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accumulated acquire advantage arise bour capital capitalist chap chapter circumstances classes of labourers commodities common labour condition consequence considerable consume corn cultivation degree demand distinct dities division of labour doctrine duction effects employed employment endeavour equal Essay on Population established exchange exchangeable value existence expense extent farther greater habits and modes human improvement increase individual industry instruments land laws less Lord Lauderdale lower classes Malthus mankind manner means measure of value ment natural price necessarily necessary object observed paid particular perhaps persons Political Economy portion possession procure produce profit of stock proportion proprietors purchase quantity of labour quitrent rate of profit raw produce regard regulated rent revenue saving says Dr Smith society sort species subsistence sufficient supply supposed taxes thing tion tivation trade vendible wages of common wages of labour Wealth of Nations whole
Сторінка 298 - of its revenue. I conclude this section then with affirming, as I think I may be fully warranted to do, that rent is the price paid, not merely " for the use of the original and indestructible powers of the soil," but for the use of the land as it is, in
Сторінка 353 - Fond, impious man !—think-st thou yon sanguine cloud, Raised by thy breath, has quench-d the orb of day ?— To-morrow he repairs the golden flood, And warms the nations with redoubled ray.
Сторінка 330 - it is only among the inferior ranks of people that the scantiness of subsistence can set limits to the further multiplication of the human species ; and it can do so in no other way than by destroying a great part of the children which their fruitful marriages produce."*
Сторінка 326 - counsellor-atlaw, who, perhaps, at near forty years of age, begins to make something by his profession, ought to receive the retribution, not only of his own so tedious and expensive education, but of that of more than twenty others who are never likely to make any thing by it. How extravagant soever the fees of
Сторінка 326 - by it. How extravagant soever the fees of counsellors-at-law may sometimes appear, their real retribution is never equal to this. Compute in any particular place what is likely to be annually gained, and what is likely to be annually spent, by all the different workmen in any common trade, such as that of shoemakers or weavers, and
Сторінка 23 - which adds to the value of the subject upon which it is bestowed ; there is another which has no such effect. The former, as it produces a value, may be called productive; the latter, unproductive labour. Thus the labour of a manufacturer adds generally to the value of the materials which he works upon, that of his own maintenance and of his
Сторінка 233 - It may either be above or below, or exactly the same with its natural price. " The market-price of every particular commodity is regulated by the proportion between the quantity which is actually brought to market, and the demand of those who are willing to pay the natural price of the commodity,
Сторінка 233 - the demand of those who are willing to pay the natural price of the commodity, or the whole value of the rent, labour, and profit, which must be paid in order to bring it thither. Such people may be called the effectual
Сторінка 70 - possession or in that of some other person, a stock sufficient to maintain him, and to supply him with the materials and tools of his work till he has not only completed but sold his web. This accumulation must evidently be previous to his applying his industry for so long a time to such a peculiar business."*