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Carna, the goddess of the hinge, demands
The first of June; upon her power depends
To open what is shut, what's shut unbar;
And whence this power she has, my muse declare ;
For length of time has made the thing obscure,
Fame only tells us that she has that power.
Helernus' grove near to the Tiber lies,
Where still the priests repair to sacrifice;
From hence a nymph, whose name was Granè, sprung,
Whom many, unsuccessful, courted long;
To range the spacious fields, and kill the deer,
With darts and mangling spears, was all her care;
She had no quiver, yet so bright she seemed,
She was by many Phæbus' sister deemed.

Ovid. The poet then relates that Janns made this Granè (or Carna) goddess of the hinge

And then a white thorn stick he to her gave,
By which she ever after power should have,
To drive by night all om'nous birds away,
That scream, and o'er our houses hov'ring stray.

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. Cambridge, to be distributed by the

Minister and Church-wardens of the Mean Temperature...57.05.

several parishes in the said town; and

the full costs of the prosecution ; and June 2.

upon my reading this acknowledgment A ROGUE IN GRAIN, June 2, 1759.

of my offence publicly, and with a loud

voice, in the presence of a Magistrate, To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. Constable, or other peace officer of the

Newark, Notts, May 17, 1826. said town of Ely, at the Market-place Sir,_It appears to me that there have there, between the hours of twelve and been in “old times,” which we suppose one o'clock, on a public market-day, and “good times," rogues in grain. To prove likewise subscribing and publishing the it, I herewith transmit the copy of an same in three of the Evening Papers, advertisement, from the “ Cambridge printed at London, and in the Cambridge Journal ” of 1759. Wishing you an in- Journal, on four different days; and I creasing sale. to your interesting Every- have accordingly paid the two sums of Day Book, I remain, &c.

£50, and Costs; and do hereby confess BENJAMIN Jounson. myself to have been guilty of the said

offence, and testify my sincere and hearty ADVERTISEMENT.

sorrow in having committed a crime, WHEREAS I WILLIAM. MARGARETS which, in its consequences, tended so

the younger, was, at the last Assizes much to increase the distress of the poor, for the County of Cambridge, convicted in the late calamitous scarcity: And I do upon an indictment, for an attempt to raise hereby most humbly acknowledge the the price of Corn in Ely-market, upon the lenity of the prosecutor, and beg sardon 24th day of September, 1757, by offering of the public in general, and of the town the sum of Six Shillings a Bushel for of Ely in particular. This paper was Wheat, for which no more than Five read by me at the public Market-place at Shillings and Nivepence was demanded; Ely, in the presence of. Thomas Aungier, And whereas, on the earnest solicitation Gentleman, chief constable, on the 2d Day and request of myself and friends, the of June, 1759, being a public Marketprosecutor has been prevailed upon to day there; and is now, as a further proof forbear any further prosecution against of the just sense I have of the heinousme, on my submitting to make the follow- ness of my crime, subscribed and pubing satisfaction, viz. upon my paying the lished by me sum of £50 to the poor inhabitants of the

WILLIAM MARGARETS. town of Ely; and the further sum of £50 Witness, JAMES DAY, to the poor inhabitants of the town of Under Sheriff of Cambridgeshire.

LONGEVITY.

author of a celebrated work, published in On the 2d of June, 1734, John Rousey, 1729, on the topography and natural hisof the isle of Distrey, in Scotland, died tory of that country. Paul conducted a at one hundred and thirty-eight years of new edition of his father's book, and pubage. The son who inherited his estate, lished a journal of his own residence in was born to him while in his hundredth Greenland, from 1721 to 1788. He died A similar instance of fatherhood,

at the age of eighty-one." year.* at this advanced period of life, is recorded of the “old, old, very old man, Thomas

Curious INSCRIPTION, Parr."

Discovered by a Traveller.

Captain Bart, grandson of the renownNATURALISTS' CALENDAR. ed Jean Bart, during his stay at Malta, Mean Temperature ...57.85. where he had put in from a cruise in the

Mediterranean, met with a Carmelite,

who had been into Persia as a missionary. June 3.

This person told him he had availed him

self of an opportunity which offered to CHRONOLOGY.

gratify his curiosity, by visiting the ruins

of the ancient and celebrated Persepolis. On this day, in the year 1789, died Chance discovered to him a marble, on Paul Egede, a Danish missionary, who, which were inscribed some Arabic cha. with his father Hans, visited Greenland, racters. As he was acquainted with this for the conversion of the natives to language, he translated the inscription into christianity, in 1721. Hans was the Latin. The following is the translation :

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The key is to be obtained thus; the first 2. Non facias quodcumque potes, nam word of the last line must be taken and qui facit, quodcumque potest sæpe facit joined to the first word of the first line; quod non credit. then the second word of the last line to Do not do whatever thou canst, for he the second word of the first line, and so on who does whatever he can, often does to the end. Afterwards, we must begin more than he imagines. again by taking the first word of the next 3. Non credas quodcumque audis, nam line, and the following moral precepts qui credit quodcumque audit sæpe quod will be the result :

non fieri potest. 1. Non dicas quodcumque scis, nam Do not believe whatever thou hearest, qui dicit quodcumque scit sæpe audit for he who believes whatever he hears, quod non expedit.

will often believe what is impossible. Do not tell whatever thou knowest, for 4. Non expendas quodcumque habes, he who tells whatever he knows, often nam qui expendit quodcumque habet hears more than is agreeable.

sæpe petit quod non habet.

* Gentleman's Magazine.

*General Biographical Dictionary.

Do not spend whatever thou hast, for To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. he who spends whatever he has, will often

Kennington, May 23, 1826. be compelled to ask for what he has Sir,-Annexed is an original unprinted not.

letter, from the lady Arabella Seymour, 5. Non judices quodcumque vides, nam whose misfortunes were of a peculiar qui judicat quodcumque videt sæpe judi- kind, and from peculiar causes ; those cat quod non est.

causes are to be traced to that tyrannic Do not judge on whatever thou seest, dread that weak sovereigns always have for he wno judges on whatever he sees, of any persons approaching their equals, will often form an erroneous judgment.* either in mind, or by family ties. The fol

lowing notices have been gleaned from the most authentic sources, viz. Lodge's

“ Illustrations of British History,” “The June 3, 1611. “The Lady Arabella" Biographia Britannica,” &c. The letter

is in the Cotton collection of Manuscripts, escaped from her confinement.

in the British Museum, Vespasian. F.lll.

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Though you be almost a stranger to me but onely by sight, yet the good opinion I generally heave to be held of your worth, together we the great interest you have in my Lo. of Northamptons favour, makes me thus farre presume of your willingnesse to do a poore afflicted gentlewoman that good office (if in no other respect yet because I am a Christian) as to further me we your best indeuors to his Lo. that it will please him to helpe me out of this great distresse and misery, and regaine me his Maks. fauor which is my chiefest desire. Whearin his Lo. may do a deede acceptable to God and honorable to himselfe, and I shall be infinitely bound to his Lo. and beholden to you, who now till I receiue some comfort from his Ma'y. rest

the most sorrowfull

creatore liuing

Arbella Seymane

Arabella Stuart, whose name is hardly dreaded her having legitimate issue, and mentioned in history, except with regard restrained her from allying herself in a to sir Walter Raleigh's ridiculous con- suitable manner. Elizabeth prerented spiracy, whereby she was to have been her from marrying Esme Stuart, her kinsplaced on a throne, to which she had man, and heir to the titles and estates of neither inclination nor pretensions, and by her family, and afterwards imprisoned means unknown to herself, was the only her for listening to some overtures from child of Charles Stuart, fifth earl of Len- the son of the earl of Northumberland. nox, (uncle to king James I., and great James, by obliging her to reject many grandson of king Henry VII.,) by Eliza- splendid offers of marriage, unwarily enbetb, daughter of sir William Cavendish couraged the hopes of inferior pretendof Hardwick. She was born about the ers, among whom, says Mr. Lodge, was year 1578, and brought up in privacy, the fantastical William Fowler, secretary under the care of her grandmother, the to Anne of Denmark. Thus circumold countess of Lennox, who, for many scribed, she renewed a connection with years, resided in England. Her double William Seymour, grandson to the earl of relation to royalty was obnoxious to the Hertford, which, being discovered in 1609, jealousy of queen Elizabeth, and the both parties were summoned to appear timidity of king James I., who equally before the privy council, where they received a severe reprimand. This mode her erudition rests on Evelyn's bare menof proceeding produced the very conse- tion of her name in his list of learned quence which the king meant to avoid ; women. for the lady, sensible that her reputation On the death of queen Elizabeth, the had been wounded by the inquiry, was in pope conceived the notion of restoring a manner forced into a marriage, which the papacy in England, by uniting the becoming publicly known, she was com- lady` Arabella to an Italian cardinal, of mitted to close custody, in the house of illegitimate descent from our Edward IV. sir Thomas Parry, chancellor of the His holiness presumed if he qualified the duchy of Lancaster, at Vauxhall, and her cardinal for marriage, by depriving him husband, Mr. Seymour, sent to the Tower. from the priesthood, the junction of Ara. In this state of separation, however, they bella's relationship to Henry VII., with concerted means for an escape, which the churchman's "natural" pretensions, both effected on the same day, June 3, might secure the crown! Her attach1611. Seymour got safely to Flanders; ment to the catholic religion is doubtful. but his poor wife was retaken in Calais Perhaps her disposition was rightly estiroads, and brought back to the former mated by father Parsons : he imagined prison of her husband, the Tower, where “her religion to be as tender, green, and the sense of these undeserved oppressions flexible, as is her age and sex; and to be operating severely on her high spirit, wrought hereafter, and settled according she became a lunatic, and languished in to future events and times." The pope's that wretched state, augmented by the plot failed! Winwood says, “ the lady horrors of a prison, till her death, which Arabella hath not been found inclinable occurred on the 27th of September, 1615. to popery." He wrote after the “future Thus ends the eventful 'story of poor events," contemplated by Parsons, had Arabella, a woman, (if we may credit wrought." her portrait, prefixed to Lodge's third Another project for making the lady volume of “Illustrations of British His- Arabella queen was after the enthronetory,") of commanding and elegant ap- ment of James. The conspirators repearance, and undoubtedly of a firm and quested her by letter to address herself to vigorous mind; and it is well observed by the king of Spain; she laughed at the ihat author, that “ had the life of Arabella letter and sent it to James, who, as reStuart been marked by the same criminal garded her, did not think of it more extravagancies, as well as distinguished seriously, and so failed a second plot, by similar misfortunes and persecutions, wherein the name of the illustrious Raher character would have stood at least as leigh was implicated. forward on the page of history as that In the year 1604, there appears to have of her royal aunt, Mary of Scotland.” been a third design to make ber queen, The above letter was, probably, written though not of this country. The earl of from the Tower, though, I am sorry to Pembroke writes to the earl of Shrews. say, there is neither direction nor super- bury-"A great ambassador is coming scription, and, therefore, to whom can be from the king of Poland, whose chief only matter of surmise.

* Communicated by Mr. Johnson, of Newark.

errand is to demand my lady Arabella in I am, Sir, &c.

marriage for his master. So may your a. princess

ess of the blood grow a great queen." If this was the object of the embassy,

nothing came of it. Tue Loves Of “The LADY ARABELLA."

Before the death of queen Elizabeth,

the marriage of the lady Arabella with From an article in the “Curiosities of her kinsman lord Esme Stuart, whom he Literature,” illustrations may be derived had created duke of Lennox, and designed to the article of our correspondent A. for his heir, was proposed by James himThe whole life of this lady seems to self, but Elizabeth “ forbad the bans" by consist of secret history, which, probably, imprisoning the proposed bride, who was we cannot now recover:--her name scarce. suspected to have favoured a son of the ly ever occurs without raising that sort of earl of Northumberland, against whom interest which accompanies mysterious Elizabeth again interposed. She had events.” She is reputed to have been other offers. “ To the lady Arabella, learned, and of a poetical genius; yet of crowns and husbands were like a fairy her poetry there are no specimens, and banquet seen at moonlight, opening on

her sight, impalpable and vanishing at the least, especially in that whereby I the moment of approach.”.

have long desired to merit of your maThe distresses of this unhappy creature jesty, as appeared before your majesty were heightened by her dependence on was my sovereign : and though your the crown She was the cousin of James, majesty's neglect of me, my good liking and it was his narrow po.icy to constrain to this gentleman that is my husband, her from a match suitable to her rank, or and my fortune, drew me to a contract perhaps to keep her single for life. Her before I acquainted your majesty, I humsupplies were unequal : at one time she bly beseech your majesty to consider how had a grant of the duty on oats ; at length impossible it was for me to imagine its he assigned her a pension of 1600l. : but could be offensive to your majesty, having whenever he suspected a natural desire in few days before given me your royal conher heart she was out of favour. No sent to bestow myself on any subject of woman was ever more solicited to the your majesty's (which likewise your maconjugal state, or seems to have been so jesty had done long since). Besides, little averse to it. “Every noble youth never having been either prohibited any, who sighed for distinction, ambitioned or spoken to for any, in this land, by your the notice of the lady Arabella.”

majesty these seven years that I have lived Her renewal of an early attachment to in your majesty's house, I could not conMr. William Seymour, second son of lord ceive that your majesty regarded my marBeauchamp, and grandson of the earl of riage at all; whereas if your majesty had Hertford, forms a story which “for its vouchsafed to tell me your mind, and misery, its pathos, and its terror, even accept the free-will offering of my oberomantic fiction has not executed.” It dience, I would not have offended your was detected, and the lady Arabella and majesty, of whose gracious goodness I Seymour were summoned before the privy presume so much, that if it were now as council, where Seymour was “ censured convenient in a worldly respect, as malice for seeking to ally himself with the royal may make it seem, to separate us, whom blood, although that_blood was running God hath joined, your majesty would not in his own veins.” In his answer, “ he do evil that good might come thereof, nor conceived that this noble lady might, make me, that have the honour to be so without offence, make the choice of any near your majesty in blood, the first presubject within this kingdom.” He says, cedent that ever was, though our princes “I boldly intruded myself into her lady: may have left some as little imitable, for ship's chamber, in the court, on Candle- so good and gracious a king as your mamass day last, at what time I imparted jesty, as David's dealing with Uriah.” my desire unto her, which was entertain- She moved the queen, through lady ed; but with this caution on either part, Jane Drummond, to interest James in her that both of us resolved not to proceed to favour. A letter from lady Jane comany final conclusion without his majesty's municates his majesty's coarse and conmost gracious favour first obtained : and ceited reply, and she concludes by frankly this was our first meetingThe lovers telling the captive wife, “the wisdom of gravely promised to suppress their affec- this state, with the example bow some of tions, with what sincerity is not known, your quality in the like case has been for they married secretly; and in July the used, makes me fear that ye shall not find lady Arabella was arrested, and confined so easy end to your troubles as ye expect at the house of sir Thomas Parry, ator I wish.” Lambeth, and Seymour committed to the To lady Drummond's prophetic inTower, “ for contempt in marrying a lady timation, Arabella answers by sending of the royal family without the king's the queen a pair of gloves “in rememleave."

brance of the poor prisoner that wrought Arabella wrote a letter to the king, them, in hopes her royal hands will which was

often read without offence, vouchsafe to wear them :" and she adds, nay, it was even commended by his high- that her case “could be compared to no ness, with the applause of prince and other she ever heard of, resembling no council.” She adverted to her wrongs, other.She contrived to correspond and required justice with a noble forti- with Seymour, but their letters were distude, though in respectful terms. She covered, and the king resolved to change says, “I do most heartily lament my hard her place of confinement. fortune, that I should offend your majesty James appointed the bishop of Durham

Vol. II.-76.

66

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