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New Zealand crustacea, 169.

Pavo nigripennis, 113. New Zealand fishes, 166.

Peacock, black shouldered, 113. Niata cattle, 113.

Peacock, inflexibility of, 134. Nile fishes, 165.

Pedicellariæ, 49. Normandy pig, 112.

Pelvis, diseased, 205. North American fish, 166.

Pendulous appendages of turkey, 113. Nycticebus, 201.

Perameles, 77.

Periophthalmus, 165. 0.

Perissodactyle ungulates, 123.

Permian, jugular fish, 159. OBJECT of book, 5.

Perodicticus, 118, 201. Objections from astronomy, 153. Phalangers, 76. Octopods, 87.

Phasmidæ, 101. Offensive remarks of Prof. Vogt, 15. Phyllopods, 89. Old, care of the, 216.

Physical actions, 291. Old Fuegian women, 216.

“Physiological units,” 189, 248. Omygena exigua, 129.

Pigeons' “boots,” 203.
Ophiocephalus, 165.

Placental mammals, 76.
Optic lobes of pterodactyles, 80. Placental reproduction, 76, 91.
Orchids, 105.

Plants, tendrils of, 121.
Orchids, bee, &c., 62.

Plates of baleen, 45. Organ of hearing, 83.

Platypus, 196. Organ of sight, 86.

Pleiades, 217. Organic polarities, 207, 208.

Plesiosaurus, 120, 149, 201. Origin of man, 319.

Pleurodont dentition, 167. Orioles, 102.

Pleuronectidæ, 41, 186. Ornithoptera, 94.

Plotosus, 166. Ornithorhynchus, 197.

Poisoning apparatus, 74. Orthoceratidæ, 192.

Poisonous serpents, 56. Orycteropus, 196.

Polarities, organic, 207, 208. Ostracods, 89.

Political economy, Fuegian, 216. Ostrich, 79.

& Polyzoa, 91. Otoliths, 83.

Pompadour, Madame de, 233.
Outlines of butterflies' wings, 96. Poppy, variety of, 114.
Owen, Professor, 85, 115, 151, 248, Porcupine, 197.
273, 314.

Porto Santo rabbit, 113, 137.
Oyster of Mediterranean, 99, 110. Potto, 118, 201.
Oysters, 89.

Pouched beasts, 76.

Powell, the Rev. Baden, 296, 298, P.

301, 329.

Premolars, 124. Paget, Mr. J., 205.

Prepotency, 140. Palæotherium, 123.

Primary intuitions, 289, 332. Pallas, 142.

Primitive man, 231. Pangenesis, 22, 237.

Problem of origin of kinds, 1. Pangolin, 196.

Proboscis monkey, 156. Papilio Hospiton, 96.

Proboscis of ungulates, 139. Papilio Machaon, 96.

Processes, bird's-head, 91. Papilio Ulysses, 94, 95.

Psettus, 165. Papilionidæ, 94.

Psoriasis, 205. Papuan morals, 223.

Pterodactyles, compared with birds, Parthenogenesis, 248.

79. Passiflora gracilis, 121.

Pterodactyles, wing of, 73. Pastrana, Julia, 195.

Puccinia, 129. Pathological polarities, 206, 207. Purpose, 298.

Q.

QUASI-VERTEBRAL theory of skull, 194.

R. RABBIT of Porto Santo, 113, 137. Radial ossicle, 199. Rarefied air, effect on dogs, 111. Rattlesnake, 56. Red Bird of Paradise, 103. Relations, analogical, 178. Relations, homological, 177. Reptiles compared with birds, 79. Retina, 86. Retrieving, virtue a kind of, 213, 232. Reversion, cases of, 137. Rhea, 79. Ribs of Cetacea and Sirenia, 46. Ribs of flying-dragon, 73, 178. Richardson's figures of pigs, 112. Roger Bacon, 305. Rudimentary structures, 8, 116.

S. SABRE-TOOTHED tiger, 125. St. Augustin, 20, 303, 305. St. Basil, 20. St. Hilaire, M., 202. St. Thomas Aquinas, 20, 285, 298, 303,

304.
Salamander, great, 193.
Salter, Mr., 140.
Salvia officinalis, 242.
Salvia verticillata, 242.
Scapula of birds and reptiles, 79.
Schreber, 15.
Sclerotic, 86.
Scorpion, sting of, 74,
Seals, 92.
Sea squirts, 92.
Seeds, dissemination of, 74.
Seeley, Mr., on pterodactyles, 80.
Segmentation of skull, 194.
Segmentation of spine, 183, 192.
Segments, similar, 181.
Self-existence, 290.
Semnopithecus, 157.
Sense, organ of, 57, 78, 83, 86.
Sensitiveness of generative system,

269.
Sepia, 87.
Serpents, poisonous, 55.
Sexual characters of apes, 55.
Sexual selection, 54.

Sharks, 92.
Shell-fish, beauty of, 61.
Shells of oysters, 99, 110.
Shielded grasshopper, 100.
Silurian strata, 158, 160.
Simultaneous modifications, 64.
Sirenia, 47.
Sir John Lubbock, 225, 291.
Sir William Thomson, 153.
Sitaris, 52.
Six-shafted Bird of Paradise, 101.
Skull bones, 173.
Skull segments, 194.
Sloth, windpipe of, 92.
Smithfield, wife-selling in, 224.
Snow, crystals of, 210.
Sole, 41, 187.
Solenodon, 168.
Species, meaning of word, 2.
Spelerpes, 186.
Spencer, see Herbert Spencer.
Spider orchid, 62.
Spiders, flight of, 74.
Spine of Glyptodon, 124,
Spine, segmentation of, 193.
Squalidæ, 43.
Squilla, 182.
Sterility of hybrids, 139.
Stings, 74.
Straining action of haleen, 46.
Struthious birds, 79, 171.
Sturgeon, 193.
Suarez, 21, 305.
Substantial forms, 210, 213.
Sufferings of beasts, 299.
Supernatural action, 291.
Supernatural action not to be looked

for in nature, 17.
Supernumerary digits, 138, 202.
Syllis, 190, 241.
Symbolic conceptions, 288.
Symmetrical diseases, 205.
Syphilitic deposits, 205.

T.

TADPOLE's beak, 92.
Tænia echinococcus, 191.
Tails of butterflies, 94, 96.
Tapir, 139, 151.
Tarsal bones, 179.
Teeth of Cetacea, 92.
Teeth of Insectivora, 77.
Teeth of kangaroo and Macroscelides,

77.

View here advocated, 5. Vitreous humour, 86. Vogt, Professor, 14, 314. Voice of man, 61. Voltaire, 263, 303.

W.

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Teeth of seals, 92.
Teeth of sharks, 92.
Teleology and evolution compatible,

314.
Tendrils of climbing plants, 121.
Teratology, 195.
Tetragonopterina, 166.
Thomson, Sir William, 153.
Thoracic fishes, 44.
Thorax of crustaceans, 90.
Thylacine, 76.
Tierra del Fuego, 216.
Tiger, sabre-toothed, 124.
Time required for evolution, 145.
Tope, 193.
Trabeculæ cranii, 194.
Transitional forms, 145.
Transmutationism, 227.
Trevelyan, Sir J., 113.
Trilobites, 152, 159, 192.
Tunicaries, 92.
Turbot, 41.
Turkey, effects of climate on, 113.
Turkish dog, 51.
Two-gilled cephalopods, 84.
Tyndall, Professor, 306, 309.
Type, conformity to, 277.

WAGNER, J. A., 15.
Wagner, Nicholas, 191.
Walking leaf, 40.
Walking-stick insect, 37.
Wallace, Mr. Alfred, 2, 11, 30, 33, 34,

37, 39, 40, 61, 94, 95, 98, 101, 102,
117, 131, 215, 222, 223, 258, 315,

325, 327. Weaver fishes, 44. Weitbrecht, 202. Whale, fetal teeth of, 8. Whale, mouth of, 45. Whalebone, 45. Whales, 88. White silk fowls, 138. Wife selling, 224. Wild animals, their variability, 136. Wilder, Professor Burt, 202, 206. Windpipe, 92. Wings of bats, birds, and pterodac

tyles, 72, 147.
Wings of birds, origin of, 120.
Wings of butterflies, outline of, 96.
Wings of flying-dragon, 73, 178.
Wings of humming-bird, 178.
Wings of humming-bird hawk moth,

178.
Wings of insects, 73.
Wombat, 92.
Women,

old Fuegian, 216. Worms undergoing fission, 190, 240. Wyman, Dr, Jeffries, 208.

U. UMBILICAL vesicle, 92. Ungulata, 28, 123. Ungulata, eocene, 124. Units, physiological, 189, 208. Unknowable, the, 281. Upper Silurian strata, 158, 160. Urotrichus, 77.

V.

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VARIABILITY, different degrees of,

134.
Venice, St. Mark's, 313.
Vermiform appendix, 92.
Vertebræ of skull, 194.
Vertebral column, 183, 193.
Vertebrate limbs, 43, 183.
Vertical homology, 185.
Vesicle, umbilical, 92.

Vestiges of Creation,” 4.

Z. ZEBRAS, 151. Zoological Gardens, Superintendent

of, 142.

R. CLAY, SONS, AND TAYLOR, PRINTERS, LONDON.

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