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To the KING's Most Excelent MAJESTY. The humble Address of the Right Honourable

the Earl of Clare, Lord Lieutenant, and the Deputy Lieutenants of the County of Middlesex, and City and Liberty of Westminster.

E your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal

subjects, the Lord Lieutenant and Deputy Lieutenants of the county of Middlesex, and city and liberty of Westminster, beg leave, upon our first public meeting, to congratulate your Majesty upon your safe and peaceable acceffion to your undoubted right. We receive the invaluable blessing with all the proper sentiments of undifsembled joy, affection, and zeal.

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* “ April 7, 1715, the Deputy Lieutenants for the county of Middlesex, and city and liberty of Westminster, gave a most magnificent and splendid entertainment to the Right Honourable the Earl of Clare, their Lord Lieutenant, the Lord Viscount Townshend, General Stanhope, the Earl of Lincoln, and several other persons of diftin&tion. At this meeting the Lord Lieutenant and Deputy Lieutenants agreed upon an address drawn up by Richard Steele, Esquire, one of their body; which, the next day, the Earl of Clare, at the head of his Deputy Lieutenants, being introduced by the Lord Viscount Townshend, presented to his Majesty. His Majesty, as a mark of his special favour, was plealed, on this occasion, to bestow the honour of knighthood on three of the deputy lieutenants, viz, Robert Thornhill, Richard Steele, and George Cooke, Esquires.” Political State, yol, IX. p. 273.



Our joy is the joy of men whose past fears heighten their present satisfaction : fears which have no other proof that they were imaginary, but that Providence hath been much more mer. ciful to us than we could in reason expect.

The liberty and happiness of mankind was the glorious cause, and the glorious end, of that Revolution which transmitted to us our present security : a transaction which, since your Majesty's accession to the crown, shines with re. doubled lustre, and bears upon it such characters of glory as they, who have not hitherto been able or willing to fee, cannot escape enjoying in its influences upon the public welfare.

This happiness appears confirmed to us when we behold a British parliament once more anxious for the British honour, equally disposed to enquire into the behaviour of those who dininished it, and to rescue the injured reputation of the illustrious men by whose councils and actions it was once raised to the highest pitch of greatness.

From these concurring circumstances we alsure ourselves, that the time is now come, where. in integrity and uprightness shall no longer be distinguished from true policy; wherein cunning thall no longer pass for wisdom, nor deceitfulness for prudence; but the measures of a wise, just, beneficent, and steady administration, shall establish the prosperity of these realms, by a

strict alliance with those powers, the abandon. ing of whom has so manifestly appeared fatal to them and ourselves.

On this occasion permit us further to congratulate your Majesty, in that we cannot but daily observe numbers of your Majesty's subjects act according to their real sentiments, and to extricate themselves from the ill impressions under which they were misled by artful men, to make choice of such as favoured designs destructive of the liberties of that very conftitution which they were elected to preserve and defend.

As for us, whom your Majesty has entrusted with the militia of this county, we folemnly promise, that we will faithfully execute the trust reposed in us; that we will be so far from encouraging or conniving at any of those riots and disorders which your Majesty has justly complained of, as the reproach of some late years, that no endeavours, on our part, shall be wanting, to prevent and suppress the least tendency to any commotion.

We flatter ourselves that our latest pofterity shall enjoy those blessings we now do in your Majesty's reign, from the eminent virtues of the Prince of Wales, and the pleasing prospect of his numerous issue : which that they may do, are the fincere prayers of your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects.



[To which his Majesty was pleased to return the following most gracious answer :)

“ I thank you for your very loyal and duti . 64 ful address.”


To the Earl of CLARET.



[17151 HE following papers were written to confront daring and wicked men in the

prosecution of purposes destructive to their country. The honeft intention of them was what first recommended me to your Lordship's friendship, and I hope you will forgive me that I cannot

* Prefixed to Steele's “ Political Writings, 1715."

+ Thomas Lord Pelham, the adopted heir to his uncle Joho, Duke of Newcastle, was born Aug. 1, 1693 ; became Baron Pelham, eb. 23, 1911-12 ; was created Earl of Clare, and Viscount Houghton, Oct. 26, 1914; made Custos Rotulorum of the county of Middlesex, Nov. 10, and of Westminster, Dec. 28, 1914; and the same year Steward of Sherwood Foreft; created Marquis and Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne, Aug. 2,5715; elected a Knight of the Garter, July 22, 1718. On rengning the post of Lord Chamberlain, April 2, 1724, he was appointed Secretary of State ; chofen Recorder of Nottingham in April, 1726; High Steward of Cambridge in July, 1737; Chancellor of that university, 1749; First Lord of the Treasury, on the death of his brother, 1954, a post which he held with a small interval until the year 1762, when he resigned it; was created Duke of Newcastle under Line, Nov. 13, 1756 ; appointed Lord Privy Seal, July 15, 1765, but continued so only about one year. He died Nov. 17, 1768.


conceal a circumstance so advantageous to the fame of them as that of your Lordship's approbation,

The painful struggle under so great a difficulty, as explaining with a ministry in open contradiction to their proceedings, is what can be supported by nothing less than the testimony of a good conscience, and an heart pure from a vicious ambition. And these are such supports as will keep a man from languishing in discontent, should he, amidst the prosperities of the cause he has endeavoured to serve, live to find zeal for the publick, of all human virtues, the most exposed to the cool comfort of being its own reward; and that which was undertaken against the inclinations to mirth and pleasure, put of a senfe of duty and honour, to have little other effect than to become a man's characteristick, and by that means to give a turbulent air to all his other pretensions, and even to sink the agreeableness of the friend and companion, by the appearance of somewhat supposed to be demanding in the patriot.

But why do I mention these things here? All the world is witness, that it hath been your Lordship's early inclination to find out and encourage the lovers of your country, to comfort them under the neglect of their friends, and support them against the resentment of thei enemies.

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