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Adam Smith advantage agricultural amount capitalist causes circulating capital competition condition considerable consumed consumption cultivation degree demand diminished division of labour duction ductive effect employment England equivalent exertion exist expenditure expense farms favourable fixed Flanders flax France funds greater gross produce habits hired human hundred quarters idle class improvement income increase individual industry interest kind labour employed labouring classes land landlord less limited machinery mankind manufacture manure material means ment metayer mode nations natural agents necessary objects obtained occupation operations paid peasant persons plough political economy Poor Law population portion possession present principle productive labourers productive power profit proportion proprietors purpose quantity remuneration render rent require saving Sismondi slavery slaves small farmer society soil subsistence sufficient sumers supply suppose surplus taxes things thousand tion unproductive velvet wages wealth whole workmen
Сторінка 150 - One man draws out the wire; another straights it; a third cuts it; a fourth points it; a fifth grinds it at the top for receiving the head...
Сторінка 244 - It is not so with the Distribution of Wealth. That is a matter of human institution solely. The things once there, mankind, individually or collectively, can do with them as they like.
Сторінка 342 - Give a man the secure possession of a bleak rock, and he will turn it into a garden ; give him a nine years' lease of a garden, and he will convert it into a desert.
Сторінка 232 - It is in vain to say that all mouths which the increase of mankind calls into existence bring with them hands. The new mouths require as much food as the old ones, and the hands do not produce as much.
Сторінка 153 - This great increase of the quantity of work which, in consequence of the division of labour, the same number of people are capable of performing, is owing to three different circumstances; first, to the increase of dexterity in every particular workman; secondly, to the saving of the time which is commonly lost in passing from one species of work to another ; and lastly, to the invention of a great number of machines which facilitate and abridge labour, and enable one man to do the work of many.
Сторінка 263 - ... the object to be principally aimed at in the present stage of human improvement, is not the subversion of the system of individual property, but the improvement of it, and the full participation of every member of the community in its benefits.
Сторінка 67 - Money is no more synonymous with capital than it is with wealth. Money cannot in itself perform any part of the office of capital, since it can afford no assistance to production.
Сторінка 67 - What capital does for production, is to afford the shelter, protection, tools and materials which the work requires, and to feed and otherwise maintain the labourers during the process.