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in Scotland, but they are neither mul- of right belonged. After an arduous tiplying so fast as was expected, nor chase, the boys were overtaken near is the success of those already esta- Stirling, when a furious battle imblished so great, as to warrant a belief mediately commenced. Both parties that these institutions will ultimately were armed with bludgeons. After prove of much advantage to the coun- having fought a considerable time, try. Some how or other, the lower with equal success on both sides, ranks, in general, entertain a strong Graham, from some unknown cause, though mistaken aversion to saving fled in a cowardly manner, and left banks; and whether this proceeds his near relation, Brown, alone, to from a desire to keep their savings out contend with the youths in the best of the sight of their employers, who way he could. The boys now began almost in every case have assumed the to press hard upon Brown, and bemanagement of these banks,-or whe- caine the assailants in their turn. He ther they have an idea that the cir- defended himself long and manfully cumstance of having money in the with his bludgeon, displaying much bank at one time, will afterwards be a art in the use of his weapon, in wardbar to their receiving parochial relief ing off the lighter strokes of the boys, at a future period, cannot well be de- which came pouring in upon him like termined. But one thing is certain, hail from all quarters. At length, that these establishments are not ge- however, he was forced to give way, nerally viewed in such a favourable although very few of the blows reachlight as they merit; nay more, it is ed his person. On taking a step backhighly probable that the greater part wards, retreating with front towards of the money invested in these banks his assailants, his foot struck an old had previously been lodged with pri- feal dyke, when he fell with his back vate persons, and only transferred bc- to the ground. The enraged boys, cause a higher interest was allowed in like tigers, now sprang in upon him ; the one case than was received in the and, without shewing the least mercy, other.
forthwith despatched him upon the spot, by literally beating out his brains with their bludgeons.
Brown's coat was brought home to
Lochgellie by some of his friends, No III.
with its collar and shoulders besmear
ed all over with blood and brains, with MR EDITOR,
large quantities of the hair of his head I AGAIN approach the precincts of sticking among the gore. It was preyour respectable Miscellany, the pre- served for some time in this shocking sent repository of detached pieces of condition by his wife, and exhibited Scottish gypsey history, with a quan- as a proof that her husband had not tity of fresh materials on that subject, fled, as well as to rouse the clan to in continuation of what I have already future vengeance. My informant, a deposited within your columns relative man about fifty years of age, with to these hapless tribes,
others, saw this dreadful relique of Charlie Brown, one of the principal Brown, in the very same state in which members of the Lochgellie band, was it is here described. He was uncerkilled in a desperate fight at the Kap- tain, or rather seemed unwilling to loch, near Stirling. A number of tell, whether the laws of the country gypsey boys, belonging to several had ever taken cognizance of this afgangs in the south, obtained a consid- fair. erable quantity of plunder at a Perth Lizzie Brown, a tall stout woman, fair, and had, in the division of the with features far from being disagreespoil, some how or other imposed up- able, lost her nose in a dreadful battle on the Lochgellie gypsies and their fought in the shire of Mearns. In associates. Charlie Graham, mention- this rencounter they fought with ed in my first communication, and Highland dirks, exhibiting all the this Charlie Brown, went south in pursuit of these young depredators, for
• Whether this woman ever resided at The purpose of compelling them to give Lochgellie or not, I am uncertain, as there up their ill-gotten booty to those to were several families of this name in differ. whom, by the gypsey regulations, it ent quarters
ANECDOTES OF THE FIFE GYPSIES.
fury and tumult of a conflict of hos- a handsome suit, not at all to be tile' tribes of wild Bedouin Arabs of known for a gypsey, except by those the desert. When this woman found who were acquainted with him. Tam's that her nose was struck off her gillies were all young lads, from about face by the sweep of a dirk, she put iwelve to thirty years of age. To aher hand to the wound, which was void observation, they generally crossstreaming with blood, and, as if little ed the forth in small parties of twos had befallen her, called out, in the and threes, as well as in single india beat of the scuffle, to those who were viduals. Very few persons, however, nearest to her, “ but in the middle o' knew from whence any of these straga the mean time, where is my nose?” glers came. One of the principal sePoor Lizzie's tall figure was conspicu- crets of these banditti is, to tell no ous among the tribe, owing to the person from whence they come, or want of that ornamental part of her with whom they are connected. They face. Her visage had somewhat the seldom returned by the passage at resemblance of a sun-dial without its which they crossed northward. They cock.
were in general well dressed; some of Great numbers of young gypsies at them wore green coats, and, like their one period crossed the Forth from the captain, not to be known for gypsies. south, for the purpose of stealing and Individuals among them pretended to robbing at fairs in the north of Scot- deal a little in horses. They all had land. It appears that these people cudgels in their hands; and, I believe, assembled from various quarters, and had they been searched, a sharp penformed extensive combinations for knife, of the keenest metal, would general plunderings at fairs. The have been found in the pocket of each slightest act of injustice committed man. These knives were employed among themselves, in dividing the in cutting out pocket-books and purses booty thus collected at a general pil- of the people in the fairs, when they lage of the combined bands, caused a could not manage the business by fierce and desperate battle instantly to slight of hand. With these knives commence on the spot. I am assured they also appear to have fought in by a gypsey, that a number of their close combat. internal quarrels arose from jealousy, Every one of these gypsies put up or supposed injustice, at these divi- at a certain public-house in North sions of their spcil. A gypsey is quite Queensferry, at that time well known alive to a sense of justice among his in the neighbourhood for its good own tribe, however numerous his acts cheer, being much frequented by most of robbery and injustice may be which classes of society. In this house, in he commits upon the public at large. the morning after a fair in Dunferm
Happening to cross the forth at line, when their business was all over, Queensferry, and having heard that and themselves not alarmed by denumbers of these wanderers crossed at tection or other scaring incidents, no that passage, I obtained the following fewer than fourteen individuals of curious facts at the village on the Fife these daring gypsey depredators have side. This public ferry draws, as it frequently been seen sitting at their were, to a focus, a great part of the breakfast, with Captain Gordon at population of the country, where are their head, acknowledged as their to be seen, passing and re-passing, all commander. They ate and drank of the numerous intermediate degrees of the best in the house, and paid most rank in the community, from the handsomely. I believe they were the mighty duke of stately step and lordly best customers the landlord had. port, down to the outcast vagabond They were perfectly inoffensive, and gypsey, fluttering in rags, and flying remarkably civil. They troubled or from justice.
stole from none of the persons about About fifty years since, Tam Gor- the inn, nor those who lodged in the don, noticed in my last communica- house while they were within doors, tion, with his band of young gypsies, or in the immediate neighbourhood. called the “ gillie-wheesels," and some- Any thing in the premises could have times the “ killie-wheesh,” attended been trusted with these gypsey gillies. most of the fairs in the counties north In this house, at these meetings, they of the Forth. He often rode upon a sometimes conversed in the gypsey shelty himself, and was dressed in language, of which the domesties about the inn understood not one pay their freights and other expenses word, except the slang expression of at this passage, that the boatmen gave Captain Grose,—“ milling the fob." them the endearing appellation of Gordon at times paid the reckoning “our frien's.”. The old man already for the whole, and transacted any other mentioned tells me, that he has frebusiness with the landlord When quently seen these sailors, with a sigthe gypsey company was mixed with nificant smile on their harsh weatherfemales, which was commonly the case, beaten countenances, shake the gypeach individual then paid his own sies heartily by the hand, and wish share of the expenses incurred. Some them “a good inarket,” as they landof the females wore brown mantles- ed them on the north shore, in their had baskets below their arms, vending, way to pick pockets at fairs. in the market, small articles of sale. The most of these facts are derived
These young gypsies, male and fe- from the landlord's son of the inn almale, appear to have been the flower ready mentioned, who is a man about of bands collected and employed in a seventy years of age. He told me the general forage at a fair. When any following characteristic anecdote of of their chiefs happened to remain himself and the gypsies : in this public-house all night, they He happened to be at a fair in Dunbehaved very genteelly. They paid fermline, where he purchased a horse. the chambermaid, waiter, and the He put his hand to his side-pocket for person who cleaned their shoes, * with his pocket-book to pay for his barmore liberality than the travellers gain, but, to his astonishment and for mercantile houses generally pay grief, pocket-book and all his cash these attendants. Tam Gordon as- were gone. The man from whom he sumed very considerable consequence had just bought the horse was not at this place. He frequently hired disposed to trust him. He was theresmall boats, and visited the islands in fore, in his distressing situation, obthe Forth, and adjacent coasts, like a liged to have recourse to the gypsies. gentleman on pleasure. On one occa- Ann M‘Donald, wife of Captain sion he paid no less than one guinea, M‘Donald, chief of the Linlithgowbesides as much brandy and breadshire gypsies, was in the fair. He and cheese as the boatmen, who were knew her power and authority among three in number, could take, for row- the tribe. She had often been in his ing him to Inchcolm, a distance only father's house, and knew him well. of four miles. The female gypsies, on He told her, with a very long and visiting their friends in the dead of melancholy face, that he had lost his winter, often hired horses at North pocket-book, bills, and money, to the Queensferry, and rode with no small amount of £7. Putting his hand upon pride and pomp to Lochgellie. Some- her shoulder, in a kind and familiar times two females would ride upon manner, he requested her friendly adone horse. I know a very decent man, vice and assistance in his afflicting about ninety years old, who has rode circumstances. “ Some oʻour laudies himself to Lochgellie, with a female will hae seen it, Davie,-1 will inbehind him, accompanied by other two quire,” was the immediate answer females mounted on another of his which he received from Annie. That own horses, riding with much glee he might not trace her doublings and and spirit by his side. These females windings, she took him into a publicnot only paid more than the common house, called for brandy, saw him hire, but they also treated the owners seated, took the marks of the pocketof the horses with as much meat and book, went out to the crowd in the drink as they would take, over and street, and, in about half-an-hour above their bargain. The male gyp- thereafter, returned from her temporsies also hired horst st at this village, ary depot of stolen articles, with the with which they rode to markets in pocket-book and all its contents. The the north. So well did the gypsies cash, bills, and other papers, were in
the same part of the book in which he At sinall inns, one female generally had placed them. Probably in the performed all these duties.
+ About 1763, there were at North throng the villains had not got time Queensferry one post-chaise and twelve to see what it contained. hacks. At Pettycur there were about forty
This curious affair was transacted hacks.
in a cool and business-like manner, as
if Ann had been conscious that her for him in the market, who were go“ laudies” had committed no crime ing out and coming in to him conwhatever in robbing this man, and stantly. that they had been merely exercising About sixty years since, one of these their ordinary vocation.
gillies stole a black colt in the east of The following particulars, derived Fife, and carried it direct to a fair in from the same source, will shew the Perth, where heexchanged it for a white nature of the business which a gyp- horse, with money to boot, belonging sey captain has on his hands at a gen- to a Highlandman dressed in a green eral plunder at a fair.
kilt. The Highlander, however, had One Campbell, a farmer, while he not long put his fine colt into a stable, was on his way to a fair in Perth, fell when word was brought him that it was in with M‘Donald, of whom I made gone. Suspecting the gypsey for the mention before. Being unacquainted theft, and having received positive inwith the character of his fellow tra- formation of the fact, the sturdy Gael, veller, the simple farmer, during his in great wrath, pursued him like a conversation, told him, that he had staunch hound on the warm foot of just as much money in his pocket as reynard, till he overtook him at a would purchase one horse for his four- house on the north side of Kinross. horse plough, having other three at The thief was taking some refreshhorne. M‘Donald heard all this with ment, when the Highlandman, in a patience, till he came to a solitary part storm of broken English, burst into of the road, when he demanded the the apartment upon him. The polishcash from the astonished farmer. The ed gypsey instantly sprang to his feet, poor simple man had no alternative, threw his arms about the foaming and immecliately produced his purse Celt, embraced and hugged him in the to this shark of a gypsey. However, eastern manner, overpowering him before parting with hiin, he desired with expressions of feigned joy at seethe farmer to call to-morrow, the fair ing him again. This subtile and cunday, at a certain house in Perth, where ning behaviour quite exasperated the he would find a person who might be fiery mountaineer. Now almost sufof service to him.
focated with wrath, he shook the gypCampbell promised to do this, and sey from his person with contempt accordingly called at the time appoint, and disdain, exclaiming, “pheugh! ed, when he was, to his surprise, ushered cot tamn_her kisses; where pe ta into a room, where M‘Donald was sito cowt?”—This Celt, with the green ting with a large bowlof smoking toddy philabeg, was not to be imposed upon on the table before him. The farmer by deceitful embraces, nor mollified was invited, in a frank and hearty in his resentment by forced entreaties. manner, to sit down and partake of He had messengers at his back, and the toddy. He had scarcely got time, the gypsey's feet were accordingly laid however, to swallow one glass, when in Cupar prison for his audacity.* He he was relieved from his suspense, would in all probability expiate his and agreeably surprised, by the gyp- crime on the scaffold. sey returning to him every farthing All these young vagrants were reof the money he had taken from him gularly trained to theft and robbery the day before. Being well pleased from their infancy. This is part of at recovering his cash, and the gypsy the gypsey education. I have heard pressing him to drink, his spirits be- that this systematic training existed, came a little elevated, and now have not only among these strangers in gening some confidence in M‘Donald, he eral, but in particular bands, nay, was in no hurry to be gone. During even taught by certain old chief tethe short time he remained with him, males, ever since I recollect of hearhe observed as good as four or five ing any thing of these people. Severpurses and pocket-books brought into al individuals have informed me, that ihe room by gypsey boys. After deliver the Lochgellie gypsies were exercised ing their respective booty to their chief, in the art of thieving, under the most they returned immediately to the street rigid discipline. They have various to commit fresh depredations on the multitude in the fair. The chief was The old man, before alluded to, was in fact a man of considerable business, sitting in the apartment when he saw the having a number of youths ferretting gypsey embrace the Highlandman. Vol. III.
ways in making themselves expert the first qualification among the males thieves. They frequently practise in the state. They are, in fact, not themselves by picking the pockets of thought fit to enter into the matrione another. Sometimes a pair of monial state, until they are thoroughly breeches were made fast to the end of master of the art of thieving. W. S. a string, suspended from a high part of the tent, kiln, or out-house, in which they happened to be encampul. The children were stt to work to try REMARKABLE INSTANCE OF SECOND if they could, by slight of hand, abstract money from the pockets of the breeches, hanging in this position, [The following interesting little Narrative without moving them. It is stated to was communicated to us by a gentleman me, that the Lochgellie horde used (to whom we are under various obligations), bells in this nefarious discipline, in the who says, in his private letter, “Were same way as we are informed the permitted to bring it forward, supported by
all the evidences who could speak to its sharpers teach themselves to pick pock- truth, it could be established as the best ets in London. The children who authenticated of any of those instances which were most expert in abstracting the have been given of the seer's prophetic cash in this manner, were rewarded sight.' But delicacy forbids me to corrobowith presents and applause ; while, rate its truth by names, many connexions on the other hand, those who were of the personages to whom the story relates awkward, and committed blunders being yet alive, who must still cherish a by ringing the bell, or moving the painful recollection of the fatal catastrophe.”
EDITOR.] breeches, were severely chastised by the superintendent of this gypsy Ir is now, I believe, about eighty school.
years ago, since a festive party of After these youths were considered ladies were assembled in the great perfect in this slight of hand branch hall of the baronial castle of of their trade, a purse or other small which is grandly situated in an unobject was laid down in an exposed frequented part of the country, in the part of the tent or camp, in view of northern extremity of the kingdom. all the horde. While the ordinary It had then been for some time the business of the gypsies was going for- scene of Highland hospitality and joy ; ward, the children again commenced for Sir Charles and Lady D two their operations, by exerting their in- young lovers lately male happy in the genuity, and exercising their patience, possession of each other, had come in trying to carry off the purse with from the neighbourhood of the Scottish out being perceived by any one of the border, to spend some delightful weeks family. If they were detected, they as the guests of Lord R, the were again dreadfully beaten ; but brother, or unele of the lady, for I when they succeeded unnoticed, they forget in which of these degrees of were caressed and liberally rewarded. relationship that nobleman stood to
As far as my information goes, this wards hier. The evening had closed, systematic training of the gypsey and the shrill sound of the bagpipe youth, was the duty of the chief fé- had already died away around the males of the bands. These wanderers outer walls of the castle, having told seem to have had great authority over to the clansmen that the feast was betheir children. Ann Brown of the gun. Mirth held his jocund reign, Lochgellie tribe, could, by a single and joyous smiles played on every stamp with her foot, cause the child- youthful countenance that brightened ren crouch to the ground, like trem- the circle of the huge oaken table ; bling dogs under the rod of their an, whilst the heaped up faggots crackled gry master,
in the ample grate, shooting a cheerIn some of these particular traits ful glare amidst the groupe.
Carc and practices, the gypsies resemble the and anxiety were alike banished, exancient Sjartans under the govern- cepting from the thoughts of the lovement of Lycurgus, the celebrated law- ly Lady D-, who, though she giver; and we find, that in some of could not but participate in the generthe mountainous districts in India, a al gladness her presence had created, dextcrcus thiet, at this day, is con- yet felt even the temporary absence of sidered by the natives a character of all she now held dcarcst on earth. Sir