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GRAHAM, RICHARD : 1781.- June 17. Fredericksburg.--Acknowledging letter of 14th

inst., and thanking him for procuring the hilts. Marquis in want of vinegar, bacon and shoes; desires his aid in procuring them. British moving toward Richmond. The Marquis at Deep Creek, twenty-three miles above. Lead of any description to be forwarded at once. Begs a quarter-cask of wine for our good Marquis."

No. 126.

GRAYSON, WILLIAM (Col.): No date.-Fredericksburg.-Begs him to afford the bearer of this

letter, Col. Febiger, all possible assistance in obtaining clothing for the new levies; otherwise, operations in Southern department must be exceedingly retarded.

No. 14.

1780.— October 29. Richmond.-Enemy landed at Hampton and

Portsmouth about the 22d; plundered the former place and reimbarked. Every department deranged. Warlike spirit of the Virginians. Using every possible exertion to arrange two armies; one to act on north side of James river, the other on the south. Gen. Muhlenberg has marched down with certain forces. Gen. Nelson at Williamsburg, assembling militia ordered there. Hard work, providing the army with necessa

News from the South, Cornwallis retreating rapidly. Encloses particulars of Col. Campbell's action with Col. Ferguson ; asks to have it published. Unless enemy can be removed from the State before cold weather the troops must suffer terribly from want of all things. In urgent need of tents and other supplies, promised by Col. Febiger from Philadelphia.

No. 16.

1781.— June 8. Camp, Hunter's Heights.—The Marquis, having

waited at Culpepper Church in vain for Gen. Wayne, advanced to Raccoon Ford. Cornwallis expected to strike Southern communication. Tarleton made descent on Charlottesville on the 4th, routed the assembly, and took stores and prisoners. Gives list of ammunition needed by the Marquis. Great and immediate need of clothing and shoes. Earnest appeal for the support and assistance of Congress.

No. III.

No. 127

HENDRICK (Col.): 1781.-- June 17. Fredericksburg.-Quotes passage from the Mar

quis's letter, dated from Deep Creek, speaking of his want of cavalry ; also, shoes, vinegar and rum. Begs his (Hendrick's) help in procuring these things. Letter, to the officer commanding Moylan's detachment, must be carried to him with all speed. Steady and close exertions needed to save the country. Best route over which to send brigade of loaded wagons.

JEFFERSON, THOMAS : 1780.November 3. Richmond.—Enclosing return of provision

stores. Stock on hand very inconsiderable. Sure Mr. Jefferson will obviate the evil.

P. S.-Despatches to Gen. Gates will not require particular express.

No. 28. 1781-April 2. Williamsburg.-Mr. Armistead will name certain

prisoners for exchange, which measure, if approved, will be carried into execution. Asks that marines taken at Warwick, if not yet sent to Richmond, may be detained until answer comes from British general. Has requested a delay of the ships sailing from New York with Col. Curl, uutil his (Jefferson's) pleasure is known concerning the exchange for Col. Allagood.

No. 69. 1781.- April 3. Williamsburg.-Acknowledging despatches and

forwarding those intended for the flag-ship. Incloses trustworthy account, which corroborates Capt. Ross's with respect reinforcements. Believes that the English will endeavor to succour Lord Cornwallis from Portsmouth by penetrating North Carolina. Question of supporting Gen. Greene powerfully and acting solely on the defensive in Virginia. A permanent and proper force of militia needed to prevent enemy from advancing far into the country. Begs for immediate supply of arms.

P. S.–Wishes to be kept advised of the fate of his friend

Greene. 1781.- April 25.-Inclosing copy of Gen. Phillips' letter of 12th

inst.; also, papers concerning exchange of prisoners. Gen. Phillips' complaint of an infringement of the sacred rules of

No. 70.

No. 36.

JEFFERSON, THOMAS (continued):
flags of truce, as shown in the person of Mr. Armistead. In-
closes a copy of Mr. Armistead's credentials. Has sent Gen.
Phillips a copy of the flag with the persons' names and the
business they went on. Advises the exchange of as many
prisoners as the just rules of war authorize, and the choice of
a convenient place for exchange. Marquis now crossing the
river. Frederick and Barkley men not yet arrived. No. 87.

JONES (Serg't): 1780.August 28. Fredericksburg.-Orders to proceed to the

barracks in Albemarle, there take Col. James Wood's orders for recovering some deserters. Let it be known that all deserters may be assured of free pardon if they voluntarily deliver themselves up.

KELLEY (Capt.): No date.-Orders him to go into the lower country and protect the

inhabitants, who are themselves to arm and help him. Capt. Davenport's troop of horse to act with him. Bids him contradict a wicked report to the effect that the army intends to evacuate the lower country.

LAFAYETTE, MARQUIS DE: 1781.-June 9. Camp, Hunter's Heights.-Received the inclosed

from Col. Richard Henry Lee, and has sent down an officer to ascertain clearly the truth of the matter. Expresses have been dispatched to Philadelphia for supplies and clothing, as re

quested. 1781.- June 11. Camp, Hunter's Heights. In consequence of

the inclosed, has halted troops from below until further advice. Would submit it whether they had better not return to their own counties to defend them against the enemy's depredations. Officer sent down to ascertain truth of Col. Lee's report, not yet returned.

No. 118. 1781.-June 12. Camp, Hunter's Heights.-Inclosing extract and copy of two letters received from Col. Grayson, respecting

Has stationed proper person at Noland's Ferry to forward them, as directed. Militia of King George and Stafford counties have gone home under promise to be ready to take arms at twelve hours' notice. Men from lower counties await his (La Fayette's) orders.

No. 13:

No. 117


No. 119

LAFAYETTE, MARQUIS DE (continued): 1781.June 17. Fredericksburg.--Acknowledging letter of pre

vious day and promising to attend to every part. Wagons to be sent forward. Difficulties in the way of procuring many shoes. Has asked Gen. Morgan to send officer to seize all shoes in factories round about and send them on. Has sent on 750 stand of arms. Difficult to procure cartridges or lead. Has written to a party of horse from Maryland to press forward day and night.

No. 128. 1781.- June 20. Fredericksburg.—Six

Fredericksburg.-Six wagons starting before night, with 700 gallons of whisky and 300 gallons of vinegar. Rum out of the question. Impossible to get any shoes in this neighborhood ; hopes centre in the back counties. Has written about it to the Board of War. Incloses extract from Col. Grayson's letter. Question of equipping a volunteer corps of dragoons at Leesburg. Capt. Dixon's Volunteer Horse from Gloster hope to get off before night and reach camp on Friday. Desires to know the destination of the arms coming

from Philadelphia. Number of arms sent forward. No. 134. 1781.- June 20. Fredericksburg.—Will cover all the stores that

night. Troops under his command on other side of river. In consequence of his (La Fayette's) letter to Major Page, will afford every assistance to Gen. Wayne in his crossing of the two branches of the river. Weather, alarming! Will hold boats in order to recross, unless he receives other instructions. 200 men from King George have joined him.

P. S.-Col. Tupper and Mr. Kingsley on their way to him (La Fayette) with three or four thousand guineas and some despatches.

No. 136. LEWIS (Capt.): 1781.-June 2. From late intelligence, believes Gen. Wayne's

troops will cross Norman's Ford. Orders to impress workmen, tools, rafts or any article which will facilitate their passage over the ford; also, if possible, to send an express to Mr. Bruce, who lives near Raccoon Ford and who owns a saw-mill.

No. MATHEWS (Col.): 1781.-March 31. Williamsburg.—Desiring him to propose an

exchange of volunteers taken at Charles City Court house for an equal number of marines taken in Warwick.

No. 63


MUHLENBERG (Gen.): 1780.-August 28. Fredericksburg.-Acknowledging letter of

24th inst. Informing him of number of arms sent forward. Regrets extremely misfortune near Camden. Need of provisions and lack of discipline among the militia proved Gates' overthrow. Has opened the general's letters, marked Public Service.

No. 146. 1780.-November 3. Richmond.-Acknowledging two favors of

30th ult. Arms for troops at Cabbin's Point to be forwarded that day.

Col. Southall's troop of horse has crossed to reinforce him (Muhlenberg), as requested. Engaged in getting a strong brigade together; would like any directions respecting the route and the most eligible position to take. If enemy's depredations are confined to Portsmouth and Princess Anne, will it be necessary to assemble such a large body in one place? Enemy's advantage on the water must be attended to.

No. 27

1781.-April 4. Williamsburg.-Gained information of Gen.

Muhlenberg's situation through opening his letters to Baron Steuben. Enemy will repent making an attack on his side of river unless they come in force. Advantage the English have on the water. Baron Steuben, before leaving, ordered all the boats to Sandy Point; has sent a guard of forty men to protect them. Discusses his own plans and the enemy's. Positions of the two look-out boats. Any hopes of French fleet and troops landing at Cape Fear ? Baron Steuben uneasy on their account. Begs to be kept fully advised of every movement.

No. 74.

Nelson, Thomas (Gen.): 1780.- October 29. Richmond.–Sends list of officers who the

Executive Board have called upon to furnish their militia with field officers; also incloses an order of Council as a guide by which to arrange the troops. Will send Capt. Kirkpatrick to him in a day or two. Intended coming himself, but military

matters too urgent. 1780.-October 30. Richmond.Introducing Capt. Kirkpatrick,

whom he recommends to the command of a volunteer corps ; praises his military experience and firmness. Leaves choice of station on James river to Gen. Nelson's superior knowl.

No. 15

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