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our Correspondent Abdiel. We period.--"the day of vengeance of shall notice his difficulties seriatim,

our God." not altogether as a solution of them ; We conceive, that the ministry which it cannot be expected we of John the Baptist was undoubtedly should be always prepared to offer;- an incipient fulfilment; and that the but by way of communicating such circumstance, that one has come “in information as we possess.

the spirit and power of Elias,” is a 1. For a reply to No. I, we refer pledge, that the real forerunner prohim to page 34 of our second mised in Malachi will precede the Number.

Lord's second Advent.

Our reasons 2. His second difficulty he will for this conclusion are first, that when find ably noticed by our Corres- John had the direct question put to pondent E. at page 53 of our last him, Art thou Elias ?” his anNumber. And we also beg to state, swer is plain and absolute, -"I am that our Correspondent Amicus is not not.This, notwithstanding the correct, when he calls the phrase usual explanation given of the pasquoted under his second difficulty sage by commentators, is quite de

exactly parallel with that under cisive in our mind against the comthe first. There cannot be a reason- plete fulfilment of Malachi. Our able doubt, that when our Lord said, second reason is, that in the account “There be some standing here, which given of the Transfiguration in shall not taste of death, till &c.” he Matthew xvii, our Lord first says, limited the accomplishment of that, in answer to the question from his concerning which he spake, to the disciples—" Elias Truly shall first term of life of the by-standers. But come, and restore all things,and not so when he says, “ this generation then follows his reference to John. shall not pass ;" for here a very im- Now did John

Now did John 'restore all things portant question arises, as to the when he came ? are not the words meaning of the word generation, ' truly shall' plainly and distinctly

3. In regard to the third difficulty, prospective, notwithstanding that concerning the coming of Elias or partial fulfilment ?

We expect Elijah, we have first of all to say, therefore another messenger before that if Amicus would limit the pro- the restitution of all things. We phecy concerning him in Malachi to only add that all the Fathers of its fulfilment in John the Baptist, antiquity expected a second coming he will find, that he only exchanges of Elias, not excepting even Jerome. one difficulty for another. For 4. For a solution of his fourth difMalachi says,

· Behold I send you ficulty we refer Amicus to the letter Elijah the prophet before the of our Correspondent E, which folcoming of the great and dreadful lows this Article : to which we here

day of the Lord.” How can Amicus add an extract from a useful little call that day of our Lord, which John Tract, called THE FUTURE DESTI-announced, the great and dreadful NY OF ISRAEL."

As to the arguone?" He is doubtless acquainted 'ment which is sometimes raised with that well known quotation from upon our Lord's declaration, that Isaiah in Luke iv, 18, 19, in which his kingdom was not of, in the Jesus evidently makes the period of sense of from, or (as it literally his sojourn at the first Advent the

stands) out of this world—EK TOV acceptable year of the Lord;” and

KOQu8 7878—that is, (as is shewn by omits the very next words of Isaiah the context, as well as by the (Ixi, 2)-as not applicable to that

words, it was not of human ori

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'gin, and therefore was not to be at the first resurrection there will be up by human force.

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a partial resurrection of the more emibiguity of our translation does not nent and wicked dead; and thus Caiexist in the original text, which aphas may be distinguished among may be illustrated to the English them. Mr. Irvine however explains ' reader by referring to our Lord's the words, Hereafter shall ye see, ' question : “the baptism of John, as spoken of the nation, of which ' whence was it ? from—-out of, or the Sanhedrim were the representa

of-heaven, or of men?' If you tives, and gives the following as a · take of to refer to the subject, or parallel passage, in which he thinks 'to any thing but the origin, of the sense he contends for more · John's baptism, you must answer,

obvious : Behold your house is It was of men ;' for men only left unto you desolate ; for I say unwere baptized by John; and to say “ to you, ye shall not see me hencethat his baptism was of heaven,' forth, till ye shall say, Blessed is ' meaning thereby any thing else he that cometh in the name of than that it was of heavenly origin,

- the Lord.” ( would be mere nonsense.

6. For a reply to this difficulty 5. The reply of Christ to Caiaphas we may again refer to our Corresmay be explained first upon Mr. pondent Abdiel in page 34 of No, Begg's principle; viz. that the II, and to E's notice of it fol. words in Daniel xii, 2, prove, that lowing this.

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To the Editor &c.

dom,-its seat the heart,-its rise Allow me to offer to your Corres- and progress therein indiscernible. pondent Abdiel a few observations To this there is the decisive obon two important texts, to which jection, that the observation was adhe has referred in his last Paper. dressed, not to his disciples, but to The first he declares himself to re- the Pharisees ;-i. e. to his enemies. gard as obscure and difficult; the Moreover, it is obvious, from our second he has, I think, miscontruede Lord's connecting the subject in the 1.—LUKE xvii, 20, 21,

verses following with his own second Being demanded of the Phari- advent, that He was answering the sees, when the kingdom of God Pharisees according to the intent of • should come, He answered them their question ; and speaking not of

and said; The kingdom of God his preparatory spiritual reign over vc

not with observation. men's hearts, but of its glorious esNeither shall they say, Lo here! tablishment on earth, such as will be

or Lo there! for behold the king- seen at his appearing and kingdom. - dom of God is within you.”

2. Sensible of the force of the Ouk epXeral i Baoilela T8 Okt first objection noted, Beza, Grotius, μετα παρατηρησεως. . Ovde epsolv, Doddridge, Whitby, Macknight, and Ιδε ώδε η, Ιδε εκει ιδε γαρ η βασι- others have adopted the marginal λεια το θες εντος υμων εςιν.

reading. Instead of within

you, 1. According to the usual inter- they translate the evtos üdwy among pretation of this passage, it was our you ; and explain the passage of the Lord's meaning that the kingdom of Messiah's kingdom already beginGod was, simply, a spiritual king- ning to be preached among the Jews.



came not

or the

To this the objection remains in unto the other, so shall also the full force, that the subject matter of Son of Man be in his day!” discourse was the kingdom as it is It must be remembered that the to be manifested at Christ's second Jews had their minds full of propheadvent. Besides which, it has been cies that spoke of the Messiah fixing reasonably objected that the erroc his kingdom within their borders ; never has the meaning they give it though in what part of Judea He in Scripture, and scarce ever in the might first manifest Himself, whether Greek writers." (Scott.)

in Bethlehem, Jerusalem, or Galilee, Nor, again, can we well say of they might doubt; each of those our Lord's ministry, by which He districts being mentioned in that was then laying the foundations of connexion in prophecy.-Hence the his kingdom, that it

current but mistaken notion, that with observation.Was it not by when He came to take the kingdom, observation, and very careful obser- He might possibly be concealed for vation, too, of the evidences which a while, and have to be inquired Jesus offered, that men were then after and sought out. to be convinced that he was the What can be more simple than Christ? Were they not to search this interpretation ?

What more the old prophecies with this view, agreeable to the general tenor of and compare them with his life, prophecy? What more in accordcharacter, doctrine, miracles ? Were ance with Christ's subsequent rethey not to look into, and so discern, marks on this occasion the signs of the times ?-It was un- cometh not with observation," of questionably with observation that the verse preceding ? its foundations were then laid.

I cannot think with Abdiel, that 3. My persuasion is that the Christ's glorious advent and kingclause we speak of has been hitherto dom may be said to

come with totally misapprehended. It has observation, because signs of its bebeen taken and commented on as a ing near will be observable. The part of Christ's address to the by- signs of proximity are one thing; standers. I doubt not that it should the coming or manifestation quite be connected with the Lo here! another. Observation is that fixed or, Lo there!” as a part of the ex- and attentive regard which we can clamation of those men whom Christ direct to those objects and events speaks of, as thus reporting to one only, that remain a certain length another respecting the Messiah's of time before the eyes : and to such conjectured advent.

objects and events it is then most Thus the sense will be ; “ Neither specially directed, when they have shall there be any thing so partially enough of obscurity about them to revealed or secret in the ultimate es- leave us in a degree of doubt respecttablishment and revelation of God's ing their true character, and enough kingdom, as that there shall be occa- of interest to excite an anxious sion for any doubtfu rumours on the eagerness for the development. But subject; as, “Look here ! for the king so it will not be with the Coming

is to be found within our city! or, and Manifestation of the King and • Look there! for the king is within kingdom. It will not come with ob

· For as the light- servation. It will be instantaneous, ning that lighteneth out of the one it will be irresistible in its light of . part under heaven shineth even evidence, as the flash of lightning,

'your city!"


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The rendering of evtos iuwv, it surmisings and doubtful rumours on will be observed, is within you, in the subject, as both to illustrate and the sense of within your city, or

confirm what has been advanced. country. This is in strict conformity If they say to you, ‘Behold He is with its frequent use by the Greek in the desert!' Go not forth ! · Bewriters, as designating a position hold He is in the secret chambers ! within some local division or boundary. · Believe not !” Why? Not because

-Now as it is common in topo- his kingdom was spiritual, within graphical descriptions to put the oc- their hearts, and so not to come cupiers of a locality for the locality with observation ; but because, itself after certain prepositions, such the lightning cometh out of the as εv, Ek, dia, &c. * so are there in- east, and shineth even unto the stances of the same figure of speech ' west, so shall the coming of the after adverbs such as εντος.


Son of Man be in his day. 11. Ω. 199. 'Κεις ιεναι επι νηας εσω

II.—JOHN XVIII. 36. τρατον ευρυν Αχαιων" of the locality “ My kingdom is not of this of their encampment.

world :

τ8 κόσμ8 τ8τθ. Xen. Anab. vi. 5. Elaußavov ta The ek, like the old English of used επιτηδεια εντος της φαλαγγος.

. Ci- by our translators, may designate tra aciem.” Zeun-behind it. in the genitive following either the

Cyrop. VI. 1. Eντος των σκοπών. constituents and nature of the thing of one advancing from the enemies' in question, or the source whence it side within the piquets.

is derived, and the efficient cause by Anab. 1. 10. Ων εντος αδενι εσιν which effected. We find it in the εισιεναι των μη τετιμημενων within latter sense in Μatt. xxi, 25.

. , “The guards wholined both sides of the road. baptism of John, whence was it ? Anab. I. 10. Παντα όσα εντος αυ

from heaven ? or of men ?" Todɛv των, και χρηματα και ανθρωπος, εσω- ην και εξ ορανε και η εξ ανθρωπων. Also oaysaid of Greeks in the camp pre- in Matt. i, 18. εúpɛon ev yaspi exBoa serving from the invaders all that εκ Πνευματος αγιο: and Rom. XI. was locally within their station. 33, εξ αυτά τα παντα, &c.

To which I will only add a similar Interpreters have usually taken ek phrase from the Latin : “ Ea intra in the former sense : and construing se consumunt Arabes." Plin. 11. 21, kogue T878 of this earth, as opposed within their own borders.

to what is heavenly and spirilual, Thus to designate a locality it is urge the passage very frequently as perfectly legitimate to use εvtos with an argument against Abdiel's view the genitive of the inhabitants; e.g. of Christ's kingdom being an earthly εντος των Γαλιλαιων, for εντος της kingdom. There is no doubt that Γαλιλαιας και εντος υμων, for εντος της

their construction is one that the χωρας υμων. .

Greek admits of; and my only obTo the whole of the passage, thus jection to it is, that, as they apply interpreted, the 24th of St. Matthew it, it seems to me scarcely consistent (vv. 26, 27) offers so exact a parallel, with the general tenor of Scripture both as regards the lightning-like on the subject of the kingdom. coming of Christ, and the incon- Abdiel takes ek in the same sense : gruity with such a manifestation of but, construing koole 7878 of the

* Ek Mavtinvwv pszi (Herod.) of a river flowing from Mantiene, &c. &c. † This is quoted in Elsley from Macknight : incorrectly, however, as from the Cyropædia.Nor is Macknight's translation exactly correct. Evtos avtwv is not" things with them in the camp," but things within them ; i.e. within their position.


inhabitants of this world, contends vants not fighting.—The connexion (if I understand him correctly) that of this with the sentence under disChrist's kingdom is not of this cussion seems, on Abdiel's construcworld, because at present the vast tion of the latter, difficult to commajority of its inhabitants are under prehend. Would Pilate have had a Satan's dominion.

correct idea of the nature of Christ's To this there is an objection from kingdom had he understood Him to the context that I shall presently say, My kingdom numbers at prenotice. But I would first observe, sent but very few of the inhabithat the negation, on this under- tants of this world. If it numstanding of the clause, applies not ' bered the great majority then would to the koouos, the earth and its in

my servants fight that I should habitants, in their successive genera- not be delivered to the Jews.”. tions, but to a particular age of the On the usual and Anti-millennarian κοσμος. The time is coming when sense of Christ's kingdom not being the shout shall be heard above, of this world, the connexion of the

The kingdoms of this world two clauses is obvious. “My king“ (kogus) are become the kingdoms "dom is a spiritual one; therefore " of our Lord and of his Christ.”

my servants fight not for it.” The supremacy of Satan therefore At the same time let it be rememamong the inhabitants of this world bered, that it is no unknown thing applies only to the present dispensa, in the world for spiritual kingdoms tion :-in which sense I should con- (kingdoms of opinion, or in other ceive that alwy would be a word words, religions) to be propagated, more suitable than κοσμος.


as Mahomet's was, by the sword There remains the other sense of of their advoc: tes. The inference Ek, from or by ;-indicating the therefore though obvious, on this source whence a thing is derived, or

construction, is not necessary.On whence established. This I conceive the sense that I propose of the ɛk T8 to be the true meaning in the pas- kogu8 T8T8 the inference is not only sage under discussion. It will then It will then obvious, but necessary.

It is not be as if our Lord had said,


* from this world, its soldiers or its kingdom is not derived from this

weapons, that my kingdom is to world, nor is it from this world • derive its establishment. Were it " that it is to have that which shall

so my servants would fight, that I establish it.”- -This meaning should not be delivered into the agrees best, I think : lst, with the “hands of the Jews. But it is from adverύ εντευθεν, used in the same above that the power is to proceed, verse as the parallel and explanation that will establish it: and there. of εκ τ8 κοσμ8 Τ8Τ8,

'fore to fight for my deliverance is kingdom is not from thence.2dly, altogether out of their province." with the statements about his ser



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- but now my


To the Editor, fc.

truth and conviction, and will thereI have ventured to address you, fore proceed at once to the point at on what appears to me to be an issue. error in the letter No. II. of Abdiel. In the letter alluded to there is I do not pretend to criticise : I want this expression :-" In Romans the

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