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of his afflictions ; her domestic virtue, which had stood the test of fifty years, purchased for her little sensibility, and little kindness, from a fickle public, whose flux and versatile favour had settled, for a time, for but a short time probably, had the object of it been seated on the throne, on her grandchild, to whom it cost only a single year of domestic harmony with the husband of her choice to acquire it. The hand of death was upon the aged Queen, and the waters of Bath seemed to afford the only chance of recovery. The construction put upon the motives of this journey; the malignant aspersions to which it exposed this venerable and suffering woman; the charge of neglecting her grand-daughter, to whom every assistance, nay, even her personal attendance, dying as she then felt hersesf, was offered; and the coarse insults of the unfeeling populace, weighed heavier, probably, than the hand of death itself, and in the end brought her grey hairs with silent sorrow to the grave. We say silent sorrow, because during the last year of her life, and even during the prevalence of the disease, which terminated that life, her good spirits and even temper, and benevolence of heart, sustained her nearly to the last in the same smiling composure towards her husband's subjects; gracious in her looks, kind in her expressions, and only reserved in the avowal of her charities. Of the impression made by the arrival at Bath, where the Queen then was, of the news of the death of the Princess Charlotte, Dr. Watkins has given the following account:

" On Thursday morning, after drinking the waters, Her Majesty received an address from the corporation, and about four o'clock a messenger arrived with dispatches from Lord Sidmouth, stating that the Princess Charlotte had been delivered of a still-born male child, but that her royal highness was doing extremely well.

6 There cannot possibly be conceived a greater aggravation of evil tidings than that occasioned by a sudden extinction of hope after the previous removal of anxiety. Thus it was in the present instance, for though the first news was affecting, yet, as it brought an assurance of safety in regard to the state of the princess, the disappointment of other hopes was less sensibly felt.

“ At six o'clock, therefore, the Queen sat down, with her usual party of fourteen, to dinner, and appeared tolerably composed; but in about an hour another messenger arrived, with a dispatch directed to General Taylor, who was privately called out of the room, a circumstance that struck the Queen as very extraordinary, but on which she inade no remark till the Countess of Ilchester withdrew in the same abrupt manner; and then her fears realizing the cause at once, she exclaimed, I know what is the matter;' and fell into a fit.'

“ After some time, she was sufficiently recovered to be led into her private apartment, accompanied by the Princess Elizabeth, whose distress was not less than that of her venerable parent.

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“ That night, and the following day, passed in silent anguish, while it seemed all around as if each individual had been deprived of a bosom friend, and that every family had lost a near relative.

“ Though the royal party left Bath as early as seven on Saturday morning, they did not arrive at Windsor till six in the evening.

“ The next day the Prince Regent came in a very private way to see the Queen and princesses, who were soon after joined by the Duchess of Gloucester, forming a very melancholy group; yet deriving from this meeting, and the reciprocation of sorrow, something like relief under the pressure of such a heavy affliction.

“ From this time to the funeral, Her Majesty and the princesses remained at the castle in a state of seclusion, with the exception of about an hour every day, when, by the special direction of the physicians, they took an airing in the little park; though this was done in the most private manner possible, with no other attendant than a single footman.

“ The universal concern excited by this mournful event did honour to the public feelings; but the sympathy which the affecting circumstances of the case produced would have been more satisfactory had it been unmixed with prejudices and untainted by calumny. When the people lamented the extinction of the national hopes, they should have gratefully remembered the bright example of virtue which for so long a period had enlightened the country. Of the future, no determinate judgment could be formed; but the history of more than half a century laid an obligation upon every individual in the kingdom to think well, and speak reverently, of the august personage whose uniform conduct and purity of heart had for so long a period given unexampled dignity to the British court. Slanderers, however, rose in this hour of sorrow; and what was worse, their vile insinuations were so credulously received, and industriously circulated, that it was impossible to remove the ill impression which they produced. The most ungenerous and cruel reflections were made upon the Queen, on account of her absence at such a critical juncture; and some even went the length of saying that the journey to Bath was a measure of set purpose, that she might have a pretext for being out of the way. Now the truth is, the Queen, instead of hastening her departure, delayed it on this very account; and, notwithstanding the urgent recommendation of the physicians, she would not have gone thither till after the delivery of the princess, if her royal highness had not peremptorily declined the offer which her Majesty made to be at Claremont on that occasion. To this wish and intention the princess not only appeared decidedly adverse, but she made it a point of seconding the advice of the medical gentlemen, by saying that she should be most unhappy if on her account the Queen protracted what was deemed so necessary for her own health.

“ This is a simple statement of plain facts, the verity of which it would be easy to prove by indubitable testimony; and they who best knew the princess will admit, that when on mature consideration she had once taken up her resolution, no persuasion in the world could induce her to alter it.

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* In the present case, the propriety of the determination cannot be questioned, for the suffering of the royal patient would have been rather heightened than abated by witnessing the anxiety of one whose age and infirmities were so ill able to bear the fatigue and wretchedness unavoidable on such occasions.

“ It should be observed, also, that there was nothing in the previous circumstances of the princess to give the slightest room


apprehension; but that, on the contrary, her constitutional energy afforded the strongest grounds for the confident expectation of a happy result. On this account, therefore, the shock came with redoubled force, because it was a catastrophe which no person could have dreaded.

“ That it was a national loss, and one which called for general sorrow, the expression of the public feeling sufficiently evinced ; yet, if amidst the lamentation which it raised, the hand of Providence was not acknowledged, there may be reason to fear that this has been a stroke of the divine judgment for benefits long abused, and only the prelude to evils which a thankless people have too much deserved.”

(P. 565-569.) We will now introduce a short series of detached extracts, which will, (we cannot say in the most interesting and tasteful manner, for, after all this good-meaning biographer has mixed up a miserable quantity of tattle and gossip with his story,) present a pretty accurate statement of the declining moments of this exemplary woman.

“ Her Majesty returned to Bath at the end of November, and a few days afterwards made her promised visit to the ancient city of Bristol, which place had not received a Queen of England within its walls since Anne of Denmark, the consort of James the First. The romantic prospects in the immediate vicinity, particularly the sublime view from Clifton Hill, afforded a rich treat to Her Majesty and the Princess Elizabeth, who, notwithstanding the keenness of the air, stood for some time on the high cliff which overhangs the Avon, and contemplated with astonishment the magnificent spectacle which presented itself on every side. From hence the royal party proceeded slowly to the mansion of Colonel Baillie; and after staying there about two hours, set off again for Bath, amidst the acclamations of thousands, who lined the road all the way between the two cities.

“ But neither these enjoyments, nor the virtue of Bladud's boasted springs, could renew an enfeebled constitution, or ward off the encroachments of disease. It was, however, pleasing to observe that under much weakness there was a placidity of mind, which, though it could not altogether subdue pain, had the happy effect of rendering it less acute and distressing: In all her cares and sufferings, the Queen was never at a loss for subjects to exercise her thoughts, in diligent enquiry, and benevolent attention. (P. 571, 572.)

. Though it was hardly to be expected that the Queen, at her advanced age, could derive any radical benefit from the Bath waters, the malady, which had entrenched itself too deeply in the system to

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admit of an actual cure, was hereby suspended ; and she returned to Windsor apparently with recruited strength, which constant

exercise and change of scene contributed for some time to maintain. But there is nothing, however innocent and necessary, in the pursuits of eminent persons, that the evil-minded cannot turn into ridicule or reproach. Thus the tongue of scandal ascribed the excursions which Her Majesty made to Brighton, Bath, and other places, to an unbecoming gaiety of disposition, when it was sufficiently clear that health alone was the object; and that in these indulgencies it was not the love of pleasure, but the advice of medical men that was followed.

“ In general, as age advances the attachment to life becomes more tenacious, especially where a long course of health has been enjoyed, and where many tender connexions exist, upon whose friendly offices the mind reposes in the remainder of its journey. “ The Queen felt as most do who have reason to reflect upon

the past with pleasure, and who still possess an endearing tie that gives a charm to life, even though it be worn to a state of almost imperceptible exility. The vale of years was cheered by the presence and attention of affectionate children ; but there was yet another relative, who, though shut out from the world, was a world to her, and for whose sake it was her wish to live, that she might watch over him in his insulated condition, and minister such occasional comfort as the state of his mind could bear. Whenever, therefore, Her Majesty left Windsor, it was with a degree of reluctance; and on her return she invariably alighted at the entrance near the apartments of the King, to see whom, she immediately went with one of the physicians in attendance." (P. 74, 75.)

“ Being desirous of seeing the King, and spending her last hours under the same roof with him, Her Majesty left town for Kew, that she might be nearer the object of her wishes, little thinking, that, short as the distance was, she should never behold Windsor any more.

“ The expected arrival of the Dukes of Clarence and Kent, with their respective brides, delayed her departure till it became impossible that she could proceed any farther without running the risk of dying on the road.

“On Sunday evening, the seventh of July, she appeared much better, and expressed an inclination to take a little excursion. Accordingly, the coach, was ordered, and the Queen entered it, accompanied by the Princess Augusta, the Duchess of Gloucester, and a lady in waiting. After a ride of about an hour, Her Majesty was taken so very ill that the princesses were obliged to stop the carriage, while they endeavoured to relieve the sufferings of their revered parent. When the carriage moved again, it went at a very slow pace; and on reaching the palace, the attendants had great difficulty in conveying the Queen into the house, where she lay near a quarter of an hour in a most distressing condition.

“ By the sedulous attentions of the physicians, however, the royal invalid was so far recovered as to be able to sit in the saloon on the following Saturday, during the solemnization of the nuptials of the Dukes of Clarence and Kent; though she was unable to dine with the company afterwards.

* Thus were the hymeneal rites performed in the anti-chamber of death ; and the Queen might have said, as she contemplated the quick succession of these new relations, they come like shadows, and so depart;' for if they did light up a momentary spark of delight in her mind, it was extinguished by the reflection that the sensation would in a short space be obliterated for ever.

“ The nature of the disorder under which Her Majesty laboured was 80 unequivocally. marked, as to admit of neither doubt nor hope. The sanasarcous symptoms, indeed, had been so long apparent, and the consequences foreseen, that ministers, before the dissolution of parliament

thought it prudent to bring in a bill to amend the regency act, with "Tespect to the custody of His Majesty's person, in case of the demise of the Queen. But though it was evident to every other person that this event could be at no great distance, the royal patient herself entertained hopes of at least a partial recovery. With the anxiety of the dove, she panted to take up her rest at Windsor: and as this was the only impatience she betrayed amidst all her sufferings, it may be truly said to have supported her under them, by having the effect of keeping her thoughts in constant exercise and buoyant expectation.” (P. 579–581.

“ Through the whole of this severe visitation not one complaining -word ever escaped her lips. Here patience had its perfect work; and the triumph of faith was never more strongly displayed during a long and excruciating illness than it was in the present instance. This was not stoical apathy, but pious resignation to the divine will; and as from early youth Her Majesty had studied the principles and praotised the duties of religion, she now abundantly experienced the power of its consolations in the hour of need. Next to the support derived from the promises of the gospel, on which she relied with unshaken confidence, the Queen received the greatest comfort from the unremitted attentions of her children. Nothing could exceed the filial tenderness and unwearied exertions of the Princesses Augusta and Mary, who ministered day and night by the couch of their afflicted parent; nor did either of them once leave the palace during the whole mournful period of care and sorrow.

*** The Prince Regent also was equally affectionate, devoting as much time as he possibly could to the same pious duty; and when he was necessarily absent from Kew, messengers waited upon him hourly

with a report of the state of Her Majesty. All indeed that could be - done by sympathy or solicitude, watchfulness and obedience, was readily and anxiously performed, to ameliorate the sufferings of the royal patient, who, on her part, feelingly expressed her sense of the affectionate kindness with which she was treated by the whole of her

“ But while on every countenance the look of cloudy apprehension was strongly marked, that of the royal sufferer displayed uncommon serenity, and even cheerfulness.

" When the lethargic symptoms disappeared, her mind seemed to crise above bodily pain; and the powers of conversation were renewed with an energy that surprised all her friends and attendants. The


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