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accumulation acres Adam Smith advantage agricultural amount average capital capitalist cause circulating capital circumstances commodity competition condition considerable consumed consumption cost of production cottier cultivation degree demand depends diminished division of labour duction effect employed employment England equal exchange exchange value exertion exist expense farmer farms favourable fertility fixed France greater habits hectare human hundred quarters improvement increase individual industry interest Ireland kind labouring class land landlord laws of value less limited manufacture manure materials means ment metayer mode necessary obtained occupation operations paid peasant peasant proprietors permanent persons political economy population portion possession present principle produce productive labour proportion purchase rate of profit remuneration rent saving says Sismondi society soil subsistence sufficient supply suppose surplus tenant things tion trade unless unproductive wages wealth whole yield
Сторінка 541 - Happily, there is nothing in the laws of Value which remains for the present or any future writer to clear up ; the theory of the subject is complete...
Сторінка 164 - One man draws out the wire; another straights it; a third cuts it; a fourth points it; a fifth grinds it at the top for receiving the head...
Сторінка 4 - For practical purposes, political economy is inseparably intertwined with many other branches of social philosophy. Except on matters of mere detail, there are perhaps no practical questions, even among those which approach nearest to the character of purely economical questions, which admit of being decided on economical premises alone.
Сторінка 166 - ... the invention of a great number of machines which facilitate and abridge labour, and enable one man to do the work of many.
Сторінка 274 - The social arrangements of modern Europe commenced from a distribution of property which was the result, not of just partition, or acquisition by industry, but of conquest and violence: and notwithstanding what industry has been doing for many centuries to modify the work of force, the system still retains many and large traces of its origin.
Сторінка 470 - For the purpose therefore of altering the habits of the labouring people, there is need of a twofold action, directed simultaneously upon their intelligence and their poverty. An effective national education of the children of the labouring class, is the first thing needful: and, coincidently with this, a system of measures which shall (as the devolution did in France) extinguish extreme poverty for one whole generation.
Сторінка 263 - The laws and conditions of the production of wealth partake of the character of physical truths.
Сторінка 301 - sacredness of property " is talked of, it should always be remembered, that any such sacredness does not belong in the same degree to landed property. No man made the land. It is the original inheritance of the whole species. Its appropriation is wholly a question of general expediency. When private property in land is not expedient, it is unjust.
Сторінка 19 - It often happens that the universal belief of one age of mankind — a belief from which no one was, nor without an extraordinary effort of genius and courage, could at that time be free — becomes to a subsequent age so palpable an absurdity, that the only difficulty then is to imagine how such a thing can ever have appeared credible.