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exclusive of his own inclination, as any gentleman whatever.
It is pleasing to observe the care about religion which he manifests in the details of his plan. There was to be a well qualified chaplain, maintained at the public charge; prayers were to be offered up in the chapel every morning and evening; a weekly fast was to be observed; and the communion to be celebrated "once every fortnight, or month at least." On the Restoration, however, some changes in Evelyn's condition occurred, and we hear no more of his literary and scientific retreat.
His wife was to have been admitted into this learned abode ; for he was too good a man to permit such a design to interfere with his social duties. —Besides this, her tastes were accordant with his own. She "shared his pleasures and his heart;" she was the chosen companion of his studies; her talent for painting secured his praise and adorned his works; she bore her part in the cultivation of their celebrated garden; and doubtless, in the winter's evening, his book was
Not sullenly perused
Amidst these advantages she modestly and sensibly remarked ;—" Though I have lived under the roof of the learned, and in the neighbourhood of science, it has had no other effect on such a temper as mine but that of admiration; and that too only when it is reduced to practice."
Mr. Evelyn's fortune probably amounted to about six hundred pounds a-year; at least that was his expenditure in 1650, and we may infer from his general prudence and integrity that his income did not fall short of that sum. His house, if we may judge from a small sketch contained in his own plan of Deptford, was moderate in size, had three pointed gables in front, with the door in the centre, a large mullioned window on each side of it, three windows of like character on the floor above, and attics at the top. To this sketch of his tastes, habits, and pleasures, we may be excused for adding, a little out of due order, the description given by a noble visiter, and the gratulations of a poetic friend. "The Lord keeper Guildford was once invited," says his biographer, " to a philosophical meal, at the house of Mr. Evelyn at Deptford. The house was low, but elegantly set off with ornaments and quaint mottoes at most turns; but above all his garden was exquisite, being most bocaresque, and as it were an exemplar of his book of Forest Trees. They appeared all so thriving and clean, that in so much variety, no one could be satiated in viewing; and to these were added plenty of ingenious discourses, which made the time short." The lines of Cowley represent him as having great cause for thankfulness to the goodness of God.
"Happy art thou whom God does bless With the full choice of thine own happiness;
And happier yet because thou 'rt bless'd
With prudence how to choose the best.
Thy noble innocent delight j
Both pleasures, more refined and sweet;
The fairest garden in her looks,
And in her mind the wisest books.
For empty shows and senseless noise,
And all which rank ambition breeds, Which seem such beauteous flowers, and are such pois'nous weeds."
Mr. Evelyn's attachment to the monarchy was rather confirmed than diminished by the course which events took, between the violent death of king Charles the first, and the restoration of his son to the throne. Through sir Richard Browne, who still resided in Paris, he "gave intelligence constantly to his majesty abroad," and although his connexion must have been known, and his correspondence suspected, it does not appear that he met with any interruption from the government. After the death of Cromwell he looked with the greatest apprehension at the state of public affairs. He noted in his Diary, April 25, 1659. "The new protector Richard slighted; several pretenders and parties strive for the government; all anarchy and confusion. Lord have mercy on us I" In May, 29th, he wrote,—" The nation was now in extreme confusion and unsettled, between the armies and the sectaries, the poor Church of England breathing as it were her last, so sad a face of things had overspread us." Again in October, he observed,—" The army now turned out the parliament. We had now no government in the nation; all in confusion; no magistrate either owned or pretended but the soldiers, and they not agreed. God Almighty have mercy on, and settle usI"
In this state of miserable disorder, the best prospect of peace appeared in the hope of the restoration of the royal family; and to effect this, Evelyn's loyalty was called into active service. In November, he says, "was published my bold Apology for the King, in this time of danger, when it was capital either to speak or write for him. It was twice printed, so universally it took." Soon after he wrote, upon a sick-bed, another paper which was of great service to the king, entitled, The late News or Message from Brussels unmasked, being an answer to a pamphlet which spoke evil of the king.
Concerning the former of these publications Jeremy Taylor wrote to him from Ireland;—" Sir, the Apology you were pleased to send me I both read privately, and heard it read publicly with no little pleasure and satisfaction. The materials are worthy, the dress is clean, orderly, and beauteous; and I wish that all men in the nation were obliged to read it twice; it is impossible but it must do good to those guilty persons, to whom it is not impossible to repent."
Evelyn further promoted the cause which he had at heart, by private communications with several influential persons; he watched with joy the progress of affairs towards the accomplishment of his wishes; it was illness alone which prevented him from accompanying lord Berkeley with the parliamentary address which invited the king to return; and with unspeakable delight he hailed the entry of king Charles the second into London, and witnessed the tokens of universal gladness. "I stood in the Strand," he says, " and beheld it and blessed God."
"Sxxva" And Other Works.—Public Employments
Account Of The Great Fire Of London.
He that delights to plant and set,
Which (ev'n within the compass of my days)
In woods and groves, which were this kingdom's praise;
We seek the present gain in everything;
What damage to posterity we bring,—
That some of those whom they have cause to hate
Or else, why should they such things perpetrate?
Or can believe that they begot their heirs,
As to deface the land that should be theirs.
Nay, all men's labours, living heretofore,
To serve our present lusts, and for no more.
That, as vain spoil is open injury,
And ought to pay, to their posterity.
And only for the present taketh pain;
And joys in that which future time shall gain.
Withers's Emblems, Anno 1635.
After the restoration, Mr. Evelyn was occasionally
drawn out of his privacy, and his studious habits were
interrupted by public employments. Going to court to