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we should consider it undignified to palliate our sympathy for them, or to urge any sophism to prove that other reasons than those of political necessity restrain the free nations of Europe from interfering in their behalf. Nor can the permanent independence of any country be won or secured until her people (we speak not only of the patrician classes, but of the mass of her population) feel the want, the imperative requirement, and possess the necessary energy and moral power, to assert their claim to emancipation, and are prepared to raise upon that basis a new and solid social fabric. If they demand or rely upon aid from without, to fight the battle with their oppressors, they betray their incompetency to maintain the position of a free state; and such assistance, even if rendered, will ultimately serve only to prepare them for the evils of renewed servitude.

The remarks we have made may appear selfish, cold and disheartening to the oppressed patriots of Italy or Poland; but, since such is undoubtedly the course followed by European diplomacy, would it be wise or generous to urge them by perfidious suggestions to rash attempts, which could have no other result than to heap misery upon misery? Is it not more humane and considerate to give them the lessons of experience, and teach them resignation and prudence? Is it not better, while assuring them of our full sympathy, candidly to confess our inability to assist them? Our cry must be still, “ Peace, peace !” though Poland and Italy might perhaps reply, with Lady Constance,

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We must now take our leave of M. Andryane's work: its principal value lies in the historical detail it gives of facts which will occupy a prominent place in the annals of Europe. The general faithfulness of the narrative is sufficiently corroborated by internal evidence, by the statements of Pellico and Maroncelli, and the testimony of the English translator. It is good that such facts as it discloses

placed on re


cord ;-and this, not for reasons of a passing interest, but of higher moment: there is a lesson for many in these pages; experience may teach those who vindicate the sacred cause of liberty, that they must be prepared to suffer in their devotion; it will at the same time teach rulers that a spirit of vindictive and pusillanimous cruelty is an insecure basis for their power to rest upon; for, however for a time the power of the sword may hold in subjection the conquests of the sword, the rights of humanity must eventually triumph over oppression and injustice.


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strates against the Russian occupation
of Cracow, 328 ; proclamation by ge-

neral Kauffman, 331; character of the
ACLAND (T. D.) on the education of the late emperor, 668.

middle classes, 50 ; Mr. Hussey's letter

to, 69.
• Adonais' (the), tender and graceful spirit

of, 120.
Ainsworth (W. Harrison), his romance of Bacon's (Lord) cure for turbulence

Jack Sheppard, 223 ; position as an adopted by the Whig ministry, 286.
author, 224.

Barbarossa (Frederic), state of Italy when
• Alastor,' account of, 107 ; occasion of its he ascended the throne, 301 ; repre-
composition, 108.

sentative of the Ghibelline faction, ib. ;
Albrecht and Weber, degree of doctor enters Italy with a large army, 302 ;
conferred on, 39.

his destruction of Milan, 303 ; treaty
America, society in, 608; subserviency in of the peace of Constance forced from,

political and social matters, 627; per 303.
version of views respecting the pastoral Barbauld (Mrs.), on social worship, 813.
office in, ib.; evils to which society is Bather (Archdeacon), his hints on scrip-
exposed in, 633.

tural education, 62.
Andryane (M.), spirit of his work con Belgium, Gallic tendencies prevalent in,

trasted with that of Pellico's, 646 ; ex 400; population of the low German and
tract on the inquisitorial commission, Walloon provinces, ib.; literary socie-
649; is seized and conveyed to Santa ties formed in, 401.
Margherita, ib. ; his examination be Belgian literature, observations on, 399.
fore Salvotti, 650 ; his intercourse with Blackburne (Mr.), his evidence before the
Confalonieri, 653; arrives at Spielberg, select committee on Ireland, 265.
655 ; his liberation, 663.

Blackstone, on the rights of colonization,
Angoulème (the Duc d'), letter from Wel 537.
lington to, 204.

Board of Education, diocesan report of,
Australia, emigration, till 1831, 516; ex 50; principles for forming a training

tent of, 522; act for constituting it a school, 78; proposed course of instruc-
British province, 528; representative tion, 79; extract from the report, 91.
government desirable in, 530; conside Bond (Mr.), his discovery of a letter to
ration respecting municipal corporations Edward III, in the British Museum,
of, ib.; third report of the colonization 319.
commissioners, ib. ; progress of emi Bourbons, restoration of the, 204.
gration to, 531.

Bourke's (Major-General) declaration on
Austria, policy of her court, 28 ; remon the state of Ireland (1825), 248.


Bourke (Sir R.), despatch from Lord Gle- | supercargoes, 380; its conduct respec-
nelg to, 527.

ing other nations, 390; intercourse with
Brew (Mr.), his evidence on stipendiary England attended by smuggling, 391,
magistrates in Clare, 273.

considerations relating to our trade with
Brownson (0. A.), extracts from his dis 395.

course on the Wants of the Times,' Christianity:-errors concerning the duties

of ministers, 612; barrenness of thesis-
Burdett's (Sir F.) description of Ireland gical literature after the Restoration,616;
in 1822, 285.

separation of modern European liters-
Byron and Shelley, distinction between ture from, 621.
the schools of, 101.

Church of England :-symptoms of church

reform, 52; claim of the church to take
part in educating the people, 56; theory
propounded by Coleridge and Mauris,
ib. ; union between church and sta.

CANADA, correspondence relating to, 493 ; Cibrario (Luigi), his work on political

emigration from Ireland to, 496 ; state economy, 293 ; his statement relative
ment of Quebec Emigrant Society, 497 ; to Charlemagne, 305; style of his work,
lands in Upper Canada, 501 ; statement 309; his researches respecting the s-
of the chief agent for emigrants in, lue of coins, 313; his last series of

tables, 321.
Canton, statement of trade at, 352; Lin Cintra (the Convention of), the Duke el

the imperial commissioner arrives in, Wellington's signature to, 163 ; Es

354 ; his proclamation to foreigners, Majesty's disapproval of, 164.
- ib.; arrival of Captain Elliot in, 364; Coins, value of ancient, 316.

proclamation issued by Lin (1839), 365; Coke (Lord), court of Quarter-Sessions
foreigners shut up in, 385.

eulogized by, 249.
Carl Johann (of Sweden), his general po Coleridge, his exposition of the outcry

licy, 23; his crusade against the press, against 'German horrors,' 235.

Cologne (Archbishop of), his arrest, 31.
Castlereagh (Lord), his proposal to sus Committee of Council, their scheme re-

pend the Habeas Corpus Act in Ireland, lative to education, 81.
263; Duke of Wellington's letters to, Confalonieri (Count), his imprisonment in
160, 162, 169.

Spielberg, 649; his condemnation by
Catholics, their civil disabilities continued the commission, 653.

after the Union, 247; not appointed to Congress of Vienna, hopes raised at, of a
the office of constable, under the old confederation of free German states,
constabulary act, 258 ; exertions made 49.
by their priests against insurrectionary Cunrad III., anarchy in his reign, 301.
habits, 266.

Constabulary Act, stipendiary magistrates
• Cenci,' origin of the, 124.

appointed under, 287.
Channing (Dr.), discourses by, 608 ; cha Constance, treaty of, 303.

racter and influence of his works, 615 ; Copenhagen, attack on, 157 ; bombard-
on the use of reason in religion, 623; ment of (1807), 470.
on the design of the religion of Christ, Courts of Justice in Ireland, commis-
624; invigorates the spiritual charac sioners' report of, 251-255.

ter of the Christian system, 626. Cracow, recent occurrences at, 329;
Chatham (Earl of), his prejudice against promise to send an English resident
the Duke of Wellington, 157.

not fulfilled, ib. ; her submission to
China, our first intercourse with, 342 ; Austria (from 1795 to 1809), ib. ; es-

condition of the people in, ib. ; means tablishment of her republic, 323; ge-
of enjoyment equally distributed, 343; neral act of the Congress of Vienna in
system with regard to foreigners, 347; favour of, 324; primitive constitution
its conduct to Europeans, 348 ; importa of the free town of, ib. ; results of
tion of opium into, 351 ; directions to her abandonment by England and
the natives and native servants of, 364; France, 327; arrest of the bishop of,
power of its government to stop the 328; Austrian remonstrance against
opium trade, 374; extracts from "an the Russian occupation of, ib. ; pro-
Act to regulate the Trade to China and test of the senate to the three courts,
India," 377; the powers vested in the ib.; military rule established in, 330)

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