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Rather than give up his pretended rights to last year.--2. At his house, in the Admi. the famous midden-stead, he obstinately re- ralty, London, Rear-admiral Sir George fused all supply from the poors funds of his Hope, K.C.B.-3. At his father's house, in native parish ; and in order that he might Howe Street, Edinburgh, Arthur Forrest, retain what he conceived would be the Esq.-At Glasgow, Mr A. Ruthven, of the means of bringing him once more within the Ship Bank there. -At Glasgow, Mr James walls of the Parliament House, wandered Russell, jun. grocer, High Street. Mr Rusabout from place to place, until at last, from sell has left the following donations : To his habits of life, he became such a nuisance, the poor of the Relief Chapel, Campbell that, disowned by every relation, and shut out Street, £200-Sabbath Evening Schools, from every house, it was found necessary to £50_To the Royal Infirmary, £50—To convey him to the common prison, which the Lunatic Asylum, £50—To the poor of he quitted only for that asylum “where his native parish, Falkirk, £50.—4. At the wicked cease from troubling, and where Gortnagally, near Dungannon, John Woods, the weary are at rest."--At Eildon Hall, an industrious farmer, at the advanced age Katherine, the infant daughter of Leaver of 122 years. He lived a regular and sober Legge, Esq.-15. At Libberton, Margaret life. His wife died about two years ago, Manson, spouse of the Rev. Mr James aged 82 years. He was 42 years old the Simpson, minister of the Associate Congre- day of her birth.–At Ramsay (Isle of Man) gation, Potter-row, Edinburgh.-21. Mr aged 61 years, the Hon. Norris Moore, his John Hatchet, senior, of the White Horse Majesty's first deemster in the island.-5. Cellar, Piccadilly, London, aged 62.-23. At Dublin, in the 25th year of his age, on At Topsham, aged 78, Captain Carter, R.N. his way homewards from Jamaica, on aeWith the exception of Admiral Schank, he count of bad health, Mr Archibald Robertwas the only surviving officer who went to son, only remaining son of George Robertthe North Cape of Lapland, to observe the son, Esq. Bower Lodge, Irvine.--At her transit of Venus, in 1768, in the Emerald, house, in Chapel Street, Mrs Alison Hay of commanded by Sir Charles Douglas, of Haystown, in the 90th year of her age.which the deceased was then first lieutenant. 7. At Chapelton, the infant daughter of -At Avignon, Colin Macdonald Buchanan, Capt. Durie, late of the 92d regiment. At younger of Drummakil.–24. At Liverpool, Sheerness, at an advanced age, Mr Wyatt, aged 81, Mr John Gore.-25. At Fraser- ship-builder. His death was occasioned by burgh, Mr George Daniel, writer.–26. Af- an anchor, weighing 46 cwt. which he was ter a lingering and painful illness, Mr Rob. trying to move, falling against his chest, Wilson, merchant, Leith. At Perth, the and knocking him down, the Monday preRev. James Scott, late senior minister of ceding.-—-At Edinburgh, Mrs Margaret Perth, at the advanced age of 85.-28. At Aitchison, wife of Mr James Clarkson. Gartur, John Graham, Esq.-29. At Havre, At Fernie, Francis Balfour, Esq. of Fernie. Alexander, second son of William Oliver, -At Campbeltown, Major Robert Elder Esq. younger of Dinlabyre.-30. At his of Belloch.—Christian, youngest daughter mother's house, 65, Prince's Street, Edin. of William Haig, Esq. of Dollarfield.-8. burgh, James George Mackinlay, student At Hill Street, Edinburgh, Colin Mackay, of medicine, aged 20.–At Burntsfield Links, Esq.-At Edinburgh, in the 73d year of Edinburgh, Mrs Margaret Finlay, widow his age, Alexander Robertson, Esq. of Etof the late James Bell, Esq. Finglen, trickhall, late one of the keepers of the reCampsie. --At his house in Beaumont Place, cords of Scotland.-9. At Edinburgh, at the Edinburgh, Capt. Henry Bevan, retired ad. house of his son-in-law, the Rev. Dr Anjutant of the Dumfries-shire militia, aged derson, Thomas Brown, Esq. of Water52 years.--At Edinburgh, the infant son of head, aged 82.-11. At Edinburgh, Mrs William Erskine, Esq.At Roxburgh Rattray, wife of Lieut. Col. David Rattray, Place, Edinburgh, Mrs John Gardner.- and only Daughter of General John Hamilton At Berwick-upon-Tweed, Mrs Barbara of Dalzell and Orbiston.--At Burdiehouse Hodgson, aged 88, relict of the late Dr Mains, Mr Alexander Peacock, architect, Henry Hodgson, formerly Mayor of that aged 85 years.-12. William Richardson,

cousin-german to the late William Richard May 1. At Lorn, Furnace House, Ar. son, Professor of Humanity in the Univergyleshire, Mary Harrison, in her 36th year, sity of Glasgow, aged 76.–At Glasgow, wife of James Park Harrison, Esq. and el- Mrs Loudoun, wife of Morehead Loudoun, dest daughter of Matthew Harrison, Esq. Esq.-13. At his house, Wester DuddingNewland Furnace, Lancashire-At his ston, Robert Kay, architect, aged 78.-At house, in Montague Street, London,

John his house in George Street, in the 73d year Crawford, Esq. late of Monorgan, in Perth of his age, Mr William Scott, teacher of shire.-In Cumberland Place, London, the elocution and geography. Mr Scott was Hon. John Douglas. The deceased was the father of elocution in this country, and grandfather to the present Marquis of Aber- for a period of upwards of forty years discorn; he was father to the Countess of tinguished himself by his extensive usefulAberdeen, and son-in-law to the Earl of ness in his profession, having also instructed Harewood, having married the noble Earl's in this elegant accomplishment a great prodaughter, Lady Frances Lascelles, who died portion of our countrymen who have risen

town,

to eminence in the senate, the pulpit, and at as well as their physician. And such in- the bar. He is also well known as the deed was the case; he considered his fellow

author of several useful and popular ele. men as friends and brethren, and valued his mentary works on subjects connected with Christian even more than his medical proeducation, among others, Lessons on Read- fession. It was the first wish of his heart ing and Speaking, of a System of Geography, to do good himself, and to teach others to and a Pronouncing Dictionary of the Eng. do good in every possible way; and deemlish Language, which has always been con- ing the moral still more dangerous than the sidered a work of high authority, and equal. natural maladies of man, he was proportion. ly esteemed on both sides of the Tweed. In ably anxious to minister to them also. As the private relations of life, he was dis- a firm believer in the divine mission of tinguished for his benevolence and piety; Christ, he considered it a sacred duty to and during the protracted period of his last lend all the aid that he could in diffusing illness, he displayed that fortitude and re- the knowledge of the gospel. A diligent signation, and even cheerfulness, which the and conscientious inquiry had led him to consciousness of a well spent life, and the the peculiar views of religious truth which joyful anticipations of a happy futurity, alone he entertained, and he therefore exerted can give. --At Edinburgh, Captain David himself with zeal in their diffusion ; but Havan, 21st Foot, or Royal North British his zeal was according to knowledge, and Fusiliers.-14. At Edinburgh, Mrs Arbuth- consequently without bigotry. For many not, relict of Robert Arbuthnot, Esq.-At of those who differed from him most wide. Leith, in the 20th year of her age, Agnes, ly, he always felt and expressed the highest youngest daughter of the late James Scarth, regard, and where he dissented honestly on Esq. merchant in Leith.-15. At Wilson points of faith, could still unite with heart Park, Portobello, J. P. Donaldson, Esq. as. and hand, sincerely and cordially, in the sistant-surgeon of the Fifeshire Militia, and spirit of charity. As a physician and a surgeon in Portobello.-16. At Gaddesby, friend, a fellow-citizen and a fellow-chrisnear Leicester, Eliza, wife of Lieutenant- tian, he will be long and deeply regretColonel Cheney, of the Scots Greys.-17. ted. May the sorrow excited by his sud. At Glasgow, Mrs Taylor of Kirktonhill den and premature death, lead to the At Edinburgh, Mr William Sawers, book- earnest emulation of his good example ! seller. At Edinburgh, Elizabeth, the in- “ It is the end of all men, and the liv. fant daughter of the Rev. C. H. Terrot, ing should lay it to heart."- -At MinAlbany Street ---At Crossmont, Capt. James holm, near Langholm, in the prime of Menzies, Royal Perthshire Militia.--18. At life, William Kier, Esq. conductor of imLeeds, of a typhus fever, after an illness provements to his Grace the Duke of Bucof ten days, in the 36th year of his age, Dr cleugh and Queensberry, in the district of John Thomson, of this town, late of Hali. Eskdale, and late captain in the Dumfriesfax. His best eulogy will be found in the shire yeomanry cavalry. At Limekilns, sentiments of deep and heartfelt regret Jean, daughter of the deceased James Redwhich the sudden stroke has excited in the die, Esq. late farmer, Purvishall, Fifeshire. breasts of those who knew him. Wannly -Charles Williamson, Esq. of Mairfield, beloved by his friends, highly respected by for many years a respectable tobacconist in the generous brethren of a liberal profession, Kelso.- At Harperden, East Lothian, Mr universally esteemed, he is now universally Peter Bairnsfather, farmer.-19. At Edinlamented. Seldom has the hand of death burgh, Mr Charles Hunter, eldest son of blighted fairer prospects, or inflicted a se- Lieutenant-general Hunter of Burnside. verer wound. In Dr Thomson, a power. 21. In George Street, James, infant son of ful, enlightened, and active mind was u- John Mansfield, Esq.--At Thurso, Mrs nited with a kind and benevolent heart. Margaret Leith, wife of Mr George Pater. He had the will, as well as the ability, to son, senior magistrate of that town.-22. At be and to do good. His talents were great Ham Common, Surrey, Hannah, eldest and he used them as the instruments of his daughter of the Right Hon. Sir John Sinvirtues. As a physician, though but lately clair of Ulbster, Bart.-23. At Borrowsettled here, he was already rising into emi. stounness, Miss Margaret Padon, aged 73. nence; and if unwearied diligence in col. -At Edinburgh, Mr Alexander Boyd, per. lecting the materials of medical knowledge, fumer, Duke Street, aged 39.24° At combined with great skill in the application the house of Mr Alexander Allan, merchant, of them, could have ensured success, he Leith, Mary, daughter of the late John must have succeeded. To the practical du. Grant, Esq. of Kincardine O'Neil.–At ties of his profession, his attention was un- Lanark, Mrs Jane Smith, spouse of Mr wearied, and his patients will bear witness John Lamb, writer in Lanark.–25. At his to that unaffected kindness of manner which father's house, St John's Hill, in the 20th always made his advice doubly acceptable; year of his age, after a lingering illness, Mr which led them to believe, that he took a John Bruce, son of Mr William Bruce, late personal rather than a professional interest banker, Edinburgh. At Portobello, Mrs in their welfare ; that he was their friend Blackwood of Pitreavie.

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BLACKWOOD'S

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

No XVI.

JULY 1818.

VOL. III.

ESSAYS ON THE LAKE SCHOOL OF

POETRY.

as to bestow the “ hallowed name” upon such writers as the Sprats, and

Yaldens, and Dukes, and Pomfrets, No I.

et hoc genus omne,” whom the WORDSWORTH's White Doe of Ryl- courtesy, and ignorance of a former

age admitted into the poetical brotherstone.

hood. Unless a Poet be now a Poet The three great master-spirits of our indeed,-unless he possess something day, in the poetical world, are Scott, of “ the vision and the faculty diWordsworth, and Byron. But there vine,"—he dies at once, and is heard / never were minds more unlike to each of no more. There is, of necessity, in other than theirs are, either in original so poetical an age as this, a vast crowd conformation or in the course of life. of deluded followers of the Muse, who It is great and enduring glory to this mistake the will for the power. But age, to have produced three Poets,—of the evil of this is not great. The perfectly original genius,-unallied to genuine Poets, and these alone, are each other,--drinking inspiration from admired and beloved. Of them we fountains far apart, who have built have many; but we believe that we up superb structures of the imagina- speak the general voice, when we place tion, of distinct orders of architecture, on a triple throne, Scott, Wordsworth, -and who may indeed be said to rule, and Byron. each by a legitimate sovereignty, over Though greatly inferior in many separate and powerful provinces in the things to his illustrious brethren, Scott kingdom of Mind. If we except the is perhaps, after all, the most unequiElizabethan age, in which the poetical vocally original. We do not know of genius of the country was turned pas- any model after which the form of his sionately to the drama, and which principal Poems has been moulded. produced an unequalled constellation They bear no resemblance, and, we of great spirits, we believe that no must allow, are far inferior to the heother period of English literature could, roic Poems of Greece ; nor do they, exhibit three such Poets as these, though he has been called the Ariosto standing in conspicuous elevation a- of the North, seem to us to resemble, mong a crowd of less potent, but en- in any way whatever, any of the great lightened and congenial Worthies. Poems of modern Italy. He has given There is unquestionably an etherial a most intensely real representation of flush of poetry over the face of this the living spirit of the chivalrous age land. Poets think and feel for them- of his country. He has not shrouded selves, fearlessly and enthusiastically. the figures or the characters of his There is something like inspiration in heroes in high poetical lustre, so as to the works of them all. They are far dazzle us by resplendent fictitious superior indeed to the mere clever beings, shining through the scenes verse-writers of our Augustan age. and events of a half-imaginary world. It is easy to see in what feelings, and They are as much real men in his in what faculties, our living Poets ex- poetry, as the “ mighty Earls” of old cel their duller prose brethren; and are in our histories and annals. The the world is not now so easily duped, incidents, too, and events, are all won

derfully like those of real life ; and kindling power over the actions and when we add to this, that all the most characters of our own age. interesting and impressive superstitions Byron is in all respects the very opand fancies of the times are in his posite of Scott. He never dreams of poetry incorporated and intertwined wholly giving up his mind to the inwith the ordinary tissue of mere hu- fluence of the actions of men, or the man existence, we feel ourselves hur- events of history. He lets the world ried from this our civilized age, back roll on, and eyes its wide-weltering into the troubled bosom of semibar- and tumultuous waves-even the cao barous life, and made keen partakers lamitous shipwrecks that strew its in all its impassioned and poetical darkness—with a stern, and somecredulities. His Poems are historical times even a pitiless misanthropy. He narrations, true in all things to the cannot sympathise with the ordinary spirit of history, but everywhere over- joys or sorrows of humanity, even spread with those bright and breath- though intense and overpowering. ing colours which only genius can They must live and work in intellect bestow on reality; and when it is re- and by intellect, before they seem collected, that the times in which his worthy of the sympathy of his impescenes are laid and his heroes act were netrable soul. His idea of man, in distinguished by many of the most the abstract, is boundless and magnienergetic virtues that can grace or ficent; but of men, as individuals, he dignify the character of a free people, thinks with derision and contempt. and marked by the operation of great Hence he is in one stanza a sublime passions and important events, every moralist, elevated and transported by one must feel that the poetry of Wale the dignity of human nature ; in the ter Scott is, in the noblest sense of the next à paltry satirist, sneering at its word, national; that it breathes upon meanness. Hence he is unwilling to us the bold and heroic spirit of per- yield love or reverence to any thing turbed but magnificent ages, and con- that has yet life ; for life seems to sink nects us, in the midst of philosophy, the little that is noble into the degrascience, and refinement, with our tur- dation of the much that is vile. The bulent but high-minded ancestors, of dead, and the dead only, are the obwhom we have no cause to be ashamed, jects of his reverence or his love ; for whether looked on in the fields of war death separates the dead from all conor in the halls of peace. He is a true nexion, all intimacy with the living; knight in all things,-free, courteous, and the memories of the great or good and brave. War, as he describes it, alone live in the past, which is a world is a noble game, a kingly pastime. He of ashes. Byron looks back to the is the greatest of all War-Poets. His tombs of those great men“ that stand Poetry might make a very coward in assured rest ;" and gazing, as it fearless. In Marmion, the battle of were, on the bones of a more gigantic Flodden agitates us with all the terror race, his imagination then teers with of a fatal overthrow. In the Lord of corresponding births, and he holds the Isles, we read of the field of Ban- converse with the mighty in language nockburn with clenched hands and worthy to be heard by the spirits of kery spirits, as if the English were the mighty. It is this contrast bestill our enemies, and we were vic- tween his august conceptions of man, torious over their invading king. and his contemptuous opinion of men, There is not much of all this in any that much of the almost incomprehenmodern poetry but his own; and sible charm, and power, and enchanttherefore it is, that, independently of ment of his Poetry exists. We feel all his other manifold excellencies, we ourselves alternately sunk and eleglory in him as the great modern vated, as if the hand of an invisible National Poet of Scotland, -in whom being had command over us. At one old times revive, -whose Poetry pre- time we are a little lower than the vents History from becoming that angels; in another, but little higher which, in times of excessive refine- than the worms. We feel that our ment, it is often too apt to become a elevation and our disgrace are alike dead letter,—and keeps the animating the lot of our nature; and hence the and heroic spectacles of the past move Poetry of Byron, as we before reing brightly across our every-day marked, is read as a dark, but still a world, and flashing out from them a divine revelation.

If Byron be altogether unlike Scott, he has rendered it more creative to our Wordsworth is yet more unlike Byron. imaginations. With all the great and essential facul- We are well aware, that what we ties of the Poet, he possesses the calm have now written of Wordsworth is and self-commanding powers of the not the opinion entertained of his gePhilosopher. He looks over human nius in Scotland, where, we believe, life with a steady and serene eye; he his Poetry is scarcely known, except listens with a fine ear “ to the still by the extracts from it, and criticisms sad music of humanity." His faith is upon it, in the Edinburgh Review. unshaken in the prevalence of virtue But in England his reputation is high, over vice, and of happiness over mi. -indeed, among many of the very sery; and in the existence of a hea- best judges, the highest of all our venly law operating on earth, and, in living Poets; and it is our intention, spite of transitory defeats, always vi- in this and some other articles, to give sibly triumphant in the grand field of our readers an opportunity of judging human warfare. Hence he looks over for themselves, whether he is or is not the world of life, and man, with a great Poet. This they will best be a sublime benignity; and hence, de- enabled to do by fair and full critiques lighting in all the gracious dispensa- on all his principal Poems, and by full tions of God, his great mind can and copious quotations from them, se. wholly deliver itself up to the love of lected in an admiring but impartial a flower budding in the field, or of a spirit. We purpose to enter, after this child asleep in its cradle; nor, in doing has been done, at some length into the so, feels that Poetry can be said to stoop peculiarities of his system and of his or to descend, much less to be de- genius, which we humbly conceive we graded, when she embodies, in words have studied with more care, and, we of music, the purest and most delight- fear not to say, with more knowledge ful fancies and affections of the human and to better purpose, than any writer heart. This love of the nature to in the Edinburgh Review. Indeed, which he belongs, and which is in the general conviction of those whose him the fruit of wisdom and experi- opinions are good for any thing on the ence, gives to all his Poetry a very subject of Poetry is, that, however peculiar, a very endearing, and, at the excellent many of the detached remarks same time, a very lofty character. His on particular passages may be, scarcely Poetry is little coloured by the artifi- one syllable of truth-that is, of knowcial distinctions of society. In his de- ledge-has ever appeared in the Edinlineations of passion or character, he burgh Review on the general principles is not so much guided by the varieties of Wordsworth’s Poetry, or, as it has produced by customs, institutions, been somewhat vaguely, and not very professions, or modes of life, as by philosophically, called, the Lake School those great elementary laws of our of Poetry. We quarrel with no critic nature which are unchangeable and' for his mere critical opinions; and in the same; and therefore the pathos the disquisitions which, ere long, we and the truth of his most felicitous, shall enter into on this subject, we Poetry are more profound than of any shall discuss all disputed points with other, not unlike the most touching perfect amenity, and even amity, toand beautiful passages in the Sacred wards those who,“ toto cælo,” dissent Page. The same spirit of love, and from our views. There is by far too benignity, and etherial purity, which much wrangling and jangling in our breathes over all his pictures of the periodical criticism. Every critic, nowvirtues and the happiness of man, per- a-days, raises his bristles, as if he were vades those too of external nature. afraid of being thought too tame and Indeed, all the Poets of the age,-and good-natured. There is a want of none can dispute that they must like- genial feeling in professional judges of wise be the best Critics, --have given Poetry; and this want is not always up to him the palm in that Poetry supplied by a deep knowledge of the which commerces with the forms, and laws. For our own parts, we intend hues, and odours, and sounds, of the at all times to write of great living material world. He has brightened Poets in the same spirit of love and the earth we inhabit to our eyes; he reverence with which it is natural to has made it more musical to our ears ; regard the dead and the sanctified ;

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