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Baden Powell 1 observes on this subject: “The relation of the animal man to the intellectual, moral, and spiritual man, resembles that of a crystal slumbering in its native quarry to the same crystal mounted in the polarizing apparatus of the philosopher. The difference is not in physical nature, but in investing that nature with a new and higher application. Its continuity with the material world remains the same, but a new relation is developed in it, and it claims kindred with ethereal matter and with celestial light.”

This well expresses the distinction between the merely physical and hyperplıysical natures of man, and the subsumption of the former into the latter which dominates it,

The same author in speaking of man's moral and spiritual nature says: 2 "The assertion in its very essence refers wholly to a DIFFERENT ORDER OF THINGS, apart from and transcending any material ideas whatsoever.” Again 3 he adds: “In proportion as man's moral superiority is held to consist in attributes not of a material or corporeal kind or origin, it can signify little how his physical nature may have originated.”

Now physical science, as such, has nothing to do with the soul of man which is hyperphysical. That such an entity exists, that the correlated physical forces go through their Protean transformations, have their persistent ebb and flow outside of the world of WILL and SELF-CONSCIOUS MORAL BEING, are propositions the proofs of which have no place in the present work. This at least may however be confidently affirmed, that no reach of 1 “Unity of Worlds," Essay ii. & ii. p. 247. 2 Ibid. Essay i. & ii. p. 76.

3 Ibid. Essay iii. S iv. p. 466.

physical science in any coming century will ever approach to a demonstration that countless modes of being, as different from each other as are the force of gravitation and conscious maternal love, may not co-exist. Two such modes are made known to us by our natural faculties only: the physical, which includes the first of these examples; the hyperphysical, which embraces the other. For those who accept revelation, a third and a distinct mode of being and of action is also made known; namely, the direct and immediate or, in the sense here given to the term, the supernatural. An analogous relationship runs through and connects all these modes of being and of action. The higher mode in each case employs and makes use of the lower, the action of which it occasionally suspends or alters, as gravity is suspended by electromagnetic action, or the living energy of an organic being restrains the inter-actions of the chemical affinities belonging to its various constituents.

Thus conscious will controls and directs the exercise of the vital functions according to desire, and moral consciousness tends to control desire in obedience to higher dictates. The action of living organisms depends upon

1 A good exposition of how an inferior action has to yield to one higher is given by Dr. Newman in his “ Lectures on University Subjects," p. 372.

“What is true in one science, is dictated to us indeed according to that science, but not according to another science, or in another department. What is certain in the military art, has force in the military art, but not in statesmanship ; and if statesmanship be a higher department of action than war, and enjoins the contrary, it has no force on our reception and obedience at all. And so what true in medical science, might in all cases be carried out, were man a mere animal or brute without a soul; but since he is a rational, responsible being, a thing may be ever so true in medicine, yet may be unlawful in fact, in consequence of the higher law of morals and religion coming to some different conclusion.”

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Elasmobranchs, 158.
Elbow and knee affections, 206.
Empedocles, 332.
Eocene ungulata, 124.
Eolis, 192.
Equus, 109.
Ericulus, 168.
Ethics, 211.
Eudes Deslongchamps, 112.
Eurypterida, 159, 192.
Eutropius, 166.
Everett, Rev. R., 110.
Evolution requires geometrical in-

crease of time, 156.
Eye, 86.
Eye, formation of, 57.
Eye of trilobites, 152.

D. DANA, Professor, 169. Darwin, Mr. Charles, 2, 4, 6, 11, 14,

17—21, 24, 26, 38, 39, 48, 50, 52– 54, 62–64, 66, 67, 74, 99, 106, 111 -113, 121, 130, 133–138, 140— 143, 146, 154—156, 161, 164, 169, 170, 195, 202, 211, 213—215, 221, 232, 236—239, 244, 245, 247, 249, 250, 252, 254, 260, 267, 268, 271,

292, 296, 297, 317.
Datura tatula, 114.
Delhi, setters at, 110.
Delpino, Signor, 242—244.
Democritus, 247, 317, 332.
Density of air for breathing, 111.
Dentition, carnivorous, 124.
Derivation, 273.
Derivative creation, 290, 325.
Design, 298.
Devotion, 217.
Dibranchiata, 84.
Difficulties of problem of specific

origin, 1.
Digits, supernumerary, 138, 202.
Digits, turtle's, 121.
Dimorphodon, 80.
Dinornis, 79.
Dinosauria, 80.
Diseased pelvis, 205.
Dissemination of seeds, 74.
Doris, 192.
Dotheboys' Hall, 313.
Dragon, the flying, 73, 178.
Dragon fly, 87.
Droughts, 28.
Duck-billed platypus, 197.
Dugong, 46, 197.
Duke of Argyll, 17, 317.
Dyspepsia, 227.

F.
FABRE, M., 52.
Feather-legged breeds, 202.
Feejeeans, 225.
Fertilization of orchids, 61.
“ Fiat justitia, ruat cælum,” 220.
Fibres of Corti, 60, 321.
Final misery, 219.
Finger of Potto, 118.
Fish, flying, 72.
Fishes, fresh-water, 164.
Fishes, thoracic and jugular, 44.
Fixity of position of limbs, 44.
Flat-fishes, 41, 187.
Flexibility of organization, degrees

of, 134,
Flexibility of mind, 307.
Flies, horned, 105.
Flight of spiders, 74.
Flounder, 41.
Flower, Professor, 184, 266, 326.
Fly-orchid, 62.
Flying-dragon, 73, 178.
Flying fish, 72.
Fætal teeth of whales, 8.
Food, effects on pigs, 112.
Footsteps of Connecticut, 148.
Foraminifera, 209.
Formally moral acts, 220.
Formation of eye and ear, 57.
Forms, substantial, 210, 313.
Four-gilled Cephalopods, 85.
Fowls, white silk, 138.
French theatrical audience, 224.
Fresh-water fishes, 164.
Frogs, Chilian and European, 109.
Fuego, Terra del, 216.

E. EAR, 83. Ear, formation of, 57. Early specialization, 125. Echinodermata, 49. Echinoidea, 49. Echinops, 168. Echinorhinus, 193. Echinus, 49. Econony, Fuegian political, 216. Eczema, 205. Edentata, 196. Egyptian monuments, 156.

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185.

G. GALAGO, 179, 183. Galaxias, 167. Galeus vulgaris, 193. Galton, Mr. F., 109, 127, 261. Gascoyen, Mr., 204. Gavials, 48. Gegenbaur, Prof., 198–200. Gemmules, 237. Generative system, its sensitiveness,

269. Genesis of morals, 227. Geographical distribution, 163. Geographical distribution explained

by Natural Selection, 7.
Geometrical increments of time, 156.
Geotria, 167.
Giraffe, neck of, 28.
Gizzard-like stomach, 92.
Glacial epoch, 169.
Glyptodon, 124.
Godron, Dr., 114.
Goose, its inflexibility, 134.
Göppert, Mr., 114.
Gould, Mr., 99.
Grasshopper, Great Shielded, 100.
Gray, Dr. Asa, 291, 294, 300.
Great Ant-eater, 92.
Great Salamander, 193.
Great Shielded Grasshopper, 100.
Greyhounds in Mexico, 111.
Greyhounds, time for evolution of,

155.
Guinea-fowl, 135.
Guinea-pig, 142.
Günther, Dr., 164, 165, 169, 193.

Hipparion, 109, 151.
Homogeny, 180.
Homology, bilateral or lateral, 177,
Homology, meaning of term, 8, 177.
Homology, serial, 181.
Homology, vertical, 185.
Homoplasy, 181.
Honey-suckers, 102.
Hood of cobra, 56.
Hook-billed ducks, 113.
Hooker, Dr., 170.
Horned flies, 105.
Horny plates, 45–47.
Horny stomach, 92.
Human larynx, 61, 320.
Humphry, Professor, 184, 270.
Hutton, Mr. R. Holt, 227, 229.
Huxley, Professor, 76–78, 80, 82, 83,

106, 117, 123, 148, 153, 154, 159,

184, 194, 264, 283, 314, Hybrids, mortality of, 140. Hydrocyonina, 166. Hyperphysical action, 291. Hyrax, 201.

I.

H. HAIRLESS Dogs, 196, 197. Hamilton, Sir Wm., 307. Harmony, musical, 60, 322. Heart in birds and reptiles, 180. Hegel, 247. Heliconidæ, 33. Hell, 218. Heptanchus, 193. Herbert Spencer, Mr., 23, 31, 75, 82,

184–187, 189, 191–194, 207, 208, 227—232, 234, 235, 248, 249, 260,

281, 282, 284–289. Hessian flies, 191. Heterobranchus, 166. Hewitt, Mr., 140, 203. Hexanchus, 193.

ICHTHYOPSIDA, 123.
Ichthyosaurus, 88, 120, 149, 199.
Ichthyosis, 206.
Iguanodon, 80.
Illegitimate symbolic conceptions,

288.
Illustration by clock-thinking, 286.
Imaginal disks, 52, 191.
Implacental mammals, 76, 77.
Independent origins, 173.
Indian butterfly, 34.
Indian region's butterflies, 94.
Indians and cholera, 216.
Individual, meaning of word, 2.
Infirm, care of, 216.
Influence, local, 94.
Insect, walking-leaf, 39.
Insects, walking-stick and bamboo

37.
Insectivora, 76.
Insectivorous mammals, 168.
Insectivorous teeth, 77.
Instinct of bull-dog, 293, 299.
Intermediate forms, 145.
Intuitions, primary, 289, 332.
Irregularities in blood vesse s, 204.
Isaria felina, 129.

J. JAPANNED PEACOCK, 113. Jews, 240, 243. Joints of backbone, 177, 183. Jugular fishes, 44, 159. Julia Pastrana, 195.

K.

KALLIMA INACHIS, 35.
Kallima paralekta, 36.
Kangaroo, 47, 76.
Kowalewsky, 92.
Knee and elbow affections, 206.
Kölliker, Professor, 117.

L.
LABYRINTHICI, 165.
Labyrinthodon, 118, 152.
Lamarck, 4.
Lankester, Mr. Ray, 173, 180, 185.
Larynx of kangaroo, 48.
Larynx of man, 61, 320.
Lateral homology, 185.
Laws of correlation, 195.
Leaf butterfly, 35.
Legitimate symbolic conceptions, 288.
Lens, 86.
Lepidosteus, 194.
Lepra, 205.
Lewes, Mr. G. H., 106, 242, 244, 247.
Lewis, St. 335.
Lewis XV., 233.
Lewis XVI., 233.
Limb genesis, 198.
Limb muscles, 201.
Limbs, fixity of position of, 44.
Limbs of lobster, 181.
Links, supposed connecting, 121.
Lions, breeding, 268.
Lions, diseased pelvis, 205.
Llama, 123.
Local influences, 93.
Lobster, 181.
Long-tailed Bird of Paradise, 102.
Lubbock, Sir John, 225, 231.
Lyell, Sir Charles, 111, 119.

Magnificent Bird of Paradise, 104.
Maize, American, 113.
Mammals, 76.
Mammary gland of kangaroo, 48.
Mammary gland, origin of, 53.
Man, origin of, 319.
Man reveals God, 307.
Man, voice of, 61.
Manatee, 46, 197.
Manchamp breed of sheep, 113.
Manis, 198.
Man's larynx, 61, 320.
Many simultaneous modifications, 64.
Marcus Aurelius, 235.
Martineau, Mr. James, 225, 281.
Mastacembelus, 165.
Materially moral acts, 220.
Matter, crystalline and colloidal, 306.
Meaning of word “individual,” 2.
Meaning of word “species,” 2.
Mechanical theory of spine, 185.
Mediterranean oyster, 99, 110.
Meehan, Mr., 99.
Mexico, dogs in, 111.
Mill, John Stuart, 18, 212, 218, 219.
Mimicry, 9, 33.
Miracle, 331.
Molars, 124.
Mole, 199.
Molière, 263.
Mombas, cats at, 110.
Monkeys, American, 258.
Monster proboscis, 139.
Moral acts, 220.
Mordacia, 166.
Murphy, Mr. J. J., 58, 60, 86, 116,

128, 129, 155, 208, 252, 318, 323.
Murray, Mr. Andrew, 93.
Mus delicatulus, 93.
Muscles of limbs, 201.
Musical harmony, 60, 322,
Mussel, 89.
Myrmecophaga, 92.

N.

M.

MACHAIRODUS, 124. Macrauchenia, 123. Macropodidæ, 77. Macroscelides, 77. Madagascar, 168, 171, 172.

NASALIS, SEMNOPITHECUS, 156.
Nathusius, 112.
Natural Selection, shortly stated, 6.
Naudin, M. C., 114.
Nautilus, 85.
Nebular evolution, 314.
Neck of giraffe, 28.
Newman, the Rev. Dr., 300, 308, 310,

326, 330.

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