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and elsewhere, ranging from the simplest stellar perpetual snow, and the higher the altitude the shapes to the most complicated ramifications. more lustrous the display. When a staff was Professor Tyndall, in his delightful book on struck into the new-fallen skrift, the hollow “The Glaciers of the Alps," gives drawings of seemed instantly to fill with a soft blue liquid, a few of these snow-blossoms, which he watched while the snow adhering to the staff took a falling for hours, the whole air being filled with complementary colour of pinkish yellow, and them, and drifts of several inches being accu- on moving it up and down it was hard to resist mulated while he watched. “Let us imagine the impression that a pink flame was rising and the eye gifted with microscopic power sufficient sinking in the hole. The little natural furrows to enable it to see the molecules which composed in the drifts appeared faintly blue; the ridges these starry crystals ; to observe the solid nucleus were gray, while the parts most exposed to view formed and floating in the air; to see it drawing seemed least illuminated, and as if a light brown towards it its allied atoms, and these arranging dust had been sprinkled over them. The themselves as if they moved to music, and fresher the snow, the more marked the colours, ended with rendering that music concrete," and it made no difference whether the sky were Thus do the Alpine winds, like Orpheus, build cloudless or foggy. Thus was every white peak their walls by harmony.
decked upon its brow with this tiara of ineffable Snow-flakes bave been also found in the form beauty. of regular hexagons and other plane figures, as The greatest storm recorded in England, I well as in cylinders and spheres. As a general believe, is that of 1814, in which for fortyrule, the intenser the cold the more perfect the eight hours the snow fell so furiously that drifts formation, and the most perfect specimens are of sixteen, twenty, and even twenty-four feet Arctic or Alpine in their locality. In this were recorded in various places. An inch an climate the snow seldom falls when the mercury hour is thought to be the average rate of deis much below zero; but the slightest atmo- posit, though four inches are said to have fallen spheric changes may alter the whole condition during the severe storm of January 3rd, 1859. of the deposit, and decide whether it shall be a When thus intensified, the beautiful meteor fine powder which can sift through wherever of the snow” begins to give a sensation of somedust can, or descend in large woolly masses, thing formidable; and when the mercury sudtossed like mouthfuls to the hungry earth. denly falls meanwhile, and the wind rises, there
Interesting observations have been made on are sometimes suggestions of such terror in a the relations between ice and snow. The dif- snowstorm as no suinmer thunders can rival. ference seems to lie only in the more or less The brief and singular transatlantic temcompacted arrangement of the frozen particles. pest of February 7, 1861, was a thing to be Water and air, each being transparent when forever remembered by those who saw it. separate, become opaque when intimately min- The sky suddenly appeared to open and let gled; the reason being that the inequalities of down whole solid snow-banks at once, which refraction break up and scatter every ray of were caught and torn to pieces by the ravenous light. Thus, clouds cast a shadow; so does winds, and the traveller was instantaneously ensteam; so does foam : and the same elements veloped in a whirling mass far denser than any take a still denser texture when combined as fog: it was a tornado with snow stirred into it. snow. Every snow-flake is permeated with Standing in the middle of the road, with houses minute airy chambers, among which the light close on every side, one could see absolutely is bewildered and lost; while from perfectly nothing in any direction, one could hear no hard and transparent ice every trace of air dis- sound but the storm. Every landmark vaappears, and the transmission of light is un-nished, and it was no more possible to guess the broken. Yet that same ice becomes white and points of the compass than in mid-ocean. It opaque when pulverized, its fragments being was easy to conceive of being bewildered and then intermingled with air again, just as colour- overwhelmed within a rod of one's own door. less glass may be crushed into white powder. The tempest lasted only an hour ; but if it had On the other hand, Professor Tyndall has con- lasted a week, we should have had such a storm verted slabs of snow to ice by regular pressure, as occurred on the steppes of Kirgheez in Siand has shown that every Alpine glacier begins beria, in 1827, destroying two hundred and as a snow-drift at its summit, and ends in a eighty thousand five hundred horses, thirty transparent ice-cavern below. “The blue blocks thousand four hundred cattle, a million sheep, which span the sources of the Arveiron were and ten thousand camels-or as “the thirteen once powdery snow upon the slopes of the Coldrifty days," in 1620, which killed nine-tenths du Géant."
of all the sheep in the South of Scotland. On The varied and wonderful shapes assumed by Eskdale Moor, out of twenty thousand only snow and ice have been best portrayed, perhaps, forty-live were left alive, and the shepherds by Dr. Kane in his two works; but their re- everywhere built up huge semicircular walls of sources of colour have been so explored by no the dead creatures, to afford shelter to the livone as by this same favoured Professor Tyndall, ing, till the gale should end. But the most reamong his Alps. It appears that the tints markable narrative of å snow-storm which I which in temperate regions are seen feebly and have ever seen was that written by James occasionally, in hollows or angles of fresh drifts, Hogg, the Ettrick Shepherd, in record of one become brilliant and constant above the line of which took place January 24th, 1790,
James Hogg at this time belonged to a sort together in a dense body, under ten feet of of literary society of young shepherds, and had snow ----packed 80 closely, that, to the amaze. set out, the day previous, to walk twenty miles ment of the shepherds, when they had extri. over the hills to the place of meeting ; but so cated the first, the whole flock walked out one formidable was the look of the sky that he felt after another, in a body, through the hole. anxious for his sheep, and finally turned back How they got them home it is almost imposagain. There was at that time only a slight fall sible to tell. It was now noon, and they someof snow, in thiu flakes, which seemed uncertain tiines could see througl the storın for twenty whether to go up or down : the hills were co. yards, but they had only one momentary vered with deep folds of frost-fog, and in the glimpse of the hills through all that terrible day. valleys the same fog seemned dark, dense, and, Yet Hogg persisted in going by himself after. as it were, crushed together. An old shepherd, wards to rescue some flocks of his own, barely predicting a storm, bade him watch for a sudden escaping with life from the expedition; his eyes opening ihrough this fog, and expect a wind were sealed up with the storm, and he crossed a from that quarter; yet, when he saw such an formidable torrent, without knowing it, on a opening suddenly form at midnight (having then wreath of snow. Two of the others lost them reached his own home) he thought it all a delu- selves in a deep valley, and would have perished sion, as the weather had grown milder and a but for being accidentally heard by a neighthaw seemed setting in. He therefore went to bouring shepherd, who guided them home, bed, and felt no more anxiety for his sheep; yet where the female portion of the family had he lay awake in spite of hiinself, and at two abandoned all hope of ever seeing them again. o'clock he heard the storm begin. It smote the The next day was clear, with a cold wind, house suddenly, like a great peal of thunder- and they set forth again at daybreak to seek the something utterly unlike any storm he had ever remainder of the flock. The face of the country before heard. On his rising, and thrusting his was perfectly transformed: not a hill was the bare arm through a hole in the roof, it seemed same, not a brook or lake could be recognized. precisely as if he had thrust it into a snow- Deep glens were filled in with snow, covering bank, so densely was the air filled with falling the very tops of the trees; and over a hundred and driving particles. He lay still for an hour, acres of ground, under an average depth of six while the house rocked with the tempest, hoping or eight feet, they were to look for four or five it might prove only a hurricane; but as there hundred sheep. The atteinpt would have been was no abatement, he wakened his companion. hopeless but for a dog that accompanied them. shepherd, telling him it was "come on such a Seeing their perplexity, he began sniffing about, night or morning as never blew from the and presently scratching in the snow at a cerheavens. The other at once arose, and, open- tain point, and then looking round at his masing the door of the shed where they slept, found ter. Digging at this spot they found a sheep a drift as high as the farmhouse already heaped beneath: and so the dog led them all-day, between them and its walls, a distance of only bounding eagerly from one place to anotherfourteen yards. He foundered through, Hogg much faster than they could dig the creatures soon following, and, finding all the family up, out, so that he sometimes had twenty or thirty they agreed that they must reach the sheep as holes marked beforehand. In this way, within soon as possible, especially eight hundred ewe3 a week, they got out every sheep on the farm that were in one lot together, at the farthest except four, these last being buried under a end of the farm. So, after family prayers and inountain of snow fifty feet deep, on the top of breakfast, four of them stuffed their pockets which the dog had marked their places again with bread and cheese, sewed their plaids about and again. In every case the sheep proved to them, tied down their hats, and, taking each his be alive and warm, though half-suffocated. staff, set out on their tremendous undertaking, On being taken out they usually bounded away two hours before day,
swiftly, and then fell helplessly in a few moDay dawned before they got three hundred ments, overcome by the change of atmosphere; yards from the house. They could not see each some then died almost instantly, and others other, and kept together with the greatest diffi- were carried home and with difficulty preserved, culty. They had to make paths with their only about sixty being lost in all. Marvellous staves, rolled themselves over drifts otherwise to tell, the country-people unanimously agreed impassable, and every three or four minutes afterwards to refer the whole terrific storm to had to hold their heads down between their some secret incantations of poor Hogg's literary knees to recover breath. They went in single society aforesaid : it was generally maintained file, taking the lead by turns. The master soon that a club of young dare-devils had raised the gave out and was speechless and semi-conscious Fiend himself among them in the likeness of a for more than an hour, though be afterwards black dog, the night preceding the storm, and recovered and held out with the rest. Two of the young students actually did not dare to them lost their head-gear, and Hogg himself fell show themselves at fairs or at markets for a over a high precipice, but they reached the flock year afterwards. at half-past ten. They found the ewes huddled
DR. HUBER'S NEW YEAR'S CALLS.
BY S. ANNIE FROST.
It was New Year's Day in York, and the year | Having no need to practise for pay, he chose to was coming in with tears and sighs. Half- follow out abstruse fields of experiment, to work melted snow ground into the most unapproach out knotty problems of cause and effect, and as able mud-covered streets and pavements; the the field before him pointed to newer discoverain fell in a fine, disconsolate drizzle; and the ries and still greater difficulties, he followed the wiod gave faint puffs, as if utterly discouraged hint, and went abroad to search in Germany at the prospect of getting up a good hearty and France for more light and brighter examples blor. It was chilly and cheerless, misty and than lay within his reach. He was twenty-five muddy damp and dismal; but Dr. Huber, years old before he returned home, to wait for after a long look from his window, said, de patients, and woo Miss Reynolds. cidedly :
Obedient to the hints given her by anxious “Horrid weather! but I must go out!” And, relatives, this young lady had waited his return having arrived at this conclusion, out he went.” before giving any of her numerous suitors a
Now, the doctor, as he strode manfully down hope. She possessed beauty, a winning, gracious the street, under the shelter of a big cotton ! manner, many accomplishments, wealth to adorn umbrella, did not look like a man to be scared every charm, and a heart cold as marble, a cool by the weather. First, there was a tall, strong, calculating brain, and a coquette's most alluring well-knit, and finely developed figure to resist attractions. the elements, and the face was one that showed Strong and earnest, true and manly, the
battle with fiercer foes than wind or rain. The doctor was no longer a foppish boy, but a • strong, clearly-cut features, the firmly-set mouth, handsome, accomplisbed man. Young as he
large dark eyes, broad forehead, and well-poised was, his name already stood high in his probead carried resolution and courage in every fession, while Science owed him the debt of a line and expression. There was no shrinking pamphlet which was making a stir in literary now in face or figure as he walked rapidly for- and scientific circles. Altogether, Miss Reynolds Fard, yet there was a sadness in his eyes, a decided, a prize worth winning, and bent her curve of past pain about his lips, that said, energies to the task. plainly as words, “I have met trouble hand to At first the young man was dazzled and hand;" while the erect head and fearless car- astonished at the change in his old playmate. riage as plainly spoke, “And conquered ic!” ; From a pretty girl of fifteen she had become a
And while the doctor rapidly marches on, I magnificent beauty, willing yet to smile upon will tell you his life and victory.
her old adorer, and admit bim to the charmed Years before the New Year's Day upon which circle of her friendship. How she won him my story commences, Albert Huber was a from admiration to passionate love was her dandified boy of seventeen, heir- apparent to secret! Certain it is that he believed her pure a large fortune, the hope of a proud father, and and true, her love all his own, and laid at her the idol of a tender mother. Luxury had sur- / feet the worship of his strong, tender heart. rounded him from his very birth; every talent His mother died, and he turned for comfort had been developed with loving care, every to his promised wife, listening entranced to her sorrow set far from him, every wish gratified, low, sweet tones of sympathy; drinking with and every hope cherished and encouraged. bis heart her gentle words of hope and implied
He was but a boy, just nineteen, when he promises of a love to more than fill the void in announced his determination to become a doctor his life. A second blow followed, and his and marry Kate Reynolds, a belle in short father too was carried to his last home. Again, frocks. Both projects met with approval. Miss for one short week, he drew comfort from his Reynolds was an heiress, and likely to become a betrothed, then woke from his dream of hope to beauty when she emerged from school, and a find himself a beggar. The fortune he had doctor's profession was one quite suited to the hoped to call his own was swept away in a mad position of a gentleman. So, Albert was en- speculation, his father's last investment; and couraged in his plans.
when he sought comfort where he had been Of course every facility that wealth could wont to find it, it was to meet cutting words of offer the young student was at his command, scorn, to find his prospects sneered at, his hopes and having found now a task that met his intel- blasted, his love thrust coldly back upon him. lectual capacities and kept them fully occupied, Words of reproach for tones of love, bitter the foppish boy astonished all his friends scorn to answer the hopes of a new fortune, by becoming'a close, earnest student. As he cold incredulity to meet his promises of better plunged deeper and deeper into the fields of days, drove him maddened from his betrothed, study opened to bim, the youth grew to love a very demon of outraged love and revengeful his chosen profession with an engrossing fervour. bitternese.
It were a bitter record to tell of the months , terior. The heart that had been full to overflow. that followed this final blow. Talent wasted, ing with warm, generous impulses, was crusted energy misapplied, temptation unresisted, and over with a hard coat of cynicism. He trusted evil courted. The strong, nervous energy be- no man, no woman, visiting upon all the sin gan to fail before the demon of drink; the of one. Worse yet-he had fought so well his cool calculating brain, turned from science to hard battle, that self-reliance had become arrogambler's devices, grew heated and unreliable. gance; and, in the place of trust to Providence, Nights of wild rioting were followed by days of he had taken his own infallibility for his guide. sick despair, and the life which had begun | The world saw a resolute, successful, talented, under every smiling hope and promise of suc- but hard, cynical man. God saw a self-reliant, cess seemed about to end in the drunkard's | presumptuous unbeliever. grave or the suicide's coffin.
Dr. Huber's first call was in no fashionable It was a sneer that turned the scale. An old drawing-room. Down a dirty alley, where friend (one still revelling in Fortune's smiles) every step brought a new sight or smell of dissaid, in the hearing of the wretched man, gusting poverty, he walked rapidly, ungreeted “ Poor fool! weak and unstable! I always by any of the loungers who watched him. The thought his boasted strength and talent needed doctor's poor patients thought his hard, stern pampering to bring them to perfection. Well, manner, and contempt for small ailments, fully he will be no great loss either to the profession outweighed any gratitude for gratuitous seror society.”
vice. Was this true? Was this the end of am. It was a small room poorly furnished where bitious dreams of youth, of the glowing hopes he at length stopped. Upon a low pallet bed lay of manhood ? A life wasted, a soul lost, and a little child, some eight or nine years old, who for what? Because a false woman had let him had been injured by a terrible fall. As the see her worthless nature, and he was saved from | doctor came in, the little hands clasped close a marriage that must have brought life-long together and the nervous quiver of his patient's misery.
lips showed his terror of the visit. With the same resolute energy that had ! " Must it be to-day, Doctor ?" asked the pale marked every variation of his life, the doctor mother, as she looked into the doctor's face. entered again upon the race for fame and fortune. “ Certainly! I told you so yesterday, and you His splendid physical organization threw off | had better go and see some of your neighbours easily the effects of two years of wild dissipation, when Dr. Smith comes, for I can't be bothered and the active brain once roused was ready with any fainting fits or hysterics."." for new tasks, new triumphs. This was the “Oh, no! Oh, mother, don't leave me. I bitterest period of his life. Old friends, from am so afraid of Dr. Huber.” whom he had hoped for encouragement, heard It was a cry of agonizing apprehension. The coldly his promises of reform; bis practice was doctor fairly trembled under it. Some longnothing, only a few patients daring to trust life forgotten tenderness welled up in his heart, as to hands that had proved so ready to grope for he saw the frightened face turned to meet the evil instead of bringing comfort. Day after day mother's caresses. For a moment he stood irthe prospects grew darker. Without money, resolute, then he went to the bed, and putting his almost without friends, with a heart cut to the arm under the child's head, turned the pale face core by woman's faithlessness, a home desolated to meet his own. by deaib, and swept away by poverty, a hand “Johnny," the gentle tone made the child unsteadied by drink, and a name tarnished by look up in glad surprise. “I am afraid your riotous living, how dared he hope to atone the mother is not strong enough to stay and see her past and win a new name and fortune? Some boy suffer. I will be very tender and careful few, who still felt an interest in the unhappy with what must be done, and it will spare your man, strongly advised him to find a new field poor mother pain to be away. Will you trust for practice, a new home where the past could me and let her go?” be no reproach ; but the proud spirit rejected The clear childish eyes looked long into the the advice. In his own city, in the face of all dark ones questioning them, then the child said, the past, he would win his name again.
“Mother, you may go:" and as the ta; form For five long years he fought manfully, till, of another doctor approached the bed, the little on the New Year's morning when our story sufferer whispered, “Pray God for Johnny, commences, he faced the world free of all debt, with a fair practice, and an honourable name in Again the hardened heart thrilled under the his profession. Not one, but many small works child's voice. Truly wbat other help lay before from his pen were quoted as authority by more Johnny for the next hour but what was heaven than one circle of scientific men, and he had ac- sent? A sincere “God help him," rose in the cepted a hospital practice-almost forced upon doctor's heart. him-as one of the best surgeons in his own! Skilfully, tenderly, and patiently the two city. So, as he strode through the muddy surgeons worked in the little room; yet when streets, Dr. Huber felt again friends with for- | they drew the sheet again over the childish tune.
form, and turned away from their task, they Yet the battle had left scars, and there were knew that all of their art was vain : the pain was gaping, unhealed wounds under the braye ex• i stilled by a mightier hand than theirs, a stronger
arm had made their efforts fruitless, and the and came to the bedside, while her father God the mother prayed to had answered her looked towards the door. and called Johnny home.
“A doctare! Ah, yes-does he know I have "You stay, and see his mother,” said Dr. no moneys ?" Huber, as he buttoned up his coat for a second “La! yes Sig-nor. Come, Julie, and see call. “I have no words for her. You are a the baby while the doctor talks to your pa." Christian."
But the child shook her head, and only crept Leaving no time for comment or refusal, he closer to the bed ; so the landlady, having indistrode away; but when Dr. Smith turned to cated the patient to the doctor, and the doctor to the table to pack bis instruments, he saw lying the patient by one comprehensive fourish of there a bank-note that would more than decently her arm, went down-stairs. inter the still form on the bed.
| Wasting away! Ah, surely and rapidly. "A pretty beginning for a new year,” mut. l. One glance at the sunken eyes, hollow, hectic, tered Dr. Huber, as he again faced the rain; flushed cheeks, and shaking hands told the yet, as he suddenly dashed from his face a drop doctor the story. With the new tenderness of moisture that the rain had not placed there, Johnny had awakened still vibrating in his there stirred in his heart a memory of his mo- | heart, Dr. Huber spoke gently to the sick man ther, a new-born uneasiness, that angels would in his own Italian tongue. hare hailed as his highest, purest hope for the The child turned to him instantly, speaking coming year.
rapidly the same musical language. The second, third, fourth and fifth call found "Ah, you will cure bim! See how already he him still in the little court, and the sixth, which is better! Oh, doctor, he has been so ill, so ill, he had almost forgotten, was also there. It poor papa. He coughs, and is so weak, and at was only a burnt arm, a baby arm that was night he moans and tosses instead of sleepnearly healed, and as he turned from it, after a ling." brief inspection, he thought his calls in that | “Hush, Guilia, you trouble the gentleman. locality over for the day. But there was some Go see the baby, my darling, while I tell him new expression in the doctor's face that morn- about the cough.” ing, that gave the baby's mother courage to The child slowly obeyed, and as her small make a request she had meditaled, but not form left the room, the Italian said eagerly, dared to express.
“Can you save memfor her, for her only? "If you please, doctor, there's a poor body, a She will be famous. Ah, such talent! But I lodger of mine, that's ailing this month past. must teach her. She is mine! We will again If it's not too much trouble”
have comfort when she is older, Again I "Where is she?” impatiently interrupted the will be first violin when she is prima donna. doctor,
Oh, save me! save me! Let me not die !" "In the attic. It's not a woman, please, sir, | And, exhausted by his own violence, the suffererbut a man that's been fiddling in some theatre. ( fell back panting and coughing. He has a bit of a gal he's making an opery With all his accustomed brevity and decision singer out of,"
the doctor delivered a short, impressive lecture “What's the matter with him?".
| upon the folly of such violent conduct, and fairly “Well, sir, he's wasting like. He thinks he scolded bis patient back to composure; then is going to get out again soon, but to my after a series of strictly professional inquiries, mind his life's pretty well over."
he promised to send some medicine and come “Sbow me the way.”
the next day. Up the narrow stairway, past rooms of po| Guilia glided past him on the stairs, having verty's own choosing, the doctor and his guide evidently listened for his step, and the landlady mounted to the attic. There the woman en- | waylaid him to have her own forebodings contered, wbile the doctor stood back, studying fir med. the interior of the wretched room, desolate, “And dear only knows what's to become of cold, and cheerless, with a couple of wretched the gal. She's too pretty and smart for the beds, a miserable little fire, and a few broken workhouse, to my thinking,” was the good articles of furniture. In one corner stood a woman's parting comment on the case. forlorn old piano, upon which rested a violin Other professional calls followed in rapid case and some music books. At this piano was succession, as the doctor passed from street' to seated a little girl, rapidly running a scale, street, house to house. At last two o'clock while upon the bed the doctor's new patient found him again in his home, weary and counted time.
turbed. What ailed him ? He had faced and “One, two, three, four. Two breaks! Try battled with sorrow, suffering, and disease for again.”
years. He had fought with death for many a " It is so fast,” sighed the child, obedient to patient, sometimes victorious, sometimes 'dethe order.
feated, yet he had let his heart turn coldly from "Signor,” said the landlady, pronouncing the any lasting impressions, and looked upon all word as it is written, and splitting the empha- as so much chance in the roll of fate. But tosis exactly in halves. “Sig-nor, I've brought day he had left a deathbed subdued and sadthe doctor to see you."
dened; he had seen the signet mark on one The child slipped down from the piano stool, forehead and had shuddered with apprehension.