Зображення сторінки

and Possessions, was authorised by God himself, the righteous Judge of the World, in and by a long Train of most conspicuous and public Miracles and Prophecies ; so that the Israelites could not be de. ceived in their divine Commillion for this bloody Work. Nor is it liable to be made a Precedent, or a Pretence for any other Nation or Person to treat their Neighbours at this Rate, be they ever so wicked, unless they can shew such astonishing and undoubted Attestations of a plain Commission from God, the righteous Governor of the World, and the sovereign Lord of all.

11 Q. What was the Name of the first City they took in Canaan ?

A. Jericho, whole Walls fell down, when by God's Appointment they founded Trumpets made of Ram's Horns, yosh. vi. 5. 20.

12 Q.What did they do when they took theCity ?

A. By God's Command they devoted it as the First-fruits, to be a Sacrifice to the Lord, and there. fore they burnt all the Goods in it, together with the City, as well as destroyed all the Inhabitants, except Rahab the Harlot, and her Kindred, Joh.


vi. 24, 25.

[ocr errors]

13 Q. Why was Rahab spared ?

Å. Because the believed that God would give Ifrael the Land of Canaan, and the hid and saved the Spies whom Jothua sent, Jof. ii. 9—14. and chap. vi. 25, 26. Heb. xi. 31.

14 Q. How did the Army of Israel succeed against the Men of Ai?

A. God suffered Ifrael to be put to fight before the Men of Ai, because Achan an Israelite had stole and hid fome of the Spoil of the City of Jericho, which was accursed, and devoted to the Fire, Joh. vii. 5—9.

15 Q How was the Anger of God appeased for this Crime ?

4. They mourned humbly before God, they fought out the Person who had stolen this accursed Thing, and stoned him and his Family to Death, Joh. vii. 6, 13, 14, 24.

16 Q. How did they take the City of Ai at last ?

4. By counterfeiting a Flight, as on the former Day; and when the Men of Ai were drawn out of the City, the Israelites who lay in Ambush ens tered and burnt it, Joh. viii. 13-29.

17 Q. How did the Gibeonites deceive the Peo. ple of Ifrael, and save themselves from Death?

A. They sent Ambassadors, with old Sacks upon their Afles, and old Garments and mouldy Bread, to prove that they came from a far Coun. try; and the Men of Israel rafhly made Peace with them, and swore to it, Folk, ix. 4-15.

18 Q. What did Joshua do when he found that they dwelt in the midst of Canaan?

4. He let them live, because the Elders had sworn to them; but he made them Hewers of Waod, and Drawers of Water for the Congregation, and for the Altar of the Lord, ver. 27.

19 Q. How did Israel conquer the King of Jerufalem, with his four Allies?

A. God helped Israel, by casting great Hailstones from Heaven upon their Enemies, Joh. x. 10, 11.

20 Q. What remarkable Thing did Joshua do that Day?

A He bid the Sun and Moon stand still to lengthen out the Day for his Victory, and they obeyed him. F.. X. 12–14.

21 Q. What did Joshua do with the five Kings when he took them?

A. He called the Captains of Israel to set their Feet on their Necks, and then he flew them, and E 4


hanged them up on five Trees before the Lord, Foh. x. 24, 26.

22 Q. Did Joshua proceed to conquer the whole Country?

A. The Israelites, under the Conduct of Joshua, went on till they had flain one and thirty Kings, and then the People rested from War for a Season, Joh. xi. 23. and chap. xii. 24.

23 Q. Where was the Tabernacle first set up after they came to Canaan?

A. In Shiloh, in the Tribe of Ephraim, at some Distance from Jerusalem; and there it carried above three bundred Years, even till the Days of Samuel, Fob. xviii. 1. 1 Sam. i. 3. 24 Q. How came it to be set


there? A. By the Appointment of God; for it is said, He set his Name first in Shiloh, Jer. vii. 12.

See Deut. xii. 5–16.

25 Q. How was the Land of Canaan divided among the People ?

A. Reuben, and Gad, and half the Tribe of Manasleh, had their Inheritance given them by Moses on the other Side Jordan; and Joshua cast Lots for the rest of the Tribes before the Lord in Shiloh, Numb. xxxii. Joh. xiii

. 7, 8. and ch, xviii. io. 26 Q. Did not the Tribes of Reuben and Gad, and half Manaffeh, go to help their Brethren in destroying the Canaanites?

A. Yes ; by the Appointment of Moses, they went over Jordan to afsift their Brethren, till they were settled in the Land, Numb. xxxii. 16-33. and Josh i. 12-18.

27 Q. What Memorial did these two Tribes and an half leave in the Land of Canaan, that they belonged to the Nation of Israel ? A. They built a great Altar upon the Borders


[merged small][ocr errors]

of Jordan, not for Sacrifice, but merely as a Memorial of their Interest in the God of Israel, in the Tabernacle, and in the Worship thereof, 7.p.xxii.

28 Q. Where was the Tribe of Levi disposed of?

A. Being devoted to the Service of the Tabernacle and Religion, they were not fixed in one Spot of Ground, but had a Share in the Inberit ance of every Tribe, that they might teach

every City the Laws of God, and their Dury, Josh. xxi. 3.

29 Q. What did Joshua do just before his Death?

A. He summoned the People together, and made a most folemn Covenant with them, that they should serve the Lord, Joh. xxiii. and xxiv. 1—28.

30 Q. Did the Israelites go on to drive out the Inhabitants of Canaan after the Death of Joshua ?

A. Yes, by the Appointment of God, the Tribe of Judah went up against Bezek, Judges i. 1-4.

31 Q. What did the Israelites do to Adonibezek (or the King of Bezek) when they took him?

A. They cut off his Thumbs and great Toes, Judges i. 6.

32 Q. What Remark did he make upon it?

A. He confessed the Justice of God in this Punishment, for he had cut off the Thumbs and great Toes of threescore and ten Kings, and made them gather Meat under his Table, ver. 7.

33 Q Did the Israelites drive all the Canaanites out of the Land ?

A. No, for there were some left for several hundred Years after Joshua's Death: The Jebusites and the Philistines continued till the Days of David, 2 Sam v. 6, 17.

34 Q. Why did not God affilt Ifrael to drive them all out?

A. Because Israel did not obey the Commands of God, and some of the Canaanites were left to prove Israel, whether they would obey the Lord,


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

and to be as Thorns in their Sides, to punish them for their Sins, Jom. xxiii. 12, 13. Judges ii. 3, 21. and chap. iii. 1-4.

35 Q. What were the most common Sins that Ifrael was guilty of after their Settlement in Canaan?

A. They fell to Idolatry, or worshipping the Gods of the Nations round about them, after Jothua was dead, and the Elders of the People of that Age that outlived Joshua, Judges ii. 6, 7, 10–15. Sect. II. Of the Government of Ifrael by JUDGES. 36 Q. WHO governed the People of Israel

after Joshua's Death? A. God was always the King and Ruler of Ilrael, and under him the several Tribes probably chofe their own Judges, Magiftrates and Officers, according to the Appointment of Moses, Exod. xviii. Deut. i. 13. Jos xxiv. 1. Note. These Officers or Judges, which were set oyer

the People by Moses, at the Advice of Jethro, were
at first chosen by the People in their several Tribes,
just after they came out of Egypt, Exod. xviii.
Moses says to the People, Take ye wife Men, &c.

Deut. i. 13.
The Seventy or Seventy-two Elders were the gravest

and most venerable of these Officers, fix out of
every Tribe ; for God says to Moses, Gather to me
Seventy Men of the Elders of Israel, whom thou knowest,
to be ofrcers over them, Numb. xi. 16. These were
to meet together, and consult upon extraordinary
Occasions, as when a Sort of Sedition was raised
by the Murmurings of the People, Numb. xi. or in

such like Cases of Danger. The High Priest was the chief Counsellor, and some.

times a Judge; for the Oracle of God was with him, and he was supposed to be chiefly skilled in the Law, especially if he were an elderly Man. The common Priests and Levites were also Asliftants

to the Judges, by way of Counsel, and in deciding

[ocr errors]
« НазадПродовжити »