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4. He cried with a loud Voice through the City, 86 Whosoever is zealous of the Law, let him follow
me.” So he and his Sons fled to the Mountains, and a great Number of Jews fled with them, and hid themselves in the Wilderness.
4 Q. Did not the King's Army pursue them?
A. Yes, and camped against them, and attacked a confiderableNumber of them on the Sabbath-day,
5 Q. And did the Jews make no Resistance?
A. None at all, because it was the Sabbath ; but they said, “ Let us all die in our Innocency:' Whereupon a thousand People were slain.
6 Q. Did Mattathias and his Friends approve of this Conduct?
A. It seems as if their Zeal at first approved of it; but upon better Confideration they decreed, it was lawful and necessary for them to defend themselves, if they were attacked again on the Sabbathday. Note This Decree was ratified by the Consent of all
the Priests and Elders amongit them; and it was sent to all others through the Land, and was made a Rule in their following Wars.
7 Q. What did King Antiochus do, when he heard of this bold and public Resistance made to his Commands and his Government?
A. He executed very great Cruelties on all the Jews that fell into his Hands, who would not forTake tbe Law of Moses ; since the mere Terrors of Death did not affright them.
8 Q. What very remarkable Instances do we find in History of this Cruelty ?
A. Seven Brethren with their Mother were terribly tormented, to conftrain them to eat Swine's Flesh, which the Law of Moses forbids. 9 Q. How did they endure their Torments ?
A. With'great Courage, one after another, in a long Succession, they bore the various Tortures that were inflicted on them, and declared they were ready to suffer rather than transgress the Laws of their Fathers.
10 Q. What Tortures were those which the King executed upon them?
À A great Variety of exquifite and bloody Cruelties: Their Limbs were cut off, their Tongues were cut out, they were fried'in Frying-pans, the Skin of the Head was torn off with the Hair, and they died under the Anguish and Violence of these Torments; while their Mother at the fame Time looked on, and encouraged them all co fuffer boldly in Opposition to the Intreaties, Threatnings, and Commands of the King.
in Q. In what Manner did she encourage her Sons in their Sufferings?
A. By the tenderest Speeches of an affectionate Mother to her Sons, the beseeched them to fear God, and not Mân; and to endure, in hope of a happy Resurrection, when fhe should receive them all again in Mercy.
iz Q Did she herself also suffer the Torment?
A. When she had seen all her Sons die like Mar. tyrs befcre her, she finished that rad. Spectacle, and died also for her Religion, 2 Macc. vii.
13 Q. What did Mattathias do all this 'while in the Mountains ?
A. He ftill encouraged the Jews to join with him, and among others, there were many of the Afideans, who were zealous for the Law, resorted to him.
14 Q. Who were these Afidcans, or Chafideans, as it ought to be written? 4. A Sect among the Jews, who were called
Chafidim, Chafidim, or che Piaus; who were not only zea'lous of the Law, but of many other Constitutions and Traditions, and forms of Mortification, beyond what the Law required; whereas those who contented themselves with what was written in the Law, were called Zadikim, or the Righteous.
15 Q. What Exploits did Mattathias and his Friends perform?
1. They went round about the Towns and Villages, pulled down the Heathen Altars, and circumcised the Children ; they few and put to Alight many of their Enemies, and recovered feveral Copies of the Jewith Law.
16 Q. When Mariachias died, who succeeded him?
A. Just before his Death he made a noble Speech to his five Sons, to encourage them in the Defence of their Religion and their Country: he recommended his Son Simon, as a Man of Counsel, but he made his Son Judas, surnamed Maccabeus, their Captain.
17 Q. How came he to be called Maccabeus ?
Å. The Motto of his Standard was the first Let. ters of that Hebrew Sentence, Exod. xv. 11. Mi CAMOKA, BAELIM JEHOVAH; that is, who is like to thee among the Gods, Lord? Which Let. ters were formed into the artificial Word Maccabi, and all that fought under bis Standard were called Maccabees. Note, This has been a common, Practice among
the Jews, to frame Words in this Manner. So Rabbi Mofes Ben Maimon, that is, the Son of Maimon, is called Rambam , Rabbi Solomon Farchi, is called Rafi. • Nor is the Use of the first Letters of Words for such kind of Purposes unknown among Heathens or Christians. The Letters S.P.Q.R. were written on the Roman Standard, for Senatus Populus Que
Romanus; that is 6 The Roman Senate and Peo. ple.” Jesus Christ our Saviour hath been called a Fish, in Greek IXOTE, by the Fathers, because these are the first Letters of those Greek Words, Jesus Christ, God's Son, the Saviour.
:Sect. VI. Of the Jewiss Government under the
MACCABEES or ASMONEANS: And forf, of the three Brothers, JUDAS, JONATHAN, and
SIMON, .IQ.WHAT valiant Actions did Judas and
his Brethren do, in Defence of the Law, and against their Persecutors.
A. He won many Battles against King Antiochus and his Generals, and encouraged himself and his Soldiers in the Name of God, whenfuever they began to faint.
2 Q. Where are these Acts of Judas and his Brethren recorded
A. The earliest Account of them is found in the first and second Book of Maccabees. Here note, That the first Book of Maccabees is a very
accurate and excellent History, and comes nearest to the Stile and Manner of the sacred Writirgs; and is supposed to be written a little after these Persecutions and Wars were ended. But the second Book consists of several Pieces of much less Value: It begins with two Epistles from the Jews of Jerusalem; but both are supposed to be fabulous Stories, and in some Parts impossible to be true. The following Parts of it pretend to be an Abridgement of the History of one Fafon; it relates some of the Persecutions of Antiochus, and the Acts of Judas, amplified with particular Circumstances; but it is not of equal Esteem with the first Book, for it seems to affect Miracles and proaig ous Events, beyond reasonable Credibility.
3 Q. Hon
3 Q. How did King Antiochus resent these Aro: tempts of Judas, and his Successes against him?
A. When he went into Perfia to gather the Tribute of the Countries there, he left Lyfias with half his Army, and with express Orders to destroy and foot the Jews out of their Land.
4.Q. Did Lysias pursue the King's Orders?
4. Yes, with great Diligence he sought to exe- cute these cruel Orders: His Army, of forty thous fand Foot and seven thousand Horse, encamped at Emmaus, near Jerusalem ; and another Army of a * thousand Merchants, flocked thither uponPresumption of their Victory, with great Quantities of Silever and Gold to buy the Captives for Slaves.
5 Q. How did their wicked Counsel to deft: oy: Israel fucceed?"
A. When they were thus secure, and confident of Success, Judas and his Brethren assembled at Mizpah, fafted, put on Sackcloth, laid open the Book of the Law before God, where the Heathens had painted their Images, cried mightily unto God for Help, founded the Trumpets, brought the Army : into Order, and prepared for Battle and for Death,' unless God pleased to make them Conquerors.
6Q. What was the Event of so much pious Zeal and Courage ?
A. Judas and his Army put to fight and defroyed several large Parties that Lyfias had sene againt bim; they drove the Enemy out of Jerusalem, and almost out of the Land of Judea, ind took a very large Booty both from the Army and the Merchants.
7 Q. What was the first Work that Judas and his : People applied themselves to upon this greatSuccess?
A. They went up into Mount Sion, and when they saw the Sanctuary desolate, the Altar pro-