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to the river, where he is sentenced to HelsTON “FURRY, or Flora Day." leap over a wide place, which he of course fails in attempting, and leaps into the

To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. water. A small contribution towards Sir,—Having for several years past the good cheer of the day easily com- resided in Cornwall, (from whence I have pounds for the leap. About nine o'clock lately returned,) I beg to inform you of the revellers appear before the grammar- one of their gayest days of amusement, school, and demand a holiday for the which is regularly kept up in the borough schoolboys. After which they collect of Helston on the eighth day of May. contributions from house to house. They . It originated from the Roman custom then fade into the country, (fade being an of paying an early tribute of respect to old English word for go,) and, about the the goddess Flora; the garlands of middle of the day, return with flowers flowers worn on the occasion confirms this and oak branches in their hats and caps. opinion. This festival commences at an From this time they dance hand in hand early hour: the morning is enlivened by through the streets, to the sound of the the sound of “ drum and fife;" and music, fiddle, playing a particular tune, running harmony, and dance are the sports of into every house they pass without


“ high and low"_" from morn to night.” sition. In the afternoon, a select party Some of the oldest townsmen chant some of the ladies and gentlemen make a pro- ancient ditties-not very comprehensible, gress through the street, and very late in “ nor is the melody thereof enchanting.” the evening repair to the ball-room. A The hilarity of the day precludes the stranger visiting the town on the eighth of possibility of doing business; every conMay, would really think the people mad; sideration but mirth, music, and feasting so apparently wild and thoughtless is thé is set at naught. Should any persons be merriment of the day.

found at work, they are instantly seized, There is no doubt of “the Furry" ori- set astride on a pole, and jolted away on ginating from the “Floralia,” anciently men's shoulders, amidst thousands of huzobserved by the Romans on the fourth of zas, &c., and at last sentenced to leap the calends of May.*

over the river, (which by the by is none of the narrowest,) the result which therefore

frequently happens is—they jump into it. “ Every pot has two handles.” This The payment of a certain fine towards the means “ that one story's good, till ano- expenses of the day saves them from this ther story's told ;" or, '" there is no evil cooling. without its advantages.”

At nine in the morning the mob gathers If it is generally “good” to anticipate round the various seminaries, and countfestival days in the Every-Day Book, it less voices demand a holiday for all in is an “evil” to be “ behind-hand;" and them, which is acceded to: a collection yet “advantages” have sometimes re- from the housekeepers is then commenced sulted from it. For instance, the day of towards the general fund. While this is “ the Furry” at Helston, elapsed before going on, the young folks of both sexes go this sheet was sent to press; but a cor.

to the gardens of the neighbourhood, and respondent who was present at the festival return at twelve with their heads dressed on that day in the present year, 1826, out with gay flowers, oak branches, &c. sends an account of the manner where On entering the town they are joined by in it is conducted at present; and

a band of music; they dance through the though the former “ story's good,” his streets to the “ Flora Tune." In their particular description of the last Furry, progress they go through every house and is a lively picture of the pleasant manner, garden they please without distinction; wherein it continues to be celebrated: all doors are opened, and, in fact, it is thus is illustrated the ancient saying, that thought much of by the householders to “every pot has two handles.”

be thus favoured. It would be ill acknowledgment of the

The older branch of the population annexed letter to abridge it, by omitting dance in the same manner, for it is to be its brief notice of the origin of the Furry, noticed they have select parties, and at already adverted to, and therefore the different hours; no two sets dance togewhole is inserted verbatim.

ther, or at the same time. Then follows

the gentry, which is really a very pleasing + Guide to Mount's Bay.

sight on a fine day from the noted respect

Map 10.

ability of this rich borough. In this set county, Mr. Jesse Johnson, being eighteen the sons and daughters of some of the first or nineteen years of age, and four feet and noblest families of Cornwall join. one inch high, and weighing about sevenThe appearance of the ladies is enchant- ty-five pounds, was married to Miss ing. Added to their personal charms, in Nancy Fowler about twenty-six or twenball-room attire, each tastefully adorned ty-seven years of age, six feet two inches with beautiful spring flowers, in her- high, and weighing about two hundred self appears to the gazer's eye a Flora, and and fifty pounds.“ Sure such a pair leads us to conceive the whole a scene were never seen." from fairy land. The next set is, the soldiers and their lasses; then come the NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. tradesmen and their wives; journeymen Mean Temperature. .. 54.20. and their sweethearts; and, “ though last not least," the male and female servants in splendid livery; best bibs and tuckers

JUSTICE. are in request, and many pretty brunettes

In May, 1736, Henry Justice, of the are to be found in their Sunday finery, Middle Temple, Esq., was tried at the with healthy smiling looks, which on such Old Bailey, for stealing books out of a day as this are sure to make sad havoc Trinity-college library in Cambridge. with the hearts of the young men. He attempted to defeat the prosecution

In the evening a grand ball is always by pleading, that in the year 1734, he held at the assembly rooms; to which, was admitted fellow-commoner of the this year, were added the performance of said college, whereby he became a member the “ Honey Moon” at the theatre, by of that corporation, and had a property Dawson's company of comedians, Powell's in the books, and therefore could not be celebrated troop of horse at the Circus, guilty of felony, and read several clauses and Mr. Ingleby's sleight of hand at the of their charter and statutes to prove it. rooms. The borough was thronged with But after several hours' debate, it appearvisiters from all parts of the country. It ed he was only a boarder or lodger, by is a pleasing task to conclude by being the words of the charter granted by Henry able to state, that Aurora rose on the ninth VIII. and queen Elizabeth.

He was without any account of accident or dis- found guilty. appointment being experienced by any of On the tenth of the month, having been its numerous attendants.,, I have many put to the bar to receive sentence, he other anecdotes of Cornwall, which I shall moved, that as the court had a discreforward you in case you deem them tionary power, he might be burnt in the worthy a place in your Every Day Book, hand and not sent abroad ; first, for the to which I wish the success it really de- sake of his family, as it would be an inserves. I am, Sir,

jury to his children and to his clients, Your's truly, with several of whom he had great concerns,

Sam Sam's Son. which could not be settled in that time; London, May 16, 1826.

secondly, for the sake of the university, This communication was almost for he had numbers of books belonging past the time; yet, as we set out with a to them, some in friends' hands, and some proverb, we may end with “ better late sent to Holland, and if he was transthan never;" and, “ not to ride a free ported he could not make restitution. horse to death,” but merely to “ drive the As to himself, considering his circumnail that will go," thanks are offered to stances, he had rather go abroad, having “ Sam Sam's Son,” with the hope of lived in credit till this unhappy mistake, early receiving his “ future agreeable as he called it, and hoped the university favours.”

would intercede for him. The deputy

recorder commiserated his case, told him NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. how greatly his crime was aggravated by Mean Temperature ..55 • 07. his education and profession, and then

sentenced him to be transported to some Map 9.

of his majesty's plantations in America

for seven years. A Match. . A New York paper of the ninth of May, NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. *17, announces that in Montgomery Mean Temperature ...53 · 87.

Map 11

and presence

on suitable occasions, within the compass

of safety, and be aware when he is in LONDON Gymnastic Society. danger of trespassing beyond the proper The establishinent of this institution limit, gymnastics must be beneficial, for is of so great importance to the health they instruct him where that limit lies, and manners of the metropolis, that to and give him entire confidence within it, pass it unregarded would be inexcusable. And so gradual are the steps by which Much of mental infirmity proceeds from the pupil is led on towards prościency. bodily infirmity. Without activity, the now mastering a small difficulty, then entire human being is diseased. A dispo- advancing to one a little greater, then to sition to inactivity generates imbecility another, and another, that at last he acof character ; diligence ceases, indolence complishes the evolution which at one prevails, unnatural feelings generate un

time appeared to him of greatest difficulty natural desires, and the individual not with more facility than he at first accomonly neglects positive duties, but becomes plished the first lesson ; while all the sensual and vicious. The “ London time he has been acquiring in the process Gymnastic Society," therefore, in a na

increased capability, strength, confidence, tional point of view is of the highest re

of mind. For the utility of gard. 'A letter, subjoined, will be found these exercises does not end in the gymto represent some of its exercises and nasium; it only begins there. The peradvantages in an agreeable and interesting which great ends are attained ; the vigour

formances of the evolutions are means by manner.

acquired in performing them, being after

wards useful wherever vigour may be GYMNASTIC EXERCISES. required.

In the preliminary exercises, the pupil To the Editor of the Every-Dey Book.

is taught to accustom himself to extend Sir,-On the twenty-second of March, his arms and legs in various natural posinot less than fifteen hundred persons tions, in quick succession; sometimes assembled at the Mechanics’ Institute exerting the arms only, the legs resting for the purpose of forming a “ London passive, sometimes the reverse; and Gymnastic Society.” This event is sometimes exerting both legs and arms likely to have very important and together. These exercises are not so useful results to the cominunity, and, strictly preliminary as to require the therefore, within the plan of the Every- pupil to become perfect in them before he Day Book to record. I have no inten- engages in others. On the contrary, he tion to describe what passed on the occa- may with advantage, at a very early stage, sion, any further than by stating that a combine them with those of greater diffiseries of resolutions in support of the pro- culty; and also at an advanced stage, find posed object were unanimously adopted; it useful occasionally to recur to them. and as great misconception prevails as to But let us proceed to the bars. the nature of gymnastic exercises, some The bars consist of two pieces of wood light on the subject, beyond that conveyed placed parallel, in a horizontal position, in your first volume, may be interesting. on supporters, extending breast-high from

The grounds on which the use of exer- the ground. The pupil having raised cise generally are recommended, are pre- himself erect between the bars (they are cisely those from which the benefits of something less than two feet apart, and this particular class are to be inferred; about five feet in length) passes from one with this advantage in favour of gymnas- end to the other by the help of his hands tics, that they combine the advantages of only, moving one hand forward at a time, almost every other species. If it be de- as the feet are moved in walking. He sirable that the body should be strength. next places himself in the centre between ened, the limbs acquire flexibility, the the bars, and keeping his legs straight muscles be brought into full play, and the and close together projects them over the spirits be invigorated, gymnastics must be right hand bar, and so arrives on the allowed to be salutary for such are their ground. He then does the same on the ordinary effects. Moreover, if it be desir- left side, then on the right side backwards, able that a man should become acquaint- either with or without previously swinged with his physical capabilities, in order ing, then on the left side backwards in the that he may be encouraged to exert them same way. He next resumes his position

at the end of the bars ; but instead of without a pole, jumping, running, throw. walking or treading along the bars with ing the javelin, the use of the broad his hands, as in the first exercise, he sword, &c., do not require description as this time lifts both hands together, and they are more or less familiar to every passes to the other end by short jumps. one. I therefore coufine myself to He then returns to the centre of the bars, naming them, and observing that familiar and retaining hold of them, projects his as some of them are, the regulations body over the left hand bar, from which under which they are practised tend position, by slightly springing, he projects greatly to increase their utility.* himself over that on his right. This evo There is still a division of these exerJution he performs also on both sides, and cises which I have not mentioned, and later in his progress backwards also. Then which deserves a full description, and there is the half moon, or semi-circle, that is, the exercises on the horse-a which is performed by projecting the legs wooden horse--without head or tailover one of the bars in front, and then but, as I feel myself quite unable to bear bringing them back, and swinging them anything like adequate testimony to the over the same bar behind. As the pupil merits of this very useful and quiet advances, he is enabled to project himself quadruped, I must reluctantly leave his over the bars unassisted by the lower eulogium to others more competent. It part of his arms; also to rest the lower is a subject I cannot well get upon, being part of his arms on the bars, and from but a very indifferent equestrian. that position to raise himself erect by

remain, Sir, &c. the hands only, repeating the evolution

A PARALLEL BARRISTER. several times in succession, to pass from one side of the bar to the other, without touching the ground, and many other To all individuals of sedentary occupa. evolutions all conducing in one way or tions, in great towns and cities, gympasanother to the strength and elasticity of tic exercises are of immense benefit. It his frame.

is difficult to convince, but it is a duty The horizontal poles are placed at va

to attempt persuading them, that their rious heights from the ground, according usual habits waste the spirits, destroy to the height of the pupil

, and the exer- health, and shorten life. "Hundreds of cises to be performed on them. Those Londoners die every year for want of chiefly used are a few inches above the

exercise. head. One of the first lessons on the

It is not necessary that we should cul. pole is analogous to the first on the tivate gymnastics • after the manner of parallel bars, the pupil passing from one the ancients,” but only so much as may end of the pole to the other, by the help be requisite to maintain the even tenour of of his hands only, first by moving one existence. The state of society in towns, hand at a time as in walking, afterwards continually imposes obstructions to by moving both hands together. Grasp; health, and offers inducements to the ing the pole with both hands, the pupil slothful, in the shape of palliatives, which is taught to raise himself in various ways ultimately increase “the miseries of above it—to pass over it—to pass from human life.” Exercise is both a prevenone side of the pole to the other, &c. &c. tion and a remedy; but, we must not The exercises on the pole are equal in mistake—diligence is not, therefore, exerdiversity to those on the bars, perhaps on

cise. the whole more arduous, and certainly equally beneficial.

I believe the arms and back are particularly strengthened by Our present pastimes are almost all this diversion of the exercises.

within doors; the old ones were in the Leaving the pole, let us attend a mo- open air. Our ancestors danced“ on ment to the masts, the ropes, and the the green” in the day time; we, if we ladders. These are of various heights dance at all, move about in warm and dimensions. The pupil first learns rooms at night: and then there are the to climb the rope and mast by the assistance of his hands and feet, afterwards by

* The information relative to the exercise so his hands only, and by degrees he learns crudely conveyed throughout this hasty letter, to ascend the latter without the assistance is derivrd from observation of the gymnasium in

the New Road, under the excellent ioanage of his feet or legs. The leaping with and ment of professor Voelker.

“ late hours ;" the “ making a toil of a flection be troublesome, read the proceed-
pleasure ;" the lying in bed late the next ings in courts of justice, and then reflect.
morning; the incapacity to perform We have much to unlearn.
duties in consequence of “recreation !"
The difference to health is immense—if it It is a real amusement to go to a
be doubted, inquire of physicians. The theatre, and see an indolent audience
difference to morals is not less—if re- sitting to witness feats of agility.

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From a rare Engraving, by an unknown Artist. Here we see that some of the tricks were grandchildren. The print from and dexterities of Mazurier and Gouffe whence this is copied, is from sir Mark were performed centuries ago ; and here, Sykes's collection : it is produced here as too, we have an illustration that the hori- a curiosity. zontal bars of our correspondent, the NATURALISTS' CALENDAR! “ Parallel Barrister," though novelties Mean Temperature ... 54.74. Dow, were known before our grandfathers

May 12.

The Month.
Hail, May! lovely May ! how replenished my pails!

The young dawn o'erspreads the broad east, streaked with gold !
My glad heart beats time to the laugh of the vales,

And Colin's voice rings through the wood from the fold.
The wood to the mountain submissively bends,

Whose blue misty summit first glows with the sun !
See! thence a gay train by the wild rill descends

To join the mixed sports :-Hark! the tumult's begun.
Be cloudless, ye skies !- And be Colin but there;

Not dew-spangled bents on the wide level dale,
Nor morning's first smile can more lovely appear

Than his lapks, since my wishes I cannot conceal.
Swift down the mad dance, while blest health prompts to move,

We'll court joys to come, and exchange vows of truth:
And haply, when age cools the transports of love,
Decry, like good folks, the vain follies of youth.


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