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allow any lust to be cherished in his tures. “In his tongue is the law of heart. Its language is, “ Search me, kindness," and he earnestly seeks the O God, and know my heart; try me, temporal and spiritual welfare of all and know my thoughts, and see if there around him. His brethren in Christ be any wicked way in me, and lead me Jesus will be the especial objects of his in the way everlasting.” “I esteem all affection. In him will be seen in thy precepts concerning all things to be measure the practice of the royal law, right; and I hate every false way.” so beautifully illustrated by the apostle; This disposition is supreme. To be “Love suffereth long, and is kind; love holy is accounted of more consequence envieth not; love vaunteth not itself, is to the sanctified mind than any thing not puffed up; doth not behave itself else in the world. Riches, learning, unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not famė, power, are as dung and dross in easily provoked, thinketh no evil: rez his estimation, compared with “being joiceth'not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in made conformable unto the image of the truth; beareth all things, believeth Christ.” “Thy testimonies,” saith the all things, hopeth all things, endureth sweet singer of Israel, “ have I taken all things.” But, how does this prin, as an heritage for eyer; for they are the ciple operate towards God? Here, inrejoicing of my heart." What could he deed, it eminently appears, for godhave meant by this declaration, unless liness is the highest exercise of holiit be that he considered that to be holy ness. To the sanctified mind, Father, would be, in itself, an inheritance of Son, and Spirit, in the parts they se. infinite worth, Hear the pious breath- verally take in the economy of grace, ings of a spiritual mind—“O how love I are objects of ineffable complacency and thy law. The law of thy mouth is gratitude. With what affection and inbetter to me than thousands of gold and terest does he regard the person of the silver.” “How sweet are thy words Son of God, and the contemplation of unto my taste; yea, sweeter than honey his cross rouses the highest affections to my mouth.” “My soul breaketh for of his soul. Does he gaze on the works the longing which it hath unto thy of God? They lead him to glorious judgments at all times."

conceptions of their great Creator and · It would swell this Essay to an un- his Father, for all their beauty he conseasonable length, to enlarge on the siders as the beamings of the divine various operations of this holy dispo- Majesty. See the exercise of godliness sition. These, however, in the measure in the various circumstances of his life. in which they exist, are exceedingly im- Is he in distress? He makes his God portant. The fruits of righteousness his refuge, and is concerned patiently which those cyons produce that have to submit to his chastising rod. Is he been grafted into Christ, are most in prosperity? He confesses himself wholesome and fragrant, and are what unworthy of the least of God's mercies, the great Husbandman himself delight- and receives them with encreased saeth to gather. The fruit of the Spirit tisfaction as coming from his Father's is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gen. hand. The light of the sabbath morn tleness, goodness, faith, meekness, tem-is unspeakably sweet to him, because perance. Do we not see the nature of he anticipates spending a day with God. sanctification in the Christian's govern. With what pleasure does he enter his ment of himself? Not only would he sanctuary, and think, and hear, and be sober in the indulgence of lawful sing “ of his loving-kindness in the appetites, and mortify those which are midst of his temple.” On the things unlawful, that he might be kept from of earth he cannot feed. This world the “ filthiness of the flesh,!! but he affords nothing commensurate with his would watch against pride, wrath, envy, large desires. His soul reposes on the ambition, and covetousness, that he bosom of Jéhovah. Thankful for the might be saved from “ filthiness of the streams he must nevertheless drink Spirit.” “But, I keep under my body," from the fountain of living waters! Be. said Paul, “and bring it into subjec. holding the smiles of his heavenly tion; lest that, by any means, when I Father, he minds not the frowns of the have preached to others, I myself world, nor the worst calamities that should be a cast away. Do we not also can befal him; but, without these see this holy disposition operatiog in smiles, heaven itself could afford him his conduct towards his fellow crea- no bliss. Hear with what emotion he mticipates the felicity of the next / used the trumpet and cornet, David world, and see to what source he added many other instruments by the ascribes it. “As for me, I will behold divine conimand, 2 Chron. xxix. 25. thy face in righteousness; I shall be The Jewish instituted worship ceased satisfied, when I awake with thy like- at the death of Christ. Instrumental ness.” Could he from some elevated music was not instituted by Christ or station behold all that is valued in his apostles ; they sang an hymn, Matt. heaven or earth-could he look round | xxvi. 30. Singing is not only a moral on all the dear delights of his family, duty, but it is instituted under the and the church of Christ, and see at New Testament dispensation, Eph. v. one view, all the wealth, and honour, 19.-Col. iii. 16, &c: and power of mortals--yea, could hel 3. Discretionary. When a moral or survey the ranks of spirits made perfect, an instituted duty admits of being perangels and seraphim in their highest formed in a variety of ways, none of beauty and perfection, he would never- which are inconsistent with its motheless turn from the mighty prospect; rality, or with the divine appointment, and, fixing his eye and his heart on God, I there is place for the exercise of diswould exclaim,“ Whom have I in cretion in the selection of the best heaven but thce?' and there is none mode of performing it. Thus, every upon earth that I desire besides thee.” church must judge for itself, at what • Thou art my ocean, thou my God!

hour to begin public worship-what In thee the passions of the mind,

tunes to sing-how often singing shall With joys and freedom unconfii'd, Exult, and spread their powers abroad.

be performed and other siinilar cir. Not all the glittering things on big!

cumstances.
Can make my Heaven, if thou remove;

If music, as a general term, were
I shall be tired, and long to die;
Life is a pain without thy love;

either a moral or an instituted duty, Who could ever bear to be

instrumental music being included in Curs'd with immortality, Among the stars, but far from thee." it, might be lawfully used. But, under

Walts's Lyric Poems. the gospel dispensation, singing alone (To be concluded in our nexl.) | being instituted, instrumental music is

| unlawful. The only case in which dis

cretion appears admissible is, in the ON INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC IN CHRISTIAN CHURCHES.

selecting a mode of performing a duty,

which must be performed in some way, The following article has been transmitted but where the particular way is not

us from llminster for insertion. Our core appointed. From the introduction of respondent intiinates, that it has already I discretion in other cases, arises all the appeared in suine periodical journal a

| will worship of the Romish Church. few years ago. But, having promised

If the lawfulness of instrumental music something on the subject, in a late number of our Magazine, and approving the

in religious worship, were to be granted, remarks contained in it, we now present

we could no longer consistently c011it to our readers.

. Edit. demn the furrago of Popish ceremonies,

Instrumental music was not admitted RELIGIOUS worship falls under three even into that church, till after the heads, Moral, Instituted, and Discre- year 1250. Thomas Aquinas, who was tionary.

born 1225, and died 1274, and whose 1. Moral. Prayer is a moral duty, writings are held in the greatest es, and the singing of praise appears to timation by the Romish Church, writes be so, Col. ii. 16. Psa. civ. 33. There thus :-“In the old law, God was praised may be appendages to inoral duties, both with musical instruments, and hu, which are not morally obligatory. Tlius man voices; but, the Christian church under the Old Testament dispensation, does not use instruments to praise him, incense was an appendage to prayer, lest she should seem to Judaize.” “So and instrumental music to singing; that it'scens,” says Dr. Jennings, but, neither the one nor the other was (Jewish Antiq. Book I. ch. 5.) “instru. of a moral nature. No one says that itinental music hath been introduced is sinsul not to use instrumental music into Christian worship within about in divine worship.

the last 500 years, in the darkest and 2. Instituted. Instrumental music was most corrupt times of popery. It is instituted under the Old Testament dis- retained in the Lutheran church, conpensation. In the time of Muses were trary to the opinion of Luther; who, as Eckard confesses, reckoned the organ been recently sanctioned by the presence among the ensigns of Baal. Organs of several Dissenting Ministers of this city, are still used in some of the Dutch your remarks on this subject would prove churches; but against the minds of highly interesting to many of your readers, their pastors; for, in the National |

nail and to none would they afford more plea

sure, than to Synod, at Middleburgh, 1581, and in

Yours, very respectfully, that of Holland and Zealand, 1594, it Bristol,

UMBRA. was resolved, that they would en- ! Nou. 14, 1821. deavour to obtain of the magistrates, the laying aside of organs, and the Alihokugh the Editor of this Journal is singing with them in churches.' The too insignificant an individual to render his Church of England, also, in her ho

hal opinions of much consequence to any body milies. strongly remonstrates against of remaining silent, when thus publicly

O: I but himself; he cannot see the propriety the use of organs and other instrile called upon to state them, by a respectable ments of music in churches. In the correspo

correspondent, whose hand-writing he rehomily on the place and time of prayer, cognized, though the writer chuses to re. after mention of piping, singing, chant- main in the shade. He cannot, then, bet ing, and playing on organs, which was epter his protest upon record, against thas in use before the Reformation, we are species of entertaininent, to which his eor. exhorted. greatly to rejoice, and give respondent's letter more especially refers. thanks to God, that our churches are

1 of music, both vocal and instrumental, he

has all his life-time been passionately fond ; delivered out of those things that dis

5,-and, even now, in ejus senectute, few persons pleased God so sore, and that so filthily derive greater gratification from it. Yet, defiled the holy house and place of he has all his days had so deep an inprayer. I only add, that the voice of pression on his mind, of the unlawfuluess of harpers, and musicians, and of pipers, these Oratorios, and Festivals of Music, that and trumpeters, is mentioned among he never has been able to prevait upon himthe glories of the mystical Babylon, self to attend one of thein. To him there that mother of harlots, and abomina appears something shockingly profane, in tions of the earth, whom God will

converting the language of prophecy, resdestroy with the sword of his mouth,

pecting the Messiah's sufferings, into a

source of entertainment; and, he recollects, and with the brightness of his com

having had his convictions much deepened

when thirty years younger than he now is, · Hit should be objected, that we read by reading some remarks on the subject, in the Revelation of " harpers harping from the pen of Johạ Newton, Rector of with their harps," we answer, it is true; St. Mary Woolnoth, in one of his Sermons, but, we also read in that book, of the contained in the two volumes, entitled THE golden altar—of the offering of incense,

MESSIAU, though not having the work at as an appendage to prayer-and of other

hand, be is unable to quote them. He

animadverts, with becoming indignation, on imagery borrowed from the Jewish dis

the impiety of setting to music God's message pensation. But no Protestant will from

of pardon and reconciliatimu to guilty rebels, hence argue, that incense ought to

and converting it into a source of entertainbe lised in divine worship by Chris ment-just as the awful sufferings of the tians.

Saviour * were made the song of the drunk.

ards," Psa. Ixix. 12. It may well excite * Mr. Editor!

one's astonishment to hear that any of the

Dissenting Ministers in Bristol can give their Being firmly persuaded that you are

sanction to such things.

Editor, at all times desirous of encouraging such enquiries, as have for their object the attainment of truth; I take the liberty of

QUERY. requesting your opinion as to the atten. VERATUS asks—" Does the word of God dance of professors of Christianity at public prohibit a person from uniting in marriage concerts." Many of your readers consider with the Sister of his deceased wife, where the use of passages of Scripture on those there is no issue?" . occasions as a profanation of the iospired We answer-NO; the word of God opwritings, and experience no small degrec poses no obstacle to it, but the laros of of disgust at the utterance of language ex- England do. If this correspondent wishes pressive of the holy confidence of David, to see the point legally discussed, he may the words of Christ during his sufferings, &c. consult a book written by a Barrister of the by those who are avowedly and systema- name of Alleine, on the Degrees of Marriage tically engaged in the service of dissipa- / -or, The Miscellaneous Works of the late tion. These performances, however, having Mr. Robinson, of Cambridge, Vol. IV.

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15

Theological Review.

Memoirs of the Life, Writings, and Reli- | killing their time; when the cphemeral

gious Connexions of John Owen, D.D. productions of this knight of romance Vice Chancellor of Oxford, and Dean of shall lie as lumber on the shelf, or sell Christ Church, during the Common- at the small and easy charge of sixpence wealth. By WILLIAM ORME, 8vo. a volume; the Memoirs of Dr. John London, 1820, Hamilton, pp. 532, Owen will remain a standard work, and pr. 10s. Od, boards.

occupy a place in the library of every

friend to religion and religious liberty; « Tue seventeenth century," observes while the name of the author will be Mr. Orme, “ was the age of illustrious rensembered with gratitude, as having events, and illustrious men in Britain.” | rendered no mean service to the church Others besides Mr. Orme have, within of God; for, we are decidedly of Dr. the last few years, had their attention Cotton Mather's opinion, that "the directed to this circumstance, and have church of God was wronged in that the obtained a most unprecedented share of life of Owen was not written." public attention to the historical in- John Owen, the subject of these Meformation which they have drawn from moirs, was born at Stadham, in Oxfordthe transactions of that eventful period. shire, in the year 1616, and was the We sincerely rejoiee in the opportunity second son of Henry Owen, a strict afforded us, by the appearance of the Puritan, and one of those who “envolume before us, of drawing a con- deavoured to reconcile the rights of contrast between the different productions. science with submission to the powers that Without pretending to the knowledge then were, and who prayed and hoped for of the secret motives, which prompt | better days" than they experienced under men to commence authors; particularly the severe measures of the infatuated that class of men who attempt to in- and unfortunate Charles, Mr, Omne struct through the medium of novels; traces the genealogy of the family as we inay be allowed to rest our opinion far back as to the great grandfather of as to the degree of their purity and dis- the Doctor, who appears to have been interestedness on the spirit which per- Lewis Owen, Esq. of Kwyn, near vades their writings, and the real ad- Dollegelle, a gentleman whose income vantage they are likely to produce to was about £300. per annum, and lineally mankind. The reader is, no doubt, descended from the Prince of Glaaware, that we have chiefly in vicw, the morgan, who was Vice Chancellor, and popular novelist of the North; the man Baron of the Exchequer, in the reign who, by his wonderful talent for des- of Henry VIII. The intellect of Owen cription, can transform a cold-blooded | appears to have manifested itself at an murderer into a disinterested patriot; as early period. The foundation of his tinje-serving priest into a man of piety classical learning was laid, by Edward and prudence; a conscientious sufferer Sylvester, master of a private academy into a sullen bigot; and, that he may at Oxford; a man of respectability, and the more effectually secure the laugh of a good classic; and, who seems to have the unthinking rabble, can render an been resorted to by the students of the idiot eloquent, making hiin direct his University, for the purpose of supplying profane raillery against a host of men, what their indolence or want of ability of whom the world was not worthy.' prevented them from accomplishing

But, when the vacant minded multi-themselves. At what age Owen entude shall be lavishing their empty tered this academy, we are not inpraises on him who may next offer them formed; but, his progress while there, a new and greatly improved method of must have been great; for, at the early

age of twelve, we find him admitted a Chancellor of Oxford, Owen refused to Student of Queen's College, Oxford. submit to his tyranny; left the UniWhile at College, he appears to have versity, and by the course which he been indefatigable in his application to subsequently took, so enraged his study; and, to prevent the baneful ef- Uncle, that he turned him out of fects of a sedentary life, which, in spite favour; settled his estate on another; of all his efforts, greatly endangered his and died without leaving him any thing. health, he had recourse to an extreme It is no disparagement of Owen's remethod of recreation; "he was fond of ligious convictions to suppose, that his violent and robust exertion such as leap. acute mind foresaw all this and much ing, throwing the bur, ringing bells," 8c. more of what he was about to suffer, Music also formed a part of his re- and that he felt keenly from the pros. creation ; a proof, as Mr. Orme justly pect; on the contrary, with such a remarks, that the men of that age were prospect in view, what more satisfactory neither so destitute of taste, nor so proof could he have given of the sinmorose and unsocial as they have been cerity of his faith, and his readiness often represented.

to obey the dictates of conscience. The But, the ardour with which he pur- reader will find some highly important sued his various studies at the Uni- remarks at pages 19-21. which we versity, will best appear from the marks must not pass without particular notice, of honour by which his progress was although we cannot transcribe them. distinguished. At that time,“ literary With these remarks, which chiefly redegrees were spurs to application, and the late to the causes that led to the exrewards of merit :" they were not then, pulsion of such men as Locke from the as they often are in the present day, | University of Oxford, and to the withbestowed on men incapable of speaking drawment of others, such as Owen, their native tongue with accuracy. In Mr. O. connects Dr. Owen's own statefour years he was admitted to the ment of the matter, and in reference to degree of B.A.; and, in three more, it, shrewdly adds- Let those who desto that of M.A.; he was then only pise the man, unswer his reasons, and then nineteen years of age. Hitherto, the boast of their superiority.. mind of Owen seems to have been After Owen withdrew from the Unilittle, if at all, influenced by religious versity, we find him residing with, and principles. " His whole ambition was to acting as Chaplain to, Sir Robert Dorraise himself to some eminent station in mer, of Ascot, in Oxfordshire, and as Church or State, to either of which he was tutor to his eldest son. When he left then indifferent.But, before he left him, he became Chaplain to Lord the University, a great change, in this Lovelace, of Hurby, in Berkshire. In respect, took place. There can be little this situation he continued, till the doubt, but that this change produced a civil war broke out, when, Lord-Lovedeep impression on his mind; but, it lace espousing the cause of the King, is not quite clear, that it was the sole and Owen that of the Parliament, à cause of the deep melancholy into separation founded on a disunion of which he fell, and which, for about a views and interests, naturally took quarter of a year, led him almost en place. The causes that led to the tirely to shun society, and to lay aside civil war, or, as it is sometimes called, the use of speech. Ilis religious con- / the rebellion, which issued in the exevictions, Mr. o. admits, chiefly led to cution of Charles I. are often, even tu his leaving the University. This was this day, attributed to the Puritans. the complete frustration of all his , This charge Mr. Orme ably refutes, earthly prospects; the visions which as unjust and absurd; and, by rehis ambitious fancy had painted, were ferences to the most satisfactory evi. now dispelled; and, the rational ex-dence, shews, that the whole proceeded pectations which he formed of be- from the arbitrary and oppressive meacoming heir to his Uncle's estate, were sures of the King, which were prompted for ever blasted. He had been partly, by the high church party, who had the if not chiefly, supported by the be-management of the King, and who nificence of his Uncle in Wales, during goaded hiin on to the last. This period his residence at College; but, when gave a turn entirely new to the whole of Laud was raised to the primacy of Owen's affairs. He went to London, England, and filled the high seat of probably, with the view of seeking, in

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