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NOTES AND QUERIES:

Medium of Enter-Communication

FOR

LITERARY MEN, ARTISTS, ANTIQUARIES,

GENEALOGISTS, ETC.

“ When found, make a note of." - CAPTAIN CUTTLE.

VOLUME FIRST.

NOVEMBER, 1849— MAY, 1850.

8ΣcoND ΣDITION.

: LONDON:
GEORGE BELL, 186. FLEET STREET

1850.

[SOLD BY ALL BOOKSELLERS AND NEWSMEN.]

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NOTES AND QUERIES:

A MEDIUM OF INTER-COMMUNICATION

FOR LITERARY MEN, ARTISTS, ANTIQUARIES, GENEALOGISTS, ETC.

" When found, make a note of.” — Captain CUTTLE.

No. 1.]

SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1849.

Price Threepence. (Stamped Edition,

d.

neglects it. There is some trouble in it, to be NOTES AND QUERIES.

sure; but in what good thing is there not? The nature and design of the present work and what trouble does it save! Nay, what have been so fully stated in the Prospectus, mischief! Half the lies that are current and are indeed so far explained by its very in the world owe their origin to a misplaced Title, that it is unnecessary to occupy any confidence in memory, rather than to intengreat portion of its first number with details | tional falsehood. We have never known more on the subject. We are under no temptation than one man who could deliberately and conto fill its columns with an account of what we scientiously say that his memory had never hope future numbers will be. Indeed, we deceived him; and he (when he saw that he would rather give a specimen than a de- had excited the surprise of his hearers, espescription; and only regret that, from the wide cially those who knew how many years he had range of subjects which it is intended to. spent in the management of important comembrace, and the correspondence and contri- | mercial affairs) used to add, because he had butions of various kinds which we are led to never trusted it; but had uniformly written expect, even this can only be done gradually. down what he was anxious to remember. A few words of introduction and explanation But, on the other hand, it cannot be denied may, however, be allowed ; and, indeed, ought that reading and writing men, of moderate to be prefixed, that we may be understood by industry, who act on this rule for any conthose readers who have not seen our Pro- siderable length of time, will accumulate a spectus.

good deal of matter in various forms, shapes, “ WHEN FOUND, MAKE A NOTE OF," is and sizes ----some more, some less legible and a most admirable rule ; and if the excellent intelligible — some unposted in old pocket Captain had never uttered another word, he books – some on whole or half sheets, or mere might have passed for a profound philosopher. scraps of paper, and backs of letters - some, It is a rule which should shine in gilt letters lost sight of and forgotten, stuffing out old on the gingerbread of youth, and the specta- portfolios, or getting smoky edges in bundles cle-case of age. Every man who reads with tied up with faded tape. There are, we are iny view beyond mere pastime, knows the quite sure, countless boxes and drawers, and value of it. Every one, more or less, acts pigeon-holes of such things, which want lookspon it. Every one regrets and suffers who ing over, and would well repay the trouble.

FOURTH EDITION.

Nay, we are sure that the proprietors would they must help to do it. Some cheap and find themselves much benefited even if we frequent means for the interchange of thought were to do nothing more than to induce them is certainly wanted by those who are engaged to look over their own collections. How in literature, art, and science, and we only much good might we have done (as well as hope to persuade the best men in all, that we got, for we do not pretend to speak quite dis- offer them the best medium of communication interestedly), if we had had the looking over with each other. and methodizing of the chaos in which Mr. By this time, we hope, our readers are preOldbuck found himself just at the moment, so pared to admit that our title (always one of agonizing to an author, when he knows that the most difficult points of a book to

the most difficult points of a book to settle), the patience of his victim is oozing away, and has not been imprudently or unwisely adopted. fears it will be quite gone before he can lay We wish to bring together the ideas and the his hand on the charm which is to fix him a wants, not merely of men engaged in the hopeless listener : — “ So saying, the Anti- same lines of action or inquiry, but also (and quary opened a drawer, and began rummaging very particularly) of those who are going dif. among a quantity of miscellaneous papers, ferent ways, and only meet at the crossings, ancient and modern. But it was the misfor- | where a helping hand is oftenest needed, and tune of this learned gentleman, as it may be they would be happy to give one if they knew that of many learned and unlearned, that he it was wanted. In this way we desire that frequently experienced on such occasions, our little book should take “ Notes,” and what Harlequin calls l'embarras des richesses be a medley of all that men are doing that - in other words, the abundance of his col- the Notes of the writer and the reader, whatlection often prevented him from finding the ever be the subject-matter of his studies, of article he sought for.” We need not add that the antiquary, and the artist, the man of this unsuccessful search for Professor Mac science, the historian, the herald, and the geCribb's epistle, and the scroll of the Anti- nealogist, in short, Notes relating to all subquary's answer, was the unfortunate turning jects but such as are, in popular discourse, point on which the very existence of the termed either political or polemical, should documents depended, and that from that day meet in our columns in such juxta-position, to this nobody has seen them, or known as to give fair play to any natural attraction where to look for them.

or repulsion between them, and so that if But we hope for more extensive and im- there are any books and eyes among them, portant benefits than these, from furnishing a they may catch each other. medium by which much valuable information Now, with all modesty, we submit, that for may become a sort of common property the title of such a work as we have in view, among those who can appreciate and use it. and have endeavoured to describe, no word We do not anticipate any holding back could be so proper as “ Notes.” Can any man, by those whose “ Notes” are most worth in his wildest dream of imagination, conceive having, or any want of “ QUERIES” from of any thing that may not be - nay, that has those best able to answer them. Whatever not been treated of in a note ? Thousands may be the case in other things, it is certain of things there are, no doubt, which cannot that those who are best informed are gene- be sublimed into poetry, or elevated into hisrally the most ready to communicate know. tory, or treated of with dignity, in a stilted ledge and to confess ignorance, to feel the text of any kind, and which are, as it is value of such a work as we are attempting, called, “ thrown” into notes; but, after all, and to understand that if it is to be well done they are much like children sent out of the

stiff drawing-room into the nursery, snubbed of that bright and living reality, which, in to be sure by the act, but joyful in the free- the account of Sedgemoor, and in many other dom of banishment. We were going to say parts of the book, are imparted by minute (but it might sound vainglorious), where do ?

particularity and precise local knowledge.

İt runs as follows: –
things read so well as in notes ? but we will
put the question in another form:-Where do

"On Cranbourne Chase the strength of the horses

failed. They were therefore turned loose. The you so well test an author's learning and bridles and saddles were concealed. Monmouth knowledge of his subject ? - where do you find and his friends disguised themselves as country. the pith of his most elaborate researches? men, and proceeded on foot towards the New

Forest. They passed the night in the open air : where do his most original suggestions escape?

but before morning they were surrounded on every -where do you meet with the details that fix side. ... At five in the morning of the seventii, your attention at the time and cling to your

Grey was seized by two of Lumley's scouts ... It

could hardly be doubted that the chief rebel was memory for ever?-where do both writer and

not far off. The pursuers redoubled their vigireader luxuriate so much at their ease, and lance and activity. The cottages scattered over at they are wisely discursive ? _ But the heathy country on the boundaries of Dorset

shire and Hampshire were strictly examined by if we pursue this idea, it will be scarcely

Luinley; and the clown with whom Monmouth possible to avoid something which might look had changed clothes was discovered. Portman like self-praise ; and we content ourselves for | came with a strong body of horse and foot to assist the present with expressing our humble con

| in the search. Attention was soon drawn to a

place well suited to shelter fugitives. It was an viction that we are doing a service to writers

extensive tract of land separated by an inclo. and readers, by calling forth materials which sure from the open country, and divided by nuthey have themselves thought worth notice,

merous helges into small fields. In some of these

fields the rye, the pease, and the oats were high but which, for want of elaboration, and the

enough to conceal à man. Others were overgrown “ little leisure” that has not yet come, are by fern and brambles. A poor woman reported lying, and may lie for ever, unnoticed by

that she had seen two strangers lurking in this

covert. The near prospect of reward animated others, and presenting them in an un

the zeal of the troops..... The outer fence was adorned multum-in-parvo form. To our strictly guarded : the space within was examined readers therefore who are seeking for Truth,

with indefatigable diligence : and several dogs of

quick scent were turned out among the bushes. we repeat “When found make a Note

The day closed before the search could be comof!) and we must add, “ till then make a pleted: but careful watch was kept all night, QUERY."

Thirty times the fugitives ventured to look through the outer hedge: but everywhere they found a sentinel on the alert : once they were seen and

fired at: they then separated and concealed theniPLACE OF CAPTURE OF THE DUKE OF

selves in different hiding places.

“At sunrise the next morning the search re

commenced, and Buyse was found. He owned 20th October, 1849. | that he hail parted from the Duke only a few hours

before. The corn and copsewood were now beaten Mr. Editor, -Mr. Macaulay's account of the

| with more care than ever. At length a gaunt Battle of Sedgemoor is rendered singularly figure was discovered hidden in a ditch. The ! picturesque and inderstandable by the per- pursuers sprang on their prey. Some of them

sonal observation and local tradition which were about to fire ; but Portman forbade all viohe has brought to bear upon it. Might not

lence. The prisoner's dress was that of a shephis account of the capture of Monmouth de

herd; his beard, prematurely grey, was of several

days' growth. He trembled greatly, and was unrive some few additional life-giving touches,

able to speak. Even those who had often seen from the same invaluable sources of inform

him were at first in doubt whether this were the |ation. It is extremely interesting, as every brilliant and graceful Monmouth. His pockets I thing adorned by Mr. Macaulay's luminous were searched by Portman, and in them were

style must necessarily be, but it lacks a little | found, among some raw pease gathered in the rage

MONMOUTH.

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