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Us from sin, deliver us from wrath, and ends. And, if the Jews were comProcure for us eternal life. Further, manded, under pain of being cut off Israel were commanded to keep up the from the congregation of Israel, to put feast of the passover, as a feast to the away leaven from their houses, when Lord, throughout their generations, and their passover was sacrificed; how by an ordinance for ever. It was to be much more ought they to purge out a constant memorial of their deliverance this old leaven, of uncleanliness, maby means of blood, when the Lord lice, hypocrisy, and wickedness, since passed over their houses, and smote the even Christ their passover was sacrifirst-born of Egypt, Exod. xii. 14–27. ficed for them; considering the dignity In like manner, the sacrifice of Christ, of his person, the greatness of the salwhich was once offered, and hath obovation he hath obtained, the superior tained eternal redemption for us, must purity which becomes those who feast be kept in perpetual remembrance; and upon him, and the more dreadful judgthat, not only by individual believers, ment that will overtake such as sin who are constantly to live by the faith against so much grace. Of this the of his atonement, as their only refuge apostle cautions them, when speaking from divine wrath ; but also by a public of their abuse of the Lord's Supper, ordinance for ever to be observed in the ch. xi. churches of the saints; viz. the ordi- Ver. 8. Therefore let us keep the feast, nance of the Supper, which Christ in- i. e. the antitype of the passover feast, stituted after the passover, as that and its memorial in the ordinance of which was to supersede and succeed it, the Lord's Supper.- Not with the old as a memorial or commemorative ordi- leaven of uncleanness, neither with the nance to be observed in remembrance of leaven of malice and wickedness; but with him whose body was broken, and blood the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. shed for us; and that, until he come This malice and wickedness is the reagain, Luke xxii. 19, 20. 1 Cor. xi. 23- verse of brotherly love; and, as it is op27. Lastly, Israel were strictly com- posed to sincerity and truth, it must have manded to put away all leaven out of been connected with dissimulation and their houses during the seven days of deceit, see 1 Pet. i. 22. ch. ii. 1, 2. But the passover feast; and whosoever ate they must keep the feast with sincerity leavened bread during that time, that and truth, sincerely loving one another soul was to be cut off from Israel, Exod. for the truth's sake, and purifying the xii. 15—19. So the apostle here exhorts communion from every thing that had a the Corinthians to purge out the old tendency to corrupt them. leaven, by which he means sin and im- Ver. 9. I wrote unto you in an epistle purity, both of the flesh and spirit. The not to company with fornicators. Some Jews use this metaphor for uncleanness, I think he refers to a former epistle and say, “as a litile leaven leaveneth which he had written to them, and the whole lump, so concupiscence cor- which is now lost. But, as none of the rupts the whole man." It was, there earliest writers mention any more than fore, a command to put away the in- | two epistles of Paul to the Corinthians, cestuous person. The metaphor is also and fourteen in the whole, so all the used for filthiness of the spirit; and so Greek commentators upon this passage we read of the leaven of the Pharisees, conclude, that he wrote what he bere which is hypocrisy and deceit, Luke xii. mentions, not in another, but in this 1. and of the leaven of the Pharisees epistle, viz. what is contained, ver. 9, 10. and Sadducees, which is false doctrine, but that upon hearing farther of the Matt. xvi. 6–12. and the apostle meno state of matters among themselves, he tions here the old leaven of malice and added what we have in ver. 11. I shall wickedness, and opposes to it sincerity not determine which of these opinions and truth; and, therefore, we are also to is right, the sense of the exhortation understand him as exhorting them to does not depend on this. He forbids purge out all wicked and malevolent them to company with fornicutors, i. e. to dispositions towards each other, which associate themselves with persons adwere kept up by their different factions- dicted to uncleanness, in a free, famiall hypocrisy in the various pretensions liar, and complacential manner, lest they had for these things and all cor- they should be thought to countenance ruptions and deceitful handling of the them in their sin, or be led to think word of God, to gain their particular lightly of it, and perhaps to follow their
detestable example; for, evil communi- sons of this description, as with those cation corrupts good manners; and, a of a like character, who never made the man is generally known by the com- Christian profession; their guilt is much pany he voluntarily chuses and delights more aggravated than the other, on ac
count of their light, the scandal they Ver. 10. Yet not altogether with the bring on the profession, and the danger fornicators of this world, or with the co-of familiarity with them wbile they convetous, or extortioners, or with idolaters. tinue impenitent. The prohibition not Here he qualifies the foregoing prohi- to eat with them, does not respect the bition, and shows, that he does not Lord's Supper; for it is such eating as mean by it that they should absolutely they are not altogether restricted from shun their company upon all, even the with such characters in the world. Our most necessary occasions;
Lord says, “Let him be unto thee as --for then, (says he) ye must needs go an heathen man and a publican,” Matt. out of the world. Persons of such xviii. 17. He is speaking to his Jewish wicked characters, being so numerous, disciples, who must have understood and to be met with every where in this him to mean, not only that they were evil world, and Christians being often to have no religious fellowship with connected with them in their necessary him, but that they were not so much as secular concerns, they might as well to eat a common meal with him ; for, think of going out of the world, or of the strict Jews held heathen men and turning hermits, as to avoid being publicans as persons with whom it was sometimes in their company, however not lawful to keep company, or eat, see disagreeable it may be.
Acts X. 28. ch. xi. 3. And, though Ver. 11. But now I have written unto Christ hath set aside by his death the you not to keep company-This he adds separation between Jew and Gentile, to his former prohibition, with respect | yet he hath at the same time estato their conduct towards those of a blished a barrier betwixt his church and wicked character in the world, who had the world; and, with respect to excomno pretensions to Christianity. Here municated persons from his church, he he directs them how to behave towards hath enjoined the same carriage towards such as connected a profession of Chris- them, as the Jews observed towards tianity with such characters.
heathens and publicans. And, as the -if any mun that is called a brother be a Gentile church at Corinth might not fornicator, or covetous, or an idolater, or a understand what that was, the apostle railer, or a drunkard, or an extortioner, explains it, and enjoins it upon them, with such an one no not to eat.
not to keep company, or so much as eat The person here is supposed to be with such. I apprehend, however, that called a brother, as professing the faith this does not set aside any natural relaof Christ, and visibly connected in fel- tive duty. lowship with other professors – The Ver 12. For what have I to do to judge crimes specified, are not single acts, them also that are without?-He had mensuch as, when a brother is overtaken in tioned above the fornicators, and other a fault, but characters made up of re- wicked characters of this world, ver. 9, peated acts, so as to be formed into a 10. and, here he shows that he had no habit, which denominates or character-authority to exercise discipline, or pass izes them, and it appears that some any formal sentence upon them, they such had been suffered in the church of being without the pale of the visible Corinth, who were guilty of fornication, church; and, therefore, it was not such 2 Cor. xii. 21.-covetousness and extortion that he had chiefly in view, but wicked -1 Cor. vi. 8. 2 Cor. xi. 20.-Idolatry, characters among themselves. With 1 Cor. x. 7-14-22.-Drunkenness, regard to such, he puts the ques1 Cor. xi. 21.) It was the church's sin | tion, to have borne with such so long; and I do not ye judge them that are within ? now that the apostle is upon the ex- q. d. Is it not your proper business, as communication of the notorious of a church, to judge of, and pass sentence fender, he mentions these as objects of upon, those offenders, who are of your their censure also, ver. 12. and directs own body, and in your communion ? them not to keep compuny, no not to eat / Surely it is. with them. It is evident he does not Ver. 13 But them that are without God permit the same familiarity with per- judgeth, i. e. Those flagitious sinners of the world who are not church members, which he commanded you to perform, even nor ever professed the name of Christ, ten commandments: and he wrote them must be left to the judgment of God upon two tables of stone,” Deut. iv. 13, alone, the church havine nothing to do | And, “it shall be our righteousness, if we with them in this respect, but only to
observe to do all these commandments beavoid
fore the Lord our God, as he bath comtheir influence and evil ex
manded us," Deut. vi. 25. There appears ample.
to have been the greatest care taken to disTherefore put away from among your
e pur away from among your- | tinguish between what was written in selves that wicked person. The words run stones, and the peculiar design of its being Jiterally, “and put ye away the evil / so written, in relation to the children of from among you.” The phrase is taken Israel. “When I was gone up into the from Deut. siji. 5. ch. xvii. 7. ch. xxii. mount,” says Moses, “to receive the tables 21. so that they refer to the law direct. / of stone, even the tables of the covenant, ing the supreme judgment in the
which the Lord made with you,” &c. Deut. church of Israel, from which there was
ix. 9.-" The Lord gave me the two tables no appeal under heaven, but was bind
of stone, even the tables of the covenant,"
ver. 11.' They are called, also, two tables ing and final. They chiefly respect the
of testimony, Deut. xxxi. 18. as they exincestuous person; but, as he had more
hibit the duty of men as creatures, and thus in view than that individual, the dis witness against them. rection is expressed in general terms, Now, this is called the ministration of for the word person is not in the ori death, 2 Cor. iii. 7. because every sinner ginal; and, this last clause seems to under it (viz, under tbis ministration of the connect with the last clause of the fore
law, not the law itself) is liable to its dreadgoing verse, as the first does with the
ful curse. It is called the letter that first clause.
killeth, ver, 6. because it meets us only in
the strength of a depraved nature ; for we, A. M.
| by nature, loving only what it forbids, and
hating whatever it enjoins, are utterly un
able to fulfil it in spirit and in truth. Now NOTE ON 2 COR. III. 11.
the form of its ministration is done away ! " For if that which was done away, was glo
from him who believes in Christ. It is not rious, much more that which remaineth is a covenant to him, because he lives by glorious.”
faith in Christ, who has perfectly fulfilled
it, and thus by his faith in him he estaFrom this passage, there are some who | blished the law. It is not a killing letter contend, that the law of God has no relation to him, because he having been held, or vir. towards the believer. It is certain, that it tually sustained, in the body of Christ, (see is the ministration of condemnation which | Rom. vii. 6.) and that body having died is here intended, which ministration is what through the representation of him, and all was written and engraven in stones, and that believers in this covenant, the penalty anwas the moral law. “ And he wrote upon nexed to the broken covenant, so far as the the Tables the words of the covenant, the believer is concerned, is for ever borne ten commandments," Exod. xxxiv. 28. Now away. this, the apostle says, was glorious; but its | But that ministration having ceased to
glory was to be done away:' it had no the believer, another ministration begins. glory, in this respect, by reason of the glory | It is the ministration which is changed, not tbạt excelleth :' it is that which was done the law itself. The former was as a coaway,' • that which is abolished,' 2 Cor. iii. venant—the latter, as what in itself is eter7-10, 0-13 verses. Hence it is ar- | nally right and proper for us to pursue. gued, we are no longer under any obliga- | That which was written in tables of stone tion towards the moral law, after we shall | as a covenant, is now written in diesuly have believed in Christ. But, this inference | tables of the heart, as that which is ud. does not appear to me to be, by any means, changeably good, (see 2 Cor. iji. 3.) UDOC justified from these premises. What is it, the former ministration, the law meets as su I ask, that is done away' and 'abolished ?' | the strength of all our corrupt affections Not the law itself, (see Rom. xiii. 8, 9, 10.) | but, under the ministration of the Spirit; but the peculiar form of its ministration. It meets us as new creatures. When the spiri is, in this respect, it had no glory, by | mipisters the law, he changes our disposa reason of the glory that excelleth. It is ltion towards it, and furnishes additional ministered now, not in tables of stone,' motives, of the most powerful pature, for but in fleshly tables of the heart, 2 Cor. our obedience to its precepts. Our relation iii. 3. The ministration which the apostle to God in adoption, in addition to our ! speaks of “as done away to the believer,' | lation to him as his creatures, (for if the was that of a covenant. Hence we read, latter only existed, it must still bave $6 And he declared unto you this covenant, a covenant,) and the eminent regard
Christ towards this law, in consenting rather | sin ; which it did when we possessed pone but to die, than that any occasion should be corrupt affections, (or when it forbade tis given of its being considered unimportant, what we loved, and commanded what we unwise or unjust, are of the number of these hated ;) for, by the Spirit of life, we posmotives. Hence, we read, “I will put my sess a disposition corresponding with its relaw in their inward parts, and write it in quirements. their hearts,' &c. Jer. xxxi. 33. “ And I The ceremonial law was connected with will give them one heart-and I will put a the moral, under the Jewish economy; and, new spirit within you," &c.-- That they may without doubt, to those who believed the walk in my statutes, &c. Ezek. xi. 19, 20. promises relating to the Messiah, the conand Ezek. xxxvi. 26, 27. Every believer, | nexion appeared very appropriate, For, therefore, loves God and bis neighbour; and by considering the latter, together with though he daily come short of a perfect their repeated transgressions of its they conformity to the law, it is the object of must have looked through the former with his earnest pursuit. He serves God vow much satisfaction and gratitude to that without fear, Luke i. 74, 75, through faith glorious provision which its various sacriin Christ. For the law of the Spirit of fices and offerings so eminently typified. life in Christ Jesus, hath made me free from I cannot tell, Mr. Editor, whether in the the law of sip and death,” Rom. viii. 2. view of the subject I have presented, I That is, first, the believer is in Christ shall meet with the concurrence of yourself Jesus, and, therefore, delivered from the and your readers; should you, however, be law, ministered as a covenant, termed, in acquainted with one more consistent with consequence, the law of death, or, the the general testimony of the Scriptures, I letter that killeth, And, secondly, all in should feel much obliged by your furChrist Jesus possess the Spirit of life, and | nishing it. are thus freed from the law of sin; that is, 1
J, S. from the law, as stirring up the motions of Melksham, Wilts,
Memoirs and Select Remains of an only / are found uniting their testimony, that
Son, who died November 27th, 1821, in all human glory is a passing shadow, his nineteenth year, while a Student in and that man, in his best estate, is the University of Glasgow. BY THOMAS altogether vanity. Rarely has this soDURANT, (Poole, Dorsetshire.) Lon- lemn and affecting truth been taught don: Sold by Longman and Co. Ha- with an eloquence more loud, or demilton, Westley, and Holdsworth; monstration more convincing, than in also Wardlaw and Cunningham, the pages before us. The instances of Glasgow, 2 vols. 12mo. pr. 10s. 6d. mortality which they record—the frusbds. 1822.
tration of the most prudent and well
weighed schemes for human happiness There is, probably, no one lesson of -and the blasting of the fairest prospractical wisdom more difficult of at. pects of human life, by an unexpected tainment, than that which consists in stroke, proclaim aloud, that all flesh is forming a proper estimate of human but as grass, and all the glory of man life. On this subject, the natural sug- as the flower of grass: in the morning gestions of the human mind and the it flourisheth and groweth up in the lessons of philosophy, are strangely at evening it is cut down and withereth. variance with the doctrines of revela- But, were this the only lesson which tion, and the experience of mankind in Mr. Durant's pages are adapted to im. every age. While the former are con- part, they would fall far short of that tiuually instilling into the imaginations value which we attach to them, and of of the young, dreams of an earthly that claim to the attention of our paradise, in a world which is under the readers, to which we think them encurse and frown of the Deity, the latter titled. Few of them, we suppose, are unacquainted with the sage in Rasselas, ductions are to be made from the high
the man who could teach all that is character that is here conferred upon necessary to be known; who, from the him. Mr. Durant was fully aware of unshaken throne of rational fortitude, this, and he has met it with manly looked down on the scenes of life firmness in the Preface, page 3. But, changing beneath him who spake, and even though a reasonable allowance attention watched his lips who rea- were to be made for this, we are per. soned, and conviction closed his pe- suaded, that no unprejudiced mind, riods. They may remember that, after after an attentive perusal of these volistening to him with the veneration | lumes, will for a moment deny that the due to the instructions of a superior young man, whose interesting history is being, Rasselas found the philosopher here recorded, and whose premature reone morning, in a room half darkened,moval from us, every one that wishes with his eyes misty, and his face pale. well to his fellow creatures must feelHis only daughter had been snatched ) ingly lament-taking him all in all, was y from him the preceding night, by a one of the most extraordinary characfever; in consequence of which his | ters which modern times have proviews, his purposes, and his hopes, he duced. But, to know what he was as confessed, were now at an end, and him- a son to his parents as an affectionate self left a lonely being disunited from relative to other branches of the family society. When reminded of the pre-l-as a Christian-and, above all, as an cepts which he had himself so power- accomplished scholar, the whole vofully enforced, and the strength which lumes must be read. The testimonies wisdom has to arm the heart against of Dr. Wardlaw, and of Professors calamity—that external things are na- | Walker, Jardine, Mylne, and Meikleturally variable, while truth and reason ham, all of the University of Glasgow, are always the same—“What comfort,"' to his eminent acquirements in the said the mourner, " can truth and various departments of literature and reason afford me!- of what effect are science, to his uniformly correct dethey now, but to tell me, that my 1 portment, and to his virtuous conduct, daughter will not be restored ?"
while they stamp the highest honour This is, indeed, a pretty correct ex- on his character, are such as might hibition of what philosophy can do for justly make any father proud. The her disciples, when disease and death specimens that are presented to us in overtake them, which sooner or later, 1 these volumes, of his compositions in we know they will not fail to do, even prose and verse, though he quitted the to the most favoured children of afworld at the age of nineteen, are sufffluence. But, the work before us de- cient to overwhelm us with confusion, rives its chief value from the evidence at the consideration of our own inwhich it affords, of the power of reli- feriority at the age of threescore! That glous principle to dignify and ennoble he enjoyed great privileges, and had adhuman nature-to purify the heart, and vantages of improvement which fall to elevate the affections to augment the the lot of few young men, cannot be deendearments of social life and admi- nied. His mother, who died in May, nister consolation and support to the 1818, and of whose death a most afChristian, under the most heart-rend- fecting account is given in Vol. I. page ing bereavements of divine providence. | 145, &c. appears to have been one of And all this is taught us, not in the the most accomplished of her sex, and way of didactic instruction, but in ex- | to have contributed, in no ordinary deamples furnished both by the living and gree, to the formation of her son's the dead.
mind and general character. Of her we Every reflecting mind must at once may be permitted to say this much, be aware of the difficult task which without the imputation of fattery, see. Mr. Durant has undertaken, in laying ing that she has long ceased to be sus. before the public these “ Memoirs of ceptible of human applause. But of his Son." The partiality of a father for Mr. Durant himself, whose character an only child, though in itself very par- 1 amply unfolds itself in almost every donable, will be regarded by many as page of these “ Memoirs,” it is nepresenting a formidable objection to the cessary to speak with more reserve; credibility of the narrative, and give and, we shall only say that, in raising rise to suspicions, that considerable de monument to his son's reputation, be