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D.

GOOSEBERRIES, on the cause of rust in, 28. New me-

J.

thod of cultivating, 223. To prevent them rusting or

DARE, Doctor Johu on the preparation and use of cob- moulding, 43.

meal, 306.

JOURNAL of a traveller to Missouri, 398.

GIBSON, W. on fallows, 66.

DARLINGTON's, Dr. W. address to the Pennsylvania GRAFTED fruit, on the durability of, 870.

Agricultural Society, 346.

GRAFTING, clay used in, 349.

K.

DAIRYING, hints

on,

415.

GRAPES, on the culture of in France, by J. P. Cobbett, 5.

DEVONS, letter on the value, weights and properties of,

Seed of, imported by James Bosley, 6. On the culture KALE, Cæsarean on the culture of, 246.
211.

of, 84. How to preserve, 208. See Vine.

DISTEMPER in dogs, how cured, 407.

GRASSES, the various kinds best adapted to permanent

L.

DOCK WEED, to destroy, 84.

pasture, 25. Orchard, on the cultivation of, 35. Best
DOG, SHEPHERDS' on the usefulness and sagacity of, 4.

for meadows and pastures, 148, 169, 179. Value of

liow to prevent from killing sheep, 44. Notice of an

different kinds, 354.

LADIES' Department.-On the choice and quantity of

GUN and dog, on the care and use of, 159. Gun barrels, food, 261. The nursery, 293, 301

English bull dog, 191.

Lavender, 319.

DOG and Gun, on the use and care of, 159.

on the length of, 207, 223.

Whisper to a newly-married pair, 326, 333, 340, 350.

The unnatural mother, 354, 366. Lilies, 374 Peevish.

DORCHESTER County Cattle Show, list of premiums, 236. GUT-TIE, disease of calves, 201.

GYPSUM, or Plaster of Paris, introduction of in Pennsyl.

ness equally wretched and offensive, 382

DRAINING, remarks on, 67.

On presery-

DRILL Husbandry, origin of 38.

vania, 20.

ing all kinds of butchers' meat, fish or poultry, 391.

Conjugal happiness enhanced by having children; 397.

A mother's love-l'hey poured the red libation forth,"

E.

H.

398. Sourkraut, mushroom catsup, tomata catsup, wal-

nut catsup, conserved fruits, conservation of recent

EASTON Cattle Show, remarks, 269.
HAMBLETON, E. N. account of his tide mill, 230.

fruits without sugar-to preserve gooseberries, Orlean
ECLIPSE, American, account of 199.
HARE, difference between English and American, 7.

plums, green gages, damsons, peaches, nectarines, and
EDITORIAL remarks-on the management and value of FARWOOD, Gen. R. gives account of a remarkable heif-

bullaces, 406. The Bachelor's soliloquy, ib. Preser-
oxen in New England, 3. On encouraging the culture

vation of various fruits, 414. Reply to the Bachelor's
of the grape, 5. On the pernicious use of ardent spi- HERBARIUM, or Hortus Siccus, how to form one, 135.

soliloquy, ib. The rural maid, 374
rits, 5. Correspondence, with Horticultural Society HEMP, ought to be cultivated in Georgia, 41.

LAFAYETTE, his departure from the United States--ad-
of London, 6. 'On Earl Stimson's farm, maxims and HESSIÁN fly, 227, memoir on, 153.

dress to him by President Adams, and his answer, 214.

management, 10. on the management of fruit trees, HOFFMAN, Davià, Esq. notice of his Maryland Law In- LAMBS, diseases of - black water in, 226. Blood water,

at P. E. Thomas', 12. On an association for the im.

provement of wool, 21. On Admiral Sir Isaac Coffin's HOGS, weight, keep, and nett profit of three near George LIME, on the use of as a manure, and on the construction

stitute, 23.

, ib.

LETTUCE, 402.

present of Cleveland bay horse and mare to Massachu-

town, D. C. 22. Singular disease of described by M.

setts Agr. Soc. 22. On the Maryland law institute, 23.

of kilns for burning it, by John Patterson, Esq., with

Hardin, 59. Poisoned by eating cotton seed, 196.

On the prize essay on the horse, 24. On certain con-

The Mexican, with a navel on his back, by Dr. S. S.

av engraving, 9. Perpetual kiln at Mauch Chunk, 9.

munications, 31. 'Remarks in regard to Internal Im-

Reference to what has been said of it in the American

Mitchell, 406. Account of large ones, 411.

provement Journal, 46. On next Cattle Show, and HOLLY, on the use of for hedges, 36. Berries, how best

Farmer, 304.

other subjects' 30, 31.

made to germinate, 61.

Kilns, improved construction of, by Peter Losing, with

EDDOES, or TANNIERS, a plant in use in South Caroli- HORSES, Maryland Association to improve the breed of, LINCOLN, Governor his address to the Worcester Agri-

na, 197. i'or Maryland, received by the Editor from 15. Resolve to confine their purses to Maryland, 17.

South Carolina, 416.

Exposition of the views of the association for improve. LIGUTNING Rods, best structure of, 150.

cultural Society, 282.

EDUCATION, school of Cogswell & Bancroft at North-

ment of, 47.-On the inutility and barbarity of dock-
hampton, 254. The Pestallozian, as practised in Phi.

LOBSTERS, how to cook, 213.

ing them, 44.-Preferable to the Ox, and why, 57.-

ladelphia, 309.

How to cure coliek in, 119. Horses, Catile, and LOOSENESS, or scouring in cattle, how cured, 194.

ELM, on the natural history of, 212.

sheep, comparison of expense and profit in rearing LORAIN, the late John-remarks on, with a chapter from
EMORY, Col. T. on holly for hedges, 36. On fruit trees,

his book, 49.
them, 233. The importance of more attention in rear-

379.

ing, 269. Remarks on the thorough bred, 270. Do.

John on barns, cattle sheds, &c. 131.

Embanking with the spade, remarks on by G. W.P. Cus-

and sheep, profit of compared, 284. Prize Essay on

tis, 5i.

the form and diseases of, 17. Stallion and mare of

M.

EMMERSON, Judge addresses Washington Agricultural

Cleveland bay breed sent to Mass Ag. Soc. by Ad-

Society, 115.

miral Coffin, 22. Ditto and the ox, their value and MACHINE, Brooking's, for threshing wheat, 59. Re.

ENGLAND, condition and prospects of, 15.

economy compared, 26. French mode of shoeing,

ENGLISH Hunter, what he was and what he is, 263. Pe-

marks on various, 149.

destrianism, ib. Prime shot, ib. Match from Ferry HORSE mills, 285,

with a cut, 140. Compared with Oxen, 3.

MCCLURE, Williamı of Pa., presents the North American
Bridge in London, ib.
HORTICULTURAL Snciety of London send a diploma io

Sylva to the Maryland Agric. Society, 182. Commu-
ERISIPÉLAS, how cured 407.

nicates the Pestalozzian system of education, 309.
J. S. Skinner, 6. Also to J. Buel, 36.

MeDOWEL, John incloses samples of his wool, 331.

Or Jamaica, proceedings of, 312.

MALT, extract of, 208,

F.

HORTICULTURE; on the diseases of various fruit trees, MANURES, remarks on various kinds of, by B. W. Bar-

by James Worth, 12.

ton, 116. Analysis and application of various kinds,

FALLOWS, remarks on, 76.

HOPS, on the culture of, 273.

307.

FERMENTATION in manures, remarks on by John Lo- HOWARD, William, remarks on spots in the sun, 159.

HUVEN in cattle, how cured, 187.

MARYLAND Association to improve the breed of horses,

rain, 49.

elect J. S. Skinner, Vice-president, and resolve to offer

TIELS), Theodore on the culture of cotton in Virginia, 1. HULL, Commodore, sends barley from the Mediterra-
HUGHES, John, tobacco, 66.

purses for horses owned only in Maryland, 15. Law
FISH, how to cook, 213.

Institute, editorial notice of, 23.

FORD, J. M. on cotton presses and cayenne pepper, 119.

MARSHES, on the Malaria of, 227.

FOLEY, John inquiries about sumach, 144.

HUNTING, effects of on the health, 207.
HURLBERT, S. & Co. on the weight, qualities, &c. of MASSEY, Thomas, on the management of cows and calves,

MARTIN, Dr. Ennalls, on burned clay, 371.

FOOD, on the choice and quantity of, 261.

FOOT Rot, disease of sheep, 217. Tlalt in sheep, 202.

Cuke Devons, 210.

52. Denounces orchard grass, 59.

FOUL in the feet of cattle, how cured, 187.

MASSACHUSETI'S Agricultural Society official account

F. on the culture of trees, recommends Prince's nursery,

I.

of its cattle show of 1825, 266, 274, 282,

190.

MEASE, Dr. James, on improved short horned cattle, 27.
FLAX Seed, nse of in fattening cat:le, 133.

INTERNAL improvements. Rail roads recommended to MEIDE, R. K. description and drawing of his barn yard,
FLOUR, inspection of in Baltimore, 344.

connect the James and Kanawha rivers, 13. On the

99.

FLOWERS, on the culture of, 189.

construction of rail ways, 29. Society for in Pennsyl. MEMORANDA of agricultural conversations in the office

FLUX, disease of sheep, 201.

vania, communication from concerning rail ways, 29. of the American Farmer. 01 jacks, their value, on

FLY, disease of in sheep. 201. Hessian, 227.

Society for in Maryland, proceedings of, 31. Notice keeping sheep, and their value in Connecticut, on ob.

FRANKLIN, Doctor on the art of swimining, 141.

of various ones, 38. Editor declines editing the journal taining water hy boring, 15. Scientific memorandla, on

FREDERICK County Cattle Show, premiums offered by

of, 46. Proceeding of convention at Harrisburg, 175. agriculture, 349, 378, 387,401, 411.

the, 71.

On connection of the waters of the Ohio and Susque- MELONS, 403.

FREDERICKSBURG Agricultural Society, 283,

hanna, addressed to the citizens of Pennsylvania, 236, METEOROLOGICAL observations at Washington, Pa.

FRUIT, notice of fine sorts from J. Willis, 190.

243, 252, 256. Proceedings of a meeting in Frederick 350.
Trees, cure for diseases of, 222. On the management

county, 280. Convention for in Baltimore, 311, 317. MILK, weight and yield of butter, given measures of, 14.
of, by R. Sinclair, 245. On th: barrenness of, 246. Di- In Ohio, 525. Correspondence between the Penn. decomposition of by acids, 14. Pans, improved kind
seases of, by Jap:es Worth, 378. Remarks on various sylvanja society and W. Stricklaod, 339. In Pennsyl- recommender, 45. Weight of, 74.
kinds and on their management-on graftmg anii seeria vania, 413.

MILLS, Hand-Zachariah Parks', 61. On the construc-
lings, by Col. T. Emory, 379. Plum and morelio, 359. INDIGESTION, prescription for, by the late J. Owen, tion of water wheels 393.

31. D. 127.

MILLIT, remarks on, 117
INDIGO), revival of its culture in Georgia recommen:led, MILNOR, J. P'. communicates valuable papers on sheep,

G.

41. Suited to the stite of Cieorgia, 185.

361.

INSECTS, destructive to peach trets, sent by T. P. Sta. MITCHELL, Sami. L. on wheat insects, 260.
GALL, or scour in sheep, 217.

bler, 53. Characterized by T. Say, 79.

To Judge Buel, 36. On the Mexican Hog, 406.

GARDENING, Kitehen lettuce, radishms, onions, parsnips, IRRIGATION, value and wole of, 124. Advantages of, MORELLO and plum trees, J Buel on the management

garden peas, garden beans, melons, cucumbers, squash- and now conducted, 249, 259.

of, 339.

es, cabbages, 102, 403.

IRVINE, W. A. on Saxon and Merino sheep, 48, MORRIS, Anthony on the merino flocks of Spain, 334

GAS engine carriages, coming into use in England, 14. ITALY, Agriculture of, 54.

MULE, prize essay on, 169. Size of, 30. Making six
GATES, Toll how manager in England, 64.
IY, poisonous to sheep, how counteracted, 59,

teams of Gen. Ridgely, 195. Governeur Washington
planting cotton, 220

nean, 8.

V

OONTENTS.

VOL. VII.

on the natural history of, 219. Amusing anecdote of, ed, 49. Depth of, by what circumstances it should be To clean Leghorn hats, 310. For pickling beef, 33.

400.

regulated, 49.

To salt hams, to dry salt beef and pork, 350. To pick!

MULBERRY, the white, on the culture of in America, 37. PLOUGHS, remarks on the experiments with at Washing- in brine, 350. Substitute for yeast, 350. To restor
Trees for raising silk worms, 286.

bad yeast 350. To restore decayed writings, 350. T
MURRAIN in cattle, remarks on, 20.

PLUMS, diseases of, how prevented, 43. And Morello preserve game, 94. Substitute for mahogany, 94. T
MUSE, Doctor J. E. on the dignity and utility of the sci- cherry tree, 339.

cleanse gloves, 232-

ence of agriculture, 313.

POETRY, eclogue on the plough, 24. On the approach RED water in cattle, how cured, 195.

of spring, 55. Prize Address at Albany, 96. RIDGELY, Gen. C. of H. his address to the Marylan!

N.

POISON, of ivy, how counteracted when taken by sheep Agricultural Society, 89.

and cattle, 59. By parsnips, account of, 94.

ROTATION of crops in Italy, 54. Leading step to im

POMEROY, Samuel Wyllys, his Prize Essay on the Mule, provement, 186.
NATURAL History, strange animal, mole-like, 142. or

169.

ROMAN, Mr. Williams' imported horse, his pedigree
the Mexican hog, 405.
POMPEIA, ruins of described, 54.

323.
NIGHT Soil, on the collection and use of, 361,
POSTAGES, rates of, 14).

ROSE, the Cherokee, account of in Montgomery county
POST-office department, congressional proceedings in re- 52. Nondescript, notice of, 333.

0.

spect to, 302.

ROOT crops, on the value of, 338. Growing, applying, and

POTATO, remarks on those sent by Com. Hull from S. using them, 353.

OHIO, rapid improvement of, 398.

America. 44. Mortar of, 165.

ROT in sheep, how cured, 403.

OLIO, Sporting difference between the English and Ame. POTTER, Wm. sends accounts and stalks of extraordinary RUTABAGA and clover in N. Carolina, 58.

rican hare, 7. Sagacity of the fox, ib. Remarkable

Wagers, 15. Extraordinary chace, 26. Regeneration POULTRY, managing and feeding, 164.

S.

of a cow, a laughable anecdote, 23. Length of gun POWEL, J. H. his introductiou of valuable stock and
barrels, 207. Effects of hunting on health,

ib. Great

influence in a wakening a spirit of agricultural im-

age of a horse, 215. Centreville races, 216. On the

provement, 27. Iu reply to Colonel Pickering on na-

SAINTFOIN, 179.

length of gun barrels, 223, Various exercises and

tive cattle, 74, 105, 129. Imports Durham cattle and

Southdown sheep, 288. Pedigrees of cattle import- SAY, Thomas on a certain insect, 223.

SAUCE for lobsters, how to make, 213.

sports, 231. Long Island races, ib. Trotting matches,

ib. Pedestrianism, ib. Race at Long Island, 239.

ed by him, 295, 297. On the various breeds of sheep, SCAB in sheep, 225.

Races at Canton, ib. On the length of gun barrels,

316. On the importance of neat cattle, 332. To the SEABROOK,'W. B. his experiments in the culture of

247. New Market races, ib. Washington races, 255.

Pennsylvania Agr. Soc. on sheep and other animals,

corn, 35. On fruit trees, 242.

369. On sheep husbandry, 385. On the usefulness SEBRIGHT, Sir J. on improving the breeds of domestic

Meeting of the Richmond Jockey Club, 262. Milita-

ry sports in Wales, 262. Good shooting, an instance

and sagacity of the shepherd's dog, 4.

animals, 369.

of in Baltimore county, 271. Form of a sportsman's PREMIUMS offered by Maryland Ag. Soc. at Easton, 221. SCOURING, or looseness in calves, 201. In horses and

journal, ib. Pleasures and advantages of hunting, ib. PRINCE, of Long Island, his nursery recommended, 190.

cattle, certain and simple cure for, 222.

Pedestrianism, 272. Trotting match, ib. On the

SHALER, Consul at Algiers, sends wheat to America, 8.

length of gun barrels, 279. Partridge shooting, ac-

Q.

SHEEP, remarks on them and nther animals, 51. Remedy

count of in Baltimore county, 287. Fish, 393. Length

for hoven sheep and cattle, ib. Poisoned by ivy and
of gun barrels, 396. Shooting match, 225. Wiudsor QUERIES, to correspondents-on horse machinery, 14. cured, 59. On the husbandry of, by G. W. P. Custis,
royal hunt, ib. Trotting, ib. Sale of hunters, ib. A-

73, 82, 98, 108, 112, 123. Husbandry, by W. Ar!).

merican skating, ib. On the various kinds of cartrid-

R.

strong, 138—by Alexander Reed, ib. Great sale ot at

ges, 342. Dog breaking, 358, 374, 383. The field

Brighton, Mass. 155. Caramanian, or camblet woolled,
dog, 267. On cartridges, ib. Number of shots in an

156. Oo dipping before shearing, 164 Account of a fat

ounce, 271.

RACES, purses offered, May, 1825, 47. Account of at

one in England), 199. Diseases of, 201. Discription

OLIVE, adapted to the southern states, 186. Ought to be

Lawrenceville and Newmarket, 63, 69, 77, 85. Con-

of Teeswater, Cotswold, Dishley, Lincolnshire, Dart-
cultivated in Georgia, 41,
demned by with boats, 79. At Richmond, May, 1825,

moor, Hereford or Ryelands, Southdown, Berkshire,
ORCHARD Grass, denounced by T. Massey, 59. On the

95. Newmarket, 95. At Lawrenceville, 95. Men Gloucester, Chinese, Hampshire, Highland, Northamp-

value of, 35.

against horses, 135. At Charleston, S, C., 407.

ORATION of Doctor Muse, on the dignity, &c. of agri- RAILWAYS, on the structure of, 29. Essay on, from the

ton, Shropshire, Radgswick, swing-tailed, and Wo-
RADISHES, 403.

burn, 202. Foot rot, 217. Gall or scour, peli rot,

culture, 313.

redwater, rickets, rot, ib. Remedies for the rot, 225.

ORCHARDS, how to prune, 224.

U.S. Gaz. 61.

Rubbers in, ib. For the scab, ib. Scab, ib. Sore oil.
Ox, on the value of, compared with horses, and mode of RAM, remarkable one, 133.

der, white scour, wounds, 226. Sheep, cattle and
training and treatment in New England and Virgi- RECIPES, to falten turkeys, 37. Remedy for horses,

horses, expense and profit of rearing them comparer,
nia, 3. How valued in New England, 14. Shows their sheep', and cattle, 51. How to tan, 88. To make

233. Sheep and horses, profit of compared, 28+. Of
value and economy compared, 26. Why not equal to Japanese cement, 88. To destroy rats, 88. How to

Southdown breed imported by J. H. Powel, 288. Va.
the horse, 67. How to gentle an, with a cut, 76. No-

economise in candles, 94. To make a composition for luable importation of, by C. Dunn, 292. On the rot and

tice of a remarkable one, 191, Account of a large

weather boarding paling, 94. To make other wood other diseases of, ib. Husbandry, on the profits of, 315.

one, 199. Diseases, 201. Prize essay on the use of,

resemble mahogany, 94. To sweeten putrid water at On the varions breeds ot, by Col J. H. Powel, 316. On

sea, 103. To use sulphur to kill insects on plants, 103. the value of different breeds, by Columella, 324. Me-

To clean block tin dishes, 104. To make liquid for

rino, on raising, by R. I, Rose, 333. In reply to Co-

P.

staining bone, 104. To engrave in relief on an egg, Jumella, 337, 345. Saxon and Merino, remaiks by W.

104. To rear calves and save the milk, 112. To clear

Irvine, 348. Communications to the Pennsylvania Ayr,

feathers of oil, 112. To cure the sea scurvy, ib. To Society, communicated for the Farmer by J. P. Mil.
PABULUM, or food of plants, in what does it consist, 186. cure the colick in horses, 119. To make shaving
PALMA Christi, inquiry concerning, 235.

nor, 361. Communication on, to the Penn. Agr. S.-
soap, to make paste for singing birds, to keep milk and

by Col. J. H. Powel, 369. Number owned in Washi-
PANTAS, or panting sickness, 194.

butter, to make salt butter fresh, to preserve cream,
PAPER made from straw, 191.

ington county, Pa. 378 New Leicester, imported by

120. To make cheap table beer, to remove the taste
PAPER-hangings, to clean 224.

the Editor, 384. Husbandry, paper on by Col. J. H
of turnips from milk, to cure the croup, also for rot in

Powel, 385. Remarks on, by W. Partridge, 386 Dr
PATENTS, the law and regulations concerning, 357.

sheep, to make peach and apricot wine, to restore flat

Parry on the merino, 393. New Leicester, 401. Net
PARSTUM, three temples of, 54.

wines, 135. To make cream cheese, rye coffee, rhu- weight of some, 403. Rot in, how cured, ib. Stag
PARKIN, W. on mills, 372. On the construction of water barb syrup, 143. To drive off feas and other vermin,

gers in, 201, Curwen in reply to Columella, 409.
to cure the bowel complaint, to allay beat in the eyes, SHOES, wooden soaled, remarks on. 51.
wheels, 396).
PARRY, Dr. on merino sheep, 393. New Leicesters, 401. relief for cramp in the stomach, for a strain, 143. 1o SHOEING horses, French mode of 140.
PARSNIPS, 403

cure the bite of various snakes, 151, . To make Italian SHOOTING, account of at Wheatiand in Virginia, 7
PATTERSON, John, on the use of lime as a manure, and cheese, to prevent chimnies from taking fire, 160. To

Account of pigeon shooting match, 104. Woodcoc
on the construction of kilns, 9. On the use of steam cure the tetter worm, 167. Substitute for yeast, 200. 4th July, 143 Remarkable case of good, 175.
in preparing farm stock, 211.

Cure for gravel, 200. To purify chambers, to preserve SHOOTE, a disease of calves, 201.
PARTRIDGE, Wm. to the Editor on sheep, wool, &c. 386. roots, to preserve vegetables, ib. To preserve grasses, SILK, recommended in Georgia, 185. Domestic manufa
PEACH, remarks on by J. H. Cocke, 110. On the culture 208. To make extract of malt for coughs, to cook fish lure of in Carolina, 329. Worm, how to rear, 229.
and diseases of, 140.

and lobsters, to make lobster sauce, 213. To prevent SILK-WORMS, raised in Pennsylvania, 182.
PEA, everlasting, notice of, 48, 403.

yellow fever, 216. In sheep, 217. Rot in sheep, ib. SINCLAIR, Robert agricultural remarks by, 162, 173.
PEDESTRIANISM, advantages of, 191. Account of, 199. Red water in sheep: ib. Certain and simple cure for SKINNER, J. S. elected corresponding member of
PEDIGREES of cattle imported by J. H. Powell, 295, 297. scouring and looseness in horses and cattle, 222, How
Of a colt owned by the Editor', 391.

Horticultural Society of London, 6. Vice Presiden

to enter sick rooms, 224. To prune Orchards, 224.
PENNSYLVANIA society for internal improvement, 29.

the Maryland Association for improving the bree
To clean paper bangings, 221. Rot in sheep, 225,

horses, 15. Appointed one of the board of trustet
PELT, rot in sheep, 217.

Rubbers in she« p, ib. To make broths and soups, 229. the West Point Academy, 96. Corresponding m
PETERS, Judge, his great services to Pennsylvania Agri- To make cheap beer, 232. Natural dentifrice, 232. ber of the Horticultural Society of Ja vaica, 312.

culture, 20. Introduces the use of gypsum and red To prevent the growth of weeds around fruit trees, SMALL, W F on stuccoing houses in Baltimore, 28.

clover, 20.

ib. Cure for the tooth ache, ib. To avoid effects of SMITH, F. H. states that he has invented a machin

PHILADELPHIA society for promoting agriculture, pro- lightning, i6. To restore wines, 246. To make quar-

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On the culture of cotton,

ceedings of, 402.

tern loaves for family use, 247. To cure burns and Conimunicates a drawing and explanation of a c
PICKERING, Col. T. on improving the native breed of scaids, 247. Indian cure for the ear acht, ib. To
N. E. eattle, 81, 87, 107, 113.

remove grease from paper, ib. To clean black silk, SMÚT in wheat, remarks on 139.
PIGGERIES in Mexico, account of, 236.

27. Pickles of various kinds, how best male, 262. SVAKE, a cure for the bit2 of 151.

PINCKNEY, Gen. Charles Cotesworth, obituary notice of, To preserve houses from vermin, 247. to make sho-s SOUTH CAROLINA Agricultural Society, premiun

192

resist water, 263. To cure the crick, 230. To stop tereil by, 291.

PLANTS, food of, 349.

bleeding at the lungs, 5:13. To preserve inishes it is

PLOUGHING from and to plants, its advantages explain-

SPALDING. Tyowas his ackress to the Union Agri

from rusting, 303. To preserve brass ornaments, S04. ral Society of weorgia, 185,

press, 395.

SPENCE, J. S, deposites sced for distribution, 50.

of, 66. Bad effects of the use of, 207. Proposed cul. 158. Flooding, improvement of grass lands by means of,

SPORTS of the field, editorial remarks on, 268.

ture of in Ohio, 312. In Missouri, 338. In Ohio, 348, 330. Wheels, the principle of their construction, 390.

SPORTING anecdotes--hare hunt, sagacity of the fox, 7. TRAVELLING, distances between various points, 151. WASHINGTON Agricultural Society, proceedings of, 115.

Races at New Orleans, 39. See olio.

TREES, natural life of, 167. On the culture of, Prince's WEATHER, signs of changes, 180.

SPURREY, 180.

Nursery recommended, 190.

WELL, account of the overflowing one in the horticultural

SPRINGS, central theory of, 5. Account of one near TRIMBLE, John on boring for water, 101.

garden, London, 53.

London, 53.

TROITING match at New York, 63. Match account of, WEST POINT Academy, Editorial notice of, 120, 127,

STABLER, Edward experiments with the Cherokee rose, 104. Great per formance in, 199.

137, 145, 148, 177.
TURKIES for Gen. Lafayette, 55. Wild, on their natural WILLIAMS, Charles, cut and explanation of his cotton
STUCCO, as used in Baltimore, by whom and cost, 28. habits, 78.
STRAWBERRY Vines, why often unfruitful, 56. Sexual TURNER’S, H. S. account of his premium farm, 305. WILLIAMS, James on root crops, 353.
distinctions explained, 60. With a cut 68,

WILLIS, John on the culture of the vine, 77.

SUGAR, adapted io Georgia, 185.

U.

WILKINS, W. on asparagus beds, 301.

SUMACH, description of and preparation for market, 165.

WINE, on the manufacture of in France, 5. Scuppernong,

Further description of, 190.

produce and profits of per acre, 45. Parsnip, how to

SWIMMING, instructions for learning by Dr. Franklin, 141. UDDER, how cured when diseased, 195.

make, 68. American, by J. Adlum, 188. Those of
SUN, spots in the, conjectures as to the effect, 159.
UNION Agricultural Society, proceedings of, 41.

1825, 309. History of ancient and modern, 364, 372,

STABLER, Thomas P. sends insects found on peach trees, UNIVERSITY of Virginia, notice of, 168.

380, 388, 396, 403. Dimipished consumption of, 374.

53. His prize essay on the use of the ox, 257.

WHEAT, white flint notice of by J. H. Cocke, 109. Smut
STAGGERS in cattle, how cured, 195. In sheep, 201.

V.

in, remarks 139. White flint, character of by Ira Hop-
STEAM, on the use of in heating houses, 14. Engines, lo-

kins, 155. From Asia, experiment with, 182. Changes
comotive on, and drawing of, 45. On the use of in VAN RENSSELAER, J. Reetsen communicates a reme-

from wheat to cheat, ib. Suil and climate of Georgia
preparing food for farm stock, 211. Mills, inquiries
dy for diseased fruit trees, and for scouring in horses

well adapted to, 186. White flint, character of, 182.

respecting, 368.

and cattle, 222

Remarks on by a correspondent in Cecil county, 195.

STEPTOE, R. S. on keeping off the bee miller, 167.
VAUX, Roberts extracts from his address to the Philadel.

On pickling for seed, 199. White flint, T. Tilghman's

STIMSON, Earl bis address on rural economy and the ma-

phia Agricultural Society, 20, 27.

remarks on, 203. Selection of for seed, 182.

nagement of land, to the Saratoga county Agricultural VALLEY, proceedings of the Agricultural Society of the WHEELS and springs, advantage of to carriages, 85.

Society, 10.

59, 283." Report to, on H. S. Turner's premium farm, WOAD, substitutes for, 94.

STUD Book, notice of the publication of one, 399. List

305.

of foals dropped in the stud of a gentleman in the VEGETABLES, various kinds, comparative view of profit WOOL, society formed in Massachusetts for improvement

south of Virginia, ib.

of, 188.

of, 21. Remarks on by the Editor, 184. Account of

SYLVA, North American of Michaux, notice of, 183.
VETCHES, 179, 180.

large sale of in Boston, 285. Importance of fineness
VINES, raising from the seed not approved, 36. Worthy

of, 285. On merino, by John McDowell, 331. Re-

T.

marks on by Columella, 338.

of encouragement in Georgia

, 41. On the culture of, WOODWARD, George gives account of large trees, 213.
56. Scuppernong, 41. On the culture of, by John Wil- WORTH, James on the diseases of various fruit trees, 12.

lis, 76, 84. How managed in France. 94. Hints on
TANNIERS, or Eddoes, a plant in use in S. C. 197.

the culture, 140. Recommended as a fit object of cul- WORCESTER Cattle Show, account of, 251.

On the diseases of fruit trees, 378.

TANNING, directions for, 88.

ture in Georgia, 185. On the cultivation of valuable WOUNDS in cattle, how cured, 195.

TERRA Antonia Della petitions the Legislature of South

treatise translated from the French, 196, 204.' Cultiva-
Carolina for encouragement in the culture of the mul-

tion of, by an officer of the American navy, 301. Ca. WRIGHT, Gov. on the natural history of the mule, 219.

bery and the vine, 329.

pacity of this country to produce, 329.

TETTÉR worm, how to destroy, 167. Tares, 180.

Y.

THOMPSON, H. account of his Alderney cow, 203, 220.

THORNTON, William on the law concerning patents,

W.

YANKEE, a full blooded on the importance of imported

357.

TIDES, the common theory of disputed, 5.

WALNUTS, English good for fattening turkies, 37.

cattle, 261.

TICKS of sheep, to kill, 226.

WATKINS', Doctor T. G. communication to the Washing-

TIDE mills, 230,

ton Agricultural Society, 116.

Z.

TOBACCO, remarks on curing it in N. Carolina, 34. Flies, WATER, on obtaining by boring, 6. Account of getting

how to destroy, 4. On the culture and management it by boring, near London, 53. On boring for, 119, ZOLLICKOFFER, Doctor on the value of root crops, 338.

RURAL BOONOMY, INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS, PRICES OURRENT .

“O fortunatos nimium sua si bona norint
“Agricolas.".....

VIRG.

grass

Vor: VII.
BALTIMORE, FRIDAY, MARCH 25, 1825.

No. 1.
With an implement of this kind you cover the seed or trowel hoe ploughs, cutting once on each side of
AGRICULTURE.

with great facility, and by this mode of planting you the plants and so near to them as to destroy some, preserve a fresh surface, all important, by prevent- thereby aiding the operation of thinning. After hav

ing your land from washing into gullies--by dimi-ing gone over the crop in this manner, the business ON THE CULTURE AND PREPARATION nishing the loss of moisture at this critical juncture of thinning going on at the same time, but after the OF COTTON FOR MARKET.

by evaporation, for the more uneven the surface plough. The next working should commence with

the more rapidly it dries, and by facilitating the cul- trowel hoe ploughs, having on each side of the trian Waqua, Brunswick Co. Va. Jan. 27th, 1825.

ture of the crop after it is up, which will appear un- gular helve a short mould-board, (A, see next page,, Every thing said on the subject of Cotton, is daily der the head of culture.

not more than 14 inches wide and curving; thus, i becoming more interesting in this part of the coun- TIME OF PLANTING.— This should vary with the

try; added to which, many invitations have been latitude and distance from the seaboard. In more given through your valuable paper, that planters southern latitudes they may plant much earlier than should communicate their experience on this sub- we do in Virginia; but a person living near the seaject; therefore, no other apology is deemed neces-board in Virginia, say at Williamsburg may plant as so attached to the helves, as to shovel up a little earth sary for the few remarks which I now offer you. soon as a Carolinean living at the distance of 150 to the plants. The hoes should follow the ploughs

I do not know that I shall say any thing either miles from the sea. I reside about 40 miles from to cut away the grass, or remove it by hand, if any new or interesting, but as my remarks may correct the Carolina line and about 150 from the seaboard, should be left. After this, the boes may be disconsome erroneous opinions entertained by a few, and and in my vicinity, some begin as soon as the first tinued altogether, except to remove the few weeds be a guide to others, who are as yet inexperienced week in April, others later. If I could deposite all or bunches of grass which may be left after the last on the subject of the cotton crop, they are offered with my seed in one day, I would prefer about the 10th of ploughing; but scarcely any will ever remain, if the the hope of either communicating information to the May. One of my neighbours, last year, failed in a ploughing is well done. The ploughing should be inexperienced, or eliciting intelligence from the more crop of wheat, on a small lot of land. He ploughed repeated two or three times more, and at every repeskilful and better informed.

it up in May, and planted it on the 22d of that tition, lengthen the mouldboards a few inches, so Seed.---An opinion is expressed in the American month-its produce was more abundant than any that a little more earth may be thrown up at each Farmer, vol. 3, page 237, that the rot is propagated other part of his crop. By planting late you avoid ploughing to the plants. By repeatedly throwing up

by the seed, and that it may be avoided by selecting the risk of planting your crop over twice, which the earth to the plants, you smother the young grass I seed from plants not affected. This I think is an er- would, at that busy season, be a serious loss, and the which comes up about them, and hill the cotton at

ror. The first year I planted a crop of any extent, further risk of having your crop stunted in its growth, the same time, two important objects attained by (for I have cultivated it in the small way ever since by late frost or even cold weather, from the injurious the same operation. Hence one of the great advanI have been a farmer,) I procured the seed from a effects of which it is slow in recovering. By plant- tages of planting on a flat surface. By planting on gin about 25 miles distant from my farm, and in a ing late, the seed vegetates soon—the plants come high beds, you are obliged to clear away

the neighbourhood every crop of which was affected up with a vigorous growth, which they retain to with hoes, thereby increasing the labours of hoe culwith the rot. My first crop, in 1822, entirely es- their maturity, if properly managed afterwards. A ture, and this cannot be done without drawing away caped it. I do not think that one single pod was cotton planter should plant his corn early, have every some of the earth from the plants, which never fails rotted. The crop of 1823 was, in some places, al- thing in preparation for the expeditious planting of to injure its growth. I have heard some experienced most entirely destroyed;--the crop of 1824, less af- his cotton, and by beginning about the 25th of April planters say, that you might increase your crop by fected. From these facts, I cannot believe that the will finish in good time, if he have a full crop, say planting in checks at the distance of 34 feet by 18 rot is propagated by the seed. An opinion prevails five acres to each labourer-if his crop is less, he inches or 2 feet, and leaving two or three stalks in in North Carolina, that the rot proceeds from de- may begin later. I speak of the southern part of each check. By this means you are enabled to give fective seed, which, when planted fresh or new, will Virginia.

one ploughing the narrow way, and thin out the cotvegetate, and that by keeping the seed to be one or DISTANCE AND THINNING.–The greatest distance ton with more expedition, as which, no part of the more years old, these seed lose their vegetating prin- generally between the rows is 41 feet, and the short-management of the crop is so tedious, except the ciple, and that none come up but such as are per- ost is 3. Some crowd a great many plants on an gathering: fectly sound. By this means they obtain vigorous acre, having the rows left only 3 feet apart, and Rot. This is too well known to all cotton planplants, and think their crops less affected with the leaving the plants only 4 or 5 inches apart. This ters, to need any description. Much has been said rot than they were before this practice was commen- may answer on very thin land, but will be destruc- respecting the causes which produce it, but as yet red. The result of this practice is as yet uncertain; tive on rich land. The distance should vary ac- all'is rague conjecture. I have observed in my it appears plausible, and deserves experiment. Cer-cording to the fertility of the land. Upon rich to-crops, that those spots not hitherto cultivated in cota tainly the more sound the seed, as in all other crops, bacco land, I would advise about 5 feet by 12 inches. ton, were less in jured by it than any other parts. I the better.

The plants should never be so crowded as to inter-am inclined to believe it proceeds in some cases Move of PLANTING.—The preparation of the land lock across the rows; for, thereby you impede the from a sudden check given to a rapid flow of sap, and the mode of planting varies much in different facility of gathering, and exclude the sun and air, produced by causes as yet undiscovered. I suggest neighbourhoods. Some bed up on the old bed, after important to all crops, but more so to cotton than the following as probable means of diminishing its first splitting it open with a large trowel hoe-some any other. I made more than 1000]bs. per acre, ravages. The seed should be thoroughly dried, or flush their lands, and then bed it up by one or two cuts from a lot planted 5ļ feet by 18 inches, and where kept until they are old. Shift your land-keep it free of a mouldboard plough on each side-some cross there was any irregularity in the distance it exceed- from grass; but never accelerate its growth by too these beds at the distance they intend the plants to ed 18 inches. A good general rule is, to give it dis- much culture—give access to the sun and air, by the stand, and deposite the seed in the checks. My ex- tance one way and crowd the plants the other, to that distance you plant. perience and observation recommend the following distance which will afford stocks enough for the TOPPING.- The beneficial result of this, is as variplan-Flush up your land as is intended for corn; strength of the land. Last year I saw a piece of ous as the experiments have been numerous. Many open a furrow by one cut of a trowel hoe plough, at rich second low ground, by the admission of the experiments have been made within the circle of the distance you wish to plant; spread your seed in proprietor, an advocate for thick planting, much in- my acquaintance, and the results differing. Some this furrow, and then cover it by a plough, without jured by being planted too thick. The rows were 3 gentlemen, whose veracity is unimpeachable, have any hoe, with two boards attached to the helve and feet 4 inches apart, and the stocks left 6 inches informed me, that they have attended the gathering fextending forwards; thus,

apart in the rows;-he determined to give it much and weighing, and that there was no difference in greater distance in his next planting. May not the the product of the topped and untopped cotton; rot be promoted by the greater humidity preserved while others, equally respectable, have assured me, in the field by a crowded growth of plants? that the topped cotton yielded a much greater crop.

Culture. This should begin, as soon as the The topping is performed at different seasons; by

plants are well up, with three or five tooth harrows, some, as soon as the 15th of Jaly, in which case it 1-VOL. 7.

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be beneficial, but increases the labour, by cre- advantages of a division of labour, he might preserve

A ating the necessity of removing the suckers, a very the perfection of his gins, and reduce his price, even

1. Trowel Hoe. tedious operation;—by others, it is procrastinated below Davidson's. Nothing is wanting but greater 1

2. Base of helve. until the last of August, after which no suckering is competition, to bring down the price to $1 per saw,

3. 3. Mouldboard-6 inches required. Topping at this season is most expedi- which would be fully equal to the value of the la

long, 2 wide and curving tiously performed with long knives, or with bits of bour expended on them. One of Davidson's 50 saw

Fig. 1. old scythe blades inserted into pieces of wood which gins, with two horses, will pick from three to four serve as handles, by the labourers walking briskly thousand weight per day. The only experiment !

1. 2. 3. 4. Clamps, such as along and chopping off as much of the top as is have made with the one I have in use, picked

is represented at 1. thought redundant. The late topping I cannot be- 2000lbs. in 5} hours, and this without any effort to

H. End of box, into which lieve will add any thing to the crop, but it is service- increase the rapidity of the work, except the addi

the cotton is pressed. able in removing leaves which would be in the way tion of a second horse, for most commonly I work it

B. End of box into which of gathering, and admitting more sun, thereby acce- with but one. It has been recommended to sun the

the follower u is driven lerating the maturity of the crop; for, although the seed as fast as the cotton is picked, for reasons ap

by the beam b. cotton will all be opened before it can be gathered, pearing under the head Seed.

7. Follower. yet the earlier it opens the better, as pods more Packing.–The most common practice, in this

b Beam, 18 feet long. widely expand when they open early, which much part of Virginia, is to pack it in round bags, six feet

hhh Rollers. assists the gathering; and topping may further be long, with iron or wood pestles. This is a tedious

a Upright windlass, 18 in. serviceable, by curtailing the drast upon the fertility business, as a hand will not pack more than a bag a

diameter. of the soil. day, the weight of which is generally 350lbs. Some

cccc Large posts confinGATHERING—Should commence as soon as the pack in boxes, called square, of unequal dimensions,

ed by pieces as is reprecotton begins to open; for let the planter be as in-4 feet long, breadth and depth 3 feet by 18 inches;

sented by 8 8 8 8, in fig. dustrious as he may, the winter will far advance others impress it into these square boxes by screws.

2 and 3. upon him before he can finish, and will nearly expire, In this part of the country, we are much at a loss

D Chain attached to windif he have a full crop and be without extra hands to for the best mode of packing, and some of your

lass a, and to beam b, at assist. The morning's gathering, for the first month southern correspondents would render an essential

end E. The last 8 feet at least, should be scaffolded for a half day. Some service by communicating the cheapest and most

of chain next to E, hands in this part of the country pick out 158lbs. a expeditious mode of putting our cotton into square

should be links of iron day, but such cases are rare—an average of 50lbs. a bags. There are several disadvantages attending

1į in. diameter; 1 in. day is thought good; however, the average should the round bags, some of which I will here enume

will break with ease. exceed that weight until the middle of November. rate:—The loss on bagging, more cotton being gen

c Represents the poSome planters are in the habit, and it is recommenderally put into 4 yards of square bags than into 6

sition of the winded to all, of weighing the gathered cotton once or yards of round bags—the loss of carriage to market,

lass and posts. twice a day, and keeping a book in which they set a wagon getting along with difficulty and danger, down against each labourer's name the weight carrying 2400lbs. in round bags, and can with ease gathered. The benefit of this course will be readily carry 3200lbs. in square bags—the loss on round perceived without any further observation—and fur- bags from upsetting the wagon, which often hapther of stimulating the exertions of the labourers by pens, and on our neglected roads is almost unavoidoccasional premiums. This plan is highly advanta-able, and the greater extent of the bags exposed to geous. There

no crop in which so much can be rain. In both cases, either by soiling the bags with lost by negligence and indifference as in cotton, or mud or wetting with rain, the planter is sure to suswhich can be so easily concealed; nor is there any tain a loss, for the merchant “knocks off” so much in which so much depends on practice and habit. for mud and so much for water, generally taking off By premiums you afford exercise in industrious ex- as many pounds as there are ounces added by either ertions, excite pride and emulation, and what is of these causes. For some time a & or ļ cent more most important, lighten the weight of labour by the per pound was given in the Petersburg market for playful cheerfulness with which the task is per- cotton in square bags; but I do not believe that that formed.

difference is made at present. One great advantage GINNING.– This should go on pari passu with the of square bags is, that more of the load is taken into gathering, by which means the planter may get his the body of the wagon, which does less injury to it, crop early to market. This is doubly important, as and in a measure prevents its upsetting. it enables him to embrace any advance in the price I have recently heard of, in this part of the world, of the article, and gives him the early use of the a new mode of packing, although I have heard it fruits of his labour. Great care should be taken to spoken of as being old in others. It is effected by a prevent the motes from mixing with the cotton, as a chain of great substance attached, one end to a piece few will much injure the sale of the crop; and much of timber, say 14 inches square and 18 feet long, lying greater care should be extended to the preservation horizontally upon rollers, the other end to an up- Fig. 2. of the staple, upon which the value of the article right windlass, which is carried around by a 30 feet Represents 3 large pieces of timber, 5 5 5. mainly depends. This can be regulated only by the sweep. As this turns it winds up the chain, which

upon which to set the windlass and structure of the gins and the velocity with which thrusts the end of the piece of timber against a block,

posts, cccc, 8 8 8 8 represents wide they run. The ribs which divide the saws should called a follower, and thus forces the cotton into the

pieces to hold the windlass in an erect be wide, 3-4 of an inch or more, the teeth of the end of a box, which also lies horizontally. The box

position. saws fine, and the velocity of the saws should not is 4 feet deep and 18 inches wide. The cotton is exceed two hundred and twenty revolutions in a driven into the last 3 feet of the box, which is conminute. The staple is apt to be injured by narrow fined by clamps, and opens. After the chain is ribs and coarse teeth, and too much velocity will wound up, the clamps are removed, and the bay certainly chop it. Carver's gins, manufactured near sewed up, which finishes the business. I have been

Fig. 3. Boston, are the best I have ever heard of; but they informed, that two hands will pack six bags a day, are too costly for our limited crops in Virginia and with a machine of this kind. I wish I could give Carolina. A Mr. Miles, of Northampton county, you a good drawing of this machine, as I expect my N. Carolina, makes most excellent gins; but his ma- description will afford but an imperfect idea of it. nufacture is unequal to the demand. Davidson, of If you, or any of your correspondents, know any Mecklenburg county, N. Carolina, manufactures ex- thing of it, you will oblige us by some better account tensively, and his gins are cheap—2$ per saw. The of it. I would here ask you, or through you, of the only difference between Miles' and Davidson's gins, superintendant of the patent office, whether or not is, that Miles' have a mote box in the rear of the any patent has been granted to any person for any

k ribs, and they are made in better style; but they machine to pack cotton, and if any, what they are. The windlass in an erect posture. cost 1$ per saw more than Davidson's, a sum more I shall below attempt a drawing of this packing f The sweep with the end y, 30 ft. from the windlass than equivalent to the greater perfection of the gin. machine, which if you can make intelligible by an at k. If he would extend his manufacture, embrace the engraving, may be added.

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