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finest speculations on the wisdom and grandeur of the creation. A warm admirer of nature, St. Pierre bows at her shrine with fervent reverence, and induces his readers to join with him in his adorations. Atheism is his abhorrence, and, indeed, no one but the FOOL says—THERE IS NO GOD. The second Study-On the Beneficence of Nature, shall be introduced it is a fair specimen of the whole.
STUDY THE SECOND.
BENEFICENCE OF NATURE.
“ Most men, in policed nations, look on nature with indifference. They are in the midst of her works, and admire only human grandeur. What charm can render the history of man so interesting ? it has to boast of vain objects of glory alone, of uncertain opinions, of bloody victories, or, at most, of useless labours. If nature, sometimes, finds a place in it, we are called upon to observe only the ravages Tho has committed, and to hear her charged with a thousand calamities, which may be all traced up to our own imprudence.
“ With what unremitting attention, on the contrary, is this common mother providing for us the means of happiness! She has diffused her benefits from pole to pole, in the view of engaging us to unite in a mutual communication of them. She recals us from the prejudices which unhappily separate mankind, to the universal laws of justice and humanity, by frequently putting our ills in the hands of the fo highly vaunted conquerors, and our pleasures in those of the oppressed, whom we hardly deign to favour with our pity.
" When the princes of Europe issued forth, with the Gospels in their hand, to ravage Alia, they brought back with ther the peftilence, the leprosy, and small-pox; but nature pointed out to a dervise the coffee plant, and produced our plagues from our Croisades, and our delicious beverage from the cup of a Mahometan monk. The successors of these princes subjugated the American continent, and transmitted to us a succession of wars and venereal diseases. While they were exterminating its inoffensive inhabitants, a Caraib, in token of peace, set the sailors a smoking his calumet; the
perfume perfume of tobacco dissipated their chagrin, and the use of it is diffeminated over the universe.
.“ To whom are we indebted for the use of sugar, of cho. colate, of so many agreeable means of subfiftence, and so many salutary medicines ? To naked Indians, to poor peasants, to wretched negioes. The spade of Alaves has done more good, than the sword of conquerors has done mischief. But in which of our great squares are we to look for the statues of our obscure benefactors. Our historics have not vouchsafed to name them.
“ Where is now the time, when our forefathers wandered up and down, living on the precarious supplies of hunting, and not daring to trust to nature? Her fimplest phenomena filled them with terror, and they trembled at light of an eclipse. I will suppose, that a philosopher, luch as Newton, were then to have treated them with the spectacle of fome of our natural sciences, and shewn rhem, with the microscope, forests in muss, mountains in grains of fand, thousands of animals in drops of water; that afterwards, discovering to them, in the heavens, a progession of greatness equally infinite, he had shewn them, in the planets, hardly. perceptible to the naked eye, worlds much greater than ours, Saturn, three hundred millions of leagues distant; in the fixed stars, infinitely more remote, suns which probably illuminate other worlds ; in the whiteness of the milky way, Itars, that is suns, innumerable, scattered about in the heavens, as grains of dust on the earth, without man's knowing whether all this may not be more than the threshold of Creation merely; with what transports would they have viewed a spectacle which we, at this day, behold without emotion?
“ But I would rather suppose, that, unprovided with the magic of science, a man like Fenelon had presented himself to them, in all the majesty of virtue, and thus addressed the Druids : “ You frighten yourselves, my friends, with the groundless terrors which you initil into the people. God is righteous. He conveys to the wicked terrible apprehensions, which recoil on those who communicate them. But He speaks to all men in the blessings which He bestows. Your religion would
govern men by fear; mine draws them with cords of love, and imitates his fun in the firmament, whom he causes to shine on the evil and on the good.” After this, that he
had distributed among them the simple presents of nature, till then unknown, fheaves of corn, llips of the vine, theep clothed with the woolly fleece: Oh! what would have been the gratitude of our grandfathers! They would, perhaps, have fled with terror from the inventor of the telescope, mistaking him for a spirit; but undoubtedly, they would have fallen down, and worshipped the author of Telemachus.
" These are only the smallest part of the blessings for which their opulent descendants Itand indebted to Nature. An infinite number of arts are employed at home, to diffuse knowledge and delight; and there is not a spot of the earth, or fea, but what furnishes them with some article of enjoyment.--Even the sands of Africa, where they have no game-keeper, send them in clouds, quails, and other birds of passage, which cross the sea in spring, to load their table in autumn; and the northern pole, where they have no cruiser, pours on their fhores, every summer, lcgions of mackarel, fresh cud, and turbots, fattened in the long nights of winter.
“ Not only the fowls and the fishes change for them their climate, but the very trees themselves. They have no longer occasion for suns: they can dispose of laritudes. They can convey, in their hot-houses, the hcats of Syria to exotic plants, at the very season their hinds are perishing with the cold of the Alps, in their hovels. Not only every thing that actually exists, but ages paft, all contribute to their felicity.
“ The sublime geniuses, of all ages and countries, celebrating, without concert, the undecaying lustre of virtue, and the providence of Heaven, in the punilhment of vice, add the authority of their reason to the universal instinct of mankind, and multiply, in their favour, the hopes of ano. ther life, of longer duration, and more exalted felicity. But it is from the very lap of plenteousness and pleasure, that the voice of murmuring against Providence now arises. From libraries, stored with so many sources of knowledge, issue forth the black clouds which have obscured the hopes and virtues of Europe.”
The Cuptive of Spilsberg, in Two Afts, as performed at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane, altered from the favourite French Drama, called Le Souterrain, with a Preface, by the Translator. The Music
by Duffek. is. od. Stace. OF this piece we gave an account in our Dramatic
Register, at the time of its introduction upon our stage, and, therefore, shall only add that its perufal affords entertainment.
Lines addressed by a Gentleman to his Sister on her Return Home-Verses wrote in a Summer's Evening --Ode 20 Fancy, and a Song by J. J.--An Ode to the Rose, and Sonnet to Mirth, by Civis, and Retirement, by Orlando, shall be inserted. Defpondency, to Harriot, cannot find a place, because it is too severe a satire on the strains of love-fick poetry. The poor unhappy lover deserves not our censure, and is entitled to our compassion. Sincerity, by J. C. is admissible; but we are sorry to say that Remarks on the Practice of committing the Care of Infants to Servants, do not suit the nature of our MisCELLANY.-For the Lady's Magazine the piece will form a suitable communication, whither we would recommend the ingenious author to send it. We had not forgotten W.M. and shall be glad to hear from him on future occasions.
We cannot conclude this Seventh Volume, without thanking A. K. for her School for Parents, which clofes with this Number, and from the perusal of which the Reader must experience both entertainment and instruction. Tales of so virtuous a tendency cannot fail to prove useful to the rising generation. Such pieces, indeed, always prove an acceptable contribution to our Miscellany.
The Letter P. signifies that the Piece, to which it is annexed, is to he
found in the Poetry; and the Letter R. intimates that it is an Article
Boys, Biography for,
..P. 78 Country Lire..
127 Curious Particulars of Wales 3')
Calendar of Nature for May.. 43
Cme of Chinney Places .....229
336 Calendar of Nature for July....200
--for August 3.0
· aftle of Judulence, by Thorson 3 :3
Character of them, by Dryden 343
Catharine, Einpreis of Ruffia,
Directions for Studying Englith