may have derived “HOLINESS TO THE LORD!" No, the their opinions, have never understood veriest " babe in Christ" knows, that the the nature of that doctrine, which is ac- most effectual means he can use for cording to godliness; they have never enabling him to manifest, in his mortal felt the influence of the grace of God, body, the blameless life of him who which bringeth salvation. It will be hath left us an example that we should readily allowed, that, in proportion to follow his steps, is to bear about with the clearness of our views of the divine him, so as constantly to contemplate it, character, will be our disposition to “ The dying of the Lord Jesus." And, imitate that character. If ignorance convinced that, without holiness, no allenates the mind from the life of God, man shall see the Lord; in the exercise it is plain, that true knowledge, in as of that faith which worketh by love, far as it is possessed, must restore it to purifying the heart, and overcoming the that life.
world, he lives a life of faith on the Son But, to illustrate this sentiment more of God; and, receiving the end of his particularly, I observe, that the name faith, even the present deliverance of his Israel, was given to Jacob, on occasion soul froin sin, he hopes for the arrival of a most unusual manifestation of the of that period, when the pure in heart divine character being made to him, shall see God; and when, by seeing whence some have supposed, that it li- him as he is, and knowing him even as terally signifies, a man seeing God. Be he is known by him, he shall be fully that, however, as it may, one thing is satisfied, because he shall awake in his certain, namely, that what produced the likeness. But, the term implies, rectideepest sensation on the Patriarch's tude of heart and life, in opposition to mind, was the circumstance of his every form which unrighteousness can having had such a near view of him, assume. Who is concealed from the view of his The perfect consistency which exists Creatures by the light in which he between all the parts of divine truth, wells; he called the name of the place forms the most satisfactory proof of its Peniel; for, said he, “I have seen God heavenly origin. The doctrine of justiface to face, and my life is preserved.” fication before God, through the death Now, I would ask, by what name can and resurrection of Jesus Christ, is cer
ue Christians be more appropriately tainly a doctrine fraught with the richdesignated than by this? They see est consolation, to the man who sees vod, not, indeed, exactly as Jacob did, himself guilty before God; but the joy but in a much more glorious point of of such an one will be found to arise, wew; they behold the manifestation of not from the simple consideration of all the divine perfections shining most escaping the punishment due to his resplendently in the face of Jesus | transgressions, but, from the assurance which this doctrine affords him, that./alms were had in remembrance in his sin shall no more have dominion over sight, who trieth the heart. Hence, him, but that grace shall reign, through Peter says of him, “I perceive that righteousness, unto eternal life, by Jesus God is no respecter of persons ; but, in Christ our Lord. It is of the utmost every nation, he that feareth him, and importance, that we take heed lest we worketh righteousness, is accepted of deceive ourselves on this subject. There him.” The plain import of these pasis, perhaps, no sight in the universe sages may be briefly expressed in the more calculated to excite the com- words of the apostle John; “ He that passsion of men and of angels, than that doeth righteousness, is righteous, even as of a man possessed of an immortal soul he is righteous. Whosoever doeth not deceiving himself with the delusive righteousness, is not of God.” Such is the dream, that he enjoys the approbation character of a true Israelite; of one of God, while he is living a life of re- whose transgression is forgiven, whose bellion against him. Let it not be sin is covered; one to whom the Lord said, that this is an imaginary picture ; | imputeth not iniquity, and in whose it is a case that exists to an awful ex- spirit there is no guile. And, I repeat tent, of which, if you demand a proof, I it, that the joy of such a character would say, “Behold Israel after the arises from the prospect of complete flesh." See more than two millions and deliverance from the dominion of sin, a half of the seed of Jacob, acting, it is and of mingling with those who are true, so exactly in conformity with that without fault before the throne of name, which signifies a supplanter, as to-| God. verify the ancient prediction, that they 6. The seed of Israel are described as should become an astonishment, al glorying in the Lord. The nature of proverb, and a by-word among all na- this glorying is clearly expressed in the tions, but affording a most melancholy context. “Surely, shall one say, in the proof, that "they are not all Israel, that | Lord have I righteousness and strength." are of Israel."
| This stands directly opposed to gloryThe character which the text exhibits | ing in our own wisdom, or might, or for our imitation, may be seen at one riches; and forms a cornpliance with glance, in the words of Jesus, respecting the divine command ; " Let him that Nathaniel: “Behold an Israelite, in- glorieth, glory in this, that he underdeed, in whom is no guile!!" This man standeth and knoweth me, that I am seems to have been one of those who, the Lord, which exercise loving-kindpossessing the faith of Abraham, ness, judgment, and righteousness, in waited for the consolation of Israel; the earth; for, in these things I deand, walking in all the commandments light, saith the Lord.” There appear and ordinances of the Lord blameless, to be two distinct ideas conveyed by the hailed with joy, as a well affected sub-l expression used in the text. Glorying ject of that King who should reign in in the Lord, may refer to our rejoicing righteousness, the appearance of Jesus; l in the perfection of that work, which and, in imitation of the language of the forms. the only ground of a sinner's prophet, in reference to this very period; hope before God; and, it may also refer ir Lo, this is our God; we have waited to our endeavours to merit the approbafor him, and he will save us; this is the tion of God, in opposition to seeking Lord; we have waited for him, we will the honour that cometh from men. be glad and rejoice in his salvation." These two ideas we find perpetually OCNathaniel exclaims, “Rabbi, thou art curring in the New Testament; and, it the Son of God; thou art the King of is very remarkable, that they are, in Israel.”
almost every instance, used to disWe have another specimen of the tinguish the true Israel of God from all same character in Cornelius, the Cen-l pretenders to that character. As an turion. He was a devout man, and example of the first, we may select the one that feared God, with all his house, case of the apostle Paul. Although who gave much alms to the people, and there was none among the Jews that prayed to God alway. And, doubtless, had more to boast of than himself, this arose from his having obtained either as it respected descent from proper views of the divine character: Abraham, conformity to the letter of for his services were accepted before the law, personal accomplishments, or God; his prayers were heard, and his even signal marks of the divine favour, yet he counted all things but loss, for highest of all honours--that reward the excellency of the knowledge of which shall be made 'openly; “WELL Christ Jesus; and, desirous of being DONE, good and faithful servant; enter found in him at last, clothed with the thou into the joy of thy Lord." righteousness of God, he thus declares bis determination ;-"God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ.” And such will be MR. EDITOR, the determination of all who have so I have long wished to see the learned Christ; for the distinguishing subject of REPENTANCE ably discussed. characteristic of the true circuincision No subject seeins to have been more is, that they worship God in the Spirit, neglected; and it is rather remarkable and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have that, while almost every article of gos. no confidence in the flesh.
pel truth has been attempted to be elu. The last is an idea of the highest cidated in your Magazine, not a single importance to every Christian, and essay has appeared in reference to this, onght to regulate every part of his con- in the whole work. duct; for surely the great object of all What I intend, with your permission, his actions in this life, ought to be the is not so much to write a disquisition on approbation of God in that day when this subject, as to state some of my diffithey shall be brought into judgment. culties, and to invite abler hands to the I have already referred to a circum- work. stance which ought to excite in us much It appears to me, that repentance compassion towards the seed of Abra. should be defined according to what it ham according to the flesh: here we is in itself, without any of its concomi. must refer to another; and let Chris-tants or effects; just as faith has been tians recollect that all these things were defined. We have many able illustrarecorded for their admonition. You are tions of this, from the pens of M‘Lean, aware, that the term Jew, which is Ecking, Erskine, and others, who have derived from Judah, however obnoxious shewn clearly what the nature of faith it may have become, is frequently used / is, and how it corresponds with the in Scripture to denote the whole seed of character of God, as the justifier of the Abraham. The literal meaning of the ungodly, and with righteousness being term is, “ The PRAISE OF God;" and imputed to them who work not, but the mind recals, with a pleasing melan- / believe. choly, the time when God was known The common descriptions of repenin Judah, and his name was great in tance appear to be decidedly hostile to Israel. But what an awful reverse has the freedom of divine grace, and to resulted from the blindness that has that salvation which was finished on the happened to Israel; for with propriety cross; and what is called evangelical it may be said of them, “ He is not a repentance is set forth as “ including" su Jero who is one outwardly;" they love many different things, that it at last the praise of men more than the praise turns out to be nothing less than a of God. The blasphemy of them which laborious work for the sinner to perform. say they are Jews, and are not; the We are told that the original word deep-rooted enmity which they shew to strictly signifies “a change of mind, or him, whom in derision they denominated an after consideration and judgment;" “ The King of the Jews," is such, that and if this be strictly the signification of the name of God is blasphemed among the term, why not abide by it? Words, the Gentiles through them.
of themselves, preserve the same comThe whole holds out to us an impor | mon meaning when used in reference to tant lesson. It reminds us that we are spiritual subjects as to natural. Now, saved by grace, and have, therefore, if repentance signify a change of mind nothing to boast of; that we ought not or judgment, which appears to be the to be high-minded, but ought to fear; only view consistent with salvation by our glorying should centre in the cross faith only, why pervert its meaning, by of Christ; that our works should not be maintaining that repentance has to do done to be seen of men, but as under with the will and affections includes a the inspection of our Father, who seeth turning unto God-respects the course in secret; and that we should seek the of life and conversation-includes sorrow honour that cometh from God,-that for sin, and a steady, unshaken resoluVOL. VIII,
tion to forsake sin, and to cleave to the God, the kingdom of Christ, &c. which Lord? - Or, as an old confession of are opposed to this truth, and is the faith states it; “ Saving repentance is renouncing of them, or the changing of an evangelical grace, whereby a person the mind concerning them. An appeal being made sensible of sin, doth, by to the passages where faith and repenfaith in Christ, humble himself for it, tance are mentioned, would clearly shew with godly sorrow, detestation of it and that the same testimony was preached self-abhorrency, praying for pardon and to produce both. strength of grace, with a purpose and The prevailing delusion upon this endeavour to walk before God in all subject is a most serious thing. The well-pleasing.”
world view repentance as something Here, I would observe, that repen which they have to do to satisfy God for tance is as necessary to forgiveness as their sins, and refer to it as the way of faith, and stands in the same relation to salvation, without making mention of it; see Luke xxiv. 47, Mark i. 4, Acts) the work of Christ; and the greater ii. 38, and iii. 19. And though faith part of professors hold views equally and repentance may not be identically dangerous: they never treat of it as a the same, yet as both, to a certain de- change in judgment produced only bý gree, respect the mind or judgment in the evidence of the gospel, but as sorrow relation to the truth, one cannot exist and contrition of soul; sometimes, inwithout the other; see 2 Tim. ii. 25, deed, as the fruit of faith, but more Acts xix. 4. Repentance, therefore, commonly as a preparatory work to a should unite with that salvation which person's believing on Christ. And is by faith, and which is “not of works, hence, ministers, supposing it to be à lest any man should boast." And if previous work, endeavour, by reprethe blessing of justification « to him senting to persons their sins, and the who worketh not" be given to those threatenings of the law, to persuade who repent, it is impossible to reconcile them to begin the work, and not to put it with the above definitions of repen- it off. How different this from the tance. These clearly suppose intentions | exhibition of the glorious work of the and works of the best kind to be in- Son of God as sufficient to convince of cluded in repentance; and a compliance error, and turn the mind to the truth, with these constitute“ a true penitent;" and to produce all the effects of godly the only character, we are told, to whom sorrow, peace, hope, and joy unspeak. the gospel holds out any degree of hope. able! Upon this system, no sinner can have While I am on this subject, permit hope until he has done all that is in- me, Mr. Editor, to request your opinion, cluded in this view of repentance. The or that of any of your learned correbelief of the truth, as the testimony of spondents, on Dr. G. Campbell's transGod, can of itself, therefore, give him lation of those passages where repent no relief.
and repentance are mentioned in our Again, though sorrow for sin forms version. I need not tell you, that in no part of the nature of repentance, | most of the places he renders the words simply considered, yet they are always reform and reformation. connected together, as cause and effect;
J.L. for no person, being convinced of his mistakes respecting eternal things, can change his mind without remorse for We certainly agree with the writer of his errors, and the evil consequences to the preceding article, in thinking that which they have led him, and an ardent the subject of “Repentance" is very desire to serve the Lord in newness of generally misunderstood by the teachers life: but these are the immediate effects of religion in the present day. We of repentance, and not repentance itself. I have frequently been distressed beyond This shews, too, that the same glorious measure at the crude and antiscriptural truth, commended to men's consciences statements, on this article of revealed in all its divine evidence, which produces truth, which have met us both from faith produces repentance also : -faith the pulpit and the press, and think it simply respects this truth, and is the may be doing an essential service to belief of it; repentance, more particu- our generation to correct them. We larly the errors and mistakes held by purpose keeping the subject promithe person as to the true character of nently before us, and shall return to it