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SPEECHES TO PRINCE CHARLES, AT HIS ENTERING HIS

A Reply

ib.

CITY OF EDINBURGH.

The Statue of Alcides

ib.

An intended Speech at the West Gate ........ 682) A Speech at the King's Entry into the Town

The Speech of Caledonia representing the of Linlithgow; pronounced by Mr James

Kingdom

683

Wiseman, Schoolmaster there, inclosed in

The Song of the Muses at Parnassus............ ib.

a Plaster made in the Figure of a Lion ..... 695

The Speeches at the Horoscopal Pageant, by

the Planets

The Character of an Anti-covenanter, or Ma-

684

lignant

ib.

A Pastoral Elegie on the Death of Sir William The five Senses

696

Alexander

686 The Abstract

ib.

MISCELLANIES.

On a Drunkard

697

A Pastoral Song, Phillis and Damon ...... 687 On one named Margaret

ib.

All good hath left this age, all tracks of shame. ib. On a young Lady

ib.

Doth then the world go thus, doth all thus Aretinus's Epitaph

ib.

move ?...

ib. Verses on the late William Earle of Pembroke ib.

A Reply

ib.

A Reply

il.

Look how in May the rose

ib. Upon the Death of John Earl of Lauderdale... ib.

To a Swallow building near the Statue of Medea 688 Onthe Death of a Nobleman in Scotland, buried

Venus armed

ib.

at Aithen

698

The Boar's Head

ib. To the Obsequies of the blessed Prince James,

To an Owl

ib.

King of Great Britain

jb.

The Bear of Love

ib

Another on the same subject

699

Fire Sonnets for Galatea

700

Sonnet, Care's charming sleep, son of the sable To Sir William Alexander, with the Author's

night......

Epitaph

ib.

To Thaumantia, singing

ib

Upon a Glass

ib.

DIVINE POEMS.

Of a Bee

ib.

A Translation

jb.

7701

Of the same .....

ib.

Sonnets......

702

Of a Kiss

ib.

The Shadow of the Judgment

Idmon to Venus

705

Four Hymns ...

690

A Lover's Plaint ....

ib. Hymn for Sunday

706

His Firebrand

ib.

Hymn for Monday

Daphnis' Vow

ib. Hymn for Tuesday

707

The Statue of Venus sleeping

ib. Hymn for Wednesday

ib.

Authea's Gift ....

ib. Hymn for Thursday

ib.

To Thaumantia ...,

ib. Hymn for Friday

ib.

ib.

A Lover's Day and Night

ib. Hymn for Saturday

The Statue of Adonis

ib. Hymn upon the Nativity

ib.

Clorus to a Grove.......

ib. Hymn upon the Innocents

ib.

A Couplet encomiastic

ib Upon the Sundays in Lent

Another

ib.

On the Ascension Day

ib.

ib.

Upon a Bay Tree not long since growing in the

Hymn for Whitsunday

Ruins of Virgil's Tomb

691

On the Transfiguration of our Lord, the sixth

ib.

Flora's Flower ....

ib.

of August

709

Melampus's Epitaph

On the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel

ib.

The Happiness of a Flea

ib.

ib.

Peter, after the Denial of bis Master

ib.

Of the same

ib. On the Virgin Mary

710

Lina's Virginity

ib. Complaint of the blessed Virgin

Love naked

ib.

Dedication of a Church

ib.

Niobe

ib. Sonnets and Madrigals

ib.

Change of Love

691 | Polemo-Meddinia inter Vitarvam et Nebernam 711

...................

ib.

708

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WILLIAM SHAKSPEARE was born at Stratford-upon-Avon, in Warwickshire, on the 23d day of April, 1564. Of the rank of his family it is not easy to form an opinion. Mr. Rowe says, that by the register and certain public writings relating to Stratford, it appears that his ancestors were “ of good figure and fashion" in that town, and are mentioned as “gentlemen," an epithet which was certainly more determinate then than at present, wben it has become an unlimited phrase of courtesy. His father, John Shakspeare, was a considerable dealer in wool, and had been an officer and bailiff (probably high-bailiff or mayor) of the body corporate of Stratford. He held also the office of justice of the peace, and at one time, it is said, possessed lands and tenements to the amount of five hundred pounds, the reward of his grandfather's faithful and approved services to king Henry the Seventh. This, however, has been asserted upon very doubtful authority. Mr. Malone thinks “ it is highly probable that he distinguished himself in Bosworth Field on the side of king Henry, and that he was rewarded for his military services by the bounty of that parsimonious prince, though not with a grant of lands. No such grant appears in the chapel of the Rolls, from the beginning to the end of Henry's reign." But whatever may have been his former wealth, it appears to have been greatly reduced in the latter part of his life, as we find, from the books of the corporation, that in 1579 he was excused the trifling weekly tax of four-pence levied on all the alderinen; and that in 1586 another alderman was appointed in his room, in consequence of his declining to attend on the business of that office. It is even said by Aubrey', a man sufficiently accurate in facts, although credulous in superstitious narratives and traditions, that he followed for some time the occupation of a butcher, which Mr. Malone thinks not inconsistent with probability. It must have been, however, at this time, no inconsiderable addition to his difficulties that he had a family of ten children. His wife was the daughter and heiress of Robert Arden of Wellingcote, in the county of Warwick, who is styled, “ a gentleman of worship.” The family of Arden is very ancient, Robert Arden of Bromich, esq. being in the list of the gentry of this county,

' MSS. Aubrey, Mus. Ashmol. Oxon, examined by Mr. Malone.

returned by the commissioners in the twelfth year of king Henry the Sixth, anno Domini 1433. Edward Arden was sheriff of the county in 1568. The woodland part of this county was anciently called Ardern, afterwards softened to Arden: and hence the name,

Our illustrious poet was the eldest son, and received his early education, whether narrow or liberal, at a free-school, probably that founded at Stratford; but from this he appears to have been soon removed, and placed, according to Mr. Malone's opinion, in the office of some country attorney, or the seneschal of some manor court, where it is highly probable he picked up those technical law phrases that so frequently occur in his plays, and could not have been in common use unless among professional men. Mr. Capell conjectures that his early marriage prevented his being sent to some university. It appears, however, as Dr. Farmer observes, that his early life was incompatible with a course of education, and it is certain that “ his contemporaries, friends and foes, nay, and himself likewise, agree in his want of what is usually termed literature.” It is, indeed, a strong argument in favour of Shakspeare's illiterature, that it was maintained by all his contemporaries, many of whom have left upon record every merit they could bestow on bim ; and by his successors, who lived nearest to his time, when “ bis memory was green;" and that it has been denied only by Gildon, Sewell, and others, down to Upton, who could have no means of ascertaining the truth.

In his eighteenth year, or perhaps a little sooner, he married Anne Hathaway, who was eight years older than himself, the daughter of one Hathaway, who is said to have been a substantial geoman in the neighbourhood of Stratford. Of his domestic economy, or professional occupation, at this time, we have no information, but it would appear that both were in a considerable degree neglected by bis associating with a gang of deerstealers. Being detected with them in robbing the park of sir Thomas Lucy of Charlecote, near Stratford, he was so rigorously prosecuted by that gentleman as to be obliged to leave his family and business, and take shelter in London. Sir Thomas, on this occasion, is said to have been exasperated by a ballad Shakspeare wrote, probably his first essay in poetry, of which the following stanza was communicated to Mr. Oldys:

“ A parliemente member, a justice of peace,
At home a poor scare-crowe, at London an asse,
If lowsie is Lucy, as some volke miscalle it,
Then Lucy is lowsie whatever befall it:

He thinks himself greate,

Yet an asse in his state
We allowe by his ears but with asses to mate.
If Lucy is lowsie, as some volke miscalle it,
Sing lowsie Lucy, whatever befall it."

These lines, it must be confessed, do no great honour to our poet, and probably were unjust, for although some of his admirers have recorded sir Thomas as a “ vain, weak, and vindictive magistrate," he was certainly exerting no very violent act of oppression, in protecting his property against a man who was degrading the commonest rank of life, and had at this time bespoke no indulgence by superior talents. The ballad, however, must have made some noise at sir Thomas's expense, as the author took care it should be affixed to his park-gates, and liberally circulated among his neighbours.

On his arrival in London, which was probably in 1586, when he was twenty-two

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