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Ariftobulus, whom he put to Death, and Sister of Herod Agrippa, who flew the Apoftle James, Aets xii. I, 2. and was afterwards fmitten of God, at Cæsarea, ver. 20-23. Of this Herod Agrippa was born, that King Agrippa the Second, before whom Paul pleaded his Cause, Aets xxv, and xxvi. and his two Sisters were, Drufilla, Wife to Felix the Governor, Aets xxiv, 24, and Bernice, who attended her Brother Agrippa to hear Paul plead. This Genealogy is borrowed from Dr Prideaux.
35 Q. Did Archelaus continue long in his Government ?
A. He was guilty of many and great Instances of Tyranny, for which he was deposed, and banilhed to a Town in France, by the Roman Emperor, when he had reigned in Judea between nine and ten Years.
36 Q. How was Judea governed afterwards?
A. The Romans were so much displeased with the evil Practices of Archelaus, that they reduced Judea to the Form of a Roman Province, and ruled it afterwards by Procurators or Governors, who were sent thither, and recalled at their Pleafure: The Power of Life and Death was taken out of the Hands of the Jews, and placed in the Roman Governor; and their Taxes were paid more directly to the Roman Emperor, and gathered by the Publicans.
37 Q. How did the Jews resent this ?
A. The Pharisees, and the People under their Influence, thought it unlawful to acknowledge a King who was not a Jew, Deut. xvii. 15. From among thy Brethren thou malt set a King over thée : And therefore, though they were constrained to pay Tribute to Cæsar, yet they scarce allowed it to be lawful; upon this Account they looked upon
these these Publicans with greater Detestation than any of the Tax-gatherers in former Ages, while their Governor was of the Jewish Nation or Religion. Note, Though Herod was an Idumean by Nation, yet
all the Idumeans having received the Jewish Reli. gion, Herod was so far counted a lawful Governor, as that they did not firuple paying Taxes to him,
38 Q. How was the High Priesthood carried on at this Time?
A. As Herod had done before, so the Roman Governors continued to make High Priests, and to depose them as often as they pleased, to answer their own Purposes.
39 C. Who was High Priest when our blessed Saviour was put to Death?
A. Caiaphas, who was Son-in-law to Annas, who had been himself High Priest for fifteen Years, and was deposed by one of their Governors. Note, Caiaphas was not immediate Successor to An.
nas, for there were threeHigh Priests came between them, who had been instituted into that Office, and deposed by the Romans : Hence it may come to pals, that in the History of the Gospels we frequently read of several Chief Priests at the same Time, and of Annas and Caiaphas being High Priests at the Beginning of John the Baptiii's Ministry, Luke iii. 2. For whether they had any coercive Power given them by the Romans or no, yet being still alive, after they had been in that Office, they might have their Title given them by the People, and some of them had probably considerable Influence in the Jewish Affairs In the Case of Annas and Caiaphas, some suppose one to have been Head of the Sanhe drim, and to have chiefly managed in Civil Af., fairs, the other in Sacred. Others fancy one to have been the High Friest, and the other the Deputy High Priest, or Sagan, who was always ready to perform the Cflice, if the High Priest was indir
posed or hindered: And some think they might rule alternately, or together, by Permission, or Appointment of the Romans. It is evident, the sacred Laws of Moses were not ftriatly observed at that
Time among them, nor long before. Note, This Annas is supposed to be the same Person
with that Ananias, whom Paul did not seem to acknowledge for God's High Priest, when he reproved him, and called him, Thou whited Walt, Acts xxiii. 3-5.
40 Q. Who was Governor of Julea at that Time?
A Pontius Pilate: For Tiberius Cæsar (who had reigned two or three Years together with Au. gustus at Rome, and had after bis Death succeeded him now nineteen Years in the Empire) had a few Years before made this Pilate Governor: He was a Man thoroughly prepared for all Manner of Iniquity, which he executed through his whole Government; and gave further Proof of it in that unjuft Sentence, which he paflid even againft his own Conscience, for the Crucifixion of our Blessed Lord, at the Request of the wicked Jews.
41 Q. What became of Pontius Pilate at last?
A. He was in a very short Time recalled by the Roman Emperor for Misdemeanors in his Government, and banished to Vienne in France, where he is reported to have put an End to his own Life by the Sword.
42 Q. Did the Jews grow wiser and better afterwards ?
A. They went on by Persecution and Rage against the Gospel of Chiift, and the Profeffors of it, and by many other Crimes, to fill up the Measure of their Iniquities ; till at last, upon their In. furrection against the Romans, they were exposed to the Fury of a conquering Army, their City and
Temple were utterly destroyed, according to the Prophecy of Chrift; eleven hundred thousand of the People perished, and the Remains of their Nation have been scattered abroad through the Earth unto this Day.
43 Q. What general Remark may be drawn from the whole History of the Jews fince their Return from the Captivity of Babylon?
A. That the Affairs of their Church and of their State have been for the moft Part so unhappy, they have been fo much disquieted by the Invasions and Persecutions of the Kings of the Earth, so wretchedly corrupted with the Introduction of human Traditions, Pharifaical Superftitions, and Heathenish Rites among them; and so frequendy and grievoudly oppressed by their own Priests and Princes, as well as Strangers, that they never did enjoy. so peaceful, fo pious, and so fouridhing a State, as to give a full Accomplish. ment of all those glorious Prophecies which relate to their Happiness after their Return from Captivity.
44 Q. What follows from this Remark
A. That there must be, in the Decrees and Providence of God, a further Reserve of Peace, Holiness, and Happiness for the Seed of Ifrael, which shall be conferred upon them in the latter Days; and therefore we cannot but expect a more large and general Conversion of the Jews to the Faith of Jesus the true Meffiah, than hath ever yet appeared, with greater Bleffings upon that people, who were once so dear to God, and are beloved for their Fathers Sake. St Paul, in his eleventh Chapter to the Romans, abundantly confirms what the Prophets encourage us to hope for.
CH A P. XX.
Of the Prophecies which relate to Jesus
Christ our Saviour, and their Accomplishment ; or, a PROPHETICAL CONNECTION between the Old and New TESTAMENT.
*Si bave given an HISTORICAL
CONTINUATION of the Affairs of А che Jews from the Time of Nehe
miah, where the Old Testament
** ends, to the Times of Jesus Chrift our Lord; fo I have here inseried a Chapter of fome of the plainest Predictions or Prophecies which are found in the Old Testament, that relate to the Person, Offices and Glories of the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour, and are fulfilled in the Gospel : and it may be called, A PROPHETICAL CONNECTION between the OLD TESTAMent and the New.
And because I would not give Offence by introducing such Prophecies as are either much doubted or denied by any Christians ; therefore I Thall scarce mention any but what some of the Writers of the New Testament either directly cite, or to which they have a plain Reference in fume of their Expressions.
1 Q. Since the great Subject of the New Testament is our Lord Jesus Christ and his Gospel, Tell me now what are the chief Discoveries or