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PRINT ED AT THE HARVARD UNIVERSITI PRESS CONTENTS FOR VOLUME XXVIII

664

deuten,

WRITERS

PAGI
ANDERSON, B. M., Jr. “Unearned Increments," Land Taxes and

the Building Trade. Note .....

BOWLEY, A. L. The British Super-Tax and the Distribution of

Income . . . . . . . . . . : :. . . . . . . :

BROOKS, A. H. The Development of Alaska by Government

Railroads. Note ...
CLARK, J. M. Some Economic Aspects of the New Long and

Short Haul Clause :::..

- A Contribution to the Theory of Competitive Price ::

COOKE, T. Four Years More of Deposit Guaranty ...,

CURTIS, J. F. The Administrative Provisions of the Revenue Act

of 1913 ...:.:. :.:.

DAGGETT, S. Elsas' Ausnahmetarife. Review ........ 558

Later Developments in the Union Pacific Merger Case ... 772

DIETZ, F.C. Industry in Pisa in the Early Fourteenth Century i 338

DURAND, E. D. The Trust Problem:

I. The Necessity of Prohibition or Regulation :.... 381

II. The Possibility of Preventing Combination ... 402

III. Ultimate Results of Permitting and Regulating Com-

binations .....:::· · · · · · ·

IV. The Alleged Advantages of Combination

677

GANNETT, L. S. Bernhard's Unerwünschte Folgen der deutschen

Sozialpolitik and its Critics. Review

GEPHART, W.F. Fire Insurance Rates and State Regulation :. 447

GRAY, L. C. Rent under the Assumption of Exhaustibility ...

HANEY, L. H. The Social Point of View in Economics. I, II -115, 292

HEILMAN, R. E. The Development by Commissions of the Prin-

ciples of Public Utility Valuation ............

269

HILL, J. A. The Income Tax of 1913. ..

HOLCOMBE, A. N. Public Ownership of Telegraphs and Tele

phones. Note ... ,

JOHNSON, A. S. Davenport's Economics and the Present Prob-

lems of Theory.

KEMMERER, E. W. Keynes' Indian Currency and Finance.

Review..

PERSONS, W. M. Books on Business Cycles: Mitchell, Aftalion,

Bilgram. Review : : :
POPE, J. E. Agricultural Credit in the United States ::::
POWELL, F. W. Industrial Bounties and Rewards by American

- Mediation and Arbitration of Railroad Wage Controversies:
RIPLEY, W. Z. Railroad Over-Capitalization :::::::: 601
SECRIST, H. Home Rule in Taxation ....

490
SPRAGUE, 0. M. W. The Federal Reserve Act of 1913 .

213
TAUSSIG, F. W. Abraham Lincoln on the Tariff: A Myth. Note 814
- The Tariff Act of 1913. ..

. . . . . . . . .

THOMPSON, C. B. The Literature of Scientific Management ..

TOSDAL, H. R. The Kartell Movement in the German Potash

Industry .. .,

- The German Potash Law of 1910. Note ........ 379
YOUNG, A. A. Depreciation and Rate Control ......... 630

466

:.........

360

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SUBJECTS
Abraham Lincoln on the Tariff: A Myth. Note. By F. W.
Taussig:

814
Agricultural Credit in the United States. By J. E. Pope'::. 701
Bernhard's Unerwünschte Folgen der deutschen Sozialpolitik and
its Critics. Revier. By L. S. Gannett ...

561

British Super-Tax and the Distribution of Income. By A. L.

255

Business Cycles, Books on. 'By W. M, Persons. Rewiew : :
Competitive Price, A Contribution to the Theory of. By J. M.

Clark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Davenport's Economics and the Present Problems of Theory. By
A. S. Johnson

417
Deposit Guaranty, Four Years More of. By T. Cooke...
Development of Alaska by Government Railroads. Note. By
A. H. Brooks ...

586

Development by Commissions of the Principles of Public Utility

Valuation. By R. E. Heilman ........ · · · · ·

269

Depreciation and Rate Control. By A. A. Young ...... 630

Elsas' Ausnahmetarife. Review By S. Daggett ...... 558

Federal Reserve Act of 1913. By O. M. W. Sprague.....

Fire Insurance Rates and State Regulation. By W. F. Gephart 447

German Potash Industry, Kartell Movement in. By H. R. Tos-

dal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

140

German Potash Law of 1910. Note. By H. R. Tosdal .... 579

Home Rule in Taxation. By H. Secrist ........... 490

Income Tax of 1913. By J. A. Hill . .

46

Industrial Bounties and Rewards by American States. By F. W.

Powell ._:

Industry in Pisa in the Early Fourteenth Century. By F. c. 19

Dietz ..

Keynes' Indian Currency and Finance. Review. By E. w.

Kemmerer . ...

Long and Short Haul Clause, Some Economic Aspects of the New.

By J. M. Clark ..... .
Mediation and Arbitration of Railroad Wage Controversies: A

Year's Development. By F. W. Powell. ...
Public Ownership of Telegraphs and Telephones. Note. By A. N.
Railroad Over-Capitalization. By W. 2. Ripley :: ::
Rent under the Assumption of Exhaustibility. By L. C. Gray ..
Revenue Act of 1913, Administrative Provisions of. By J. F.

Curtis . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Scientific Management, Literature of. By C. B. Thompson...

Social Point of View in Economics. I, II. By L. H. Haney. 115

Tariff Act of 1913. By F. W. Taussig. .............

Trust Problem, The. By E. D. Durand:

I. The Necessity of Prohibition or Regulation ...

II. The Possibility of Preventing Combination ..

III. Ultimate Results of Permitting and Regulating Co

binations ...· · · · ·

664

.......

IV. The Alleged Advantages of Combination .... 677

Union Pacific Merger Case, Later Developments in. By S. Daggett 772

Unearned Increments," Land Taxes and the Building Trade. Note.

By B. M. Anderson, Jr. . . . . . · · · · · · · · · · 811

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402

THE

QUARTERLY JOURNAL

OF

ECONOMICS

NOV EMBER, 1913

THE TARIFF ACT OF 1913

SUMMARY

The principle of a “competitive tariff,” 1. — “Legitimate" industries, 3. — The Tariff Board and the methods of revision, 5. — Sugar duty lowered at once, to be abolished after three years, 8. — Wool free, 11; lower ad valorem rate on woolens, 13. — The probable consequences, 15. — Moderate rates on cottons, 17. — Comparatively high rates retained on silks, 20. — Other changes: pottery (23), iron and steel (24), free list extended (25). — Administrative sections strengthened, to prevent evasion of ad valorem rates, 26. — Many reductions will be only of nominal effect, 28. – What the future may bring, 29.

THE Tariff Act of 1913 is described both by friends and enemies as a radical measure. It is said not only to lower duties, but to introduce new methods of assessing them and to rest upon principles essentially different. How far can it be said to make sweeping changes ?

The new principle of which most has been made by the advocates of the act is that of a “competitive tariff.” In 1909, the Republicans had professed to act on quite a different principle, – that of equalizing cost of production. These two have been set forth by both sides as starting from opposite poles in the

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