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interwoven with Plates and Wires of Gold, Exod. xxxix. 2, 3.

56 Q. What was the Breast-plate ?

A. It was made of the same Work as the Ephod, of a Span square, with twelve Jewels fet in Gold, ranked in four Rows, and fastened to the Ephod, Exod. xxxix. 8, 9, 10.

57 Q. What was engraven on those fewels?

A. The twelve Names of the Children of Ilrael, that the High Priest might bear them on his Breast as a Memorial before the Lord, Exod. xxviii. 32. and xxxix. 14.

58 Q. What was the Urim and Thummim on the Breast-plate?

A. It was something whereby the Mind and Will of God were made known to the High Priest when he inquired in Cales of Difficulty, Exod. xxviii. 30. Numb. xxvii. 31. Note here, On this Ephod was the Urim and Thum

mim in the Breast-plate, which are sometimes called the Oracle, because the High Priest by consulting this in any Inquiry of Importance found the Mind of God, and told it to the Inquirer. But we know not what this Urim and Thummim were, or by what Signs or Tokens, or in what Manner the Mind of God was made known on or by this Breast-plate to the Priests, whether the Answer was given by a particular Lustre on such Letters on the Breastplate as spelled out distinct Words, or whether by a Voice from the Ephod, or from the Mercy-feat, is not hitherto agreed by the Learned, and their Cona jectures about it are very various and uncertain. 59 Q. What was the Girdle of the Ephod?

A. A curious Linen Girdle of embroidered Work, to bind the Ephod with other Garments close to the Body, Exod. xxviii. 8. and some suppose it to have been fastened to the Ephod.

60 Q: What

60 Q. What was the Robe of the Ephod ?

A. It was an upper Garment woven all of blue, with wrought Pomegranates, and golden Bells hanging on the Hem, to make a Sound when the High Priest went into the Holy Place, Exod. xxxix. 31, 33, &c.

61 Q. What was the Coat? A. An under Garment, closer to the Body, made of Linen, and finely embroidered, Exod.xxviii. 4,39.

62 Q. What was the Mitre?

1. It was a Cap of fine Linen, with a Plate of pure Gold fastened on the fore-part of it with a Lace of blue, Exod. xxviii, xxxvi, and xxxix.28, 30.

63 Q. What was engraven on this Plate ?

A. HOLINESS TO THE LORD, because Aaron . was to bear the Iniquity of their holy Things, that they might be accepted before the Lord, Exod. xxviii. 36-38. and xxxix 28, 30, 31.

640. Thus much for the holy Garments: Now let us hear what are the Sacrifices that were appointed, which are also numbered among the holy Things?

A. All Sacrifices were Offerings made to God: Some were of Corn, or Wine, or Oil; and others were Offerings of living Creatures, Birds or Beasts, which were generally to be flain : But all Sacrifices must be perfect in their Kind, and without a Blemish, Lev. xxii. 19, 20 Note, There is one single Exception to this Rule. Lev. xxii.

23 where a Bullock or a Lamb, which had no other Blemish but some imall natural Imperfeclion or Superfluity, might be offered in the Case of a mere Free-will offering, but in no other Cases. The current Language of Scripture seems every where else so plainly to require Sacrifices without a Bleinish, ihat some Commentators think this Text must be explained some other Way.

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65 Q Whe

65 Q Where were these Sacrifices to be offered?

A. In no other place but at the Door of the Tabernacle, or the Temple, Lev.xvii 8,9 Deut.xii.13.

66 Q But do we not read of Gideon, and Samuel, and David, and Elijah, building Altars, and offering Sacrifices in other Places ?

A. This was not lawful to be done but by Prophets and inspired Men, or at God's express Command.

67 Q. How were the Sacrifices offered to God?

A. In some Sacrifices the whole was burnt on the Altar in others; a Part was burnt, and other Parts were given to the Priests for their Sublistence :

And in some Sacrifices the Person who offered them was allowed to partake also. See the seven first Chapters of Leviticus.

68 Q What was done with the Blood of the living Creatures who were sacrificed?

A. The Blood was never to be eaten, but to be poured out or sprinkled, according to God's Appointment: for the Blood is the Soul or Life of the Beast, and it is Blood that maketh Atonement for the Soul or Life of Man. See Lev. xvii.

69 l What was the Design of Sacrifices of Corn, Wine and Oil?

A. These were called Meat-offerings and Drinkefferings, and they were appointed chiefly to give Thanks to God for Mercies received.

70 Q. What was the Design of killing and burning living Creatures in Sacrifice?

A. Some might be designed perhaps by way of Thanksgiving, but most of them were to make Atonement for Sins or Trespasses against the Law of the Jews, or to purify the Unclean from some ceremonial Deflement, Heb. ix. 7, 13, 22.

71 Q. How could the killing and burning of living Creatures make Atonement for Sin?

A. It is not posible (as St Paul assures us) that the Blood of Bulls and Goats should really take away Sins committed against God, as the Lord of Conscience: But when a Man among the Jews had offended God, considered as King of the Nation, by some civil Trespass against the Laws of the Land, God was pleased to accept of the Suffering or Death of the Beast, instead of the Death or Sufo fering of the Man: Or if a Person fell into some ceremonial Defilement, he was to be purified by the Blood of a Beast: And this was an Emblem, or Type and Token that the Sin of Man deserved Death, and that God, considered as the Lord of Conscience, would forgive Sin, and would accept of the Sufferings and Death of his Son in due Time, as a realSacrifice of Atonement, in the Room of the Sinner. See Heb. ix, and x, 1 Pet. i. 19. and ii. 24. See Quest. 6, 7, 8. of this Chapter. 72Q. With what Fire were the Sacrifices burnt?

A. With Fire which came down at first from Heaven on the Altar, and it was kept always burning on the Altar for sacred Uses, that is, to light the Lamps, to burn Incense, and to kindle other Fires in their Worship, Lev. ix. 24. and vi. 13.

73Q. Who were those Persons that dared to use other Fire in Worship than what God had appointed?

1. Nadab and Abihu, the Sons of Aaron, burnt Incense with strange Fire, Lev. x.

74 Q. What was their Punishment ?

A. There went out a Fire from the Lord, and devoured them, Lev. X. 1, 2.

75 Q: When were these various Sacrifices to be offered ?

A. Daily, Weekly, Monthly, and Yearly, and on many special Occasions, as God revealed to Mofes. 76 . What was the daily Sacrifice ? D 2

4. A

A. A young Lamb every Morning and every Evening for a Burnt-offering, together with a Meatoffering and Drink-offering. Numb. xxviii.

32

&c. 77 Q. What was the Design of it?

1. To keep the People in Remembrance that for their daily. Sins they needed continual Atonement and Pardon, and that God required continual Thanksgiving for his daily Mercies.

78 Q. What were the Weekly, Monthly, and Yearly Sacrifices?

A Such as were-required on the several holy Times,orthefestivals and fasts which God appointed.

79 Q What was that special Sacrifice wbich was offered to make the purifying Water, called the water of Separation?

A A red Heifer was to be sain and burnt without the Camp, with her Skin, Flesh, and Blood, with Cedar-Wood, Hyslop, and Scarlet: And all the Ashes were to be gathered, and laid up in a clean Place without the Camp, Numb. xix.

80 Q. How was the Water of Separation to be made!

A. Some of the Ashes of the burnt Heifer were to be put in a Veffel, and to be mingled with running Water, Numb.xix. 17.

81 Q: What was the Use of it?

A. To purify Persons, or Things, or Places, which were defiled by touching a human deadBody, or the Bones of a Man, or a Grave, ver. 11-16.

82 Q. How must it be applied to the defiled Thing or Person in order to cleanse them?

A. Some clean Person must take Hyslop and dip it in the Water, and sprinkle it upon the Tent, and upon the Persons and Vessels that were unclean, ver. 18. Pfalm li. 7. Heb. ix. 13.

83 Q. After the Water of Purification, tell me now what was the holy anointing Oil?

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