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according admit affinity allied America ancient animals appear areas become believe belonging birds cause certain changes characters climate closely common complex considered continent crossed deposited descended difficulty distant distinct species doubt effects embryo Europe evidence existing explained extent extinct extremely fact families fertility flowers follow formations former formerly forms fossil genera genus geological give given Glacial groups habits hand hybrids important individuals inhabitants inherited insects instance intermediate islands kinds known land less living look mammals manner means migration modified mountains namely natural selection naturalists nearly occur oceanic offspring organs parent perfect period plants points present probably produced progenitor range recent regions remains remarked resemblance respect rocks rudimentary seeds seems separated similar single South stage sterility structure successive suppose theory variations varieties various whole widely
Сторінка 305 - There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed by the Creator into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being evolved.
Сторінка 277 - That many breeds produced by man have to a large extent the character of natural species, is shown by the inextricable doubts whether many of them are varieties or aboriginally distinct species. There is no reason why the principles which have acted so efficiently under domestication should not have acted under nature.
Сторінка 296 - I by no means expect to convince experienced naturalists whose minds are stocked with a multitude of facts all viewed, during a long course of years, from a point of view directly opposite to mine. ... [B]ut I look with confidence to the future, — to young and rising naturalists, who will be able to view both sides of the question with impartiality.
Сторінка 293 - This has been effected chiefly through the. natural selection of numerous successive, slight, favourable variations; aided in an important manner by the inherited effects of the use and disuse of parts ; and in an* unimportant manner, that is in relation to adaptive structures, whether past or present, by the direct action of external conditions, and by variations which seem to us in our ignorance to arise spontaneously.
Сторінка 302 - ... will no doubt become simpler when we have a definite object in view. We possess no pedigrees or armorial bearings ; and we have to discover and trace the many diverging lines of descent in our natural genealogies, by characters of any kind which have long been inherited.
Сторінка 299 - I believe that animals have descended from at most only four or five progenitors, and plants from an equal or lesser number. " Analogy would lead me one step further, namely, to the belief that all animals and plants have descended from some one prototype. But analogy may be a deceitful guide.
Сторінка 281 - ... increasing in size, for the world would not hold them, the more dominant groups beat the less dominant. This tendency in the large groups to go on increasing in size and diverging in character, together with the...
Сторінка 304 - In the distant future I see open fields for far more important researches. Psychology will be based on a new foundation, that of the necessary acquirement of each mental power and capacity by gradation. Light will be thrown on the origin of man and his history.
Сторінка 233 - Nothing can be more hopeless than to attempt to explain this similarity of pattern in members of the same class, by utility or by the doctrine of final causes. The hopelessness of the attempt has been expressly admitted by Owen in his most interesting work on the