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lytes, either under the Old or New Testament, bea. lides thofe who were circumcised and complete.
17 Q. Having heard this particular Account of Synagogues and Profelytes, proceed now to say what was the last Act of Nehemiah's Reformation, which we read in Scripture ?
A. That he turned out Manasseh, the Son or Grandson of the High Priest, for marrying the Daughter of Sanballat, the Horonite, Neb. xiii. 28.
18 Q. What did Sanballat do with his Son-in.law Manafleh, on this Occafion ?
A. He procured a Grant from Darius Nothus, who was now King of Persia, to build on Mount: Gerizim, near Samaria, a Temple like that at Jion. Tufalem, and to make Manasseh, his Son-in-law, the High Priest of it.
19Q. What was the Consequence of this Practice?
A. Samaria thenceforth became the Refuge of the rebellious Jews, who were called to Account: for breaking the Sabbath, eating unclean Meats, or were found guilty in finning against the Law in any remarkable Inftances.
20 Q.WhatChange was wrought hereby among the Samaritans?
A. Their fuft Original was from some Eastern Heathens, who were planted there by the King of? Aflyria, after the Captivity of Israel; but when, , on several Occafions, the Jews flocked to them, it made a considerable Change in their Religion: For though before they worshipped the God of: Ifrael in Conjunction with other Gods, 2 Kings xvii. 24–41. they now cast off their Idolatry: A d since a Temple was built amongst them, in which the Jewith Service was performed, and the Law of Moses-read publicly, they came much nearer to the Worship of the true God, prescribed in Scripture.
21 Q. Did
21 Q. Did not the Jews love them the better on this Account?
A. No, by no Means; but they hated them grievously: The Enmity which began from the Opposition which the Samaritans made to the Jews in their rebuilding Jerusalem and the Temple, was so exceedingly increased by their sheltering all the rebellious Jews, that the Jews at Jerusalem publifhed the bittereft Curse against them that ever was denounced against any People.
22 Q. What Miseries were contained in this Curfe?
A. The Jews forbid all Communication with the Samarilans; declared all the Fruits of their Land, and their Cattle unclean ; excluded them from being ever received as Profelytes ; and barred them, as far as poffible, from having any Portion in the Resurrection of the Dead to eternal Life.
23 Q. What Appearance of this great Enmity do we find in the New Testament?
A. This seems to be confirmed by the Words of Scripture, John iv. 9. The Jews have no Dealings with the Samaritans? And the Woman of Samaria asked our Saviour, How is it that thou, being a few, askest Drink of me, who am a Woman of Sainaria ? And when the Jews would give the worft Name they could to our Saviour, they said, Thou art a Samaritan, and has a Devil, John
Sect. II. Of the Jewish Affairs under the Persian
and Grecian Monarchies.
Il.HOW were the Jews governed after the
Death ! A. We find not any more particular Governors
of Judea, made by the Kings or Emperors of Per-fia; but Judea seems to be made subject to those whom the Persian Kings made Governors of Syria ; and that, under them, the Regulation of Affairs was committed to the High Priest ; so that he had all the Sacred Authority, and the Civil Powers also, in a good Measure, under the Syrian Governor.
2 Q. Did the High Priests continue their rega-Jar Succeffions, as to the eldeit of Aaron's Family?
A. This Succession was sometimes interrupted by the Emperors of the World, or their deputed: Governors of the Provinces, appointing another Person to take that Office.
3 Q. What is the first remarkable Instance of that Kind?
A. When Johanan, or Jonathan, the Son of Jojada, Neh. xii. 11. had possessed the Royal Priestehood feveral Years, Bagores, the Governor of Syria, appointed his younger Brother, Jeshua, to depote him, and take the Priesthood; upon which there was a Tumult in the inner Court of the Temple, and Johanan flew Jefhua there.
4 Q. How did Bágoses, the Governor, refent this?
A. He entered into the inner Court of the Temple, though the Jews forbid him, as being unclean; but he told them he was purer than the dead Cara case of him whom they had Nain there; and im- posed on the Priests a Fine of about thirty-one Shillings for every Lamb that was offered throughout the Year !
5Q. What was the next more famous Difficulty and Deliverance which the Jews met with?
1. They were most remarkably saved from the Oppression and Resentment of Alexander the Great, who was King of Macedonia in Greece, when they
had refused to assist him in the Siege of Tyrus.
6 Q. In what Manner were they delivered ?
A. When Alexander marched against Jerusalem, designing to punish the Jews on this Account, Jaddua the High Priest, the Son of Johanan, being directed by a Night Vision, met the Conqueror in his Priestly Robes, with the other Priests attending him in proper Habits, and all the People in white Garments : Alexander being struck with this Sight, faluted the High Priest with a religious Veneration, embraced him, entered Jerusalem in a friendly Manner, and offered Sacrifice to God in the Temple, for his late Victorics.
z Q How came Alexander so suddenly to change his purpose, and behave himself with so much Mildness?
A. Alexander declared, that he himself, in Macedonia, had seen this very same Perfon, thus habited, in a Night Vision, encouraging him to pursue his Expedition against the Persians, and pram fing him Success,
8 Q. What further Favours did Alexander shew the Jews ?
Å. When Jaddua, the High Priest, had shewn bim the Prophecies of Daniel, particularly chapter vili. ver. 21. where the He-Goat is interpreted to be the King of Grecia, who should conquer the Medes and Perfians; and chapter xi. 3. He bid the Jews ask what they had to desire of him: And, according to their Request, he granted them the Liberty of their own Laws and Religion, and a Freedom from Tribute or Taxes every seventh Year, because then they neither sowed nor reaped.
9Q Did Alexander succeed in his following Wars, and his Attempts against the Persian Empire, according to the Jewish Prophecy?
A. When he departed out of Judea and Palestine,
he marched into Egypt, which speedily submitted to him: There he built the City Alexandria, and peopled it with several Nations, among whom were many Jews, to whom he gave the fame Privileges as to his own Macedonians. The next Spring he haftened to find out Darius Codomannus, King of Persia, whom he had routed once before, and he now vanquished him in a final decisive Battle near Arbela, and became Mafter of the Perfian Empire.
10 Q. How long did he reign after this Battle?
A. He went on and conquered India ; but in five Years Time he fell into fuch Riot and Drunkenness, that put an End to his Life ; though others fay he was poisoned.
11 Q. What became of the Jews after Alexander's Death?
A. A little after the Death of Alexander, four of his Generals divided his Empire, who.were the four Horns of the He-Godt, mentioned by the Prophet Daniel, which grew up, after breaking the first Horn, Dan. viii. 22. and ch. xi. 4. and the Jews fell under the Dominion of Ptolemy, after ward fürnamed Soter, who had Egypt, Arabia, Colo-Syria, and Palestine, or the Land of Israel, for his Share. Here it may be observed, that as.Ptolemy had Egyp-,
Palestine, &c. for his Share, fo-Cassander had Mas cedonia and Greece ; Lysimachus had Thrace and Bithynia, and some other Provinces thereabout; Seleucus had Syria, and the Northern and Eastern Provinces in Asia. Thus was the Empire of Alexander the Great divided among bis Generalse