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' earnest expectation of the new ture,

St. Peter says,

We look creature is said to be waiting for

for new heavens and a new earth, the manifestation of the sons of · wherein dwelleth righteousness.

God-groaning within itself and The earth then is to be delivered * waiting for the redemption of the from the bondage of corruption, as 'body. (P. 20.) That which I well as the beings who inhabit it. conceive to be rather opposed to the The earth is reserved unto fire Apostle's meaning is, the insertion against the day of judgment." As of the word 'new;' and I will, with the earth partook of the sin* of all deference, state my reasons.

Adam, so must it undergo a purifiIf man, in his regenerate, born- cation; and it will be purified and of-the-Spirit state, (which I presume refined by fire, into a renewed state, is what is meant by the term that it may be meet for the inheritcreature,) be only intended, what ance of the saints. The earth thereare we to understand from the words, fore, as part of the creation, may be • the whole creation groaneth, &c. ?' said to be waiting for the delivery The passage in Romans would from the bondage of corruption. rather seem to imply, that it is all Let us next direct our attention created things, animate and inani- to animals, who have not sense to mate, that are waiting in pain to be know, that they (not they individelivered. It may be asked, how dually, but each after his kind) will can inanimate matter,

live in a righteous earth. It has animals having life but no reason, been before observed, that with be supposed to be looking forward Adam all else fell ; but in the reto a new state of existence ? Let novated earth we find, that the us follow the passage.

" For the wolf shall dwell with the lamb, whole creation groaneth and tra- ‘and the leopard shall lie down with - vaileth in pain together until now. the kid; and the calf and the And not only they, but ourselves 'young lion and the fatling together; also, which have the first fruits of • and a little child shall lead them.” the Spirit, even we ourselves groan As it was in paradise, (where all within ourselves, waiting for the animals who are now the most fero

adoption, to wit, the redemption cious, lived together with the most • of the body.” Now, when Adam harmless,) so will it be in the kingfell, all things fell with him ; even dom of our Lord : for as they parthe earth itself was polluted in the took of the nature of sin, and became eyes of God—“Cursed be the

fierce and savage, so will they be ground for thy sake”—and of course, sharers of the peaceable state of the as the ground was cursed and de- regenerate earth. filed, every thing growing out of it, It may be further asked, how can and obtaining a subsistence from it, the ungodly part of mankind ;—the must be a partaker of its fallen na- vain trifler, who sees no pleasure in



* We were about to correct the word sin to curse, presuming that our Correspondent had inadvertently used the former, (as also the word fall,) for the latter : but perceiving that the same phrases are used throughout, with an application of them to the earth and to animals, we have not ventured to alter it. We likewise take this opportunity of observing, that the letter of our friend Modestus, was so closed up with wafers and wax, as to render it difficult to open it without detriment to the writing; and if therefore he find a verbal alteration here and there, he must chiefly attribute it to this circumstance. One short sentence in the postscript has suffered so much, that, as it does not appear to concern the argument, and we doubt if we can supply the defective words, we have omitted it. ED.


any thing but dissipation ;-the man Thus have we seen that « not who regards the increase of his only we, but the whole creation goods, and the accumulation of 'groaneth and travaileth in pain wealth, as the summum bonum together until now.” If I how can these men be waiting for mistaken in the true import of the redemption of the body ? Put Abdiel's words, this will appear however the question to the most troublesome : and I heartily pray, worldly in existence, 'Would you that if there is one thing advanced like to be in heaven ?' and the an- contrary to the word of God, it may swer will be universally— Yes.' fall to the ground; but if this be in Some will be crying, 'Oh! that I

Oh! that I accordance with His will, and His could get there ;' whilst others will word, he may give power to receive be bold enough to say, ' I know that it to as many as he will. my election is sure. Every man It may perhaps be imagined, that has a talent delivered to him; and there is no practical use in this the unprofitable servant knew that argument : but has it no tendency his Lord would come, although he to bring man to look more to the did not strive to improve that which second advent of our Lord ? at was entrusted to him, but waited in whose coming, shall be the restitufalse security: still however he tion of all things: not the glorificawaited for and expected his Lord's tion only of those who are now in appearing. So, the foolish virgins Christ, but also the renovation of had knowledge of and looked for the all created matter ; with the excepapproach of the bridegroom ; and tion of those poor souls, who are yet were not prepared. All men, doomed to undergo an

endless to whom the light of the Gospel has eternity of torment: although in one come, will acknowledge, that the sense, even they will be restored, for Lord will appear a second time; their bodies will rise again. If this though some are not agreed as to were preached, the ungodly, who, if the manner, and others are careless the doctrine of election is mentioned and indifferent about it.

to them, say directly, if there is It requires no argument to insist, such a thing as election, all I can that the real children of God, who do will neither have been blessed with knowledge me ;-if I say, the restitution of all unto salvation, are waiting for the things were preached unto them, manifestation of the sons of God; they would perhaps see, that they which is equivalent with the advent are in a worse condition than brute of Christ: for when he comes, the beasts. secrets of all hearts will be disclosed ; I leave the insertion or rejection and it will be made manifest who of this to your better judgment, and are his, from the foundation of the beg most respectfully to remain, world.


save nor




4th Ed. 1830.

(3) Natural History of Enthusiasm. gious error of any description. He

informs us indeed what enthusiasmı Pp. vi, 320, Byo., 8s. Holdsworth & Bail. is not; (viz. not a term of measure

ment, consisting merely in the deSECTION V. THE ENTHUSIASM OF gree or excess of the religious emoPROPHETICAL INTERPRETATION. tions ;) but he leaves us to infer its

quality from a description of those It does not fall within our pro- various errors, which he supposes to vince to review the whole of the be propagated by enthusiasts alone. Treatise now before us: our more We have thus no sufficient test, immediate business is with that sec- whereby to prove those other phetion, the title of which heads these nomena, which do not happen to be observations, viz. “ The Enthusiasm enumerated in the work : nor indeed of Prophetical Interpretation.” We have we any actual criterion at all, shall, therefore, only notice the re- beyond the individual judgement maining part of the volume so far as and spiritual attainments of the Aumay be necessary to exhibit the real thor. It is not to be expected that character of the subject under con- a writer, in order to illustrate the sideration.

nature of an evil, will bring forward One great defect in our humble such cases as shall expose himself to judgement pervades the whole Trea- the imputation of infection : most tise : viz. the want of a clear and men are disposed to take for granted, fixed criterion, which shall first pre- that they are themselves exempt cisely define, in what enthusiasm from that which they denounce in consists; and to which we may af- others. So far indeed is the Auterwards refer and judge the various thor's mode of proceeding from being phenomena observable in the religi- satisfactory in this respect, that maous world.

Such a principle is the ny of his own statements, designed more to be desired in a work which to fix and define the standard of entreats on so delicate a subject;—a thusiasm, will by some sober chrissubject which inevitably leads the tians be adjudged obnoxious to that Author to assail much of that reli- very condemnation, which he progious profession, which passes in the nounces on the sentiments of others. Church of Christ for genuine piety. To give an instance or two: we We have sought in vain for this cri- would point to his expectation, conterion in those passages, which seem tained in the Section on The Enthuat first to promise us a definition. siasm of Heresy, that we are rapidly Sometimes the Author appears to ex- approximating to unanimity of senpound it to be the influence of the timent in the church ! Also to the imagination to the exclusion of the whole of the last Section on The judgement; next we are disposed to Probable Spread of Christianity, in infer, that it is an undue excitement which he anticipates, from the operaof the animal affections; again we tion of our present means, a bright apprehend it to be the absorption of era of renovation.

A still more the mind in some one favourite ob- questionable point, to which he ject; and then we are tempted to would affix the stamp of enthusiconclude, that he means by it reli- asm, is to be found in the Section


on Enthusiasm in Devoiion ; in the Him with whom we have to do," course of which (if we understand who is also a discerner of the him) he admits the propriety of self- thoughts and intents of the heart.” examination, when it is limited to Compelled as we are to these prethe temper and conduct; but depre- liminary remarks, we are neverthecates it, when it would inquire into less ready to admit, that the Author the motives and affections of the brings to his work the advantages of heart. The confessions of Augus- a powerful understanding; and that tine are confounded and condemned the volume before us abounds with with the maxims of La Rochefou- original, striking, and useful senticault; and, by an implication, pretty ments,—with proofs of no ordinary broadly insinuated, such works as observance of the workings of the the Private Thoughts of Beveridge human mind, and of a manifest abiland Adams are censured as unscrip- ity nicely to analyse and discrimitural, and as fostering religious de- nate the real character of religious spondency and hypochondriasis. We profession, whensoever he applies to can concur with our Author, that a it the touch-stone of divine truth : morbid sensibility is often to be and though we are not satisfied, that found in connexion with self-exami- in general the imputation of ennation; and that the souls of many thusiasm is fixed with propriety; are cast down and disquieted within yet there is much which the student them, owing to excessive scrupu- of prophecy will do well seriously lousness on this point ;-excessive to weigh, and much by which he only because it is exclusive, and al. may doubtless profit. lows them not still to look at the The Author commences by endeaRedeemer, and to thank God through vouring to identify prophetical enour Lord Jesus Christ. But though thusiasm with insanity, and asserts, we admit this, we cannot sweep whether his explanation be just from our shelves writers of the class or not, that, at least, no species of which he has instanced in Augus- enthusiasm has carried its victims tine, without some clearer marks of nearer to the brink of insanity, spuriousness than those exhibited by than that which originates in the the dubious test of the Author. interpretation of unfulfilled proWere we to adopt his criteria we phecy.” Where the expectation should begin to question, if it were' of impending wonders has so far lawful to dwell on St. Paul's descrip- diseased the spiritual appetite, that tion of his experience in the seventh it ceases to hunger and thirst for the chapter of Romans.- We should be bread and water of life, and has no led to hesitate to what extent it were relish but for political news, the right to beware of the leaven of the Author justly concludes; that, though Pharisees; or to ask ourselves whe- truth may be with the infected indither or not we performed our works vidual, the truth has nevertheless to be seen of men.—We should become entangled with some egredoubt the propriety of praying with gious error. He then continues : the Psalmist, Search me, O God,

" The proper remedy for evils of this " and know my heart; try me, and “ know my thoughts.”—We should overbearing prohibitions of those, who enfear, as ministers, to exhort our deavour to prevent the mischief by interhearers to crucify their affections, dicting inquiry; and who would make it

a sin or a folly for a christian to ask the and to warn them, that all things meaning of certain portions of Scripture.

are naked and open to the eyes of Cautions and restrictions of this nature

kind is not to be found in the timid or are incompatible with the principles of himself first have committed the supposed Protestantism, as well as unnecessary, ar- trespass upon the regions of unfulfilled rogant, and unavailing.' "-"In truth, prophecy. We conclude, therefore, that there is something incongruous in the no- a separation which no one can effect, is tion of a revelation enveloped in menace not really needed. and restriction. But, be this as it may,

The ancient Church received no cautions it is certain, that whoever would shut up against a too eager scrutiny of the great the Scriptures, in whole or in part, from prophecy left to excite its hope : on the his fellow disciples, or who affirms it to contrary, the pious were divinely moved' be unsafe or unwise to study such and to search what might be the purport and such passages, is bound to shew reasons season of the revelation made by the Spiof the most convincing kind for the exclu- rit of Christ' to the prophets; and though sion."

these predictions did in fact give occasion “ Moreover, prohibitions of this kind to the delusions of many deceivers ;' and are futile, because impossible to be oh- though they were greatly mis-understood, served. Every one admits that the study even by the most pious and best informed of those prophecies, which have already of the Jewish people ; yet did not the forereceived their accomplishment, is a high knowledge of these mischiefs and errors and positive duty ;-' we

have a sure call for any such restrictions upon the spiword of prophecy, to which we do well to rit of inquiry, as those wherewith some take heed.' But how soon, in attempting persons are now fain to hedge about the to discharge this duty, are we entangled Scriptures. in a snare-if indeed the study of unful- To the Christian Church the second filled prophecy be in itself improper! For coming of Christ stands where his first many of the prophecies, and those especie coming stood to the Jewish—in the very ally which are the most definite, and the centre of the field of prophetic light; and most intelligible, stretch themselves across a participation in the glories then to be the wide gulf of time, and rest upon

revealed' is even limited to those who in points intervening between the days of the every age are devoutly looking for him.' Seer, and the hour when the mystery of It is true that this doctrine of the second providence shall be finished : and these coming of Christ has, like that of his first, predictions, instead of tracking their way wrought strongly upon enthusiastic minds, by equal and measured intervals through and been the occasion of some pernicious the course of ages, traverse vast spaces delusions; yet, for the correction of these unmarked ; and with a sudden bound, incidental evils, we must look to other parting from an age now long gone by, at- means than to any existing cautions given tain at once the last period of human eco- to the Church in the Scriptures against a nomy. These abrupt transitions create too earnest longing for the promised adobscurities which must either shut up the vent of her King. To snatch this great whole prophecy from inquiry, or necessi- promise from Scripture in hasty fear, and tate a scrutiny of the whole; for, at a then to close the book lest we should see first perusal, and without the guidance of more than it is intended we should know, learned investigation, who shall venture is not our part. On the contrary, it is to place his finger on the syllable which chiefly from a diligent and comprehensive forms the boundary between the past and study of the terms of the great unfulfilled the future—which constitutes the limit prophecy of Scripture, that a preservative between duty and presumption ?

against delusion is to be gathered. To diction which may seem to belong to fu- check assiduous researches by cautions turity, will, perhaps, on better informa- which the humble may respect, but which tion, be found to regard the past-or the the presumptuous will certainly contemn,

These extensive prophecies, (and is to abandon the leading truth of Revelasuch are those of Daniel and of John,) tion to the uncorrected wantonness of famust then either be shunned altogether naticism." Pp. 103—109. from the fear of trespassing on forbidden ground ; or they must be studied entire, Proceeding onward to expose the in dependence upon other means than vo- evil character and tendency of dogluntary ignorance for avoiding presumption matism, the Author distinguishes the and enthusiasm. Whoever would discharge for others the dificult office of language of prophecy into common marking, throughout the Scriptures, the

and mystical. Predictions delivered boundaries of lawful investigation, must in the plain and literal style of com

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