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A. It was a kind of liquid Ointment, compounded of Myrrh, Cinnamon, and other rich Spices, with Oil Olive, by the Art of the Apothecary, and there was none to be made like it on Pain of Death, Exod xxx. 23-33.

84 Q What was the Use of this holy Oil?

A. All the Vessels of the Tabernacle were to be anointed with it, as well as Aaron the High Priest, and his Sous, Exod. xxx. 26.

85 Q. What was the Incenfe or holy Perfume ?

Å. It was a Composition of sweet Spices with Frankincense; nor was any to be made like it on Pain of Death, Exod. xxx. 34-38.

86 Q What was the Use of this Incense or Per. fume?

A. Some of it was to be beat to Powder, and laid before the Ark in the most holy Place before the Lord, Exod. xxx. 36. And it was this Incenfe of sweet Spices which was burnt daily on the Altar of Incense. See Exod. xxx. 7, 8, 9 and XXXV. 15. and xxxvii. 29.

87 Q. What is the last Sort of holy Things relating to the Jewish Worship?

A. The Instruments and Vesels which were used in their Sacrifices, and in any other Part of their Religion; and they were made chiefly, of Gold, Silver, Brass and Wood.

88 Q. What Instruments were made of Gold?

A. The golden Censer belonging to the most holy Place; the Vesels belonging to the Table of Shew bread; namely, the Bowls, and Dishes, and Spoons, and Covers; the Vessels belonging to the Candlesticks and Lamps, namely, the Snuffers and Snuff-dishes, &c. Heb. ix. 4. Exod. xxxvii. 16, 23.

89 Q. What Instruments were made of Silver ? A. Besides the Hooks and Fillets of the Pillars


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of the Court and the Sockets of some of the Pillars, and of all the Boards of the Tabernacle, which were of Silver, Exod. xxvi. 19, &c. and xxvii. 10, &c. there were Chargers and Bowls of Silver, offered by the Princes for the Use of the Sanctuary, Numb. vii. 13. and Trumpets of Silver, Numb. x. 2.

90 Q. What were the Instruments of Brass ?

A. Those which belonged to the Altars of Burntofferings, namely, the Poes, Shovels, Bafons, and Flesh-hooks and Fire-pans, besidesthe BrazenGrate of Net-work, Exod. xxxviii. 3, 4. Also the common Censers for Incense were supposed to be Verfels of Brass fit to hold Fire, Numb. xvi. 17, 37.

91 Q. What were the Instruments of Wood?

A. The Staves fixed to the Golden Rings to bear both the Ark, the Incense Altar, and the Gol. den Table, were all made of Shittim Wood, and overlaid with Gold, Exod. xxxvii. 4, 15, 28. but the Staves to bear the Altar of Burnt offering were overlaid with Brass, Exod. xxxviii. 6.

Sect. V. Of the Holy Times and Hóly Actions. 92 Q. H

AVING surveyed the Holy Things

of the Jews, let us inquire what were the chief of the Holy Times or Days appointed to them ?

A. The Weekly Sabbaths, the New-Moons, the Feast of the Pass-over, the Feast of Pentecoft, the Feast of Trumpets, the Great Day of Atonement, and the Feast of Tabernacles. See moft or all these Holy Times prescribed in Lev. xxiii. and the several Sacrifices belonging to them, in Numb. xxviii, xxix.

93 Q: What was the Weekly Sabbath?

A. The seventh Day of every Week was a Day of holy Rest from all the common Labours of Life,

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and a Day of affembling for Worship, which is called an holy Convocation, Exod. xx. 8, 10. Lev. xxiii. 2, 3

94 Q. What special public Service was done on this Day?

A. The daily Sacrifice was doubled, Numb.xxviii. 9. and it is very probable, that some Portions of che Law were to be read, and perhaps expounded, chiefly by the Priests and Levites, as was practifed afterwards in the Synagogues, Aals xv. 21. and perhaps also this might be done, at least in the following Times, on all Days of holy Convocation. 95Q. Why was this Day fanctifiedor made holy?

1. Partly from God's resting from the Work of Creation on the seventh Day, and partly in Remembrance of the Israelites Deliverance and Reft from their flavilh Labours in Egypt, Exod. xx. 11. Deut. v. 15.

96 Q. What was the Feast of the New-Moons?

A. In the Beginning of their Months, which they reckoned by New-Moons, they were to blow the Silver Trumpets, and offer a special Sacrifice, Num. X. 10: xxviii: Ili 1 Sam. XX. 5. Psalm \xxxi. 3.

97 Q. What was the Feast of the Pass-over ?

A. It was kept for seven Days in their first Month, Abib, by sacrificing a Lamb, and eating it in every Family, in Remembrance of God's passing over the Families of Israel, when he flew the First-born in every House of the Egyptians, Exod. xii. 18,&.

Here note, That the first Month of the Jews, for all the

common Affairs of Life, which are called Civil Affairs, was Tifri, which in part answers to our Sep. tember, and is the first Month after the Autumnal Equinox ; and it was always so to continue for Civil Affairs, as appears from Exod. xxiii. 16. chap. xxiv. 22. and Lev. xxv. 8.-10. But as to Ecclefiaftical or



Religious Matters, the first Month after the Vernal Equinox, called Abib, which answers partly to our March, was designed to be the Beginning of the Year to the Jews, in Memory of their great Deliverance from Egypt.

98 Q. In what Manner was the Feast of the Pass-over kept?

A. On the fourteenth Day of the Month they were to roaft a Lamb for Supper, and to eat Unleavened Bread that Evening, and seven Days after, Exod. xii. 3, 8, 19. Numb. xxviii. 16, 17.

99 Q Was there any particular Worlhipper formed on these seven Days ?

A. Yes, there were special Sacrifices every Day, a Sheaf of the first ripe Corn, that is, Barley, was now offered to God; and on the first and last Day there was an holy Convocation or Affembly for Worfhip, Exod. xii. 16. Numb. xxviii. 16, &. Lev, xxiii. 10.

100 Q. What was the Feast of Pentecoft?

A. Fifty Days, or seven Weeks after the first ripe Corn (or Barley) had been offered to God, there was a particular Sacrifice, and an holy Allembly, and two Loaves of the first Fruits of Wheat were to be offered, Lev. xxiii. 15–21. Nole, This was called the Feaft of Weeks, Deut. xvi. 16.

compared with Exod. xxiii, 16. It was a Sheaf of Barley that was offered at the Pass-over, and two Loaves of Wheat at Pentecost, both of them as First-fruits. See Pool's Annotat. on Exod. xxiii. 16.

103 Q. What was the Reason of the Feast of Pentecoft ?

A. It was kept as a Thanksgiving for the Beginning of Wheat-harvest, Exod xxiii. 16. and perhaps also in Memory of the giving of the Law at Mount Sinai ; which was seven Weeks, or fifty


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Days after the Pass-over, and their coming out of
Egypt, Exod. xx. 1, 11.,
Note, They went out of Egypt the fourteenth Day of

the first Month, Exod. xii. 17,18. From thence to
the Beginning of the third Month is forty fix or
forty seven Days, when they came to the Mount-
of Sinai, Exod. xx. 1, 2. Then they purified them-
felves three Days, ver. 1t, 16 and God gave the
Law, the fiftieth Day: and this Feast was called
Pentecoft, which in the Greck signifies the Fiftieth.
102 Q. What was the Feast of Trumpets?

A. The first Day of the seventh Month, blowing of Erumpets was appointed with peculiar Sacrifices, and an holy Assembly, Lev. xxiii. 24. Numb. xxix. 1, sc.

103 Q. What are supposed to be the two chief Designs of this Feast of Trumpets ?

A. (1.) This seventh Monih having several Holy-Days in it, it was a Sort of Sabbatical Month, or Month of Sabbaths, and was to be begun with an extraordinary Sound of Trumpets. (2:) This was counted the first Month, and first Day of the Yeas for Civil Matters, as the other

was for
Things Religious, and was to be proclamed by
Sound of Trumpet. See Pool's Annotat. on Lcv.
xxiii. 24. and xxv. 9.
Note, As the seventh Day was the Sabbath, or Day of

Rest from Labour, so the seventh Month was a
Sort of Sabbatical Month; the seventh Ycar a.
Sabbatical Year, to let the Land rest froin Tillage;
and at or after the seventh Sabbatical Year, shat
is, once in fifty Years, there was a Year of Fulrivire
or Release and Rest from Servitude or Bondage,
Lev. xxv. 2, &c., 37.
104 Q. What was the great Day of Atonement?

A. The tenth Day of the fevench Month was appointed as a general Day of public Falling and Humiliation, Repentance and Atonement, forall



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