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5 The Committee appointed at the last meeting to For the second best, do. do. prepare and report a plan for an Agricultural Ex- For the best colt, not over two years old the

5 hibition and Fair, to be held by the society in the preceding spring,

Rhode Island, April 16, 1823.

4 MR. FESSENDEN, autumn of 1825, have given to the subject all the For the second best, do. consideration which, in their opinion is due to it,


For many years past there has prevailed a scarci from the unlimited discretion conferred on them in For the best Boar, not more than four nor less

ty of stone fruit in this state, particularly in and their appointment. Regarding it mainly as an at

than one year old,

5 near the seaports. My garden is on a sand bank tempt to revive the zeal and exertions of the socie-For the second best, do.

3 by the sea shore, but nine miles from the open ty, which, much to our reproach, has been too long for the best sow, not more than four nor less ocean; a small lot crowded wi h fruit trees. Apples dormant, considering the subject as novel and un

than one year old,

do not bear well; pear trees will not thrive on its tried among us, and having a due regard to the For the second best, do.

3 soil; but peach, plum and cherry trees bear well actual funds of the society, the committee in re


with the proper management, which is as follows: commending a first essay, are induced to limit the

Canker worms, &c. were wont to attack my plum exhibition to a few subjects most conformable to the For the best Ram, not more than four years nor

trees—the leaves fell, leaving the fruit, which did objects which the society has in view, and best cal- less than 18 months old,

not come to maturity, but soon after also sell, unripe culated in their opinion to attract public attention. For the second best, do.

3 and wormy. Fish oil (the most offensive is best.) These consist, For the best pen of Ewes, not less than four in

was rubbed with a painter's brush on every limb, 1st, Of Agricultural Implements, and particular- number,

5 and also on the trunk, the earth about the roots dug ly the Plough, the perfection of which ought to


some inches deep and carried off, the ground under elaim our first attention, as it is the chief instru

the trees hoed and swept, fresh sods placed round

5 ment for dividing the soil, and of course the basis For the best ploughman with horses, For the best do. with oxen,

the roots, and ashes, from the ley cask, strewed for

5 of all our husbandry.

some distance under and around the trees. This 2d. Fine Breeding animals, calculated for the

Domestic Manufactures.

was performed in the autumn. The April following saddle or draft , for food or clothing, which will For the best piece of linen cloth, for shirting or

the trees were white washed all over the trunks and comprehend horses and mules, neat cattle, hogs and

sheeting, one yard wide and not less than ten

larger branches. While in blossom they are smoksheep.

yards long,

5 3d. Domestic Manufactures, in which the ladies for the best piece of flannel, 7-8ths wide, and

ed night and morning for a week with tarred oakum

or any trash, strewed with sulphur or roll brimof our state will not be excluded from a due parti

not less than ten yards long,

5 stone. A frying pan answers well for this purpose, cipation in our exertions, or a patriotic and praise. For the best carpeting, one yard wide and not

as it can be held high and close to the blossoms. worthy emulation in that branch of industry which

less than twenty yards long,


The blossoms of the plum and cherry trees contain is likely to become the only source of clothing left for the best piece of woollen cloth 3-4ths wide a very small fly, which appears while the smoke is to the agricultural states of the Union, if we may

and not less than ten yards long,

5 applied to the blossoms. This fly ruins the fruit, be allowed to judge from the efforts of the last ses- For the best pair of blankets, not less than two

causing it to fall off prematurely; it is suffocated by sion of congress, to diminish our imports, by an in

yards wide nor 24 long, creased tariff of duties. These will comprehend For the best piece of woollen vesting, not less

the tar or sulphur fumes. Peach trees not to be smok

ed, but it is requisite to dig the old earth from the fabrics wrought of wool and cotton, either separate

than 3-4ths wide nor ten yards long,

5 root every autumn, replacing it by fresh sods, and or mixed, of fax and of hemp. Your committee For the best woollen counterpane,

5 to white-wash in the spring. Lime and old ashes are aware that there are many other subjects emi- For the best cotton do.

5 may be scattered round the root. No other enrichnently entitled to the society's encouragement—but For the best woollen knit hose, not less than

ing is necessary, except chip trash from the woodat present they will confine their recommendation

two pair, to those above enumerated, and now submit the For the best man's hat, made of grass, straw,

Plums may be trimmed as you please, but peach following scheme:

chip, or other vegetable material,

51 The Society will hold an Exhibition and Fair of For the best woman's hat or bonnet, do.

and cherry trees not without danger of gum, which 10

injures the fruit, and eventually ruins the tree. Agricultural Implements, Live Stock, and Domestic For the best piece of cotton shirting or sheet

My fruit abundantly rewards my pains, the peachManufactures, in Charlottesville and its vicinity, on

es especially, which bear profusely every ycar, while Tuesday and Wednesday, the Sth and 9th days of ing, not less than 3-4ths wide nor ten yards

those who neglect this process, complain they have November next, (1825, and offer the following For the best piece of cotton vesting, not less

no fruit. premiums to be then and there awarded:

than 3-4ths wide nor ten yards long,

5 The common sugar-plum tree will bear the third Agricultural Implements.

year from the sucker-is the most thrifty and last

Persons from any state may become competitors ing stock which I have found for innoculation. The For the best plough, to be tested by actual trial, for premiums offered for agricultural implements; fruit is very sweet, handsome, and good for pre

simplicity of construction, efficiency of perform- and the manufacturers of ploughs in particular are serving. ance and facility of draft to be considered, $10 invited to offer their productions for trial. Those

Gooseberries, in many gardens near the sea, For the best constructed wheat fan,

5 offered for live stock, shall be confined exclusively mould and fall from the bush. I find that dry maFor the best straw cutter,

5 to members of the society, who shall either have nure from the stable put round the roots in the winLive Stock-1st, CATTLE.

bred or owned the animal offered at least 4 months ter, and scraped away in the spring, prevents this immediately preceding the exhibition; and the suc- evil, and they bear and ripen well

. For the best bull, not more than six, nor less cessful candidates for breeding animals shall give a

I must not omit to mention, that the white multhan two years old,

$10 pledge not to remove them beyond the precincts of berry, from the seed, will bear the fourth year. I For the second best, do. 5 the society for the next ensuing twelve months.

have a fine row of them. A moist rich soil suits For the best cow, not more than seven nor less Premiums for Domestic Manufactures shall be them best, but by attention they will succeed any than three years old,

10 confined to persons living within the precincts of where. For the second best, do.

5 the society, (that is to say, in some county of the I make these communications from the hope they For the best yoke of working oxen, not more state in which a member or members reside,) which will be attended to, as experience convinces me of

than eight nor less than four years old-refe- must have been wrought in their families. In every their utility. rence being had to their performance at the

case where the judges shall think the article offered Currants bear in three years from the seed, if plough,

10 for premium is unworthy of distinction, the right of planted as soon as separated from the juice in makFor the second best, do.

5 rejecting is reserved, and in every case they will ing wine. If you give the bushes their proper forin For the best fatted ox, not more than nine nor require such evidence as they may deem proper, to the second year, they need no more attention. The less than three years old, reference being had establish the claim.

fruit is made fine and the bush more free from to the mode of feeding,

A committee of five members shall be appointed, suckers than those from the slips. For the second best, do.

5 who shall be styled “the Committee of Arrange- Smoking with sulphur destroys the canker-worm, 2d.-HORSES.

ment,” to do all things proper and necessary to flies, &c. that infest the apple and pear tree. For the Stallion best calculated to improve our carry the foregoing plan into effect-such as to I have sugar-plum trees (or, as some call them, breed of draft horses, not more than nine nor

select ground for a ploughing match, have pens grape plums, from the shape and purple colour,) less than three years old,

20 erected for stock, appoint a deposite for manufac- which have borne for 15 years, and show no sympFor the Stallion best calculated to improve our tures, appoint judges for each, &c. and report their toms of decay, but the oldest limbs bear the most breed of riding horses, do. do.

20 arrangements to the next meeting of the society. luxuriantly. For the best brood mare, not more than nine

Extract from the minutes,

Should peachnuts be cracked carefully, sprouted nor less than three years old,


P. MINOR, Seç'ray. 'in water a week, and planted in May; they will come

2 pile.





up in three or four weeks, and grow as large in one since this same cow had twins again, if indeed they single exception that I now recollect, have underseason as those which were planted in the fall. may be so called. But that which to me is extra- gone the above discipline, and not one instance has

POMONA. ordinary is, there was an interval of twelve days occurred where there was the smallest disposition

between the bringing forth of the two last calves, shown for mischief. I at this time have a very DOCKING HORSES,

and they are both heifers. They are nearly of the sprightly and high spirited pointer, as much so as same, and of the ordinary size for calves of that one can possibly be, which, when he unluckily falls

breed of cattle, and are both very thrifty and in with sheep while hunting a field, always cowers Mr. Editor,

sprightly. Their mother is said to be a very fine and slinks off another way. I have long considered the practice of docking milch cow.

If the insertion of this in the American Farmer horses highly injudicious; and I now ask the fa- At this I have been almost as much surprised as should be the means of saving a half dozen of sheep vour of a little space for the insertion of my pro- at the account of a cow in Brookfield, Orange coun- to a poor man, it will not be labour lost. test against it. "It is, I believe, peculiar to this ty, (New York, I presume,) from which, it is said,

HUMPHREY HILL. and the mother country, from which we derive the butcher took a calf weighing 200 lbs., bearing it. In Spain, France and Italy, long tails are uni- strong indications of having shed its coat. versal. The Cossacks, Arabs and South Ameri

I am aware it is said a cow will go longer with cans, who almost live on horse-back, never dock a bull, than with a heifer calf. But these are both TO DESTROY TOBACCO FLIES. their horses.

heifers—and no accidental cause known to accele- Mr. SKINNER, The tail is, to the horse, highly useful and orna- rate the coming of the one sooner than the other. mental-nature makes no mistakes: nothing super. I have also observed in several authors, that in ing prescription for destroying the tobacco fly, even

I am totally ignorant of the value of the follon fluous is given to any animal. As a defence against England, when a cow has twins, the female is gene- if it is as efficacious as pretended; nor do I know, if the cold in the winter, and flies in summer, its use rally said to be incapable of procreation, and there- useful, that it has the merit of novelty, for I know is obvious. A horse that loses the smallest particle fore called a free-martin.

nothing of the tobacco culture beyond the expeof his tail-bone never has the free use of it. That he The most undeniable proof can be made of the rience of raising some dozen or two of plants from carries it more gaily in consequence of having been two distinct births or calvings of this cow. At the the Caraccas seed you once had the goodness to docked, is a mistake.

birth of the first calf, the milk was thick, and as is send me. As to nicking and foxing, practices of the same usual on those occasions, unfit for use for several service, and if it will not save your tobacco, it may

But this paper, such as it is, is at your origin, still more cruel and absurd, they have gone days. Some change in this respect, though not so serve to light your pipe. so much out of fashion, that it is unnecessary to great, was also observed at the birth of the second say any thing as to them. Nothing but a vitiated calf. As a matter of curiosity I intend raising one plants, on visiting the patch, found they had been

A gentleman to whom I had promised a few taste could have tolerated mutilations productive of of the calves myself.

nearly destroyed by the fly. He then advised me so much deformity. I am happy to acknowledge If such an occurrence is common, or has ever to fire some splinters of pine, and set them at night that the practice of which I complain is gradually fallen within your knowledge, you will confer a fa- in different places in the patch, when the flies would subsiding The tail of a two year old colt appears vour on me, as well as many others in this quarter, be attracted by the light and perish in the flames. to be too large for his body, because one has got its by a statement of the fact* –also whether in Ameri- He said they only committed their depredations at growth, the other not hall. When he arrives at ma- ca, as is alleged to be most commonly the fact in night, and that a few moonless dark onés, (favourturity, this disproportion vanishes--all is symmetry. England, when a cow has twins, the female is a able to the effect of the plan,) would enable one to

But you will be told that carriage horses, particu- free-martin. Should you, however, think with me, save a patch entire. How much I saved by the exlarly gig horses, must be docked, or they will throw that the circumstance above detailed is very singu- periment, the former ravages of the fly precluded their tails over the reins!—that saddle horses must lar and unusual, and is worth recording in your valihe possibility of ascertaining.

W. F. F. be docked, because, in wet weather, their tails get luable journal, you are at liberty to publish this muddy!—and that all horses should be docked to notice of it. improved their beauty. There is no accounting for Very respectfully, your obed't servant,

PROSPECT FOR CROPS. taste. To improve his appearance, the African files


E.ctract from Talbot county, April 24, 1825. his teeth to resemble a saw; the Indian slashes and distends his ears, whilst the females of more civi

Our prospects for wheat are very various—some lized life are content with boring holes through the A SURE AND CERTAIN METHOD OF PREVENTING DOGS very good and more forward than has been long rebottom of their children's ears, thereunto suspend

collected; and some very bad-a larger proportion ing bunches of beads, coral, &c.; the Chinese com

of sedge wheat than usual. Upon the whole the

Mount Airy, Caroline county, Va., April 6, 1825. prospect now bids well for a full average crop here. press the feet of their females until they are use

DEAR SIR, less; and the South sea Islander of fashion, spends more than half his life in tattooing his swarthy skin. If an inveterate antipathy to the sight of a sheep

HORTICULTURE. Those who breed horses for sale, lose more in can be produced in a dog, our harmless flocks would this

way than they are aware of. Bring to market certainly be at all times safe from their depredations. two colts, as equal in merit as possible, one docked, This aversion can certainly be procured in the folthe other not--and a preference of from 10 to 20 lowing manner. When the dog is about 6 or 8

Notice of those sent by Commodore Hull. per cent will be given to the one with a natural tail. months old, tie him to one of the strongest sheep in Gentlemen who do not reside on their estates, the flock, leaving a space of five or six feet between

Boston, April 20, 1825. should prohibit their overseers, those great stick-them; when let loose, the sheep will run and drag DEAR SIR, lers for customs, from docking colts I have known

and choke the dog until its strength is exhausted I had the honour to receive your kind leiter enseveral instances of fine colts being ruined in this it will then turn upon him, and butt him very se- closing a bill of lading of a box from Commodore

verely. Take care to have the dog weil flogged Hull, containing, as he supposed, the tubers of the way. I am surprised that no notice has ever heen taken he is a dog of high temper or spirit, and is not suffi- larly drawn his attention to this plant for the fol

with a switch while the sheep is dragging i.im. If common potato, found wild in Peru. I had particuof this grievance (to the horse a sore one,) by agricultural societies. Knowing you to be a warm cond, tied to a fresh sheep. It sometimes happens ciently humbled by the first lesson, give him a se- lowing sufficient reasons:

1st. Because for nearly two centuries, it was befriend of this noble animal, I submit his case, in that he will snap at his antagonist; this may be re- lieved to be a Virginian plant, and called in Europe this respect, to your care—he has many wrongs to medied by muzzling him, or tying a string over or the Virginia potato. complain of


round his mouth above the long teeth. Take care 2d. Because Humboldt, and Bonpland, his friend, Maryland, April 10, 1825.

to have the whole flock of sheep in a small enclo-declared, that it was not a native of any part of sure, with the coupled one and the dog; it osten Norih America.

happens that several in the Rock will join in inflict- 3d. Because the English botanists have, (within Of two calves from one cow-—with an interval of jpg heavy blows upon him. By this time the dor two years,) procured ihe wild potato, and have twelve days between their respective births.

has taken such an aversion to the company and pre- deemed it an object, at least, of great curiosity.

sence of sheep, that he never forgets or outgrows It is never found, in its wild tate, larger than a Kenanoven, near St. Louis, March 11, 1825.

it. The above remely I have never known to fail musket ball—and I do not wonder at it. Leit to Dear Sir,

in a single instance, and am encouraged to recom- itself, (being an annual tuber,) it must so crowd An occurrence lately took place in this city which, 'mend it, by long experience, having raised dogs oflitself, that it could never enlarge its dimensions. to me at least, was very novel and extraordinary. different descriptions-hounds, curs, spaniels, and On receiving commodore Hull's package, I at once A cow of the common or scrub breed of this coun- pointers, at different times--all of which, without a thought that there hal been an error, and that the try, belonging to Mr. Daniel Hough, last year had

tubers sent were not those of the solanrım tuberosum. two calves, a male and a female. About two weeks

In this opinion, I am supported by Dr. Bigelow and

* It has not.




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Mr. Nuttall, at first inspection merely. The differ- your own use, and the other dozen we have to re-would delight more, from their real utility, than ences are, Ist. In the form of the tubers.--2d. In the quest you to present at the next Maryland agricul- from the temporary amusement they now afford. small persisting fibrous roots.-3d. In the absence of tural exhibition, as a specimen of the product of this “Mr. Watt was the great improver of the steameyes or hollows.--4th. 'That the new shoots start part of the country, in that particular article. engine; but, in truth, as to all that is admirable in from one point on the top.

This wine is made without any fermentation, but its structure, or vast in its utility, he should rather In the dried specimens, the differences observable simply by pressing the grapes, and by mixing 3 galbe described as its inventor. It was by his invenare, 1st. That the leaves are not pinnate, as in the lons of the pure juice with 1 gallon of apple brandy. tions that its action was so regulated as to make it true potato.—2d. That the flowers are solitary, in- The owners of vineyards find this article the great capable of being applied to the finest and most destead of being in a tuft or cyrne.

est source of profit, in proportion to the labour belicate manufactures; and its power so increased as I have written to Mr. Southard, secretary of the stowed on it. One acre of ground, if well set with to set weight and solidity at defiance. By his ad navy, requesting him (if not an improper request,) vines, would readily produce juice enough, with mirable contrivances, it has become a thing stupento forward my letter to commodore Hull, and to de- the aid of the usual quantity of brandy, to make 20 dous alike for its force and its flexibility, for the sire him to procure the true tubers.

bbls. of wine-say, juice 15 bbls., brandy 5 bbls.- prodigious power which it can exert, and the ease. I perceive that your friends thought that they had making 20 barrels; which, at the usual price for and precision, with which that power can be varied. received the potato of agriculture. wine of the best quality-say,

distributed, and applied. The trunk of an elephant 20 bbls. of 311 gals. at $1 per gal.


that can pick up a pin or rend an oak, is nothing to it.
Deduct for 5 bbls. brandy, at $15, 75 It can engrave a seal, and crush masses of obdurate
Labour collecting the grapes, &c.

metal like wax before the sun; it can draw out, 175

without breaking, a thread as fine as a gossamer, Salem, N.C., April 12, 1825.

and lift a ship of war like a bauble in the air. It Of all our foreign grapes, none are apt to ripen at

Nett profit per acre,

$455 can embroider muslin, and forge anchors, cut steel the same time in the same bunch; frequently a good

It would not require the labour of one hand a year into ribands, and impel loaded vessels against the many rot. In some seasons we have an abundance to attend to a vineyard covering an acre of ground; fury of the winds and waves." of native grapes in our woods, and fence corners, yet one hand would be insufficient when the grapes 'I'he powers of steam are becoming more known some of which are quite good. In a good season, a are ripening. The aid of 4 hands a fortnight would every day. Even typography has received its wonquantity of native wire is made of them, a part of be sufficient even at that time. This would proba- derful aid. The 'Times and other newspapers have which is good, and makes, mixed with water, an bly afford a profit of $400 per acre to the grower of for a long time been printed by cylinders impelled agreeable and refreshing drink in summer. So some the article.

by steam, and assisted only by three boys, who are sugar and a little brandy has been added to give it

We make this communication with a view of giv- thus enabled to do the work of sixteen men. In ada body, which has proved very good. The cause ing some general idea of the cultivation of the arti- dition to the economy in saving manual labour, the why it is not in general use is, that the country peo

cle with us. We should be glad if some one of otherwise waste steam is carried round the buildings ple, who make it, bring it to market quite fresh your correspondents could advise us, through your connected with the printing offices, which not only from the press, or otherwise don't make and sell at valuable paper, in what way the Champaigne wine saves a great expense in fuel, but affords that steaall-and it is too frequently the practice with them is prepared.* You are at liberty to give a statement dy and uniform heat so necessary in a printing to mix it with water; hence arises mistrust to all. embracing the facts set forth herein; but, though establishment. Cowper's patent steam-engine prints Quere- low is water in it, ab initio, to be disco - we do not want our names appended to any public two sides of a sheet of paper at the same time. vered? When water is mixed with it when it is notice you may take of the cultivation of the vine, In all wines, the steam-engine is employed; but made, it becomes in time either stale or sour, and in private circles you have our consent to give our it is in Cornwall that this wonderful power is used assumes an acetous state, in which, however, it names to such of your friends as may be desirous of in perfection. There, Woolf's engines, or those of makes good vinegar. The native grape has not yet making any application for scions or wine. the highest pressure, accomplish works of such been cultivated, but the attention of some gentle

We are, with much respect,

magnitude, as hardly to be credited but by those men begins to be drawn to the object, to procure

Your most obedient servants.

who have witnessed them. Heat and labour are so vines of the best native grape, and to cultivate

far economised, that a bushel of coals will perform them.

the work of twelve horses, and raise 6000 hogsheads

of water ten feet high! MILK PANS.

Mr. Blenkinsop's patent steam-carriages give RURAL ECONOMY.

Having found the earthen and stone pans, both great facility to the conveyance of coals, minerals, inconvenient and expensive, I determined to try and other articles, and are attended with a material

the japanned tinned iron. I accordingly had im- saving of expense. See the annexed cut, which re SCUPPERNONG WINE,

ported one düzen of this kind; and being so much presents coal wagons attached to one of these enManufacture and sale of, in Nort: Carolina. pleased with them, both on the score of economy gines. [The wine accompanying the following article is

and convenience, I have recently had nother set These engines are used at most of the collieries. truly a high flavoured, delicious beverage.]

imported, which can be examined wny day this They are so constructed, that by th“ aid of cranks.

week, at the store of the importer, wr. Richard fixed at right angles, they put in motion a cogged Plymouth, April 10, 1825. Norris.

W. wheel, acting in teeth cast on one side of the railMR. SKINNER, We believe it is a received opinion, that in those

April 26, 1825.

road itself, or on a separate rack, by which a very

great propelling power is given to the machine; countries where wine is produced in great abun

this power is so considerable, that when the car dance, there is less intemperance known than in INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS. riages are lightly loaded, they travel at the rate of others where distilled spirits are used principally.

ten miles an hour, but when loaded with thirty coalIf so, any effort to extend the manufacture of wine

wagons, which is frequently the case, each weighshould be promoted. Though much has been said LOCOMOTIVE STEAM ENGINES.

ing three tons and a half, they are propelled on a in private circles of the Scuppernong Wine, yet we A DESCRIPTION of the forms and uses of the dead level, at the rate of three miles and a half per have seen no particular notice of it, by which it has steam engine would be endless; already, by its ex- hour. been introduced to the view of the nation. It is a traordinary energies, the most astonishing works

The use of these steam carriages has given the faet not generally known, we believe, that this is have been accomplished. Machinery of all kinds greatest satisfaction, as it is clearly ascertained that the point from whence may be exported several are set in motion; mines are emptied of their con- five sixths of the expense of conveying goods by hundred casks of wine annually, if sufficient encou- tents; carriages of various kinds are propelled on horses will be saved. ragement was given to the growers of it. With land; and ships are empowered to traverse the The use of steam for navigation in Great Britain a few orders which find their way to us, and which, ocean by the use of steam-engines: there is little and the United States of America, is very extenfor want of a more general acquaintance with the ar- doubt too, if they were employed in aerostation, sive.- To propel vessels, steam generally acts upon tie le, are very few indeed, the wine manufacturers that for long voyages, steam-engine-balloons would cogged wheels at the sides. now prepare from 300 to 400 casks annually, for sale. speedily superseue the use of land and water car

In America, steam is applied even to the navigaThis wine is prepared by a population generally in- riage, and that their construction and ascension tion of ships of war. A steam frigate now lies in digent, and who, if this article should become in de

the Bay of New York, three hundred feet in length, mand, would at once rise into comparative opu

A friend, to whom this letter was shown, has pro- its sides, which are composed of oak planks and

two hundred in breadth, and thirteen feet thick at lence.

mised the information desired. We have too, in hand, That you may judge of the article, we have taken the liberty to forward you, via Norfolk, 2 doz. bot- translated from a recen: French publication, received are 100 pounders, the others are from 42 to 60. Be

a most valuable article on the culture of grape vines, cork alternately; it carries 1 guns, four of which tles-one dozen of which you will please accept for at the otfice of the American farmer.

sides which, in order to prevent boarding, it can

discharge upon its assailants a hundred gallons of 2d. Neither will they be becalmed at sea, for from injury, and passengers from inconvenience and boiling water every minute. By the same mecha- days and weeks together, in hot climates, to the danger. nism, likewise, 300 sabres are moved outside its great injury of the vessel and the health of the crew 5th. The expense of the first cost of sails and port holes with the most perfect regularity; and, and passengers.

rigging, and the annual repairs of the same, will be four times every minute, as many long spears are 3d. Vogages may be performed within certain saved; and one-third of the usual complement of darted out with the most incredible force, and pulled limited periods. Markets can be regularly supplied; men, for vessels of the same tonnage, will be suffiback every time for a fresh emission.

the public will be benefitted, and the calculation of cient. The following advantages may be anticipated the merchant will not be disappointed.

6th. The value of such an agent as the steamfrom the use of steam in the navigation of ships:- 4th. The vessel being constructed of great length engine, when the vessel has to contend with strong

1st. Vessels will not be obliged to wait for weeks and breadth , will be steadier in the water, and not currents, on a rocky lee-shore, will be greatly apor months for a fair wind, to the great loss of time liable to be strained by the operation of the wind preciated. Many a valuable cargo, under such cirand money upon masts and rigging. Goods will be preserved |cumstances, will be saved from destruction.

[Mackenzie's Experiments in Chemistry, Losda

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of poultry; the whole amounting, per estimate, to the Maryland Society for Internal Improvement to 39,686,2371. The value of the soil, estimated at take the editorial direction of the work. After ma

ture reflection, he has, however, not felt himself at ITEMS,

311 year's purchase. was 705,600,0001. Taken chiefly from late English papers received at the Office A meeting of merchants and others was lately how far it might interfere with his official duties.

liberty to accept the invitation, not knowing exactly of the American Farmer.

held at Liverpool, for forming a company to effect a These must, at all sacrifices, be performed in a way Such is the advance upon wool, that we have good direct canal and road communication between Li

to give all possible security and satisfaction to the authority to state, that three growths of Romney verpool and London, by means of a combined ac

public. He has the satisfaction to believe that they Marsh wool were each sold at the high price of 181. queduct and roadway across the river Mersey at

are so executed at present; and it is only when that per pack, with every probability of its being 201. be- Runcorn, embracing

also a direct canal communi- end is accomplished, that the present incumbent can fore the 'st of March." A short time since it fetched cation between Liverpool and Manchester, through venture to indulge in what constitutes his chief pleaonly 121.

the lines of the Duke of Bridgewater, Sankey, and the devotion of his leisure time and bumble The rail-roads now projected, if carried into efthe Mersey and Inwell canals.

talents to studies and employment of solid utility to fect, would consume iron to the value of 28 millions The extreme briskness of trade last year at Li- the country. But, if the journal meet with suitable sterling! The 111 miles of road planned between verpool, is evidenced by an official account just encouragement, he can assure its friends that supeBirmingham and Liverpool will require 60,000 tons published. The excess of 1824 over 1823 is more rior talents will be employed upon it, and that it will of iron for the rails alone, at the cost of 840,0001. than 4,500,0001. The export of cotton manufac- be highly worthy of general patronage. Two hundred thousand sheep are stated to have millions.

tures and yarn are estimated at the vast sum of 30 died of the rot in Romney Marsh alone.

All persons having fine animals for sale at the CatContraband goods are extensively introduced tle Show in June, may give notice, free of expense, Silk TRADE.—So flourishing is this important from the Netherlands into France, by the means of in the American Farmer. manufacture, that it is impossible to keep pace with dogs trained for the purpose, who convey small the demand for goods. There is a general cry for parcels through the least frequented paths. The more hands, and by an advertisement, from 4,000 to revenue officers have discovered the fraud, and are land Agricultural Society, will be held at Doctor

The next meeting of the Trustees of the Mary5,000 would find immediate employ, Their instant in the habit of shooting all strange dogs. arrival here might, perhaps, occasion some incon

THOMAS', on Elkridge, on Thursday, 12th of May. venience as to the lodging of them, which will soon The number of English and French steam enbe obviated, as we have pretty good authority for gines now in operation in France, would appear instating, that not less than a thousand houses are credible to persons who remember what it was only from Charles county, that the fly is making great

We are sorry to learn, under date of 25th inst., about to be built. Several plots of land have been a few years ago. At Lyons, and in the neighbourmarked out for the purpose, as well as for the erec- hood, there are at this moment upwards of 100. ravages in the wheat fields. tion of four or five silk factories.—[Macclesfield paper. At Rouen, and other manufacturing towns, they

are in the same proportion. It appears by a topographical survey taken in the

VALUABLE Stock-For sale at the Cattle Show. year 1769 and 1770, that the total quantity of land

We are glad to find gentlemen adopting our sugappropriated to husbandry in England, was at that

THE FARMDR. gestion, to reserve their fine animals for sale at the time $2,000,000 of acres--viz. 13,518,716 in tillage,

cattle show in June, and accepting, in the mean 15,736,185 in grass, 2,395,721 in woods, and $4,938

time, our invitation to give notice thereof in the in ponds, lanes, yards, &c., which $2,000,000 of

BALTIMORE, Friday, April 29, 1825.

Farmer. Of horses, thorough breed, we already acres were let in 570,040 farms, producing an an

know of several—amongst them, some of the fino nual rent of 22,400,0001., an average of 14s. per


stock of Governor Wright. His splendid horse, acre per annum, and stocked with 684,491 heads of The outline of the plan of a journal proposed to Silver Heels, one of the best bred and most beaudraught cattle, 22,188,948 sheep, 741,532 cows, be published under the above title, was given in No. tiful animals ever seen on the American turf, and 513,369 fattening beasts, 912,656 young cattle, 4, page 31, of this volume. It was there also stated, two fine young fillies, now training for the Canton 1,711,200 pigs, and 2,161,300 heads of various kinds that the Editor of this paper had been invited by course in May, will be for sale at the Cattle Show

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in June. Silver Heels will, in the mean time, beness, heavy and graceless in itself, as it is uneasy standing this discouragement, however, your comlet to mares, at Mr. Hade's tavern, near the Canton and mortifying to the rider. A true estimate of the mittee are gratified to learn, as before stated, that Course. We shall give his pedigree in our next. mere aggregate waste of time, in a community whose there are now coming on many thorough bred colts

OF NEAT CATTLE. —There will be for sale, at pub- pursuits and movements are so much associated of high promise, which will be ready to take the lic auction, the celebrated bull Champion, import- with, and dependent on the powers of the horse, field and do credit to their owners, under the suited, together with the heifers, White Rose and when the breed in use is cold-blooded and slothful, able encouragement and the equal chance of sucShepherdess, by the Editor of this paper, in May, would excite the surprise and awaken the anxiety cess secured to them by the resolution which re1822. The following extract from Mr. Champions of those who forget not the saying of the wise stricts the purses to horses bona fide owned by citiletter of 6th of April, 1822, contains the

Franklin, that time is money. Your committee are zens of the state of Maryland and the district of PEDIGREE OF CHAMPION.—I had named him of opinion, that whether the horse be destined to Columbia north of the Potomac. Blyth Union, in consequence of being bred both meet the shock and mingle in the fray of battle, or

When the sportsmen of Maryland shall have refrom Colling's and Coat's best blood; but I request whether

plenished their studs of fine horses, they will be you will give him any name you think most suitable;

in the chase, with emulation fir’d, prompt to fling open the gates and challenge comif you think he deserves it, I shall be proud for him He strains to lead the field, top the barr'd gate, petitors from every quarter in the gallant and manly to be named the Champion. He was got by War- O'er the deep ditch exulting bound, and brush exercises of the course. Finally, your committee rior, for whose dam I had paid Mr. Robert Colling

The thorny-twining hedge,”

solicit with confidence the support of the citizens, 200 guineas; his dam was by Blyth Comet, whose for these and all other purposes, his certain improve- and particularly the agriculturists of the state to dam I bought at Mr. Charles Colling's sale for 170 ment and his highest capacities are only to be se- the further efforts of this association, in the full guineas; Blyth Comet was also the sire of the ox cured by having recourse to the blood of the tho-confidence that it may yet be made to yield all the in my group of animals which you have, and he was rough bred race horse of Arabian descent. Neither real profit, and to answer all the valuable purposes bred in and in from Comet, who was sold for 1000 foot nor wind can be relied on but as derivable from for which it was originally designed. guineas at Charles Colling's sale in 1810; his gran- that high origin. dam was by Mr. George Coat's Palmflower, who is The blood horse, says one of the best judges in own brother to my cow Crimson, for which I gave this country, is originally from a hot climate and Mr. Coats 100 guineas when 13 years old, and arid soil, and where the base-born suffocates with Crimson is the dam of my bull Blaize by Blyth heat, and faints with fatigue, his wind and strength Comet, which I am now using, and I hope your two are untouched. His “long slouching walk,” says heifers are in calf to him, as he is considered the the same accomplished writer and experienced most complete animal I ever bred, for symmetry and sportsman, “tells on the road and in the plough, quality; his great grandam by Patriot, the bull you especially on a hot sultry summer's day.”

MAY RACEs-Subscription Purses. There will named in one of your letters, and which Mr. Coats With benefits so obvious and valuable, resulting be run for, over the Canton Course, on the 25th sold for 500 guineas, so that your bull partakes of from adherence to the purest stocks, the only thing and 26th days of May next, the following SubcripColling's and Coat's best blood. wanting by the breeders of Maryland horses, was

tion Purses, free for any Horse, Mare, or Gelding, the unerring and indispensable test of a well ma- bona fide owned by any person living in the state of Tue MARYLAND AssociaTION FOR THE IMPROVE

naged race course, to put the genuine stamp on those Maryland or district of Columbia; to carry weight,

of highest qualities and greatest power. The great &c. agreeably to the rules of the Maryland AssociMENT OF THE BREED OF HORSES.

object, therefore, in the view of the Maryland As-ation. Any Horse not owned by a subscriber, to At a meeting of the above named association, held socia ion was, not so much to stimulate by mere pay an entrance of $20. in the city of Baltimore, on the 30th ultimo, it was, force of mercenary impulse, as to open a course for

ist day, 4 mile heats, for a purse of $300 on motion of J. S. Skinner, resolved to offer the the trial of speed and bottom, under the manage

2d day, 3 mile heats, for a purse of

200 purses of the association exclusively for horses own- ment of gentlemen whose character would gua

And on the 3d day, the Proprietor's Silver Cup, ed bona fide within the state of Maryland; and Pre- rantee that these trials should be conducted by the free for Saddle Horses only—1 mile heats. sident T. Tenant, the hon. John Barney, and J. S. strictest rules of honour and propriety,and thatevery

The Horses must be entered with the subscriber Skinner, were appointed to publish an exposition of man of unfair repute should be excluded, and every on or before 3 o'clock, P. M. of the day preceding the original views of the association, and of the par- thing of demoralizing tendency banished from the the race. ticular considerations under which the above resolu- scene of competition. In short, the Canton course

The Horses to start at 12 o'clock each day, pretion was adopted—in virtue of which appointment is intended to afford a standard to measure the pow- cisely. Gambling on the ground is prohibited. the following views were presented to and approved ers of the most promising colts which may be reared

E. L. FINLEY. at a meeting of the association, on Wednesday, the in this state, and to give to their skilful and enter27th inst. prising breeders the means of establishing the cha

COMMERCIAL RECORD. racters of such as have powers to excel. By this This society was formed in the year 1823, by means, and by this only, can the least worthy of the

WHEAT-A load of white wheat has been sold at many amongst the most public spirited citizens of race be ascertained, and condemned to the odium of

$1.15 cents per bushel. the state, and the liberality with which it was sup- celibacy and hard labour, while the more highly giftported, no less than the zeal with which it was ed are reserved for the conflicts and triumphs of the Tobacco.-Inspection during the week in the city commenced, promised the most valuable results. turs, and as their last and highest reward, ultimate- of Baltimore: Though these results bave been to a certain extent ly turned loose to enjoy the pleasures of propagat- At warehouse No. 1, .

300 hhds. frustrated, or retarded, by some false steps in the ing their like, and the honour of transmiting their At warehouse No. 2,.

349 outset, they have not been altogether defeated. A names and memories to succeeding ages. To use number of very promising colts, as your commit- an illustration familiar to farmers, the standard

Total,. . 649 tee have reason to think, are now coming forward erected on the turf is as necessary to cleanse, and R. W. Bowie, Esq sold a small and inferior part under the influence of this association; nor have purify, and perpetuate the breed of fine horses, of his crop this week, consisting of 24 hogsheads, of they, from all they can learn, any reason to fear but as is the sieve to winnow and separate the chaff and which four were seconds, from near Queen Anne's, that, under its auspices, a general melioration will other offal from sound grain.

for 5 and $7—and eight from his estate near Notyet be effected in the stock of that noble animal, The faux pas committed by this association, as tingham, five crop and three second, for $74 round. with vast profit to the state at large, and to the experience has demonstrated, was in offering at the great comfort and pleasure of all those whose plea-onset their purses to competitors from other states,

HAVRE, March 25, 1825. sylres and comforts are connected with his use. where the finest horses, the art of training, and the The clear gain that would accrue to Maryland sports oi the turf, inseparable from each other, have that our market was firm, without, however, much

When we wrote you on the 1st instant, we stated from such improvement as may easily be made in been sedulously preserved. These horses, preced- activity in the sales. We now have to advise that holdher stock of horses, would forcibly strike and com- ed by the fame of their wonderful performances, ers of ashes and coffee have submitted to take lower mand the attention of her landholders, if there were have come from abroad and walked over our prices. The fall of prices in ashes is due, in a great any means of computing and showing to them, the course, and borne off rewards which should only be measure, to the failure of speculators in Paris, who had vast amount of which the state is now annually drain- the meed of the highest mettle and the greatest Sarge quantities, which have been forced into the mared to pay for horses brought from other states, and achievement. The breeders of horses in Maryland, We are of opinion that they cannot remain long which ought, without any additional expense, to go comparatively unprepared and inexperienced, have at the present rates, of

43 50 a 44 per 60 k. into their own pockets. A serious, and perhaps yet not ventured to enter the lists where certain dis- for the English market at 16 and 16%, is now at 15 and

St. Domingo coffee, which had been eagerly taken up greater loss, is that which accrues from breeding comfiture awaited them; and hence the public dis- 151. The greatest part of what is expected is already and using animals of unsightly figure, of unthrifty appointment in the beneficial effects anticipated sold, to deliver on arrival.-Little remains in the marconstitution--and of action, both for saddle and har-from the measures of this association. Notwitb-ket, and we believe that it will rather rise than decline.



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