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The cruel


A. D. 1506. in his cheek, in token that his whole body should
22 Henry
VII. afterwards be in the free and full possession of

the fire.

3. They who desire further information of the killing of

number and names of such as suffered about this
time, may repair to the Acts and Monuments of
Mr. Fox; only Thomas Chase of Amersham must
not be here omitted, being barbarously butchered by
bloody hands in the prison of Wooburneh. Who
to cover their cruelty, gave it out that he had
hanged himself, and in colour thereof, caused his
body to be buried by the highways' side, where a
stake knocked into the grave is the monument gene-
rally erected for felons de se. Fear not those, saith
our Saviour, who kill the body, and afterwards have
no more that they can do: but these men's malice
endeavoured to do more, having killed his body, to
murder his memory with slanderous reports, although
all in vain. For the prison itself did plead for the
innocence of the prisoner herein, being a place so
low and little, that he could not stand upright.
Besides, the woman that saw his dead body, (a most
competent witness in this case,) declared that he
was so loaden with manacles and irons, that he
could not well move either hand or foot.
leave the full discussing, and final deciding hereof to
Him who makes inquisition for blood, at that day
when such things as have been done in secret shall
be made manifest.

4. By this time we may boldly say, that all the
and king
Henry VII. arrears of money due to the pope, for pardons in the

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The pope

h [" In the bishop's prison called Little Ease," says Fox, I. p. 1011.]

year of Jubilee, five years since were fully collected, A.D. 1506.

22 Henry and safely returned to Rome by the officers of his

VII. holiness, the lagging money which was last sent share the thither came soon enough to be received there. We money for

pardons be. wish the sellers more honesty, and the buyers more twixt them. wisdom. Yet we envy Rome this payment the less, because it was the last in this kind she did generally receive out of England. Meantime king Henry the Seventh did enter common with the pope, having part allowed to connive at the resti. Thus whilst pope and prince shared the wool betwixt them, the people were finely fleeced. Indeed king Henry was so thrifty, I durst call him covetous, not to say sordid, had he been a private man, who knowing what ticklish terms he stood upon, loved a reserve of treasure, as being (besides his claims of conquest, match, and descent) at any time a good title ad corroborandum. (And we may the less wonder that this money was so speedily spent by his successor; a great part thereof being gotten by sin, was spent on

i [Parker's] Antiq. Brit. “ the lady Katharine, finding [p. 452. But lord Bacon, in “ the pope difficile in granting his History of the reign of “ thereof, doth use it as a prin. Hen. VII.' is of opinion that cipal argument concerning the king had no part in it. That “ the king's merit towards that writer speaks thus; “ It was “ see, that he had touched " thought the king shared in “ none of those deniers which " the money. But it appeareth “ had been levied by Pons " by a letter which cardinal (the pope's commissioner for

Adrian, the king's pensioner, “effecting the exchange of “ wrote to the king from Rome " money for indulgences, &c.]

some few years after, that “ in England.” p. 200. (Eng. " this was not so.

For this lish ed. 1629.) Archbishop “ cardinal being to persuade Parker's words, as referred to · P. Julius on the king's be- by Fuller are,

At ne " half to expedite the bull of • tantæ fraudi obstaret pro"dispensation for the marriage “ misit ei papa suæ prædæ " between prince Henry and "partem.”]

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VIIl. suc


A.D. 1508. sin.) Was it then charity or remorse, giving or 24 Henry VII. restoring, that hereupon king Henry the Seventh

founded the rich hospital of the Savoy in the Stranid, with the finishing whereof he ended his own life. And it is questionable whether his body lies in more magnificence in that stately and costly tomb and chapel of his own erecting, or whether his memory lives more lastingly in that learned and curious history, which the lord Bacon hath written of his

reign? Henry 5. Henry the Eighth, his son, succeeded himk, ceedeth his one of a beautiful person, and majestic presence,

insomuch that his picture in all places is known at the first sight. As for the character of his mind, all the virtues and vices of all his predecessors from the conquest may seem in him fully represented, both to their kind and degree, learning, wisdom, valour, magnificence, cruelty, avarice, fury, and lust; following his pleasures whilst he was young, and making them come to him when he was old. Many memorable alterations in church and state happened in his age, as, God willing, hereafter shall appear.

6. On the third day of June he was solemnly

married to the lady Katharine dowager, formerly relict of his wife to his brother prince Arthur, deceased. Two Arthur.

popes took the matter in hand to discuss and decide the lawfulness thereof, Alexander the Sixth, and Pius the Third ; but both died before the business was fully effected. At last comes pope Julius the

A.D. 1509. He marrieth the

k [April 22, 1509.]

ried. But archbishop Warham | Sanders de schismate An. had so possessed the king glicano, I. p. 2. [The first bull against it, that in June 27, for contracting this marriage 1505, the prince by his father's was obtained Dec. 26, 1503, command made a protestation upon which they were mar- against it, which he declared

Second, and by the omnipotency of his dispensation A. D. 1509. removed all impediments and obstructions against VIII. the laws of God or man hindering or opposing the said marriage. We leave them for the present wedded and bedded together, and twenty years hence shall hear more of this matter; only know that this marriage was founded in covetous considerations, merely to save money, that the kingdom might not be impoverished by restoring her dowry back again into Spain, though hereupon a greater mass of coin was transported out of the land, though not into Spain, into Italym. Thus such who consult with covetousness in matters of conscience, embracing sinister courses to save charges, will find such thrift to prove expensive at the casting up of their audit; however, divine Providence overruling all actions to his own glory, so ordered it, that the breaking off the pope's power, with the banishing of superstition out of England, is at this day the only surviving issue of this marriage.

7. The beginning of this king's reign was but Abjured barren (as the latter part thereof, some will say, wear fagover-fruitful) with eminent church passages. And gots. therefore we will spare when we may, and be brief in the first, that we may spend when we should, in the larger description of his latter years. Cruelty


he did of his own accord. In Chronicle, f. ii.) was much
April 22, 1509, Henry VII. “ murmured against in the be-
died, and a consultation being “ginning, and ever more and
then held, the king was pre- more searched out by learn-
vailed on that the match should ing and scripture.")
proceed, and accordingly on m[Which was 200,000 du-
June the 3rd he was married cats, being the greatest portion
again publicly. (See Burnet's that had been given for many
Reformation, I. p. 71.) “ This years with any princess. See
“ marriage,” (says Hall in his Burnet's Ref. I. p. 68.]

A. D. 1509. still continued and increased on the poor Lollards VIII. (as they call them) after abjuration, forced to wear

the fashion of a faggot wrought in thread, or painted on their left sleeves, all the days of their lives; it being death to put on their clothes without that cognizance. And indeed to poor people it was true, put it off, and be burned, keep it on, and be starved ; seeing none generally would set them on work that

carried that badge about them”. A. D. 1511.

8. On this account William Sweting and James Sweting and Brew. Brewster were re-imprisoned. In vain did Brewster ster burned.

plead that he was commanded to leave off his badge by the controller of the earl of Oxford's house, who was not to control the orders of the bishops herein P. And, as little did Sweting's plea prevail, that the parson of Mary Magdalene's in Colchester caused him to lay his faggot aside. These, like Isaac, first bare their faggots on their backs, which soon after bare them, they both being burned together in Smithfield. The papists report, that they proffered at their death again to abjure their opinions, the truth whereof one day shall appear. Meantime, if true, let the unpartial but judge which were most faulty, these poor men for want of constancy in tendering, or their judges, for want of charity in not

accepting their abjuration. A.D. 1514.

9. Richard Hunne, a wealthy citizen of London, Decemb. 7. Richard imprisoned in Lollard's tower for maintaining some Hunne murdered of Wickliffe's opinions, had his neck therein secretly in Lollard's tower.

n (For an account of the 9 [“ He was provoked to be proceedings against them, see “ the holy-water clerk, and in Burnet's Ref. I. p. 54.]

" that consideration had that o [John de Vere.]

“ infamous badge first taken p Fox, Acts, &c. II. p. 12. away from him.” Fox, ib.]

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