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A HISTORY, CRITICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL, OF BRITISH
OF THEIR WRITINGS,
ORIGINALLY EDITED BY ROBERT CHAMBERS, LL. D.
REVISED BY ROBERT CARRUTHERS, LL.D.
IN EIGHT VOLUMES.
NEW YORK :
Es present work, the first of its kind in Great Britain, was originally published in 93. It was designed and commenced by the late DR. ROBERT CHAMBERS-always zealous and indefatigable, as he was successful, in the promotion of literature and public improvement. The work was undertaken for the purpose of supplying what was cousidered a deficiency in the literature addressed at that time to the great body of the people-namely, a chronological series of extracts from our national authors --a concentration of the best productions of English intellect, from Anglo-Saxon to recent times, set, as it were, in a popular biographical history of our literature. Great efforts had previonsly been made for the diffusion of useful knowledge, and for popalarizing scientific information; but there was no work, at once cheap and comprehensive, which sought to bring the treasures of imaginative and historical l'terature within the reach of the busy mercantile and industrial classes of society. This CYCLOPÆDIA, which aimed at supplying the want, was received with great favour, both in this country and in America. Gratifying proofs of its usefulness have been received from various quarters and from mumerous readers, who have ackuowledged that their earliest love of literature, and their veneration for our great authors, from CHAUCER to Wordswortu, were first called forth by the successive monthly parts of this work.
After the lapse of fifteen years, during which literature and literary information had greatly increased, a Second Edition of the CYCLOPÆDIA was issued, bringing it down to the year 1838. This edition also was highly successful.
A further interval of eighteen years having taken place, a Third Edition is now offered to the public, carefully revised, continuing the extracts and biographical notices to the present time.
It remuins to be added that, for the revision of the second and third editions of the work, we have been indebted to ROBERT CARRUTIERS, LL.D., of Inverness, whose excellent literary knowledge and taste are conspicuously observable in the present improved edition.
W. & R. c. EDINBURGH, March, 1876,
FIRST PER 10 D. I
Macbeth and the Weird Sisters....
John Fordun (died about 1385).
PAGE. Prose Literature....
The Beginning of Mohammed...
Lecture on Christian Vices..
John Wycliffe (1324–1334)....
The Muster for the First Crusade.. 16 Alexander Barclay (died in 1552).
Geoffrey Chaucer (died in 1400)...... The Means to attain a Happy Life...
Extracts from the Tales of the Pleasure is mixed with every Pa
Knight, the Man of Law, the The Courtier's Life..
Franklin, and Wife of Bath..... Of the Mean and Sure Estate...
John Gower (circa 1325-1408)....... 45 On a Contented Mind..
Amantium Ira Amoris Redintegra-
Oldest Fragment of Scottish Poetry.. Song by William Hunnis...
John Barbour (circa 1317—1395) ...... Praise of his Lady, by G. Boleyn .....
Bruce's Address to his Army...... Directions for cultivating a IIop-