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“ which are Jesus Christ's; but ye knore the

proof of him, that as a son with the father, “ he hath served with me in the gospel." Had Timothy's presence with St. Paul at Philippi, when he preached the gospel there, been expressly remarked in the Acts of the Apostles, this quotation might be thought to contain a contrived adaptation to the history; although, even in that case, the averment, or rather the allusion in the epistle, is too oblique to afford much room for such suspicion. But the truth is, that in the history of St. Paul's transactions at Philippi, which' occupies the greatest part of the sixteenth chapter of the Acts, no mention is made of Timothy at all. What appears concerning Timothy in the history, so far as relates to the present subject, is this : " When Paul came to Derbe and Lystra, “ behold a certain disciple was there named “ Timotheus, whom Paul would have to go o forth with him.” The narrative then proceeds with the account of St. Paul's progress through various provinces of the Lesser Asia, till it brings him down to Troas. At Troas he was warned in a vision to pass over into



Macedonia. In obedience to which he crossed the Ægean sea to Samothracia, the next day to Neapolis, and from thence to Philippi. His preaching, miracles, and perfecutions at Philippi follow next ; after which Paul and his company, when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, came to Thessalonica, and from Thessalonica to Berea. From Berea the brethren sent away Paul; “ but Silas and " Timotheus abode there ftill.” The itinerary, of which the above is an abstract, is undoubtedly sufficient to support an inference that Timothy was along with St. Paul at Philippi. We find them setting out together upon this progress from Derbe, in Lycaonia; we find them together near the conclusion of it, at Berea, in Macedonia. It is highly probable, therefore, that they came together to Philippi, through which their route between these two places lay, If this be thought probable, it is sufficient, For what I wish to be observed is, that in comparing, upon this subject, the epistle with the history, we do not find a recital one place of what is related in another ;


but that we find, what is much more to be relied upon, an oblique allusion to an implied fact.

No. V.

Our epistle purports to have been written near the conclusion of St. Paul's imprisonment at Rome, and after a residence in that city of considerable duration. These circumstances are made out by different intimations, and the intimations upon the subject preserve among themselves a just consistency, and a consistency certainly unmeditated. First, the apostle had already been a prisoner at Rome so long, as that the reputation of his bonds, and of his constancy under them, had contributed to advance the success of the gospel : 6 But I would ye “should understand, brethren, that the things “which happened unto me have fallen out “ rather unto the furtherance of the gospel; " so that my bonds in Christ are manifest in "all the palace, and in all other places; and

many of the brethren in the Lord waxing confident by my bonds, are much more

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" bold to speak the word without fear." Secondly, the account given of Epaphroditus imports, that St Paul, when he wrote the epistle, had been in Rome a considerable time; “ He longed after you all, and was 66 full of heaviness, because that


had “ heard that he had been sick." Epaphroditus was wich St. Paul at Rome. He had been fick. The Philippians had heard of his fickness, and he again had received an account how much they had been affected by the intelligence. The passing and repassing of these advices must necessarily have occupied a large portion of time, and must have all taken place during St. Paul's residence at Rome. Thirdly, after a residence at Rome thus proved to have been of considerable duration, he now regards the decision of his fate as nigh at hand. He contemplates either alternative, that of his deliverance, ch. ii. ver. 23, “Him therefore (Timothy) I

hope to send presently, so soon as I shall see “ how it will go with me; but I trust in the ** Lord that I also myselffhall come shortly:"" that of his condemnation, ver. 17, “Yea, and

“ if I be offered * upon the facrifice and ser

“vice of your faith, I joy and rejoice with · 66 you all.” This consistency is material, if

the consideration of it be confined to the epiftle. It is farther material, as it agrees, with respect to the duration of St. Paul's first imprisonment at Rome, with the account delivered in the Acts, which, having brought the apostle to Rome, closes the history by telling us, “ that he dwelt there two whole for years in his own hired house.”

No. VI. Chap. 1. ver. 23. “ For I am in a strait s betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and “ to be with Christ; which is far better."

With this compare 2 Cor, chap. v. ver. 8, “ We are confident and willing rather to “ be absent from the body, and to be present " with the Lord.”

The fameness of sentiment in these two quotations is obvious. I rely however not so much upon that, as upon the similitude

* Αλλ' ει και σπενδομαι επι τη θυσια της στιςιως υμων, if my blood be poured out as a libation upon the facrifice of your faith.

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