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ally of their oppressors, and view it with a like enmity and distrust. However purely adıninistered, it cannot be expected that the peasant should confide in its impartiality, or deem himself secure of justice. There ought, therefore, on this account, as well as for providing a really more efficient and just administration, to be no hesitation in superseding altogether, in Ireland, the Justices of the Peace, and substituting county and district Judges, such as the Sheriffs and Sheriff-substitutes of Scotland, with their accessory Procurators-fiscal or public prosecutors. In no part of the empire is justice, whether in matters civil or criminal, distributed more speedily, more cheaply, and more satisfactorily, to the mass of the population than it is in Scotland by these judges. Unbounded confidence is reposed in their impartiality. The poorest man knows, and is convinced that, against the richest and most powerful, he will obtain justice; while crime is followed up, detected, and punished, with a degree of certainty unknown in any other part of the three kingdoms. We doubt not that an experience of a very few years of the working of a similar system in Ireland would create a like confidence and security on the part of the population at large; and if this were once attained, a blow would be given to the practice of private vengeance as a means of redress, which would ultimately issue in its total suppression.

Along with this, the efficiency of such a system, in repressing crime, would provide that security to life and property which is essential to the employment of British capital in making the many sources of wealth and employment in Ireland available. The beginning of a new order of things would be made, and by the time the temporary interferences with property, and with the proprietor's free management of his estates, which have been recommended above, came to an end, channels of natural employment would have been opened up, habits of exertion and industry would have been formed, and such progress would have been made, in elevating the condition of the population, as to hold out a prospect of prosperity and peace to that long distracted and misused land.

Although in the preceding remarks we have not referred to the religion of the Irish population, we, of course, cannot but look on it as a main cause of their present degraded condition. The Legislature, however, can do little directly towards promoting a sound faith ; and the utmost we could look for at their hand would be to refrain from positively encouraging Popery, and to open up a free field for the enterprise of private Christians, or Christian Churches.

As to the encouragement of Popery, we know that the en

Endowment of Popery.

535

dowment of the Irish priesthood is a favourite part of the expediency policy of our leading statesmen of all sides, who look upon religion, and the ministers of religion, as fitting instruments of political rule, and are infatuated enough to suppose that, by paying the priests, they would purchase their services and their influence with the people, and that that influence would be worth the price. A few months ago, we should have thought it necessary to have entered somewhat at large on this subject, and to have warned our readers to be up and doing in resisting the proposition of Popish endowment. We incline now to hope that the proceedings at the elections in Yorkshire and Devonshire, have determined the Government to postpone, at least, their meditated attempt; and while, rejoicing at this, we refrain from any discussion of the question, we would still urge on the Protestants of the empire the duty of being prepared to take the field, if necessary, at a moment's warning. We must also earnestly point to the continued existence of the Church of Ireland, as creating the great, and we might indeed say, the only real danger of the endowment of the Romish priesthood being ultimately effected. That measure will never, we believe, be carried against the combined and determined opposition of all classes of Dissenters, unless through the acquiescence and support of the Church of England. The maintenance of the Irish Church, however, is such a gross and indefensible injustice, that nothing can permanently save it except the enlisting in a common support of endowments the great mass of the population of Ireland. Many friends of the Church of England, therefore, convinced of this, seek, with a lamentable sacrifice of the cause of truth to that of Establishments, to satisfy their brethren that the interests of the Church of England-sure to be shaken by the overthrow of that of Ireland-demand that they should submit to the endowment of Popery there, in order to maintain the Irish Church in existence, at least, if not in the uncurtailed possession of all her present endowments. As yet, this view does not generally prevail; but it will doubtless spread, and if it do, may urge upon us the attempt of effecting, on the earliest possible opportunity, the overthrow of the Irish Church. All danger of the endowment of Romanism would, in this way, be for ever averted ;-a great barrier to the spread of the truth of the Gospel among the native Irish would be removed ; and an opportunity would be afforded for ample provision being made for the support of hospitals, asylums, &c., for the blind, dumb, insane, and impotent poor, or for advancing the general prosperity of the kingdom by useful works of public advantage, when any temporary rate for such objects may have come to

an end.

We had contemplated noticing some other of the more important matters likely to come under the consideration of Parliament this session, but our space does not admit of our doing so. If, however, even those which we have adverted to be well disposed of, the country will not have, on this occasion, again to complain of a session barren of results for the benefit of the people.

INDEX

INDEX

TO THE

TENTH VOLUME OF THE NORTH BRITISH REVIEW.

A

-his pedigree, 460 – character of his

father, 462an evening at Mr. Camp-
Anderson, Dr., editor of the British Poets,

bell's, 463_school and college days, 454
patronized Thomas Campbell, 477.
Argyll, Duke of, his Essay on Ecclesiastical

-his politics, 466_ walk from Glasgow

to Edinburgh--Gerald's trial, 467-do-
History of Scotland reviewed, 424 ; see

mestic tutor at Mull, 469_translations
Ecclesiastical History.

from Æschylus and Aristophanes, 471–
Argyll, rebellion of the Earl of, 398_his

Elegy written in Mull, 472-traditions of
execution, 399.
Armament, reduction of, 515.

Mull, 473_the Western Islands—“ Pil-
Arnold, Dr., his views on the relation be-

grim of Glencoe,” 475_his connexion with
tween Church and State, 435, 457.

Dr. Anderson—the Dirge of Wallace, 477

-circumstances under which “ The Plea-
Ateliers Nationaux organized by M. Marie,

sures of Hope” was first published, 479—-
274 — difficulty in finding work, 275—

feud with Leyden, 479_Campbell, Gold-
schemes of M. Emile Thomas, 275_their

smith, and Darwin compared, 481—visit
dissolution, 289.
Austria, its embarrassments—inability to

to Klopstock — scenery near Ratisbon,
resist the demands for a central govern-

483—the “ Mariners of England”_the

« Exile of Erin,” 485_life of an Irish
ment, 255.

patriot in the Tower, 487—Campbell's
B

poverty, 487_marriage-early married
Barré, Colonel Isaac, his claims to be consi life, 488—Campbell's pension--day with

dered the author of Junius' Letters, 105. Fox, 491_“Gertrude”_Chateaubriand's
Baxter, Richard, trial of, by Jeffreys, 393. Atala,” 493—correspondence with the
Beattie, William, Ni.D., his “ Life and Let Mohawk chief, 495_“ O'Connor's Child,”
ters of Thomas Campbell” reviewed, 459.

495--London University-Lord Rector
Bishops, their resistance to the measures of

of Glasgow University, 497 — tranquil
James II. and victory, 416.

death, 499_Westminster Abbey, 500.
Boethius' work, De Consolatione Philoso- Castlereagh Papers, causes which have tend-
phiae, translated by Chaucer, 315—cha-

ed to obscure our notions of Lord Castle-
racter of the book, 316.

reagh's character, 216--materials for his
Brandt, John, Esq., the Mohawk chief, his biography, 217—his early life, 217— rapid

correspondence with Thomas Campbell, glance at the principal incidents in his
495.

public career, 218—his personal habits,
Britton, John, F.S.A., his work, “ Author 221_Lord Brougham's estimate of his

ship of the Letters of Junius Elucidated,” powers, 221- opinion of Mr. Wilberforce,
reviewed, 97.

222—testimonies of contemporaries, 223
Brougham, Lord, his opinion of Castlereagh,

his connexion with the Legislative Union
221.

between Great Britain and Ireland, 224
Burke's opinion of Junius, 103.

-early suggestion of the Union, 225_had

ever Ireland a Parliament ? 226_Irish
с

progress, 227 – the Scotch and Irish
Cabal Ministry, character of the members Unions, 229—memoir of State prisoners
of, 378.

-misprints, 231–United Irishmen, 231
Campbell, Thomas, Life and Letters of, 459 -organization of the Secret Society, 232

-the executive, 235_ Tone's reception at 39—sources of information, the autho
the Luxembourg, 237--Jean Bon St. An rized expositions of the Romish faith, 41-
dré at Tunis, 239.

Council of Trent_“Professio Fidei,” 4)—
Central Government of Germany, need of, “ Catechismus Romanus,” 42—the Office

257—weakness of, 258—benefits to be ex and the Occupant, 43—alleged Scriptural
pected—obstacles to be overcome, 259. authorities, 45--Antiochian and Roman
Chaplains in 1685, treatment of, in the Episcopacy of St. Peter, 47—date of his
house of a country squire, 391.

first Epistle, 49_testimony of the early
Charles I. and II., character of, by Mr. Fathers, 51–Onuphrius Panvinius, 53–
Macaulay, 376, 378.

the Gospel of St. Mark, written at Baby-
Chaucer, distant and misty reverence with lon, 55-date of St. Peter's first sojourn

which we are accustomed to regard this at Rome, 55–St. Paul's journeys to Rome,
first of our native poets, 293—marketable 57_memorials of the early Martyrs, 59
value of Chaucer-influence of his writ _St. Peter's Roman Episcopacy a pure
ings on our literature, 294.-features of fiction, 61_origin of the tradition, 61–
dissimilarity alone brought out by our shameful interpolation of the works of
historians, 295—much has been done in Cyprian, 63_origin of the Christian com-
later times to bridge the gulf which sepa munity at Rome, 65_conflicts of Bish-
rates us from our ancestors, 296—recent ops-decisions of the Bishop of Rome dis-
works on Chaucer—Mr. Cowden Clarke, regarded, 67.
297—Mr. Saunders' “ Pictures of English Church principles, dangerous tendency of,
Life,” 297–Memoir by Sir Harris Nico 427.
las, 298 - his Norman origin - Battel Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, character
Abbey Roll,299_his studies, 301 — was he

of, 394.
a soldier?_his marriage, 303_his foreign Churchill, Lady, history and character of,
missions, 305_his “ Custom-house reck 411.
enynges”_his pitcher of wine, 307—his Clarke, Mr. Cowden, review of his “ Tales
“ emptie purse,” 309—another pitcher of Chaucer," 297.
his death, 311 — his family –“ Lytel Claverhouse, cruelties of, 397.
Lowys,” 313—he was the expression of his Cobden, Mr., his scheme of Financial Re-
time, 314—his philosophical attainments form, 513.
--translator of Boethius, 316—the “ Tes- Coleridge, S. T., intimate friend of Charle
tament of Love,” 317--his position with Lanıb, 187, 213.
regard to the Reformers, 319—his sup- Common sense, theory of, 158, 169.
posed friendship with Wycliffe, 321_very Communism in France, 265_distinct from
few grammatical changes in the English Saint-Simonianism and Fourierism, 269.
language to be attributed to the Norman Confession of Faith, doctrine of, on the go-
Conquest, 322—Chaucer's language, 323 vernment of the Church, 440.
-his rank among our poets, 325—essen- Considérant, Victor, leader of the Fourier-
tially the poet of man, 326_his love for ists in France, dedicated his Destinée So-
external nature, 327—resembles Goethe ciale to Louis-Philippe, 265.
more than any of the poets of our own Critical and artistic eras never coincident,
country, 327.

86.
Church and State, Noel's essay on the
Union of, 350_the question gradually

D
narrowing itself within very small com-
pass, 350—combatants on both sides ap- Despatch of public business in Parliament,
proximating each other, 350—peculiar schemes for promoting, 506.
perils attending the Union, 351_religion Dieterici, Dr., his statistical notices valuable
a fair subject for legislation, but not the as contributions to the history of the Zoll-
Church, 352-circumstances under which verein, 243.
this Essay issues from the press, 353— Dorset, Earl of, character and history of,
estimable character of the author, 353— 414.
what the Union condemned by Mr. Noel Dryden the poet becomes Papist, 409.
is, 355—the duty and character of the
State confounded, 357—Mr. Noel's lean-

E
ings to the congregational system of Ecclesiastical History of Scotland, Essay on,
Church polity, 359—meaning and applica by the Duke of Argyll, 424-qualifica-
tion of the term “ Church,” 359-probable tions of the author, 425-original design
effect of Mr. Noel's example on the minds -Spottiswoode Society, 425_merits of
of his furmer brethren, 360_effects of his “ Letter to the Peers," 426_evils
the Union, 361_influence upon Bishops which result from admitting the sacerdo-
-the pious Anglican pastor, 363—the ac tal theory of the nature and authority of
tual state of the English Establishment, of “ The Church,” 427–present charac-

364_Mr. Noel's concluding address, 364. ter and past history of Scottish Prelacy,
Church of Rome, Historical Foundation of, 430-_ the Duke's leading positions, 435-

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