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to raise 9 assert their possess the ne
we should consider it undignified to palliate our sympathy for them, or to urge any sophism to prove that other reasons than those of political necessity restrain the free nations of Europe from interfering in their behalf. Nor can the permanent independence of any country be won or secured until her people (we speak not only of the patrician classes, but of the mass of her population) feel the want, the imperative requirement, and possess the necessary energy and moral power, to assert their claim to emancipation, and are prepared to raise upon that basis a new and solid social fabric. If they demand or rely upon aid from without, to fight the battle with their oppressors, they betray their incompetency to maintain the position of a free state; and such assistance, even if rendered, will ultimately serve only to prepare them for the evils of renewed servitude.
The remarks we have made may appear selfish, cold and disheartening to the oppressed patriots of Italy or Poland; but, since such is undoubtedly the course followed by European diplomacy, would it be wise or generous to urge them by perfidious suggestions to rash attempts, which could have no other result than to heap misery upon misery? Is it not more humane and considerate to give them the lessons of experience, and teach them resignation and prudence? Is it not better, while assuring them of our full sympathy, candidly to confess our inability to assist them? Our cry must be still, “ Peace, peace !” though Poland and Italy might perhaps reply, with Lady Constance,
We must now take our leave of M. Andryane's work: its principal value lies in the historical detail it gives of facts which will occupy a prominent place in the annals of Europe. The general faithfulness of the narrative is sufficiently corroborated by internal evidence, by the statements of Pellico and Maroncelli, and the testimony of the English translator. It is good that such facts as it discloses
placed on re
cord ;-and this, not for reasons of a passing interest, but of higher moment: there is a lesson for many in these pages; experience may teach those who vindicate the sacred cause of liberty, that they must be prepared to suffer in their devotion; it will at the same time teach rulers that a spirit of vindictive and pusillanimous cruelty is an insecure basis for their power to rest upon; for, however for a time the power of the sword may hold in subjection the conquests of the sword, the rights of humanity must eventually triumph over oppression and injustice.
END OF NUMBER XX.
strates against the Russian occupation
neral Kauffman, 331; character of the
middle classes, 50 ; Mr. Hussey's letter
Jack Sheppard, 223 ; position as an adopted by the Whig ministry, 286.
Barbarossa (Frederic), state of Italy when
sentative of the Ghibelline faction, ib. ;
his destruction of Milan, 303 ; treaty
political and social matters, 627; per 303.
tural education, 62.
trasted with that of Pellico's, 646 ; ex 400; population of the low German and
Blackstone, on the rights of colonization,
Board of Education, diocesan report of,
tent of, 522; act for constituting it a school, 78; proposed course of instruc-
Bourke's (Major-General) declaration on
Bourke (Sir R.), despatch from Lord Gle- | supercargoes, 380; its conduct respec-
ing other nations, 390; intercourse with
considerations relating to our trade with
course on the Wants of the Times,' Christianity:-errors concerning the duties
of ministers, 612; barrenness of thesis-
separation of modern European liters-
Church of England :-symptoms of church
reform, 52; claim of the church to take
emigration from Ireland to, 496 ; state economy, 293 ; his statement relative
the imperial commissioner arrives in, Wellington's signature to, 163 ; Es
354 ; his proclamation to foreigners, Majesty's disapproval of, 164.
proclamation issued by Lin (1839), 365; Coke (Lord), court of Quarter-Sessions
eulogized by, 249.
licy, 23; his crusade against the press, against 'German horrors,' 235.
Cologne (Archbishop of), his arrest, 31.
pend the Habeas Corpus Act in Ireland, lative to education, 81.
Spielberg, 649; his condemnation by
after the Union, 247; not appointed to Congress of Vienna, hopes raised at, of a
Constabulary Act, stipendiary magistrates
appointed under, 287.
racter and influence of his works, 615 ; Copenhagen, attack on, 157 ; bombard-
ter of the Christian system, 626. Cracow, recent occurrences at, 329;
not fulfilled, ib. ; her submission to
condition of the people in, ib. ; means tablishment of her republic, 323; ge-