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different light from what he appears in at present. “In short, as the life of any man cannot be called happy or unhappy, so neither can it be pronounced vicious or virtuous, before the conclusion of it. It was upon this consideration that Epaminondas, being asked whether Chabrias, Iphicrates, or he himself deserved most to be esteemed,—' You must first see us die, (said he,) before that question can be answered.'”.

Fortune's wheel, the whirligig of time, brings round its revenges ; and Croesus at the stake might, when thrice he invoked Solon by name, have apostrophized him in the style of Shakspeare's Edmund :

" .. Thou hast spoken right, 't is true;

The wheel is come full circle ; I am here.” Historians take note of our Henry the First, that he seemed to possess as great a share of happiness as human life admits of; “but the felicity of man," observes one of them, “depends upon a conjunction of many circumstances, which are all subject to various accidents, and every single accident is able to dissolve the whole contexture; which truth was never verified more than in this prince,” who, by one domestic misfortune not to be prevented or foreseen, found all the pleasure and content he proposed to himself wholly disappointed, by one fatal wreck.

“So now prosperity begins to mellow

And drop into the rotten mouth of death,” as Margaret of Anjou has it. Or to cite another royal speaker, in Marlowe's historical tragedy,

- Whilom I was powerful and full of pomp :

But what is he whom rule and empery

Have not in life or death made miserable?” Corneille's elder Horace is reminded by his prince that “ Beaucoup par un long âge ont appris comme vous Que le malheur succède au bonheur le plus doux.” The moral is from Herodotus which a modern paraphrast draws, with Croesus for his text, when he tells of Fortune, that, “as she passes, oft upon his head that, underneath heaven's hollowness, doth stand highest of men, her loose uncertain hand lets fall the iron wedge and leaden weight.

1 Of Edward the Third, again, Tytler observes, that nothing could afford a more striking lesson on the vanity of human grandeur than the circumstances in which he died : stript of the fairest provinces which had been the fruit of his victories, and pillaged and deserted in his last moments by his faithless mistress and ungrateful domestics,

- Croesus, the lord of all the Lydian state,
Of men was held the man by Fortune best
With her unheedful blind abundance blest:
Because all winds into his harbours blew
Opulent sails ; because his sceptre drew
Out of far lands a majesty immense;
Because, to' enrich his swollen magnificence,
The homage of a hundred hills was rolled
Upon a hundred rivers; because gold
And glory made him singular in the smile

O’the seldom smiling world a little while." The commonly accepted import of the Scottish proverb, “Ruse [praise] the fair day at e'en,” is a grateful recognition of the past favours we have enjoyed when we come to the close of the day, and of life ; but a learned commentator has suggested another reading of the adage, in accordance with the

Hence the strain of Schiller's stanza in The Ring of Polycrates :

Wouldst thou escape the coming ill,'.
Implore the dread Invisible

Thy sweets themselves to sour.
Well ends his life, believe me, never,
On whom, with hands thus full for ever,

The gods their bounty shower.” 2 Let a man's setting out be as bright and glorious as the rising sun, many a black cloud, writes South, may gather over him, and many a furious storm fall upon him, which shall bring him beaten and battered with a Non putavi (the fool's motto) in his mouth, to a sad and doleful journey's end; “and then he will find, when he has once felt it, that it is no such strange thing, for a fair morning and a foul evening to fall on the same day.” The plaint of those who have outlived their well-being, in one of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, is,

“Now be we caytifs, as it is wel seene;

Thanked be Fortune, and hire false wheel,
That noon estat assureth to ben weel.”

saying of Solon (Aristotle, Ethic. Nicom. i. 10): Karà Edwva χρέων τέλος οράν-Do not praise the fairness of the day till evening; do not call the life happy till you have seen the close. Wallenstein's confidence in his assured prosperity is rebuked by Gordon with a direct appeal to the saw, sharp set for the purpose

And yet remember I the good old proverb,
'Let the night come before thou praise the day.'”


* But let us end as we began, with the dying of David in a good old age, and the succession of Solomon to his throne. A sonnet by Hartley Coleridge shall be our summing up:

“ Then Solomon sat on the throne as king ;
So had his sire appointed :-great and least,
Hebrew and stranger, warrior, chief, and priest,
With one glad shout make air, earth, rock to ring.
Ah! sons of Abraham, is it such a thing
That your old monarch is so nigh deceased ?
And ye must blow your horns, as if the feast
Of the ripe harvest and the hopeful spring
Fell on one day. 'T is well the old man dies.
The sweetest string in all the holy lyre
Cracks when the old man heaves his latest sighs.
And with his breath the highest tones expire.
Ten thousand minstrels play for Solomon-
What are they all, if David be not one?”


Abel, 173.
Abercrombie, Dr., 8.
Abraham, 217 seq.
Absent, missing the, 199 seq.
Addison, quoted, 33, 52, 102, 103,

132, 226, 235, 260, 314, 345.
Agur's prayer, 309.
Ahasuerus, feast of, 84.
Alison, Sir A., quoted, 241, 324.
Alison, Dr. W. P., 7.
Andronicus, Emperor, 245, 252.
Antoninus, Marcus, 313; quoted,
Aram, Eugene, 280.
Arblay, Mme. d', quoted, 286.
Arbuthnot, Dr., II.
Armstrong, Dr., 8.
Artist, an inspired, 133-44.

53, 120

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Blair, R., quoted, 151.
Blank annals of well-being, 108-14.
Blasphemy of despair, 164-73.
Blessing, Jacob's, 190.
Blomfield, Bp., 237.
Bohun, E., quoted, 235.
Boileau, quoted, 52, 124, 156.
Bolingbroke, quoted, 263, 336.
Bound for the land of darkness,

Boyd, Dr., quoted, 290, 300.
Braddon, M. A., quoted, 165, 169,

Brayed in a mortar, 115-21.
Brocklesby, Dr., 9.
Brontè, Charlotte, quoted, 145,

220, 232, 275.
Brontė, Emily, 14; quoted, 32.
Brooks, C. S., quoted, 8.
Brother in blood, a, 173-80.
Broughton, Rhoda, quoted, 151.
Brown, John, M.D., quoted, 16,

Browne, Sir T., quoted, 50, 307.
Browne, Wm., quoted, 175.
Browning, E. B., quoted, 36, 56,

60, 226, 280, 310, 330.
Browning, Robert, quoted, 101,

132, 160, 167, 192, 223, 224.
Bruised reed, 250, 252, 253.
Brunton, Mrs., quoted, 89, 114,

Bruyère, La, quoted, 13, 56, 60,

226, 280, 310, 330.
Buckhurst, Lord, quoted, 345.
Buckle, H. T., quoted, 102, 292.
Bunyan, quoted, 174, 231.
Burke, 231 ; quoted, 40, 140, 270.
Burning, public, of books, 182 seq.
Burns, R., quoted, 81, 86, 90, 120,

150, 157
But, 304.
Butler, S., quoted, 128, 268, 328.
Byron, quoted, 14, 63, 69, 122,

146, 150, 174, 211, 230, 318.

Babington, Dr., 9.
Bacon, Lord, quoted, 51, 291.
Baffled word-catchers, 271-5.
Bagehot, W., quoted, 19.
Baillie, Dr., 9, 14.
Baillie, Joanna, quoted, 176.
Balzac, quoted, 25, 246–7.
Barham, R. H., quoted, 90, 280.
Barnabas, 153 seq.
Baruch's burnt book, 180 seq.
Beckford, 312.
Beddoes, W. L., quoted, 282.
Belated appreciation of blessings

past, 190-5.
Bell, Robert, quoted, 9, 103.
Beloved physician, 5-17.
Bentham, quoted, 61.
Bentley, Dr. R., 62.
Béranger, quoted, 8, 255.
Bereaved indeed, 27–36.
Bernard, C. de, quoted, 175.
Bevis, H. J., quoted, 2.
Bezaleel, 133.
Bible burning, 181 seq.

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meets and greets us, in the Church Porch; expands the theme of our present variations

“Be sweet to all. Is thy complexion sour?

Then keep such company ; make them thy
Get a sharp wife, a servant that will lour ;
A stumbler stumbles least in rugged way.

Command thyself in chief. He life's w
Whom all his passions follow, as he gog


Exodus iv. 21. IT is written that Pharaoh hardened his hea

I and again ; as well as, and we may be su and purposes antecedently to, the fact that the Pharaoh's heart. Pharaoh would have it so. ness set in after a time; but first there had be in Heaven's chancery court. The infatuati remedy. The ossification of the heart involves and development, paralysis of the brain. D now the precursor of perdition. “Quem Der prius DEMENTAT.”

It is those who did not like to retain God in that are said by the apostle to be by God reprobate mind. It is of those who distinctly a have pleasure in unrighteousness, that he says, cause God shall send them strong delusion, til believe a lie,” which dementation should involl They grope in the dark without light, and Her stagger like a drunken man.

“For wicked ears are deaf to wisdom's call,

And vengeance strikes whom Heaven has door says the Homeric Odysseus; and again, “For all, and all believe” a lie. And in another place “cloud with intellectual gloom the suitors' sou

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