Зображення сторінки

No. 85

JEFFERSON, THOMAS (continued): 1781.- April 23. Richmond.-Inclosing letter forwarded by Baron

Steuben. Anxious to know if it is an answer to proposition for exchange of prisoners. On 18th enemy came from Portsmouth up James river, force unknown. Landed in two bodies ; one at Burwell's Ferry, the other near the mouth of Chickahominy river. Upper party proceeded to shipyard. What injury they did unknown. Stores eight or ten miles higher up. On 22d, enemy left Williamsburg; their future movements doubtful. Enumerates counties from which all men able to bear arms are ordered to assemble at Petersburg.

JENIFER, Daniel, OF ST. THOMAS : 1781.-June 5. Philadelphia. - Meeting of foreign powers.

Thinks France will procure us favorable terms, if not from justice then from policy. Trusts the Marquis will check Cornwallis. Grayson indefatigable in procuring arms. Four battalions likely to be sent at once to the aid of Maryland or Virginia. Advantage to Pennsylvania if she had delayed a little longer the selling of British property.

JONES, JAMES : 1781.- June 17. Bowling Green.-Announcing his advance to join

the Marquis with a troop of volunteer horse raised in Gloucester county. Ignorance of the enemy's whereabouts and terrible condition of his horse's hoofs determined his march to Fredericksburg.

LAFAYETTE, MARQUIS DE : 1781.- April 27. Bowling Green, -From information received,

thinks enemy has landed, near 3000 strong, and taken Petersburg. Intends leaving for Richmond on the following morning. Small force of horse or men necessary to the Governor's safety and his own in Richmond. Arrival of artillery under Galvan of the utmost importance. Requests him to give Galvan any militia and mounted men he can collect. Must be pushed on night and day. Importance of keeping Rich

mond. 1781.-May 28. Hanover county. — Public stores and much

private property having been removed from Richmond. A

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No. 92.

defeat at present is not worth risking. Road from Hanover
Court house to Richmond being unsafe, will remove to Allen's
Ford, south of Anne river. Requests that the militia and the
expresses shall be ordered to that ford. Also that a strong
force may convey thither the horses, arms and particularly
clothing coming from Baltimore and Philadelphia. Enclosed
to be forwarded to Gen. Wayne. Leslie reported to have
gone down James river to garrison Portsmouth. Wants
riflemen, cavalry and arms. Thanks him for his past exer-

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No. 96.

1781.-May 29. Gold Mine Creek.—Enemy's present plan to

march to Fredericksburg ; hopes to arrive before the main body. Will be at Anderson bridge the following day at noon. Desires everything to be sent there. Desperate need for dragoons. Enclosed to be sent post-haste to Gen. Wayne. All stores to be moved out of harm's way. Every boat and bridge below the falls to be immediately destroyed. The great want of horses and saddles. Desires him to acquaint the General's mother and also Mrs. Washington with this news,

also any others who mean to move. 1781.-- June 2. Davenport Tavern.- Enemy's intention to turn

his right flank and prevent his junction with Gen. Wayne. Will move towards Orange Court house, at which place militia must rendezvous, and expresses be sent there.

Orders concerning supplies on hand and those on the road.

P. S.-Even bet that the enemy will go straight to Fredericksburg. Leslie and Arnold gone down already with body

of troops. 1781.-June 2. Mattapony Church.-(Written by G. A. Wash

ington, aide-de-camp of LaFayette.) Removal of public stores should proceed. Precautions for his (Gen. Weedon's) safety must be taken, as the main body of the enemy are at Chesterfield, and will probably be in Fredericksburg on the following day. Begs him io acquaint Gen. Wayne with the situation, and to write the commissary of prisons, to hold prisoners in Winchester ready at a moment's warning. On arrival of enemy, destruction of boats must be particularly attended to.

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No. 99.

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No. 123

LAFAYETTE, MARQUIS DE (continued): 1781.- June 3. Corbin's Bridge.-Orders concerning the sending

forward of the militia, the mails and the stores. 1781.- June 16. Deep Creek. -Mr. Brown is the bearer of this

letter. Enemy moving towards Richmond, followed by him (LaFayette), but difference of ground makes reinforcements an immediate necessity. Desires above all things, cavalry. Directions as to their reaching him at once. Wants all armed and unarmed militia, not belonging to counties north of Rappahannock, to be hurried on to him with the greatest despatch. The terrible need of cartridges and shoes, also rum, for the water is bad. Importance of these things! They must travel night and day.

LEE, RICHARD HENRY : 1781.- June 1.-Acknowledging letter of previous day concerning

the raising of militia in the four lower countries. Westmoreland Court house an excellent rendezvous. Certain that Cornwallis will not come north until English feet appears in the Potomac. Conjectures concerning the slowness of their advance. Terrible want of all things: arms, cavalry, ammunition, etc. Trusts Gen. Wayne will join him (the Marquis) in a day or two, and that together they will make head against

the enemy's divided force. 1781.— June 2. 9 o'clock, Saturday.-Acknowledging letter of pre

vious day. Will submit it to the Lieutenant of Richmond to be forwarded. Will call out militia and armed men to the number of 200 or 250. Enemy's councils now directed by plun

der and revenge. 1781.- June 7.—Detailed account of the drafting of militia. Two

hundred well-armed men will join him at Falmouth, under command of Col. John A. Washington. May expect 500 men from the four lower counties. Enemy's designs in the Rappahannock and Potomac. Fears they cannot be prevented from plundering and burning, since so many men and officers have bǝen detached. Will deliver his letter to Col. Warrington.

No. 110. 1781.- June 25. Westmoreland.-Informing him that one-half of

the Westmoreland militia are ordered to march on the following day. Recommends the bearer, Mr. John Munroe, to his

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No. 98.

No. 139.

LEE, RICHARD HENRY (continued):
kind attention and begs his influence in procuring him a posi-

tion in the army, more worthy of his past service. 1781.-- July 1. Chantilly.-Acknowledging his last letter. Look

outs vigilant and on the alert for any sign of hostile feet. Enclosed letter from the Marquis tells condition of affairs three days before. Reported that Mr. Jenifer of Congress has written to his brother of the evacuation of New York by the enemy. If true, either the southern war will be pushed vigorously, or else they intend to quit the states. Wants powder, cartridge paper and a few arms.

No. 147

McHENRY, JAMES : 1781.— June 25. Mr. Savage's House.-Enemy lay at New Kent

Courthouse, from 2 ist to 24th. This morning, Pennsylvanians moved on the route of his lordship. Militia continue on this ground. Marquis begs that a special messenger be despatched to Annapolis to the officer commanding Moylan's corps.

No. 138.

1781.June 29. Tyree's Plantation, Twenty Miles from Williams

burg._Short account of an action on the 26th between American advanced corps under Cols. Butler and Simcoe, within six miles of Williamsburg. American loss : five officers, two sergeants and twenty-six privates killed and wounded. Enemy had sixty killed and one hundred wounded. Lord Cornwallis in Williamsburg; has received reinforcements from Portsmouth; is shipping off his negroes at York.

No. 141.

MCWILLIAMS, WILLIAM : 1781.June 20. Camp, Dandridge's Farm.-Glad to place cer

tain men in the important business of making accoutrements for the soldiery. Gen. Greene's success in Carolina. All the enemy's posts taken, except Charlestown, besides 20,000 bushels of corn, sixteen pieces of cannon,

British prisoners. Enemy have crossed James river at Richmond, after destroying tobacco warehouses and some private property. Apologizes for any inaccuracy on the plea of the scarcity of paper.

and 500

No. 135.

No. 17.

No. 144.

MEALS, JOHN : 1780.– October 30. Long Island.—Bearer of this letter is Capt.

Willis, who has been exchanged. Speaks of himself as a prisoner with small hope of liberation. Solicits Gen. Weedon's influence with those in power to procure him a parole. Question of certain rents being due.

MERCER, JOHN F.: 1783.- March 24. Philadelphia.-Negotiations in Europe happily

terminated in a general pacification. Triumph, a French frigate, despatched by La Fayette and Comte d'Estaing, brought the news of the cessation of hostilities. Late confusion in the army terminated in a manner which reflects additional honor on that band of patriots. Results of a slight alteration in the southern boundary.

MORTIMER, CHARLES : 1780.October 30. Fredericksburg.-Has sent one hundred weight

bark, as requested. Urgent need of medicines for his hospital. Keeps the few medicines he has for private practice. Has sent forward seven or eight patients. None shall be kept that can do duty in field or garrison.

No. 18. MUHLENBERG, GENERAL: 1780.-September 5. Fredericksburg.-Wishes to know whether it

would not be wiser to keep sufficient arms for the levies that rendezvous at Winchester, Alexandria and Fredericksburg. Encloses returns of arms sent forward and those left behind. As soon

as he can make up an officer's command with the deserters brought in, will attend to Gen. Weedon's letter of

the 29th inst. 1780.— October 8. Richmond.Express arrived an hour before

from Gen. Gates with an account that Lord Cornwallis had been reinforced with 1000 men, that the enemy were in motion and had taken Charlotte. Begs for four wagons to enable him

to send reinforcements to the General. 1780.- October 22. Richmond.-Sunday night. Amazingly distressed for want of officers. Wishes


officer from Fredericksburg sent on, also Dr. Wallace, as he needs a surgeon.

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