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120 Q. Can these Things be said therefore to be fulfilled or accomplished in Chrift, since the Meaning of all these Ceremonies or Types is not yet known even to Christians themselves ?
A. The New Testament has revealed to us, and taught us to understand the chief and most confiderable both of the Types and Prophecies ; but neither one nor the other are understood fully : And yet we make no Doubt but the Prophecies are, or shall be accomplished in Chrift; and why not the Types also ? Probably it is reserved as one Part of the Glory of that happy Day, when the Jews shall be converted, that the rest of their Prophecies, as well as the Rites and Ceremonies of their ancient Worship, together with their Accomplishment in Christ and the Gospel, shall be more completely understood.
C H A P. VI.
E have had a particular Relation of
the Moral and Ceremonial Laws of the Jews : Say now what was their Judicial or Political Law?
A. That which related to their civil Government as a Nation.
2 Q. Who was their Governor?
A. God himself condescended to take upon him the Title of their KING, and he appointed various Kinds of Governors under him, as he thought fit, Judges viii. 23. 1 Sam. xii, 12, 13. Ifa. xxxiii. 22.
Note, Since the same Person was both their God; and
their King, the Tabernacle and the Temple may be considered not only as the Residence of their God, but as the Palace of their King all). The Court of the Tabernacle was the Court of the Pa. lace; the Holy of Holies was the Presence cham
the Mercy feat was his Throne; the Cherubs represented his Attendants as God, and the Priests were his Ministers of State as King; the High Priest his Prime Minifter; the Levites were his officers, dispersed through all the Kingdom ; the Table of Shewbread, together with some part of the Sacrifices which were given to the Priest, did represent
the Provision for his Houshold, 83c. Whatsoever other Governors were made from Time
to Time, either Captains, Judges, or Kings, they were but Deputies to God, who put
them turned them out at Pleasure.
3 Q What did the Political or Civil Laws, or Commands oblige the People to?
A. To many particular Practices, relating, (1.) To War and Peace. (2.) To Husbands and Wives. (3.) Parents and Children. (4.) Masters and Servants. (5.) Food and Raiment. (6.) Houses and Lands. (7:) Corn and Husbandry. (8.) Money and Cattle. (9) The Birds and Beasts. (10.) The First-born of all Things. (11.) The Maintenance of the Levites and Priests. (12.) The Care of the Bodies and Lives of Men.
4 Q: What were fome of the more peculiar Laws about War and Peace?
A. That they should make no Peace with the seven Nations of Canaan, but that they should deftroy them utterly; and that when they went to War, every Soldier who was afraid might go home, Deut. vii. 1, 2, 3. and chap xx. 8.
5 Q. What were some of their peculiar Laws about Husbands and IVives? I
A. That a Man should marry his Brother's Widow, if his Brother died childless: and that Men were permitted to put away their Wives by a Writing of Divorce, Deut. xxv. 5. xxiv. 1. And that Adultery was to be punished with Death, Lev xx. 10.
6 Q. What were some of their special Laws about Parents and Children?
A. The firft-born Son was to have a double Portion : And that any Child who smote or cursed his Father or his Mother, or was obstinately rebellious and incorrigible, was to be put to Death, Deut xxi. 17, 18-21. Exod. xxi. 15, 17.
7 Q. What are some of their special Laws about Mafleis and Servants?
A. Any Servant might go free, if his Master had maimed him: And an Israelitish Servant, though he were bought with Money, shall go out free for nothing in the seventh Year; and if he will not go out free, bis Mafter shall bore his Ear through on the Door-post with an Awl, and he shall serve him for ever, Exod. xxi. 2-6. and ver. Note, This Word, for ever, signifies till the Year of Ju
bilee; for all Servants or Slaves, who were He. brews, were then to have their Freedom, and return to their own Lands and Possessions in their own Tribe. See Lev. xxv. 29–42. And this is the best way of reconciling Exod. xxiwith Lev. xxv. where one Text saith, The Servant shall go out free in the seventh Year, and another in the Year of Jubilee, and the third faith, he shall serve for ever.
8 Q. What special Laws had they relating to their Food?
A. That they should eat no Blood, nor the Fat of the Kidneys, nor any Thing that died of itself, or was torn of wild Beasts, nor any of the Beasts
or Birds, or Fishes, which were pronounced to be unclean, Lev. xi, and xvii. Deut. xiv. 21. And therefore they would not eat with Heathens, left they should taste unclean Food.
9 Q. What were some of their Laws relating to their Clothing ?
A. A Man must not wear the Raiment of Women, nor a Woman the Raiment of Men: They must wear no mixed Garment made of Woolen and Linen; and they were required to make Fringes in the Borders of their Garments, and put upon the Fringe of the Borders a Ribbon of blue, thạt they might look upon it, and remember to do the Commandments of the Lord, Numb. xv. 38, 39.
Deut. xxii. 5, II, 12. "Note, In our Saviour's Time they wrote Sentenées of the Law on Parchment, and put them on their
Foreheads and their Garments: These were called Phylaéteries, Matt. xxiii, 5.
10 Q. What are some of their special Laws about Houses and Lands?
1. That every leventh Year the Land should peft from ploughing and -fowing; and God promised to give them Food enough in the fixth for the three years. And every fiftieth Year, which is the Year of yubile, all Houses and Lands that were sold, should return to their former Poffeffors, except Houses in walled Towns, Lev. xxv. 2--177 20, 21, 30, 6.C. Note, Every feventh Year, in which the Fields were
not to be tilled, was called a Sabbath, or Sabbatical Year: and after seven Sabbatical Years, that is, forty-nine Years, was the Year of Jubilee in the fiftieth. Though some have fupposed the Jubilee to be the forty-ninth Year itself, that so two Sabbatical Years might not come together: For in the Ju
bilee, it is plain, there was to be no Ploughing, nor Sowing, nor Reaping, nor Vintage, Lev. xxv. 11.
u Q. What were some special Jewish Laws about Corn and Husbandry ?
A. They were forbid to plough with an Ox and an Ass together; to low their Fields with Seeds of different kinds; or to make clean Riddance of their Harvests, either of the Field or of the Trees, for the Gleanings were to be left for the Poor, Deut. xxii. 9-11. Lev. xix. 9, 10, 19. And any Travellers might eat their Fill of Grapes or Corn in a Field or Vineyard, but might carry none away, Deut. xxiii. 24, 25.
12 Q. What were some of their peculiar Laws about Money, Goods, and Cattle ?
A. They might lend Money upon Usury to a Stranger, but not to an Ifraelite. That a Thief Tould restore double for whatsoever Thing he had stolen; but if he ftole Cattle, and killed or sold them, he must pay five Oxen for an Ox, and four Sheep for a Sheep, Exod. xxii. 22. Deut. xxiii. 19, 20. Exod. xxii. 1-9. But if he had nothing to pay, the Thief fhould be fold for his Theft, ver. 3.
13 Q. What special Laws related to Beasts and Birds?
A. They were forbid to muzzle the Mouth of the Ox thát trod out the Corn, that so he might eat some while he was treading it: Nor when they took a Bird's-neft in the Field with Eggs or young ones, were they permitted to take the Dam with them, Deut. xxv. 4. and xxii. 6, 7.
14 Q. What Laws were given them about the Fir-born ?
A. The First-born of Man and Beasts were devoted or given to God, as well as the First-fruits of the Trees and of the Field, Exod. xxii. 29, 30. Numb, xviii, 12, 13.